* ActingForTwo: Paul and Eli Sunday are both portrayed by Paul Dano.
* TheDanza: The main character is played by Daniel "Plainview" Day-Lewis, and Paul Dano plays both Paul Sunday and his twin brother Eli.
* DisabledCharacterDisabledActor: Deaf actor Russell Harvard as an older H.W. Plainview.
* DuelingMovies: With ''Film/NoCountryForOldMen'', which was being shot around the same time in rural Texas, [[note]] One story notes how close both sets were, to the point where during filming of the oil derrick scene, ''Old Men'' had to shut down filming for the day due to the smoke interrupting the shoot. [[/note]] was also a DarkerAndEdgier film by [[Creator/CoenBrothers (a) respected auteur(s)]], released around the same time by the same distributors (Paramount Vantage & Miramax) and competed for Best Picture at The Oscars.
** Daniel Day-Lewis, naturally, went to town. He hit Paul Dano earlier than the intended mark during the scene where Daniel screams at Eli to heal his son. The look of shock when Eli tumbles to the ground is genuine. His hatred of Eli, which he continued even off-camera, led Paul Dano to confess he thought he would actually die during some points of the filming.
** During the baptism scene, Paul Dano is actually smacking Daniel Day-Lewis around, bringing it around full-circle.
* FakeAmerican: Kensington-born Daniel Day-Lewis plays the American Daniel Plainview and Belfast-born Ciarán Hinds portrays Fletcher Hamilton.
* TheOtherMarty: Kel O'Neill, the original actor for Eli left halfway through production due to being intimidated by Daniel Day-Lewis during the original filming of the bowling alley scene.
* PlayingTheirOwnTwin: Creator/PaulDano, originally cast as Paul Sunday, took the larger role of Eli Sunday (making the brothers twins) after Kel O'Neill departed the production.