[[caption-width-right:333: The man who shaped the whole [[TheTwentiethCentury Twentieth Century]].]]

->''"Unthinking respect for authority is the greatest enemy of truth."''[[labelnote:]]Einstein, 1901, in a letter to Jost Winteler[[/labelnote]]

Theoretical physicist, patent clerk, statesman, philosopher, amateur violinist, father of modern physics, superstar, one of the smartest humans in history, and the most famous scientist of the 20th century. Albert Einstein (March 14, 1879 -- April 18, 1955) [[TropeCodifier was single-handedly responsible for pretty much every genius-related trope]] in 20th-century[=/=]21st-century media: [[AbsentMindedProfessor the brilliant yet witty and genial old man]], [[EinsteinHair the fly-away hair]], [[CloudCuckooLander the mild loopiness and absent mindedness]], etc, etc.

Born in Ulm, Germany, Einstein was the son of an engineer. He was gifted in math and science from an early age. (The urban legend that he failed mathematics in high school was completely untrue. He did fail the entrance examination to The Zürich Institute of Technology, [[CripplingOverspecialization because the exam was in]] ''[[CripplingOverspecialization French]]'', [[CripplingOverspecialization a language he read poorly]][[note]]On the other hand, [[UsefulNotes/DichterAndDenker Wernher von Braun]] ''did'' fail ninth-grade algebra, so you can use that to cheer your kid up about bad grades if you like. UsefulNotes/ThomasEdison and Creator/StanleyKubrick also did poorly in school, so they're also good for encouragement.[[/note]]) [[TeenGenius He first started thinking about relativity at the age of 16]], as he tried to imagine how a light wave would look if he traveled with it at the speed of light.[[note]]The idea of relativity was sort of "in the air" when Einstein was growing up in TheGayNineties, as the similarly-multitalented Austrian Ernst Mach was articulating it at the time. There is no question, however, that Einstein's contributions were revolutionary [[/note]]

After graduating, a friend got him a job at a patent office, a quiet post that gave him plenty of unsupervised free time to work on physics. Nothing special happened until 1905, dubbed ''[[AltumVidetur Annus Mirabilis]]''[[note]]"Wonderful Year"[[/note]], when he published four papers, in which he explained the photoelectric effect (which eventually got him a Nobel prize, and provided a ''major'' breakthrough in quantum mechanics), Brownian motion (which proved the existence of atoms once and for all--a scientific mystery that has been around since the days of classical Greece), special UsefulNotes/{{relativity}} (a theory explaining the previously observed fact that light travels at the same apparent speed regardless of the speed of the observer, which predicts some bizarre consequences, like that two observers moving relative to each other will not agree on how quickly time passes), and matter-energy equivalence (where we get the equation E = mc[[superscript:2]])[[note]]Simply put, energy is matter, matter is energy. Matter is ''kind of'' like concentrated, solid energy.[[/note]] Needless to say, the papers had a revolutionary impact on science, most notably kicking off the age of nuclear energy.

In 1916, Einstein published the Theory of General Relativity, where he unified Newton's theory of gravity with special relativity; he postulated that gravity is not a force, but simply a curvature of the space-time continuum created by a massive object. The theory predicted the existence of black holes, higher dimensions, wormholes, and the possibility of time travel (sci-fi writers know who to thank).

Einstein left Germany for the US during the early rise of Nazism, where his Jewish heritage made him an easy target. In 1939, he signed [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Einstein-Szilard_letter a famous letter]] to [[UsefulNotes/FranklinDRoosevelt Roosevelt]] supporting the opening of research into the atomic bomb. Einstein was never involved in the Manhattan Project because the FBI was deeply suspicious of his staunch pacifism and supposed "communist sympathies"; during the UsefulNotes/ColdWar, [[BigBrotherIsWatching the FBI kept very close tabs on him]] and even considered kicking him out of the country. In fact, he had almost nothing to do with the letter: It was written by Leo Szilard in consultation with fellow Hungarian physicists Edward Teller and Eugene Wigner, and they asked Einstein to sign it only because [[WolverinePublicity his famous name would draw attention]].

