[[caption-width-right:300:This face is one of the [[{{Irony}} top selling]] [[MisaimedFandom t-shirts]].]]
->''"It would take a thousand years and a million pages to write Che's biography."''
-->--'''Creator/GabrielGarciaMarquez''', Colombian journalist

%%NOTE: Che Guevara is a very controversial historical figure that have strong supporters and opponents from all sides. Rule Of Cautious Editing Judgement is strongly applied in this page. YMMV tropes should NOT be placed in this page and should be kept in a neutral point of view.

Ernesto Guevara (1928-1967), better known by his nickname ''"Che"'', [[note]] An informal Argentinian interjection equivalent to "hey", used to call other's people attention. His Cuban friends heard him use it a lot and the name stuck. So "Che Guevara" is basically "Hey, Guevara". [[/note]] was an [[{{UsefulNotes/Argentina}} Argentinian]] [[Creator/KarlMarx Marxist]] revolutionary who attained fame for his active role as a guerrilla leader and strategist in the Cuban Revolution (in which he helped UsefulNotes/FidelCastro to seize power from it's dictator Fulgencio Batista) and then later, his death in Bolivia, where he was arrested and executed by the Bolivian military with the aid of the CIA. He also ran Castro's most infamous prison, La Cabana, and oversaw Revolutionary Tribunals and summary executions. After that he worked as a government bureaucrat and took a lead in introducing literacy measures. Eventually he became restless and decided to engage in revolutionary causes again. He later took part in the Congo revolution, but it wasn't successful. Then he conducted a complicated scheme in Bolivia that eventually led to his capture and execution.

Defending a socialist cause and being executed at a young age, Che Guevara evolved into a symbol that represents both ''"civil disobedience"'' and ''"political awareness"'' (Wiki/TheOtherWiki has [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che_Guevara several]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Legacy_of_Che_Guevara articles]] [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Che_Guevara_in_popular_culture about him]]). A photograph of Che by Alberto Korda became one of the most famous photographs during TheSixties, which thanks to the intense gaze of its subject along with his youth and good looks made him an IconOfRebellion well into the 21st Century, reprints of said image created a profitable market or T-shirts with his face on it. More often than not, he is also used as the "Romantic Expression" of guerrilla warfare: a tough but well-intentioned guy, willing to fight injustice (and American imperialism) over everything. [[TheThemeParkVersion Often treated as a hero figure in many books, film, and TV shows alike]] while also glossing over the fact that Guevara openly admitted to revolutionary violence, famously admitting in his speech at the UN that his administration [[TheRevolutionWillNotBeCivilized executed political prisoners]], or that he [[AxCrazy openly advocated nuclear holocaust against the United States]] during the Cuban Missile Crisis. This sanitized portrayal of Che Guevara is however necessary for his commodification in the West into a mass-market consumerist image providing money that mostly goes to western capitalist nations, so it's unlikely to change as long as Che continues to be in demand.

Lots of books, quite a few movies, and even an SNK ''VideoGame/IkariWarriors''-ish videogame called ''"Guevara"'' ([[DolledUpInstallment dolled up]] in the USA as ''VideoGame/GuerrillaWar'') have been done about him.
!!Tropes as portrayed in fiction:
* FacingTheBulletsOneLiner: Had an iconic real-life example which is constantly invoked in many fictional portrayals (such as ''VideoGame/MetalGearSolidPeaceWalker''):
--> '''Che Guevara''': "I know you've come to kill me. Shoot, coward, you are only going to kill a man."
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: He appears on T-Shirts, is commonly invoked as an IconOfRebellion and has many fictional depictions, though ironically, he usually gets HistoricalHeroUpgrade, even, or especially, in American portrayals.
* NiceHat: His iconic military beret with a five-pointed star.
* ShoutOut:
** "Indian Girl" by Music/TheRollingStones from ''Music/EmotionalRescue'':
--> ''Mr. gringo, my father, he ain't no Che Guevara''
--> ''And he's fighting the war on the streets of Masaya''
--> ''Little Indian girl, where's your father?''
--> ''Little Indian girl, where is your momma?''
--> ''They're fighting for [[UsefulNotes/FidelCastro Mr. Castro]] in the streets of Angola.''
** Music/{{Madonna}} mimics the world famous photograph of Che Guevara on the album cover of ''Music/AmericanLife''.
* YoungFutureFamousPeople: The book ''The Motorcycle Diaries'', Guevara's memoir about his early life, made into a [[Film/TheMotorcycleDiaries movie]].

!Appears in the following works:
* He appears alongside Castro in StockFootage in Creator/AlfredHitchcock's ''Film/{{Topaz}}''
* Richard Fleischer's 1969 ''Che'' starring Omar Sharif. It was not very successful.
* Andy Garcia's ''The Lost City'', a loose adaptation of Gulliermo Cabrera Infante's ''Three Trapped Tigers'', has one of the few negative depictions of Che.
* Gael Garcia Bernal played Che in ''Film/TheMotorcycleDiaries''. Notably, the first film on Che in the Spanish language to be internationally successful.
* Creator/BenicioDelToro played him in Creator/StevenSoderbergh's two-part {{Biopic}}, ''Film/{{Che}}''. Also shot in the Spanish language, but more of an AcclaimedFlop.
* UndergroundComics artist Spain Rodriquez published a graphic novel in 2007 called ''Che: A Graphic Biography''. Rodriquez always identified himself as a Marxist, so his depiction of Che is positive.
* A playable character in the game ''VideoGame/GuerrillaWar''. The North American version downplays this a lot, but the original Japanese version is even named after him.
* Appears in the [[CrapsackWorld hellishly dystopian]] AlternateHistory tale ''Literature/ForAllTime'', where he leads a revolution in Argentina alongside Leopold Galtieri in 1960. He eventually takes power himself, establishing the Democratic Republic of Argentina, forging close ties with the People's Republic of China, and [[spoiler: launching an invasion of Chile on December 2, 1966, complete with [[NukeEm nuclear bombings]] in Santiago and Valparaíso. He pulls out of Buneos Aires just before the Americas nuke it out of existence and occupy Argentina, and continues encouraging a communist revolutions through radio and media.]]
* Another AlternateHistory, ''Literature/NewDealCoalitionRetained'', sees Che [[TheCoup seizing power]] from UsefulNotes/FidelCastro after the latter has a nervous breakdown in light of a more successful US-backed counterrevolution.
* In ''Anime/HeatGuyJ'', he appears as a poster in [[TheProtagonist Daisuke's]] apartment. What's really striking about this particular example is that the series takes place TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture, AfterTheEnd.
* He also appears in ''Website/CollegeHumor'''s "[[MenCantKeepHouse Be Our Bachelor]]" parody. The young man is microwaving a mug of instant soup or something, that has Guevara's picture on it...and has left his spoon inside. The Che Guevara picture sings this before [[LethalChef the microwave explodes]].
''Hasta la victoria siempre''