A small Central African country in the Atlantic coast of Africa, with the capital being located on an island off the coast of Cameroon.

It was originally a [[UsefulNotes/{{Portugal}} Portuguese]] colony, until it was given to Spain in exchange of Spanish territory in America. Thatís right, people in Equatorial Guinea speak Spanish[[note]]And their dialect of Spanish is much closer to European Spanish than Latin American Spanish, due to being both colonized and given independence later[[/note]]. That almost turns them into outcasts in the continent. In their defense, though, they also speak French.

Eventually, the country declared independence in 1968 and elected their president, and thatís when things went south. Their first president was some loon called Francisco Macías Nguema, who can be compared to Pol Pot with his obsession with anti-intellectual movements and unpredictable behaviors. He ran a one-party government, prohibited fishing, installed a cult of personality around him, stole all the money he could, banned private education, gave himself all the political power and ordered the execution of people with Mary Hopkinsí music as background. He was eventually deposed in a coup in 1979 by the actual president, Teodoro Obiang (Macias' nephew). Heís no saint at all, but compared to his predecessor, the Equatoguineans probably would have accepted anything. As for Macías, he was put on trial and summarily executed. However, just like in other cases, this became a FullCircleRevolution, since Obiang has installed his own cult of personality, censorship of the press and repression, to the point the country has achieved a lousy reputation abroad.

In spite of having oil deposits, the country is rather poor. [[SarcasmMode Maybe, just maybe]], it has something to do with the leadersí kleptomaniac ways. Especially considering Obiang is filthy rich. Recently the country has joined the [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Community_of_Portuguese_Language_Countries Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP)]], which happened only when Portugal accepted their entrance after making a lot of protests. The reason why the country is accepted is almost entirely due to oil (of which has plenty to export) and other economic benefits.

The most famous Equatoguinean, besides the two infamous aforementioned, is the swimmer Eric Moussambani who left the others competitors at the 2000 Summer Olympics [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome literally watching his splashing]].

By the way, the country [[NonIndicativeName is not on the Equator]]. [[http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1c/Equator_and_Prime_Meridian.svg It is close to it, though]].

Oh, and it has Pygmies.


* AxCrazy: Nguema
* EvilVersusEvil: Insane, oppressive fuck vs. not-so insane, but still oppressive fuck? [[MortonsFork Take your pick!]]
* AGodAmI: Nguema changed the national motto at one point to "There is no other God than Macias Nguema."
** Obiang's pulled the same act; state radio claimed he was a god in permanent contact with The [[{{God}} Almighty]].
* ImAHumanitarian: if [[http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-455635/True-hell-earth-Simon-Mann-faces-imprisonment-cruellest-jail-planet.html this article]] is to be believed, he claims to fall in Idi Amin's cannibalistic footsteps by (ahem) ''eating opponents' testicles to gain their power''.
* OurPresidentsAreDifferent: Nguema was PresidentEvil / President Lunatic. Obiang is a less intense version of the above combined with President Corrupt.
* PersecutedIntellectuals: To the point where the ''word itself'' was banned.
* PlaceWorseThanDeath: Black Beach Prison, which during Nguema's tenure acquired the nickname "Africa's Auschwitz". Things have not improved under his nephew. Disease is rampant, inmates are routinely tortured, and foreign prisoners tend to die quickly or even "disappear". See the linked ''Daily Mail'' article above for more (they called it the cruelest jail on the planet).

!!Equatorial Guinea and Equatoguineans in fiction:

* An episode of ''Series/YesMinister'' took place in Buranda, a SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute.
* The book and film ''Literature/TheDogsOfWar'' also take place in a carbon-copy of the country.
* The island of Bioko appears a lot in ''Literature/TheIlluminatusTrilogy''. Referred to as "Fernando Poo", a revolution there is very nearly the flashpoint for WorldWarThree.
* Has a [[NeoAfrica small but pivotal role]] in the ScienceFiction novel ''Literature/{{Limit}}'', taking place in 2025.


[[folder: The Equatoguinean flag ]]

->The green, white and red stripes symbolizes the jungles, peace, and Equatorial Guinea's struggle for independence, respectively. At the hoist side is the blue triangle of the Atlantic Ocean. At the center is the coat-of-arms, showing a shield containing a silk cotton tree, the colonial symbol of Río Muni, as the mainland was then called; above it are six stars, symbolizing Río Muni and the islands of Bioko (site of the capital Malabo), Annobón, Corisco, Elobey Chico and Elobey Grande; and below is a scroll which reads "Unidade, Paz, Justicia", Spanish for "Unity, Peace, Justice".