In the US, Einstein became something of a pop culture icon, with newspapers and reporters beating a path to his door. He also became [[FriendToAllChildren something of a star amongst children]], who wrote him thousands of letters about all manner of topics. Einstein was an influential member of the civil rights, pacifist, socialist, and Zionist movements; David Ben-Gurion even offered him the (mostly ceremonial) post of President of Israel (its powers are similar to those of the [[UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfWindsor British Monarch]]). He turned it down (much to Ben-Gurion's relief, as a pacifist saint is not exactly something that a fledgling nation beset by enemies needs), and the post went to Chaim Weizmann (himself a scientist).

Einstein died in 1955. He spent most of the time after his arrival at the United States attempting to reconcile quantum mechanics with relativity, a quest that continues to this day.

!!Quick Notes

* Einstein has often been accused of plagiarism. It is true that other scientists had written about relativity before Einstein. In fact, relativity as a concept is first considered by ''Galileo'' in 1632, although Galileo's work didn't include anything like time slowing down as you speed up or lengths contracting. It was [[CoolOldGuy Hendrik Lorentz]] that first came up with the idea that light speed is constant, and it was [[TheSmartGuy Henri Poincare]] who originally came up with the equation E = mc[[superscript:2]], only he wrote it as "m = E/c[[superscript:2]]". But to Einstein's credit, he was the only person to realize that relativity can be applied to the entire universe. Also, Lorentz and Poincare made very different physical assumptions than Einstein - namely the existence of a perfect reference point and the [[ScienceMarchesOn Luminiferous Aether]]. Though Lorentz and Einstein would become friends, Einstein never got over (what he perceived to be) Poincare's scientific conservatism.
* Einstein received his Nobel prize for his explanation of the photoelectric effect, not relativity. At the time of the awarding, physical proof for relativity was still somewhat scant, and the more conservative members of the award committee disliked relativity and held up the award process for a few years. Eventually, they compromised and awarded the prize for the photoelectric effect, a safer option. Many treated this as an AwardSnub.
* His views about religion were complex, though he called himself an [[{{UsefulNotes/Agnosticism}} agnostic]] and specifically denounced the idea of a [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Personal_god personal god]] (that is, one that is relatable to humans, as opposed to an impersonal force). He was a member of the American Humanist Association and can mostly be called as a humanist who was influenced by Jewish philosopher Baruch Spinoza and believed in Spinoza's definition of God, which is ambiguous and somewhat... well, rather different from the norm. Spinoza posited an impersonal, amoral, non-sapient god in a kind of [[UsefulNotes/{{Pantheism}} pantheism]], in which God permeates and transcends nature.
** Einstein did say that he considered most of the beliefs of organized religion to be childish, but [[JesusWasWayCool he liked the teachings of Christ and Buddha]]. Regardless of his beliefs on religion, Einstein truly believed that the universe was a perfect clockwork where all pieces could be predicted exactly. He is even credited as saying, to a symposium at Princeton, that "science without religion is lame, [and] religion without science is blind."[[note]]This quote appears in his 1954 book ''Ideas and Opinions''[[/note]] The emergence of quantum physics, which Einstein had ironically directly influenced, was an idea that Einstein bitterly disliked. He spent much of his later career unsuccessfully attempting to prove quantum theory wrong.
** Despite his claimed views on religion, Einstein felt a sense of solidarity with the Jews, funded the Zionist cause, and at one point was invited to become the president of Israel.
* Following from the above, please note that Einstein '''never said most of the stuff people credit him with saying.''' He never said that standardized testing was like teaching a fish to climb a tree, that insanity is repeating the same method expecting different results, or that the extinction of bees would spell the destruction of civilization. Wiki/TheOtherWiki has a [[https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Albert_Einstein good resource here]] with verifiable quotes that he made, and statements that he probably never made. Please consult it when you see an Einstein quote on the Internet.
* He was OneOfUs. The next time you feel bad because you're obsessed with a "kid's" show, remember Einstein was a fan of the early 1950's TV puppet show and ''WesternAnimation/BeanyAndCecil'' precursor ''Time for Beany'', which was a kid's show heavy on ParentalBonus. He reputedly interrupted a high-level conference by announcing, "You will have to excuse me, gentlemen. It's ''Time for Beany''." He was also noted to be a fan of comics, several times during his days as a patent clerk he was often found reading them rather than working.
%%!!Tropes as portrayed in fiction:

