[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/436px-Italian_Soldier_Olypmic_Games_Turin_2006.jpg]]

-->''"The [[NazisWithGnarlyWeapons German soldier]] has impressed the world, however the Italian ''[[EliteMooks Bersagliere]]'' has impressed the German soldier."''
-->-'''ErwinRommel'''

The military of modern day Italy.

'''A brief history'''

Historically, there have been ''two'' Italian armies: the '''Royal Italian Army''' (''Regio Esercito'', operating from 1861 to 1946) and the present-day '''Italian Army''' (''Esercito Italiano'', established in 1946). Italy has a mixed record on warfare since its unification. While they did a good job during the '''Crimean War''' (1856) and in Libya, defeating the Ottomans during the '''Turkish-Italian War''' (1911) - where the first aerial bombing in history took place - Italy was humiliated at the battle of Adowa, in Ethiopia (1896), a loss they would later avenge in 1936 under the rule of Mussolini.

Italy won WW1 or, at least, won on its front by defeating Austria-Hungary, completely destroying its army and that of its German ally after three years (1915-1918) of bloody fighting over the Alpine arch; this triggered the collapse of the multi-ethnic Austrian-Hungarian Empire.

However, the country - due to a combination of factors such as lack of resources, scarce indutrial production, inadequate equipment, poor training, inept officers, poor logistics and coordination, mutual distrust between allies and... fighting a war it didn't want against an ex-ally it din't want to fight, all while being forcibly allied to Germany (which most Italians despised) - did not, as you may have guessed, fare so well in WorldWarTwo; it was occupied by both the Germans and the Allies, lost all its overseas possessions and some of its Italian territories.

Nowadays, Italy's military consists of the standard features - namely, an '''Army''' (''Esercito''), a '''Navy''' (''Marina Militare''), an '''Air Force''' (''Aeronautica Militare'') and the '''Carabinieri''', military police who also do domestic law enforcement. Italy is a NATO member and its forces have seen combat action in Lebanon, Somalia, Rwanda, Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya.

!! '''Italian Law Enforcement'''

Italy has eight police forces, but... we'll only see those with some ''current'' military relevance (the State Police and the Jail Police used to be part of the armed forces, but have been demilitarized respectively in 1981 and 1990).

'''1) Carabinieri''' - Formed in 1815 (''before'' the Unification of Italy: they served in the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont and were inspired by the French Gendarmerie), their names coming from the carbines they used as a weapon. The ''Carabinieri'' have been historically the First Corps of the Army, and were upgraded to full branch (alongside Army, Navy and Air Force) in 2000.
The ''Carabinieri'' handle serious cases of law-enforcement in Italy, by conducting operations against the mafias, organized crime, and [[SeriousBusiness unsanitary preparation of foods and drinks]] ([[JustifiedTrope given how much food and drinks Italy exports and a surprisingly high number of scams involving altering them, sometimes in poisonous ways, it was necessary]]). During WorldWarTwo, after the fall of Mussolini, many ''Carabinieri'' joined the [[LaResistance Resistenza]], or the Allied forces and fought bravely against the Germans. In more recent times, ''Carabinieri'' are often emplyed in peace-keeping operations (Kosovo, Afghanistan, Iraq).

They are also are the butt of many jokes in Italy, which portray them as BookDumb and simple-minded. ("Why do ''carabinieri'' always go around in groups of three? Because one can read but can't write, the other can write but can't read, and the third keeps in check the dangerous intellectuals!").[[note]]The same joke is [[RussianHumour told by Russians]] about their regular police.[[/note]] This is probably because in the past many lower-class citizens enlisted in order to earn some money for their families; despite this, they are still nicknamed respectfully "''L'Arma''" ("the Corps") or "''la Benemerita''" ("the Meritorous") and are well-respected. They also tend to be hated by members of the other military forces due their role as Military Police.

The ordinary ''carabiniere'' uniform is black with a white sash and a red stripe on the trousers; it comes with a black CommissarCap with a heraldic grenade (with a spread-out flame) in silver on it, definitely a NiceHat. In the past, their hats were [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Carb1875.jpg even nicer]].
Of course, when employed in war zones and peacekeeping operations they wear sensible camouflage. The ''Carabinieri'' also have a paratrooper regiment and a special honor guard regiment called '''Corazzieri''' ("Cuirassiers"), who are [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:2june2006_063.jpg quite]] [[BlingOfWar blinged out]] and whose duty's to protect the President or - before 1946 - the King of Italy. Finally, we've got the the '''G.I.S.''' (''Gruppo di Intervento Speciale'', "Special Intervention Group"), an élite counterterrorism force.

