* ActingForTwo: Creator/PaulDano, originally cast as Paul Sunday, took the larger role of Eli Sunday (making the brothers twins) after Kel O'Neill departed the production.
* TheDanza: The main character is played by Daniel "Plainview" Day-Lewis, and Paul Dano plays both Paul Sunday and his twin brother Eli.
* DisabledCharacterDisabledActor: Deaf actor Russell Harvard as an older H.W. Plainview.
** Daniel Day-Lewis, naturally, went to town. He hit Paul Dano earlier than the intended mark during the scene where Daniel screams at Eli to heal his son. The look of shock when Eli tumbles to the ground is genuine. His hatred of Eli, which he continued even off-camera, led Paul Dano to confess he thought he would actually die during some points of the filming.
** During the baptism scene, Paul Dano is actually smacking Daniel Day-Lewis around, bringing it around full-circle.