-->''I found Rome a city of brick and left it a city of marble.''
-->-'''[[{{Augustus}} Caesar Augustus]]'''

Sometimes known as the Eternal City, Rome is Italy's capital. Famous landmarks include the Colosseum, the Pantheon, Castel San'Angelo and St. Peter's Basilica (in the Vatican).

Common depictions of Rome in fiction mention its founding in 753 BC, the overthrow of Etruscan Kings to form a Republic, Rome's transformation from a Republic into an Empire under the Caesars, the decline and fall of Rome over the course of centuries, culminating in the end of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD, Rome as the seat of the Papacy for most of the Middle Ages (except for a brief period when the papacy was in Avignon, France), Rome as one of the major centers of the Renaissance in the 1400s and 1500s (until it was sacked by soldiers sent to defend it in 1527), and Rome as the capital of Italy, being the capital of the Papal States for centuries just before it fell to soldiers from the Kingdom of Italy.

As a modern city, Rome is the largest city and urban area in Italy, as well as the fourth-most populous city proper in the EuropeanUnion (after UsefulNotes/{{London}}, UsefulNotes/{{Berlin}}, and UsefulNotes/{{Madrid}}, and just ahead of UsefulNotes/{{Paris}}). As the capital, it is the center for the Italian government and much economic activity, although Italy's industrial, financial, and design capital is in the northern city of {{Milan}}.

Modern Rome, being built on, well, Ancient Rome and Medieval Rome, can be extremely difficult city to get around, and traffic is always ''terrible''. It doesn't help that [[DrivesLikeCrazy Roman drivers have a deserved reputation for insanity]]. This is often the first thing modern Romans mention to visitors, or complain about to each other.

[[UsefulNotes/VaticanCity Vatican City]] is technically a separate country within the city of Rome, as it is the last remnant of the Papal States.

Contrary to popular belief, it was not built in a day.

Rome in Fiction
* Any work of fiction set in AncientRome, natch.
* Most Hollywood blockbusters that feature a worldwide MonumentalDamage Montage will show the Colosseum, despite it being half-ruined already.
* ''Film/{{Jumper}}''
* ''EuroTrip''
* ''[[OceansEleven Ocean's Twelve]]''
* ''RomanHoliday'', obviously.
* ''BicycleThieves''
* ''Film/EightAndAHalf'' and the musical adaptation ''Theatre/{{Nine}}''
* ''LaDolceVita''
* Parts of ''AngelsAndDemons''
* In ''Film/{{Munich}}'', one of the targets is killed in Rome.
* ''HudsonHawk''
* ''[[VideoGame/AssassinsCreedBrotherhood Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood]]'' takes place almost entirely in Rome during the Borgia reign over Italy.
* ''TwentyMillionMilesToEarth'', considered one of Creator/RayHarryhausen's best works.
* Much of ''Series/TheBorgias'', what with the main characters being the Pope's family and all.