[[caption-width-right:242: Daughter of Elysium]]
->''"Whatever else may divide us, Europe is our common home; a common fate has linked us through the centuries, and it continues to link us today."''

Useful Notes on that place where a lot of Americans originate from via their ancestors. Nonetheless, American media often give the impression that Americans believe "Europe" to be one homogenous place (that is, the place next to their buddies in the [[UsefulNotes/WithEuropeButNotOfIt UK]]) with minor regional variations in language and an annoying propensity for [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarI getting]] [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII into wars]] and [[AmericaWonWorldWarII requiring American help]] to get out of them.

Note that some of the states mentioned below are usually considered European for cultural rather than geographical reasons, like Georgia, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan (near the border between continents, but technically Asian) or Cyprus and Armenia (geographically entirely Asian), while the "Europeanness" of Russia and Turkey has been disputed for centuries (and in any case, both have the majority of their territory in Asia).

In fact, the idea of Europe as a continent is more of a historical holdover than anything that can be objectively justified. There is no continental divide between Europe and Asia, (hence "Eurasian tectonic plate") and some even regard Europe as an Asian subcontinent with delusions of grandeur. Because of this, the exact definition of "Europe" has fluctuated wildly over time - for example, ''TheIronMan'' includes the line "all the countries of Europe can fit easily into Australia", which may confuse many modern readers unless they know that, to Ted Hughes, "Europe" stopped at the IronCurtain. Areas whose "Europeanness" are open to debate include the [[UsefulNotes/WithEuropeButNotOfIt British Isles]], Scandinavia, Cyprus, Turkey, Russia west of the Urals, the Caucasus, etc. etc...

For the list of tropes related to Europe and Europeans, see the EuropeIndex.

The name "Europe" is derived from the name of the [[Myth/ClassicalMythology mythical]] [[DoubleStandardRapeDivineOnMortal rape victim]] Europa. Don't ask.

If you're looking for the Swedish rock band, click [[Music/{{Europe}} here]] or in the "Music" link up there.

!Modern Countries
Note: EU member states marked with an asterisk (*), Eurozone members marked with a Euro sign (), non-Eurozone Euro users marked with a Euro sign and exclamation point (!).
!!Countries (undisputed):
!!!The UK and Ireland
* UsefulNotes/{{Ireland}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Dublin
* United Kingdom *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': London
** UsefulNotes/{{Britain}} (includes index on England)
*** UsefulNotes/{{Scotland}}
*** UsefulNotes/{{Wales}}
** UsefulNotes/NorthernIreland
!!!Western Europe
* UsefulNotes/{{Andorra}} !
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Andorra La Vella
* UsefulNotes/{{France}} * (Southern half can also be considered to be part of Southern Europe)
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Paris
* UsefulNotes/{{Monaco}} !
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Monaco
* UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}} * (it can also be considered to be part of Southern Europe)
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Lisbon
* UsefulNotes/{{Spain}} * (it can also be considered to be part of Southern Europe)
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Madrid
!!!The Low Countries (Benelux)
* UsefulNotes/{{Belgium}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Brussels
* UsefulNotes/{{Luxembourg}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Luxembourg
* UsefulNotes/TheNetherlands *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Amsterdam
!!!Central Europe
* UsefulNotes/{{Austria}} *
->'''Capital''': Vienna
->'''Largest City''': Salzburg
* [[UsefulNotes/TheCzechRepublic Czech Republic]] *
-> '''Capital & Largest City''': Prague
* UsefulNotes/{{Germany}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Berlin
* UsefulNotes/{{Hungary}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Budapest
* UsefulNotes/{{Liechtenstein}}
->'''Capital''': Vaduz
->'''Largest City''': Schaan
* UsefulNotes/{{Poland}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Warsaw
* UsefulNotes/{{Slovakia}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Bratislava
* UsefulNotes/{{Switzerland}}
->'''Capital''': Bern
->'''Largest City''': Zurich
!!!Southern Europe
* UsefulNotes/{{Italy}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Rome
* UsefulNotes/{{Malta}} *
->'''Capital''': Valletta
->'''Largest City''': Birkirkara
* UsefulNotes/SanMarino !
->'''Capital''': San Marino
->'''Largest City''': Dogana
* UsefulNotes/VaticanCity !
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Vatican City
!!!The Nordic Countries
* UsefulNotes/{{Denmark}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Copenhagen
** UsefulNotes/{{Greenland}}
* UsefulNotes/{{Finland}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Helsinki
** UsefulNotes/AlandIslands *
* UsefulNotes/FaroeIslands
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Torshavn
* UsefulNotes/{{Iceland}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Reykjavik
* UsefulNotes/{{Norway}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': UsefulNotes/{{Oslo}}
* UsefulNotes/{{Sweden}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Stockholm
!!!Eastern Europe
* UsefulNotes/{{Belarus}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Minsk
* UsefulNotes/{{Russia}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': UsefulNotes/{{Moscow}}
* UsefulNotes/{{Ukraine}}
->'''Capital''': Kiev
->'''Largest City''': Kharkiv
!!! The Baltics
* UsefulNotes/{{Estonia}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Tallinn
* UsefulNotes/{{Latvia}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Riga
* UsefulNotes/{{Lithuania}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Vilnius
!!!The Balkans (some of the nations are considered to be part of Southern Europe, according to the United Nations geoscheme)
* UsefulNotes/{{Albania}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Tirana
* UsefulNotes/{{Bosnia}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Sarajevo
* UsefulNotes/{{Bulgaria}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Sofia
* UsefulNotes/{{Croatia}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Zagreb
* UsefulNotes/{{Cyprus}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Nicosia
* UsefulNotes/{{Greece}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Athens
* UsefulNotes/{{Macedonia}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Skopje
* UsefulNotes/{{Moldova}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Chisinau
* UsefulNotes/{{Montenegro}} !
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Podgorica
* UsefulNotes/{{Romania}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Bucharest
* UsefulNotes/{{Serbia}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Belgrade
* UsefulNotes/{{Slovenia}} *
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Ljubljana
!!!The Caucasus (sometimes not considered part of Europe)
* UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Yerevan
* UsefulNotes/{{Azerbaijan}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Baku
* UsefulNotes/{{Georgia}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': T'bilisi
!!!The Edges (Have territory in Europe but may not be considered part of it)
* UsefulNotes/{{Kazakhstan}}
->'''Capital''': Astana
->'''Largest City''': Almaty
* UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}} (though some people can make convincing arguments that Turkey is a part of, or at least very attached to, Europe)
->'''Capital''': Ankara
->'''Largest City''': UsefulNotes/{{Istanbul}}
!!Other entities:
* UsefulNotes/{{Gibraltar}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Gibraltar
* UsefulNotes/{{Kosovo}} !
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Pristina
* UsefulNotes/{{North Cyprus}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': North Nicosia
* UsefulNotes/{{Abkhazia}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Sukhumi
* UsefulNotes/{{South Ossetia}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Tskhinvali
* UsefulNotes/{{Transnistria}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Tiraspol
* UsefulNotes/{{Liberland}}
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Liberland
* UsefulNotes/NagornoKarabakh
->'''Capital & Largest City''': Stepanakert

