Russian and Soviet leaders for the entirety of the country's history as a republic come in three flavors. The ''premiers'' are Prime Ministers, heads of government. This office could hold a lot of importance -- for example, during Stalin's time his second in command, Molotov, held it. It also was UsefulNotes/VladimirLenin's primary office. There was also the title of the President'[[note]]As in, the head of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet[[/note]], who held no power at all and existed merely for show[[note]]The exception was when someone important, like Brezhnev, decided to hold that office in addition to one of real power. The most well known Soviet President, Mikhail "All Union's Reeve" Kalinin, who was a contemporary (and toady) of Stalin, is a Russian byword for "authority in name only"[[/note]]. The ''general secretary'' office meant leadership in the Communist Party and was established by JosephStalin as the most important in the country. Finally, the office of President was made into one with real authority by UsefulNotes/MikhailGorbachev and remains TheNewRussia's most important position.


[[folder:Pre-Soviet and anti-Soviet republican governments]]
* Provisional Government (Premiers)
# Prince Georgy Lvov (1917)
# UsefulNotes/AlexanderKerensky (1917)

* White Guards (military dictators)
# General Lavr Kornilov (1917-1918, founder of the White movement)
# Admiral UsefulNotes/AlexanderKolchak (1918-1920)
# General Anton Denikin (1919-1920 in Southern Russia, 1920 as the leader of all White movement)
# General Peter Wrangel (1920-1921)

[[folder:Soviet Russia and the Soviet Union]]
# UsefulNotes/VladimirLenin (1917-1924, Premier)
# UsefulNotes/JosefStalin (1925-1953, General Secretary and Premier)
# UsefulNotes/NikitaKhrushchev (1953-1964, First Secretary)
# UsefulNotes/LeonidBrezhnev (1964-1982, General Secretary and Premier)
# UsefulNotes/YuriAndropov (1982-1984, General Secretary)
# UsefulNotes/KonstantinChernenko (1984-1985, General Secretary)
# UsefulNotes/MikhailGorbachev (1985-1991, General Secretary and President)

[[folder:TheNewRussia (Presidents)]]
# UsefulNotes/BorisYeltsin (1991-2000)
# UsefulNotes/VladimirPutin (2000-2008)
# UsefulNotes/DmitryMedvedev (2008-2012)
# UsefulNotes/VladimirPutin again (2012-incumbent)