!!Appears in the following works:


[[folder: Anime and Manga ]]

* In ''Anime/YuGiOhGX'', an {{Expy}} of Einstein named Dr. Albert Zweinstein appeared in several episodes.
* He appears at the cover of one of the science books Sven looks at in ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamSEEDCE73Stargazer'' alongside another one with Creator/StephenHawking.


[[folder: Comic Books ]]

* In ''ComicBook/{{Powers}}'', Christian Walker goes to Albert to show off his powers and, hopefully, finally understand why he has them and how they work. Einstein cannot explain them, but his speech about the true nature of science is a thing of beauty to behold.
* In ''ComicBook/TalesDesignedToThrizzle'' he and Creator/MarkTwain are [[BuddyCopShow Buddy Cops]].
* [[UsefulNotes/TheSilverAgeOfComicBooks Silver Age]] ComicBook/LexLuthor considers Einstein one of his idols, and refuses to commit any acts of evil on his birthday.


[[folder: Film - Live Action ]]

* ''IQ'' (1994 film). Walter Matthau plays Albert Einstein as a romantic matchmaker between his (fictional) niece Catherine and local auto mechanic Ed Walters.
-->'''Albert Einstein:''' What she needs is to go out with someone like you. The problem is...she would never go out with someone like you.\\
'''Ed Walters:''' Well that's easy, just lend me your brain for a couple of days. ''[beat]'' What?\\
'''Albert Einstein:''' Are you thinking what I am thinking?\\
'''Ed Walters:''' What would be the odds of that happening?
* ''Film/CSATheConfederateStatesOfAmerica'' has him develop the atomic bomb for the Confederacy. In exchange, he gets a plantation and some slaves.
* ''Film/NightAtTheMuseum: Battle for the Smithsonian'' had several Einstien bobbleheads brought to life.
* ''Film/YoungEinstein'', of course.
* The Nicholas Roeg film ''Insignificance'', about the imaginary meeting of Einstein, Creator/MarilynMonroe, [[RedScare Sen. Joseph McCarthy]] and [=Joe DiMaggio=] in a hotel room. The characters are billed as The Professor, The Actress, The Senator and The Ballplayer: but it's not difficult to figure out who's who.
* In ''Film/AndYouThoughtYourParentsWereWeird'', the spirit of Einstein is contacted in a seance.
* In ''Film/{{Ghostbusters 1984}}'', Dr. Peter Venkman tries to tell Dr. Ray Stanz that being fired from their university research positions won't be bad because "Einstein did his greatest stuff while he was working as a patent clerk.", but Ray retorts [[AnalogyBackfire "Do you know how much a patent clerk earns?!"]]
* In ''Film/BackToTheFuture'', Doc Brown's 1985 dog is called Einstein, who is his first living test subject for his time-travel experiments, and much of the movie takes place in 1955, the same year Einstein died. Doc also keeps a portrait of Albert Einstein in his home, alongside Thomas Edison, Sir Isaac Newton, and Benjamin Franklin.
* Jor-El mentions in ''Film/SupermanReturns'' that out of all Earth scientists, maybe Einstein is the only one who "understands".
* He's Mary's uncle in ''Film/TheNutcrackerIn3D''.


[[folder: Literature ]]

* In the ''Literature/HeecheeSaga'' future, Robinette Broadhead has an A.I. created to be Einstein. Every single writing by and about Einstein is used to create an A.I. as close to the real thing as possible. This [[HeroicBSOD creates a problem later on]] when the A.I. discovers that God really does play dice with the universe.
* In the short story ''The Old Man And C'' by Sheila Finch, Einstein [[RichardNixonTheUsedCarSalesman became a violin teacher instead]]. A master violin teacher with world-famous students, but he's troubled in his old age by the feeling that he ''really'' should have been doing something else with his life.
* In ''Literature/ThreeDaysToNever'', the protagonist finds a mysterious object in his grandmother's garden shed, which various sinister forces will do anything to get their hands on: a working time machine created by Albert Einstein himself. The backstory also involves Einstein's daughter Lieserl and a time-displaced clone of ol' Albert.
* In ''Literature/TalesOfMU'', Einstein's quote "God does not play dice with the universe" is referenced during a discussion on whether or not there's a god of magic (which leads to the inevitable [[RandomNumberGod comparison to rolling dice]]).


