[[quoteright:330:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/niger_9821.gif]]

Niger, officially known as the Republic of Niger ('''French:''' ''République du Niger''), is a West African country located right in the middle of the Sahara. As with many other Saharan countries, it has a vast area but a small population primarily concentrated in the moderate south. While Its population are overwhelmingly Muslim (99%) with some bits of Christians populating the south, and its people mainly speak an Afroasiatic language (Hausa), it is still considered a West (not North) African and is also not a part of the Arab world, even though it borders two Arab countries[[note]]UsefulNotes/{{Algeria}} and UsefulNotes/{{Libya}}[[/note]] and one non-Arab but still having Arabic as an official language[[note]]UsefulNotes/{{Chad}}[[/note]] (so it's a part of the OIC[[note]]Organization of Islamic Conference[[/note]] but not the Arab League). Niger itself recognizes French as the sole official language and is thus a part of the La Francophonie.

[[BreadEggsMilkSquick It's also]] one of the world's most impoverished nations and quite possibly '''the''' most impoverished nation [[CrapsackWorld on Earth]].

* The average life span in the United States and most of the developed world is 75-83 years. It's ''36'' years old for both sexes in Niger.
* The adult mortality rate is over 51%.
* It has the world's highest fertility rate (7.6 children/woman) which led to the world's highest infant mortality rate and how over 50% of the population is under 15.

The main reason for the bad state of human development is the fact that, since its independence from France in 1960, Niger has been in one way or another under dictators more worried about their pockets than the country's problems. Consider the fact that the first dictator was in power until 1991, followed by a [[HopeSpot brief period]] of freedom of speech, which ended in 1996 with another dictatorship that lasted until 1999. A constitutional crisis followed in 2010 when the incumbent president tried to stay longer than allowed and the military once again took charge (however, this time they were more welcomed since they were deposing the increasingly more dictatorial president Mamadou). If that's still not enough, [[TheFundamentalist Boko Haram]]'s insurgency in northern Nigeria has led to thousands of refugees fleeing to neighboring Niger and UsefulNotes/{{Chad}}, particularly to the border city of Diffa.

Also, serious cases of drought come from time to time, putting the agriculture in grave danger. After all, the country is just [[CrossingTheDesert desert]], with only some oasis separated by many miles. A famine also struck the country in 2010.

Happily, Niger is one of the three African countries[[note]]alongside UsefulNotes/{{Benin}} and Sierra Leone[[/note]] receiving a "Free and equal" status in its attitude against atheists and religious minorities. While it may sounds insignificant, especially in light of the country's problems, you have to recall that Africa is still a religiously conservative continent (though going better, especially after the [[DirtyCommunists communist revolutions]]), all of the countries surrounding Niger still get a bad rap for religious discrimination, and the fact that there are only 9 countries in the world which have that status[[note]]Niger, Benin, Sierra Leone, UsefulNotes/{{Belgium}}, UsefulNotes/TheNetherlands, UsefulNotes/{{Kosovo}}, UsefulNotes/{{Jamaica}}, UsefulNotes/{{Taiwan}}, and UsefulNotes/SouthKorea. Yes, the famously atheist UsefulNotes/{{Estonia}} is still classified as "discriminating"[[/note]]. So there's finally something for Nigeriens to be proud of.

Not to be confused with its neighbor UsefulNotes/{{Nigeria}}, which is in better condition by several orders of magnitude. As it was colonized by France rather than Britain, Niger is actually pronounced "Nee-Jher", not "Nye-Jer", and Niger's citizens are referred to as ''Nigeriens'', pronounced as "Nee-Jher-Ee-eins". Oh, and it is always, ''always'' spelled with [[NWordPrivileges just one "G"]]. {{MSNBC}} found that out [[http://www.snopes.com/inboxer/outrage/innis.asp the hard way]].[[note]]Technically, it was a person's name (Niger Innis) in that instance, but it applies just as much to the country.[[/note]]

[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: The Nigerien flag ]]

http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/niger_flag_8902.png
->Orange symbolizes either the Sahara Desert or the slightly more fertile Sahel region, both of which dominate the north; white symbolizes either purity or the Niger River; and green symbolizes either hope or the fertile southern half of Niger; the orange roundel in the middle can symbolize either the sun or independence.
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