[[caption-width-right:328:Vive La France!]]

->''"Toute ma vie, je me suis fait une certaine idée de la France."''[[labelnote:Translation]]"All my life I have had a certain idea of France."[[/labelnote]]
-->-- '''UsefulNotes/CharlesDeGaulle'''

->''Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité'' (''Liberty, Equality, Fraternity'')
-->-- '''French Republic's motto'''

France, officially known as the French Republic ('''French:''' ''République française''), and its predecessors. For those who don't know, France is a Romance country in Western Europe, with non-Romance ethnic minorities living on the borders: Celtic Brittany, Germanic Alsace and Lorraine (and a few other pockets), and some Basques in the extreme southwest (Gascony). The name "France" comes from the Germanic Franks, who ruled the region formerly known to the Romans as Gallia ("Gaul" was, despite popular belief, not what Romans called the region), but the people living there were not, for the most part, ever Germans. Religiously speaking, a little over half the population regards itself as Christian of some stripe, with the non-religious being the next largest group, and Muslims, Protestants, Jews, Buddhists, and all the others making up the rest. Keep in mind though, that since French law forbids ethnic or religious censuses, any figures bandied about are based on opinion studies and their results can vary wildly depending on the criteria.

France is the second-largest economy in Europe, second only to UsefulNotes/{{Germany}} itself, although the position of number two is sometimes contested between France and the [[UsefulNotes/{{Britain}} UK]]. It is sometimes called "The Hexagon", [[DontExplainTheJoke because it is roughly hexagonal.]] France also has several oversea departments and territories all around the world, with the former (Martinique, Guadeloupe, French Guyana, Mayotte and Réunion) being considered an integral part of the country. ''La France Métropolitaine'' is the term most commonly used to refer to mainland France and Corsica.


[[folder: French Popular Culture & Beyond ]]

+ FrenchMedia
+ FrenchLiterature
+ FrenchFilms
+ FrenchSeries
+ FrenchWebOriginals
* UsefulNotes/LesGrandesEcoles
* UsefulNotes/SnailsAndSoOn
* UsefulNotes/TourDeFrance
* UsefulNotes/FrenchNewWave


[[folder: French Geography ]]

* UsefulNotes/{{Paris}}
** UsefulNotes/LeMetropolitain (Paris's transit system)
* UsefulNotes/DepartementalIssues (Administrative divisions of France)

[[folder: French History and Politics ]]

* CheeseEatingSurrenderMonkeys (a common stereotype)
* FrenchJerk (another common stereotype)
* MauriceChevalierAccent (an even more common stereotype, found even in serious works)
* LesCopsSportif (French police)
* UsefulNotes/FrenchCourts
* UsefulNotes/OldFrenchMoney
* UsefulNotes/JoanOfArc
* UsefulNotes/LEtatCestMoi (Louis XIV and the other Louises)
** UsefulNotes/LouisXIII
** UsefulNotes/LouisXIV
** UsefulNotes/LouisXV
** UsefulNotes/LouisXVI
* UsefulNotes/TheFrenchRevolution
** UsefulNotes/MarieAntoinette
** UsefulNotes/MaximilienRobespierre
** UsefulNotes/MarquisDeLafayette
* UsefulNotes/TheNapoleonicWars
** UsefulNotes/NapoleonBonaparte (TheNapoleon is a different trope)
* UsefulNotes/TheFrenchColonialEmpire
* UsefulNotes/FrenchPoliticalSystem
** UsefulNotes/ThePresidentsOfFrance
* UsefulNotes/GaulsWithGrenades
** UsefulNotes/TheUltimateResistance (French nuclear weapons)
* UsefulNotes/WorldWarI
* UsefulNotes/WorldWarII
** UsefulNotes/MaginotLine
* UsefulNotes/CharlesDeGaulle

[[folder: The French national anthem ]]

->Allons enfants de la patrie,
->Le jour de gloire est arrivé !
->Contre nous, de la tyrannie
->L'étendard sanglant est levé. (bis)
->Entendez-vous dans les campagnes
->Mugir ces féroces soldats ?
->Ils viennent jusque dans vos bras
->Égorger vos fils et vos compagnes !

->Aux armes, citoyens !
->Formez vos bataillons !
->Marchons, marchons,
->Qu'un sang impur abreuve nos sillons !


->Let us go, children of the motherland,
->The day of glory has come!
->Against us, the tyranny's
->bloody flag has been raised. (bis)
->Can you hear in the countryside,
->These ferocious soldiers bellowing?
->They come all the way into your arms
->[[KickTheDog To cut your sons and wives' throats!]]

->To arms, citizens!
->Form your batallions!
->Let us march, let us march,
->[[{{Squick}} And let an impure blood flow into our furrows!]]

It was written by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle as a military song during the 1792 war against European royalists. The "impure blood" is a topic of controversy: one interpretation is that it designates the blood of the patriots [[HeroicSacrifice who sacrifice themselves for freedom]], opposed to the self-proclaimed [[BlueBlood "pure blood"]] of the nobles. Another, opposite one, is that it is the blood of the enemy.

This is the first verse of seven (in the final version). Rest assured: they are all equally violent.


[[folder: The French flag ]]

->The ''Tricolor'' was conceived during UsefulNotes/TheFrenchRevolution, and its design and/or colors have since been copied by other countries undergoing revolution. Blue and red are traditional colors of UsefulNotes/{{Paris}}, associated with Saints Martin and Denis, Bishops of Tours and Paris, respectively; white was the color of the monarchy, UsefulNotes/MarquisDeLafayette added to (supposedly) symbolize the nation. It is also important to understand that ''Le Tricolore'' is SeriousBusiness to the French people, even moreso than the symbolic importance assigned by most other nations to their flags.[[note]]For example, after the fall of Napoleon III, France again became a republic (this time permanently) despite wide popular support for monarchy at the time, almost entirely because the would-be heir (Henri, comte de Chambord) refused to take the throne unless the Tricolor was replaced by the royal family's old white fleur-de-lys banner.[[/note]]