'''2) Guardia di Finanza''' - Also known as the ''Fiamme Gialle'' ("Yellow Flames"), from the golden color of their uniform's collar patches, they are in charge of financial crimes: smuggling, money laundring, drug trafficking, frauds and such. They depend from the Minister of Economy and Finance, but they're still technically a military corps (like the ''Carabinieri'', although they don't count as a full service branch), so, in the unlikely event of a full-scale war, might well still be employed on the front. They have a CommissarCap like the ''Carabinieri'', but it's grey instead of black (like the uniform), and with a golden grenade with an upright flame instead of a silver one with a spread-out flame (the female version of the hat is flat on top but looks to be some odd combination of a [[DashinglyDapperDerby bowler hat]], cowboy hat with the sides pushed up to the crown, and top hat. [[http://www.novara.com/public/WAPPS/News/redazione/images/divise_gdf.JPG Here's a look at the female version of the uniform]]).

'''3) Corpo Forestale dello Stato''' - Similar to the American Park Rangers, they're responsible for law enforcement in national parks and forests. They take care of protected animal species and fight CaptainPlanet villains such as poachers. Their uniform is grey, the insignia is a golden flying eagle and yes, they also have the CommissarCap. They work for the Ministry of Agriculture.

'''4) Guardia Costiera''' - (''Coast Guard'') They guard the metric fuckton of coastline Italy has, obviously. They work for the Ministry of Transports and, despite being a police force, is technically part of the Navy. Oddly enough, they seem to prefer the baseball cap.

...can you say "InterserviceRivalry" and "JurisdictionFriction"?

!! '''Special Forces of the Italian Army'''

Besides "ordinary" infantry, the Army has a few special corps:

'''1) "Folgore"''' ("Thunderbolt") '''Parachute Brigade''' - formed in 1941, they're an élite airborne unit (among the best in the world) that fought bravely at El Alamein. After the war, they were deployed in Lebanon, Kosovo, Somalia and Afghanistan.

'''2) Bersaglieri''' ("Marksmen") - founded in 1836, they're a high-mobility, light infantry Corps with a penchant for sharp-shooting (as the name suggests). They fought at the Battle of the Chernaya River, during the Crimean War, where they earned a fame as CrazyAwesome for ''countercharging the Russian cavalry and routing it'' (to be fair the Russians got charged on the side while they were busy, and ''could'' have won by regrouping and charging again but panicked when they tried and saw that those madmen with strange hats were not only giving chase but ''almost on top of them''); they were also the first corps to enter Rome on September 20, 1870, thus ending the temporal rule of the Pope and completing the Unification of Italy. Being the shock troops of the ''Regio Esercito'' (Royal Italian Army), they suffered enormous casualties during WW1. In WW2, they fought in Africa (distinguishing themselves at the battle of Marsa Matruh and El Alamein), Greece and on the Eastern Front; after the war, they served in Yugoslavia, Somalia and Iraq. They're easily recognisable due to the [[NiceHat wide hat decorated with black feathers]] and their fast pace they keep on parades (instead of marching) while playing trumpets. Their hat outside of combat and parades is the fez, given to them by the French Zouaves as a sign of admiration after their performance during the battle of the Chernaya.

Their OldShame is that BenitoMussolini served as a Bersagliere in WorldWarI, distinguishing himself for zeal and valour, and would often wear his Bersagliere fez in public.

'''3) Alpini''' ("Alpines") - They are the mountain troops of the Italian Army; and, having been founded in 1872, they are the oldest active mountain infantry in the world (and, arguably, one of the best).
They fought all over the Alpine arch during WW1 and took part in some of the bloodiest battles of that war;
during WW2 the Corps fought in Greece, suffering heavy casualties due to the valiant resitance of the Greek soldiers. After the war, they served in Iraq and are currently stanced in Afghanistan.
Have a rivalry with the Bersaglieri, as the former filled the role of mountain infantry until the foundation of the ''Alpini''.

They can be recognised by their traditional hat with a bird feather on it.

'''4) Sassari Mechanised Brigade''' - The brigade - whose soldiers mostly come from Sardinia - dates back to WW1, when many Sardinians were hastily called to the arms after the defeat at Caporetto. The brigade suffered heavy casualties through the war but was nevertheless one of the most feared by the enemy. Nowadays, it's one of the toughest Corps of the Army (they've been nicknamed ''dimonios'', that is, "devils"); their anthem, written (and sung) entirely in the Sardinian language, is also called ''Dimonios''.

!! '''Special Forces of the Italian Navy'''

The '''COM.SUB.IN.''' is the élite combat frogmen force of the Italian Navy; their origins go back to WW1 (Italy developed the idea of modern combat frogmen forces). Their rooster: sinking of the Austrian-Hungarian warships ''Szent István'' and ''Viribus Unitis'' (1917, 1918); raids against the British naval bases of Souda Bay, Gibraltar and Alexandria (1940, 1941); sinking of the ''HMS Valiant'', of the ''HMS Queen Elizabeth'' and of other Allied ships throughout WW2. After the war, the early U.S. Navy SEALs were partially trained and advised by former Italian frogmen...