[[folder: Live-Action TV ]]

* ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'':
** Einstein appears playing poker with Data, Isaac Newton, and Creator/StephenHawking (played by the ''[[AsHimself real]]'' Stephen Hawking) in episode "Descent: Part I", via use of the Holodeck:
--->'''Einstein:''' The uncertainty principle will not help you now, Stephen. Hm? All the quantum fluctuations in the universe will not change the cards in your hand. I call. You are bluffing. And you will lose!\\
'''Hawking:''' Wrong again, Albert. ''[reveals four-of-a-kind]''
** Einstein also appeared as a hologram in "The Nth Degree", working with the [[FlowersForAlgernonSyndrome then-hyper-intelligent]] Reg Barclay.
* ''Einstein & Eddington'', in which Einstein is played by Creator/AndySerkis (i.e. Gollum).
* ''Series/DoctorWho'':
** In "Time and the Rani", the Rani kidnaps a bunch of Earth geniuses, including Einstein. They spend most of the story in a coma, then get herded into the TARDIS for a trip home, where the Doctor has to discourage Einstein from fiddling with things to find out how they work.
** Creator/MattSmith has written fanfic featuring Eleven and Einstein. A bunch of Who fans are demanding to be allowed to read it.
** A short episode written by a contest-winning kid revealed that he and The Doctor are engaged in a prank war, filching one another's petty (and occasionally not so petty) possessions for no adequately explained reason.
* ''Series/{{Genius}}'', a Creator/NationalGeographicChannel biographic series starring Creator/GeoffreyRush as Einstein.
* The ''Series/RedDwarf'' episode "Meltdown", features a "wax droid" museum with android replicas of various celebrities, including Einstein.
* ''Series/LegendsOfTomorrow'': In "Out of Time", time traveling villains convince the Nazis to attempt to kidnap Einstein to use his genius to win WWII. The Legends rescue him, but Professor Martin Stein is [[BrokenPedestal disappointed]] to find his idol is a DirtyOldMan. Stein ends up punching him out when he refuses to cooperate with them. It is also revealed that Einstein's ex-wife Mileva Marić was the real brains of the couple, but Einstein stole the credit. The Legends convince the couple to reconcile and Mileva gets properly credited, changing history.
* ''Series/TheFlash2014'': In "I Know Who You Are", H.R. mentions that Einstein exists on Earth-19 and is pretty much the same as in Earth-1, but his first name is Norbert.


[[folder: Music ]]

* The song "Einstein on the Beach (For an Eggman)" by Music/CountingCrows, which is about the guilt for his part in designing nuclear weapons.
* The song "Albert Einstein - Everything Is Relative" by Silicon Dreams, which is about, eh, every wrong trope they could apply, as already the title hints.
* The song "Portrait (He Knew)" by Music/{{Kansas}} is about him, according to WordOfGod.
* The opera ''Theatre/EinsteinOnTheBeach'' by Phillp Glass (premiered 1976). Not a speaking or singing role but Einstein appears playing a violin.


[[folder: Newspaper Comics ]]

* ''ComicStrip/TheFarSide'':
** In one cartoon, a frustrated-looking Einstein is leaning on a blackboard where several incorrect versions of his Theory of Relativity are written, all with a wrong number in place of the 2. Behind him a maid has just cleaned his counter, and he turns as she says, "There we go, everything's squared away, all ''squaaaared'' away."
** In another cartoon, he and UsefulNotes/ThomasEdison are on ''Series/{{Jeopardy}}''. The third contestant (who has a score of negative-100, in comparison to the high scores of his two opponents), says, "Listen, I know the game is almost over, but just for the record, I don't think my buzzer was working properly."