!Defunct Countries, Empires, States and other entities
* UsefulNotes/ByzantineEmpire
* UsefulNotes/EastGermany
* UsefulNotes/HanseaticLeague
* UsefulNotes/HolyRomanEmpire
* UsefulNotes/ImperialGermany
* [[UsefulNotes/TheSoundOfMartialMusic Habsburg Empire]]
* UsefulNotes/ThePapalStates
* UsefulNotes/PolishLithuanianCommonwealth
* UsefulNotes/{{Prussia}}
* [[SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (or Soviet Union, or just USSR)]]
* UsefulNotes/{{Yugoslavia}}

!Useful Notes and Other Articles Related to Europeans and European Culture
!!Europe in General
* UsefulNotes/AngloSaxons
* UsefulNotes/BattleOfLepanto
* UsefulNotes/{{Castles}}
* UsefulNotes/TheCrimeanWar
* TheCrusades
* UsefulNotes/EuroFooty
** EuropeanChampionship
** UsefulNotes/UEFAChampionsLeague
* UsefulNotes/TheEuropeanUnion
* UsefulNotes/EuropeanSwordsmanship
* Series/EurovisionSongContest
* UsefulNotes/{{ESA}}
* ForcesWithFirepower
** UsefulNotes/ArmosWithArmor (UsefulNotes/{{Armenia}})
** UsefulNotes/BelarusiansWithBTRs (UsefulNotes/{{Belarus}})
** UsefulNotes/BelgiansWithBrigades (UsefulNotes/{{Belgium}})
** UsefulNotes/TheBiteOfDracula (UsefulNotes/{{Romania}})
** UsefulNotes/BohemiansWithBombers (UsefulNotes/CzechRepublic)
** UsefulNotes/BritsWithBattleships (UsefulNotes/{{Britain}})
*** UsefulNotes/UltimateDefenceOfTheRealm
** UsefulNotes/DanesWithDrakens (UsefulNotes/{{Denmark}})
** UsefulNotes/DutchmenWithDestroyers (UsefulNotes/TheNetherlands)
** UsefulNotes/FinnsWithFearsomeForests (UsefulNotes/{{Finland}})
** UsefulNotes/GaulsWithGrenades (UsefulNotes/{{France}})
*** UsefulNotes/TheUltimateResistance
** UsefulNotes/GeorgiansWithDragunovs (UsefulNotes/{{Georgia}})
** UsefulNotes/TheGloryThatWasRome (UsefulNotes/TheRomanEmpire)
** UsefulNotes/MagyarsWithMountedArchers (UsefulNotes/{{Hungary}})
** UsefulNotes/NazisWithGnarlyWeapons (UsefulNotes/NaziGermany)
** UsefulNotes/NeutralAustriansWithNoNavy (UsefulNotes/{{Austria}})
** UsefulNotes/NewRomanLegions (UsefulNotes/{{Italy}})
** UsefulNotes/NewSpanishArmada (UsefulNotes/{{Spain}})
** UsefulNotes/NorwegiansWithNoAmmo (UsefulNotes/{{Norway}})
** UsefulNotes/OssisWithOsas (UsefulNotes/EastGermany)
** UsefulNotes/PaddiesWithPropellerPlanes (UsefulNotes/{{Ireland}})
** UsefulNotes/PolesWithPoleaxes (UsefulNotes/{{Poland}})
** UsefulNotes/PortugueseMenOfWar (UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}})
** UsefulNotes/PrussiansInPickelhauben (UsefulNotes/{{Prussia}})
** UsefulNotes/RussiansWithRifles (TsaristRussia)
** UsefulNotes/RedsWithRockets (SovietRussiaUkraineAndSoOn)
** UsefulNotes/RussiansWithRustingRockets (UsefulNotes/{{Russia}})
*** UsefulNotes/FromRussiaWithNukes
** UsefulNotes/TheSoundOfMartialMusic (Habsburg Imperial Forces)
** UsefulNotes/ThisIsHellas (UsefulNotes/{{Greece}})
** UsefulNotes/SlovaksWithSappers (UsefulNotes/{{Slovakia}})
** UsefulNotes/SwedesWithCoolPlanes (UsefulNotes/{{Sweden}})
** UsefulNotes/SwissWithArmyKnives (UsefulNotes/{{Switzerland}})
** UsefulNotes/TurksWithTroops (UsefulNotes/{{Turkey}})
** UsefulNotes/UkrainiansWithDepletedUranium (UsefulNotes/{{Ukraine}})
** UsefulNotes/WeAreNotTheWehrmacht (UsefulNotes/WestGermany / Modern UsefulNotes/{{Germany}})
* UsefulNotes/FrancoPrussianWar
* UsefulNotes/TheGreatNorthernWar
* HoleInFlag
* UsefulNotes/TheHundredYearsWar
* UsefulNotes/LatinLanguage
** LatinPronunciationGuide
* UsefulNotes/TheNapoleonicWars
* UsefulNotes/{{NATO}} (Organization founded by the US and some European countries)
* OrthodoxChristianity
* UsefulNotes/ThePope (most Popes were European - particularly Italian, French or Greek; he also lives in Rome)
* UsefulNotes/RevolutionsOf1848
* UsefulNotes/{{Romani}}
* UsefulNotes/SevenYearsWar
* UsefulNotes/StandardEuropeanPoliticalLandscape
* UsefulNotes/ThirtyYearsWar
* UsefulNotes/TheTrojanWar
* UsefulNotes/WarOfTheAustrianSuccession
* UsefulNotes/WarOfTheSpanishSuccession
* WarsawPact (the former counterpart of NATO)

!!The UK and Ireland
''See UsefulNotes/{{Britain}} and UsefulNotes/{{Ireland}} for everything solely related to Britain/the UK and Ireland, respectively''
* UsefulNotes/BritainVersusTheUK (noteworthy)
* Myth/CelticMythology
* HistoryOfEnglish
* UsefulNotes/WithEuropeButNotOfIt (noteworthy)

!!Western and Southern Europe
''See UsefulNotes/{{France}}, UsefulNotes/{{Spain}} and UsefulNotes/{{Italy}} for everything solely related to those countries''
* Myth/ClassicalMythology
* TheKnightsHospitallers
* Myth/LusitanianMythology
* UsefulNotes/PortugueseLanguage
* UsefulNotes/TheRomanRepublic
** UsefulNotes/PunicWars
* UsefulNotes/TheRomanEmpire
** UsefulNotes/ByzantineEmpire
* UsefulNotes/YouthHostelPlakias

!!The Balkans
* UsefulNotes/TheYugoslavWars

!!Eastern Europe and Russia
''See UsefulNotes/{{Russia}} for everything solely related to Russia''
* {{Cossacks}} (most of them were Russians, but there were also Ukrainian Cossacks)
* CyrillicAlphabet
* UsefulNotes/PolishSovietWar
* Myth/SlavicMythology

!!Central Europe and Benelux
''See UsefulNotes/{{Germany}} for everything solely related to Germany''
* UsefulNotes/AustroPrussianWar
* EightyYearsWar
* UsefulNotes/{{Pillarisation}}
* UsefulNotes/SiegeOfVienna

!!Nordic Europe
* Myth/NorseMythology
* UsefulNotes/NorwegianLanguageStruggle
* UsefulNotes/NorwegianConstituentAssembly
* NotableSwedishMonarchs

!!Caucasus and Edges
* ByzantineEmpire
* UsefulNotes/TheFallOfConstantinople