The '''Reggimento San Marco''' is the Italian Navy's Marine corps; the so-called '''Lagunari''' (lit.: "lagoon troopers") are under its jurisdiction but, actually, they're the amphibious troops of the Italian Army. Their origins go back to the jolly good ol' times of the Venetian Republic, their "ancestors" being the 17th-century ''Fanti da Mar'' - that is, "Marine Infantry" in Venetian dialect. They're still based in Veneto, more precisely at Mestre (near Venice).

!! '''Equipment of the Italian Army'''

- Beretta AR70/90, ''standard issue assault rifle''

- Beretta ARX160, ''standard issue assault rifle'' (which will soon replace the obsolescent rifle above)

- M4 Carbine - ''5.56 mm assault rifle''

- Beretta 92FS - ''9 x 19 mm pistol''

- Minimi - ''5.56 mm light machine gun

- MG42/59 - MG3 - ''7.62 mm machine gun''

- Franchi SPAS-15 - ''Shotgun''

- Sako TGR-42 - ''.338 Lapua sniper rifle''

- Barrett M82A1 - ''.50 BMG sniper rifle''

- OD-82 ''grenade''

- M203 - ''40mm grenade grenade launcher''

- Breda Folgore - ''Recoilless Gun''

- Panzerfaust 3 - ''Anti-tank rocket launcher''

- MILAN 2T - ''Anti-tank guided missile''

- Spike MR/LR - ''Anti-tank guided missile''

- FIM-92 Stinger - ''Man-portable air-defense system''

'''Combat Vehicles''':

- ''Ariete'' ("Ram") ''Main Battle Tank''

- B1 ''Centauro'' ("Centaur"), ''Tank Destroyer'' (according to the Italian Army, it's a ''[[NoKillLikeOverkill reconnaisance vehicle]]'' [[NoKillLikeOverkill who just happens to have an MBT's firepower]], [[JustifiedTrope and can also pull double duty as a light tank]])

- VBM ''Freccia'', ("Arrow"), ''Infantry Fighting Vehicle''

- ''Puma'' 4x4/6x6 ''Wheeled Armoured Personnel Carrier/Recon Vehicle''

- VTLM ''Lince'' ("Lynx"), ''Infantry Mobility Vehicle''

'''Artillery'''

- M109L, ''Self Propelled Howitzer''

- PzH2000, (same as above)

- FH70, ''Howitzer''

- SIDAM 25, ''Self Propelled AA weapon''

- 120mm F1, ''Mortar''

!! Equipment of the Italian Navy/Air Force

Italy's upgrading navy possesses also:

- ''Giuseppe Garibaldi'' STOVL aircraft carrier (it will be "soon" equipped with F-35Bs)

- ''Cavour'' STOVL aircraft carrier (same as above)

- AV-8B Harrier [=IIs=]

The country's Air Force owns:

- Tornado IDS

- AMX International AMX ''Ghibli'', ground-attack aircraft

- Eurofighter Typhoon, multi-role fighter

- A-129 ''Mangusta'' ("Mongoose",) attack helicopter

- some MQ-9 "Reaper"

The Air Force was also notorious for holding to the F-104 Starfighter (and in fact fielding the Italian-designed F-104S version) for a long time in spite of the fighter having very poor reliability (and in fact the Italian version was developed specifically to correct the reliability issues. Being faster and capable of acting both as interceptor and fighter-bomber were just bonus). The last F-104S has been retired in 2004, being replaced by the Eurofighter Typhoon.

!! '''Conscription and other amenities'''

Conscription was mandatory for every able-bodied male who turned 18; it was established in 1846
and suspended (not abolished) in 2005. Since 1999, women are allowed serve in the Army.

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!!The ''Forze Armate'' in fiction:

* In GunslingerGirl, most of the [=SWA=]'s black ops personnel are either from the ranks of the Italian military, police or intelligence services. For instance, Amadeo and Giorgio are formerly with the Gruppo di Intervento Speciale before they were placed in Section 2 to support the cyborg operators in the field when needed. The Croce brothers were ex-Carabinieri officers stationed with the Tuscania Regiment. Raballo was also ex-Carabinieri with [=GIS=] forced to retire due to a leg injury when his rifle misfired (anime)/pistol misfired (manga).
* In {{Jormungand}}, R used to be with the Italian Army's Bersaglieri during the 1990s in Bosnia as a [=UN=] peacekeeper before Koko recruited him. [[spoiler:And he became a double agent working for the CIA.]]
* In the Rainbow Six series, Antonio Maldini is with [=GIS=] prior to his Rainbow assignment.
** In EndWar, he is a Colonel with the European Federation Army's Battlegroup 4 and is their commanding officer.
* The Italian military is represented by their A-129 ''Mangusta'' attack helicopters as part of the NATO faction in ''WorldInConflict.''

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!!The ''Polizia'' in fiction:

* In GunslingerGirl, Marco was with the Polizia di Stato's Criminal Police Central Directorate, plus he had combat experience with [=NOCS=]. Priscilla was an ex-officer with the Guardia di Finanza.