[[folder: Tabletop Games ]]

* In ''TabletopGame/RocketAge'' Albert Einstein, alongside Goddard and Tesla, built the first rocket ship and flew it to Mars. Later he built a long distance space ship and left the solar system entirely, becoming the only human to do so.


[[folder: Theater ]]

* The Creator/SteveMartin play ''Picasso At The Lapin Agile'', about an imagined meeting between Einstein and Creator/PabloPicasso.
* Einstein naturally figures as the main focus in ''Theatre/EinsteinOnTheBeach''. One of the orchestral violinists is even employed to dress as Einstein, crazy hair and all.


[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* ''WesternAnimation/DextersLaboratory'': Dexter himself praises and cherishes Albert Einstein so much, he even has a poster of of him in his room.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheAdventuresOfJimmyNeutronBoyGenius'': Jimmy Neutron admires Einstein. In one episode he was inspired to be a model hall monitor after finding out from his principal that Einstein was a hall monitor as a kid. It was later revealed that the hall monitor that his principal was talking about was actually [[spoiler:the principal's sister, Eunice, who looks like Einstein]].
* In ''WesternAnimation/TimeSquad'', Einstein masqueraded as a Texan used car salesman named Big Al because the pay was better and he felt more accepted by the community.
* In ''WesternAnimation/{{Animaniacs}}'', the Warners come to sell cookies to Einstein, and end up [[EurekaMoment inspiring him to write the Mass-Energy Conversion formula.]]
* [[InNameOnly But not]] ''WesternAnimation/LittleEinsteins''.
* Implied in ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' that he stole the Relativity theory from someone named "Smith". It is implied he savagely beat poor Smith to death. He also beat up God to steal the secret of Shrinky-Dinks.
* In one episode of ''WesternAnimation/TinyToonAdventures'', Plucky convinces Shirley to channel Einstein's genius into him so he can pass a hard math test. (Plucky doesn't find out until it's too late that Einstein ''flunked'' math in grade school, which Shirley tells him later.)
* One episode of ''WesternAnimation/TheMummyTheAnimatedSeries'' has Imhotep kidnap Einstein to help him decode the Scrolls of Thebes.
* After getting the shit kicked out of him, the time cop of ''WesternAnimation/RickAndMorty'' finds Einstein, whom he believes to be Rick, and assaults him shouting "you dont mess with time". Upset, Einstein states that he will mess with time, writing E=mc2 on his board as he gets up.


[[folder: Video Games ]]

* ''VideoGame/CommandAndConquerRedAlertSeries'':
** In ''VideoGame/CommandAndConquerRedAlert'', Einstein builds a time machine shortly after UsefulNotes/WorldWarII and uses it to go back in time and [[strike: kill]] remove Adolf Hitler from time long before the war. [[AlternateHistory It worked]]. [[HitlersTimeTravelExemptionAct Sort of]].
** In ''VideoGame/CommandAndConquerRedAlert3'', set after the original time travel event, the Russians use a new time machine to erase Einstein in 1927, before the original time travel event, but after Einstein removed Hitler from time itself (1924).
* ''Videogame/{{Tropico}} 5'' features [[http://finalstage.es/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/abraham-zwestein-tropico-5.png Abraham Zweinstein]], a Central European physicist who flees to America and develops a new, terrible weapon.
* Dr. Wily from the ''Franchise/MegaMan'' series is more or less an evil {{expy}} of Einstein; this is believed to be due to Einstein being credited with kickstarting the development of the atomic bombs that decimated Japan (though as detailed above, Einstein's only had his name attached for WolverinePublicity and he went on to regret the decision).


[[folder: Web Comics ]]

* In ''WebComic/TheUnspeakableVaultOfDoom'', Einstein was spared from becoming [[Franchise/CthulhuMythos Cthulhoo's ]]snack because Nyarly had plans to use him on the Manhattan Project.


[[folder: Web Video ]]

* ''WebVideo/EpicRapBattlesOfHistory'' features Einstein slinging verses with Creator/StephenHawking.