[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/sp-map.gif]]
[[caption-width-right:350: España]]

->''"Plus Ultra!"''
-->--'''National Motto''' [[hottip:*: Means "further beyond", an IronicEcho of the legendary warning carved on the Pillars of Hercules at the mouth of the Mediterranean: ''Nec Plus Ultra'' - "nothing further beyond"]]

Spain ('''Spanish:''' ''España''), officially known as the Kingdom of Spain ('''Spanish:''' ''Reino de España''), is a south-western European country inhabited by 47 million Spaniards, home of the ''Conquistadores'' and the language spoken by 330 million people. The modern day Spanish trace their descent from many peoples, [[NinjaPirateZombieRobot including but not limited to]] [[UsefulNotes/AncientRome Romans]], [[UsefulNotes/AncientGreece Greeks]], [[UsefulNotes/PunicWars Phoenicians]], [[UsefulNotes/TheDungAges Visigoths]], [[UsefulNotes/MoorishSpain Jews, and Muslims]], and the modern nation-state was formed with the union of the Kingdom of Castille and the Kingdom of Aragon in the XV century by the marriage of their respective monarchs, Queen Isabella and King Fernando and the end of the siege of Granada, which would end the ''Reconquista'' and 700 years of muslim occupation. An empire soon grew and stayed strong until its collapse in 1699, but Spain still managed to keep some colonies until the very end of the 19th Century. This, along with the failure of the conquest of Morocco and the feuds between political factions led to the [[BloodierAndGorier last and bloodiest]] of five [[UsefulNotes/SpanishCivilWar Civil Wars]]. [[UsefulNotes/FranciscoFranco The winner of the war ruled the country for no less than 36 years]] until his death, when the current Constitutional Monarchy now led by King Felipe VI was installed.

Spain is bordered by {{UsefulNotes/France}} in the north-east and UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}} in the west. It is bathed by the Mediterranean Coast at its east, The Atlantic Ocean at the west and North and the Straits of Gibraltar at the South, where the Mediterranean Joins the Atlantic. [[NeverLiveItDown There is also the matter of the little British colony known as Gibraltar]].

Spain's Government consists of a Prime Minister (''Presidente del Gobierno'' or ''president of the government'') elected democratically, appointed by the King and who is the Head of the Cabinet (''Consejo de Ministros'' or ''council of ministers''). He resides in the Moncloa Palace, Madrid.

Spain is Divided in 17 Autonomous Communities or ''Comunidades Autónomas''

* Andalucía
* Aragón
* Asturias
* Cantabria
* Castilla y León
* Castilla La Mancha
* Catalunya
* Extremadura
* Galicia
* La Rioja
* Madrid
* Murcia
* Navarra
* Pais Vasco (''Euskadi'' in Basque)
* Valencia

As well as the islands

* Baleares
* Canarias

And the city enclaves in Northern Africa

* Ceuta
* Melilla

!!The Cities of Spain
[[index]]
* UsefulNotes/{{Madrid}}, Capital of Spain and largest city.
* UsefulNotes/{{Barcelona}} Spain's second largest city, holds a rivalry with the former.
* Valencia, Third largest city
* Sevilla
* Bilbao
[[/index]]
!!History of Spain
* UsefulNotes/PunicWars
[[index]]
* UsefulNotes/VisigothicSpain
* UsefulNotes/MoorishSpain
* UsefulNotes/SpanishReconquista
* UsefulNotes/TheSpanishInquisition
* UsefulNotes/BattleOfLepanto
* UsefulNotes/WarOfTheSpanishSuccession
* UsefulNotes/SpanishCivilWar
* UsefulNotes/TheFrancoRegime
[[/index]]
!!General Spain
[[index]]
* TorosYFlamenco, the stereotypical Spain
* {{Spexico}}, Ambiguously Spain (And {{Mexico}})
* UsefulNotes/NewSpanishArmada
* UsefulNotes/TheKingdomOfSpain, for a brief introduction to Spanish kings and queens
* UsefulNotes/FranciscoFranco, that man. Yes, he is [[Series/SaturdayNightLive still dead.]]
* SpanishCinema
* UsefulNotes/SpanishLanguage
* SpanishLiterature
* SpanishSeries
[[/index]]
[[/index]]
!!Spain in popular culture
[[index]]
* Literature/DonQuixote: The most famous Spanish novel of all time, takes place in Spain.
* Theatre/TheBarberOfSeville by Pierre de Beaumarchais.
* Opera/{{Carmen}} by Georges Bizet.
* Film/UnChienAndalou
* Diego Vélazquez
* Creator/FranciscoDeGoya
* Creator/PabloPicasso
* Creator/SalvadorDali.
* Literature/TheSunAlsoRises
* Literature/ForWhomTheBellTolls.
* George Orwell wrote Literature/HomageToCatalonia about his experiences during the Spanish Civil War.
* Film/ThePrivateLifeOfDonJuan
* Literature/TheStoryOfFerdinand and the Disney cartoon Disney/TheStoryOfFerdinand
* The Looney Tunes cartoon WesternAnimation/BullyForBugs
* Film/SuddenlyLastSummer
* Film/ElCid
* Film/MrArkadin
* Film/ForYourEyesOnly
* Music/SketchesOfSpain by Miles Davis.
* The comic strip ''ComicBook/MortadeloYFilemon'' is Spanish and thus takes place in Spain most of the time.
* ''ComicBook/ZipiYZape'': A Spanish comic strip where the adventures of the protagonists also take place in Spain.
* ''ComicBook/SuskeEnWiske'': The album "De Stierentemmer" takes place in Spain.
* The Asterix album Recap/AsterixInSpain takes place in Hispania (the Roman name for Spain).
* The Monty Python sketch "The Spanish Inquisition" features the Spanish Inquisition interrupting everything.
* Manuel the waiter in Fawlty Towers hails from Barcelona.
* The films of Creator/PedroAlmodovar.
* Film/LandOfFreedom
* Film/PansLabyrinth
* Film/{{Barcelona}}
* The Woody Allen film Film/VickyCristinaBarcelona.
* Film/TheWorldIsNotEnough
* Film/TheSpanishInn ("L' Auberge Espagnole")

[[/index]]
----
[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: The Spanish Flag ]]

http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/spain_flag_6341.png
->Red and yellow are traditional colors of Spain dating back to the ''Reconquista'', with the yellow stripe being twice as large as the two red stripes; near the hoist side is the coat of arms, dominated by a crowned shield containing (from upper left clockwise) the arms of Castile (gold castle on red field), León (purple lion on silver field), Navarre (array of golden chains on red field), Granada (a pomegranate fruit on a white field) and Aragon (nine alternating yellow and red stripes), as well as that of the Anjou branch of the House of Bourbon, Spain's royal family (blue field containing five fleur-de-lis with a red border), added by King Philip V (himself French-born and titled Duke of Anjou) in 1700; on either side of the shield are a pair of columns standing on watery bases, symbolizing the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pillars_of_Hercules Pillars of Hercules]], a pair of promontories guarding the Strait of Gibraltar, surrounded by ribbons which read "Plus Ultra" ("[[UpToEleven Further Beyond]]" in Latin) and topped by the crowns of the Holy Roman Empire and the Spanish Kingdom, the former alluding to Emperor Charles V, also titled King Charles I of Spain, under whose reign Spain expanded its territories to South America and the Philippines.