[[caption-width-right:350:[[CaptainObvious It's very big.]]]]

->''Russia! what a marvelous phenomenon on the world scene! Russia - a distance of ten thousand versts * in length on a straight line from the virtually central European river, across all of Asia and the Eastern Ocean, down to the remote American lands! A distance of five thousand versts in width from Persia, one of the southern Asiatic states, to the end of the inhabited world - to the North Pole. What state can equal it? Its half? How many states can match its twentieth, its fiftieth part? Russia - a state which contains all types of soil, from the warmest to the coldest, from the burning environs of Erivan to icy Lapland; which abounds in all the products required for the needs, comforts, and pleasures of life, in accordance with its present state of development - a whole world, self-sufficient, independent, absolute.''
-->--'''Mikhail Pogodin'''

Russia ('''Russian:''' ''Россия, Rossiya''), also known as the Russian Federation ('''Russian:''' ''Российская Федерация, Rossiyskaya Federatsiya''), is a country in northern Eurasia. It is a federal semi-presidential republic, comprising 83 federal subjects and two territories disputed with Ukraine. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with UsefulNotes/{{Norway}}, UsefulNotes/{{Finland}}, UsefulNotes/{{Estonia}}, UsefulNotes/{{Latvia}}, UsefulNotes/{{Lithuania}}, UsefulNotes/{{Poland}} (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), UsefulNotes/{{Belarus}}, UsefulNotes/{{Ukraine}}, UsefulNotes/{{Georgia}}, UsefulNotes/{{Azerbaijan}}, UsefulNotes/{{Kazakhstan}}, UsefulNotes/{{China}}, UsefulNotes/{{Mongolia}}, and UsefulNotes/NorthKorea. It shares maritime borders with UsefulNotes/{{Japan}} by the Sea of Okhotsk and the [[UsefulNotes/TheUnitedStates U.S.]] state of UsefulNotes/{{Alaska}} across the Bering Strait. At 17,075,400 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. Russia is also the world's ninth most populous nation with 143 million people as of 2012. Extending across the entirety of northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms.

The nation's history began with that of the East Slavs, who emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted UsefulNotes/OrthodoxChristianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde, and came to dominate the cultural and political legacy of Kievan Rus'. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland in Europe to Alaska in North America.

Following [[UsefulNotes/RedOctober the Russian Revolution and Red victory in the 1917-23 Civil War]], the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the [[UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn Soviet Union]], the world's first constitutionally socialist state and a recognized superpower, which played a decisive role in the Allied victory in UsefulNotes/WorldWarII. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first spacecraft, and the first astronaut. The Russian Federation became the successor state of the Russian SFSR following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, and is recognized as the continuing legal personality of the Union state.

The Russian economy ranks as the eighth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources, the largest reserves in the world, have made it one of the largest producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, a member of the [[GroupOfEight G8]] (currently suspended), G20, BRICS, the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the ShanghaiCooperationOrganisation, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the World Trade Organisation (WTO), and the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

'''Rossiyane and Russkie'''

There are two words in Russian that mean "Russians:"
* ''Rossiyane'' -- Citizens of the Russian Federation and the RSFSR before that. An unpopular label in Russia, mostly used in government propaganda and thought by most as an example of PoliticalCorrectnessGoneMad. Most Russians draw a sharp distinction between ethnic Russian and minority, and it goes even sharper with time as ethnonationalistic sentiments rise.
* ''Russkie'' -- Ethnic Russians. Were called "Great Russians" (''Velikorossy'') before 1917 (not used today, except for historical purposes).
** Old generalized distinctive terms are: ''Great'' Russia (now just "Russia,") ''Small'' Russia ("Malorossia," now "Ukraine,") ''White'' Russia (verbatim: "Belorussia,") and ''New'' Russia ("Novorossia," now Southern Russia and some parts of eastern and south Ukraine, including an unrecognized rebel confederacy of this very name, also known as the People's Republics of Donetsk and Lugansk or LDNR). Derivative terms refers to inhabitants of those territories. E.g. even if semi-nomadic Don {{Cossacks}} ethnically were ''not'' exactly the same as their neighbours, they still lived in "Small Russia" (Creator/NikolaiGogol who lived there used this common term when it was relevant). This is why the [[UsefulNotes/TsaristRussia tsar]] was referred to as "Emperor and Autocrat of ''All the Russias''."

These two designations obviously don't overlap 100%. When it becomes necessary to distinguish between the two, the Russian words will be used.



[[folder: Culture]]
* EasternEuropeanAnimation (Includes Russian/Soviet animation)
* RussianFilms
* RussianLiterature
* RussianMedia
* RussianVideoGames

[[folder: Geography]]
* UsefulNotes/{{Moscow}}
** UsefulNotes/MoscowMetro
* UsefulNotes/TheCityFormerlyKnownAs - St. Petersburg/Leningrad/Petrograd
* UsefulNotes/OtherRussianTownsAndCities
* UsefulNotes/ClosedCities
* TheGulag

[[folder: History]]
* UsefulNotes/KievanRus
* UsefulNotes/TsaristRussia
** UsefulNotes/TsarTsarAutocrats - A list of Tsars for the entirety of the country's history as a monarchy.
* The Russian ''Revolutions''
** UsefulNotes/RomanovsAndRevolutions
** UsefulNotes/RedOctober
** UsefulNotes/RasputinTheMadMonk
* UsefulNotes/SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn (A basic guide to the USSR)
** UsefulNotes/HistoryOfTheUSSR
** GloriousMotherRussia - The HollywoodAtlas version
** TheSovietTwenties
** UsefulNotes/MoscowCentre (The KGB)
* UsefulNotes/TheNewRussia
** TheMafiya
** UsefulNotes/RussianPoliticalSystem
** UsefulNotes/SpellOurNameWithAPo (Russian police)
* UsefulNotes/RussianHeadsOfState

[[folder: Military]]
* UsefulNotes/RussiansWithRifles (The Imperial Russian military)
** {{Cossacks}}
* UsefulNotes/RedsWithRockets (The Soviet military)
** [[UsefulNotes/FromRussiaWithNukes Mnogo Nukes]]
** ThePoliticalOfficer
* ReportingNames
* UsefulNotes/RussiansWithRustingRockets (The post-1991 Russian military)

[[folder: Language]]
* CyrillicAlphabet
* UsefulNotes/RussianLanguage
* UsefulNotes/RussianNamingConvention
** UsefulNotes/{{Patronymic}}
* UsefulNotes/RussianProverbsAndExpressions

[[folder: Mythology and Religion]]

!!Mythology and Religion
* UsefulNotes/OrthodoxChristianity
* Myth/RussianMythologyAndTales

[[folder: Traditions and Customs]]
!!Traditions and Customs
* {{Dacha}}
* UsefulNotes/PostSovietEducationalSystem
* RussianFashion
* UsefulNotes/RussianHolidays
** UsefulNotes/ChristmasIsBourgeois
* RussianHumour
** RussianReversal, although the underlying transpositional pun turns out to predate [[MemeticMutation Soviet Russia]] by [[JustForFun/TheZerothLawOfTropeExamples several centuries]].
* RussianReading
* RussianRelaxing
** TabletopGame/{{Preferans}}
* RussianRoulette (Note: Might not be actually Russian.)
* SocialistRealism
* ThatRussianSquatDance


[[folder: The Russian flag ]]

->After the fall of the USSR, Russia reused the colors of UsefulNotes/TsaristRussia, which had no specific meanings.