* ActorAllusion:
** Hoynes' line about his alcoholism - "I liked beer a little bit too much in college." - may reference actor Tim Matheson's previous role as a drunken lout in the classic movie ''AnimalHouse.''
** Abigail Bartlet makes a ''Series/SesameStreet'' appearance to mollify the public about her having resumed medical work after voluntarily surrendering her license in the wake of a political scandal over her misusing it. Talking with the president's secretary about the Muppets' impending arrival, Abbey makes various knowledgeable remarks about the distinctions between the casts of ''Series/SesameStreet'' and ''Series/TheMuppetShow'', likely a reference to actress Stockard Channing's having appeared in several of the "Mad Painter" sketches on ''Series/SesameStreet'' in the 1970s.
** Josh wears a Wesleyan shirt in one episode; he didn't go there, but Bradley Whitford did.
** To Malina's character Jeremy from Sorkin's SportsNight:
--> '''Toby:''' There were maybe four people in the room when I had that conversation.
--> '''Will:''' Well, if I'd have been one of them, I would have repeated it to everyone I met.
** Which is exactly what he did on an episode of SportsNight a few years prior:
--> '''Isaac:''' Things that I say in my office ''stay'' in my office.
--> '''Dana:''' Natalie's my second-in-command, she's the only one I told.
--> '''Natalie:''' Jeremy's my boyfriend, he's the only one I told.
--> '''Jeremy:''' I told many, many people.
* ButIPlayOneOnTV: After the first season, people around Hollywood started treating Martin Sheen like he was the President for real.
* CastingGag: Casting noted liberal Creator/AlanAlda as Republican senator and presidential candidate Arnold Vinick certainly qualifies as this.
* TheCharacterDiedWithHim: John Spencer's death from a heart attack was written into the show. Several episodes where he was still alive aired after Martin Sheen's tribute to him before one episode, and the in-universe death occurs on "Election Night".
* CreatorBacklash: Richard Schiff hated his storyline in Season 7, and has never done another major TV role, not wanting to risk again spending years crafting a character only to be forced by the writing to betray him.
* TheDanza:
** Connie Britton as Connie Tate during the re-election cycle.
** Oliver Platt as Oliver Babish.
* {{Defictionalization}}: The White House introduced a real-life (virtual) [[http://popwatch.ew.com/2015/01/16/the-west-wing-reunion-big-block-of-cheese-day/ Big Block of Cheese Day]] in 2014.
** In 2006, the British parliament enacted the stunt depicted in "A Good Day" (2005), an event now known in Parliamentary history as "The ''West Wing'' Plot".
* DisabledCharacterDisabledActor: Marlee Matlin (Joey Lucas) is deaf in real life.
* ExecutiveMeddling: Sorkin wanted to get Josh and Donna together. He kept being told "Wait another season!" The chemistry was apparent from the pilot and didn't get fulfilled until the last season.
* FanNickname: "Mandyville" is the fandom's name for ChuckCunninghamSyndrome and PutOnABus, after main character Mandy Hampton vanishes between seasons, never to be spoken of again... even though the President and Josh were shot in the last episode she appeared in.[[note]]In technical terms, the first trope is for characters who vanish ''permanently'' without explanation; the second if the absence is temporary or explained. Mandyville is used for both instances.[[/note]]
* FlipFlopOfGod: Regarding the series finale. Lawrence O'Donnell said that [[spoiler:the original plan was to have Vinick win, but after John Spencer's death they changed it to Santos to make it easier on the audience]]. John Wells, however, says this wasn't the case.
* LifeImitatesArt:
** The last season saw the election of Matthew Santos as POTUS, Santos's character was based on Barack Obama after the show's creators met him while still an Illinois state senator. The real life "Josh" (Rahm Emmanuel) also took over as Chief of Staff.
** Santos' Republican opponent Arnold Vinick was loosely based on John [=McCain=] - Southwestern Senator with bipartisan appeal. The mind-blowing thing is that Santos and Vinick run in 2006... ''two years'' before the RealLife election of 2008, and when there was no guarantee that either Obama or [=McCain=] would win their respective nominations (The front-runners in 2008 were UsefulNotes/HillaryRodhamClinton and Mitt Romney).
** In "Welcome to Wherever You Are", there's a brief scene where we overhear a Vinick ad using the slogan "Yes, America Can", which the Santos campaign complains was actually their slogan. Obama's slogan, of course, ended up being "Yes We Can".
** After Santos wins the election, he offers Vinick the position of Secretary Of State. While it doesn't go across-the-aisle as it does in the show, in real life, President-Elect Obama offers the job of Secretary Of State to his party rival in the 2008 election, former first lady Hillary Clinton. She serves in the position for four years before resigning in February, 2013, before ultimately running once again in the 2016 election.
* RealitySubtext: Ron Silver switched parties from Democrat to Republican between his character's appearances on the show.
** Jimmy Smits (Matt Santos) was arrested in 2001 for his participation in protests against U.S. Navy bombing practices on the Puerto Rican offshore island of Vieques, which is exactly what happened to Josh's friend Billy Molina in an early episode.
*** Jimmy Smits, like Santos, is a firm believer in education as the great equalizer and has done lots of nonprofit work to promote that goal.
* RetroactiveRecognition: {{Juno}} and [[TheHelp Skeeter Phelan's]] mom was the White House press secretary (after work as [[Film/TenThingsIHateAboutYou Julia Stiles, Heath Ledger, and Joseph Gordon-Levitt's]] [[OneSceneWonder high school guidance counselor]]), and [[Series/{{Psych}} Gus]] used to be the President's personal aide.
** [[Series/CSIMiami Calleigh Dusquesne]] was a BlondeRepublicanSexKitten before joining up with Horatio and co.
** [[Series/{{House}} Dr. Lisa Cuddy]] is a call girl! (Though, I'm pretty sure House already made that joke).
*** Her friend Jeanine from law school is [[Series/TwentyFour Michelle Dessler]].
** Congressman David Wallace argued against gays in the military before [[Series/TheOfficeUS becoming CFO of Dunder-Mifflin]].
** [[Series/ParksAndRecreation Ron Swanson]] as a wildlife campaigner. Who'd have thought...
** [[Series/BattlestarGalactica2003 Admiral Adama]] as a judge!
*** And [[Series/StarTrekEnterprise Admiral Forrest]] arrested him due to racial profiling. ''Awkward...''
** Sometime between retiring as Chief of Police of New York City and raising a four generation cop family, [[Series/BlueBloods Henry Reagan]] ran a drug company trying to work out a deal with AIDS-stricken African nations.
** [[Series/{{NCIS}} Leroy Jethro Gibbs]] as secret service protection for the Press Secretary.
** Before he worked for SHIELD, [[Franchise/MarvelCinematicUniverse Agent Coulson]] was Special Agent Michael Casper of the FBI.
** MSNBC host Lawrence O'Donnell was Bartlet's dad, who (in the words of Mrs Landingham) was "a prick who could never get over the fact that he wasn't as smart as his brothers".
** [[Series/TheWire Cedric Daniels]] plays a DC cop in "In Excelcis Deo."
** [[Series/{{Community}} Danny Pudi]] has a single line in season 7, his earliest known acting credit.
** Who can forget [[Series/MadMen Peggy Olson]] being the President's youngest daughter?
** Before [[Series/TheNewsroom Jim Harper]] was an EP, he volunteered for Bartlet in Indiana.
** Evidently [[Series/BuffyTheVampireSlayer the Mayor of Sunnydale]] briefly maneuvered his way into being the Secretary of Agriculture for a while.
* StuntCasting:
** Alda and Smits in season six-seven. James Brolin in season three-four.
** Not to mention Martin "President Bartlet" Sheen.
** Another example would be Matthew Perry's casting as a White House counsel (although he predictably fit in rather well). Christian Slater, on the other hand....
* TechnologyMarchesOn: The show started off with beepers and accordion envelopes. By the fourth season everyone has a cell phone and... well the accordion envelopes were still there, just with computers on top of that, too.
* ThrowItIn: CJ's performance of The Jackal. Allison Janney used to use it to entertain her castmates.
* WhatCouldHaveBeen:
** KristinChenoweth (Annabeth Schott) was originally approached to play Ainsley Hayes but could not commit to a television series due to ''Theatre/{{Wicked}}''.
** Sidney Poitier was considered for the role of The President. Alan Alda and Jason Robards were also possibilities.
** Mandy would have come back for an episode later on, but this didn't pan out.
** Sorkin intended Zoe's kidnappers to be domestic terrorists, which was why Nancy [=McNally=] said that it was probably a cheap-shot operation in the episode when it happened, and there were [[{{Foreshadowing}} many incidents with domestic terrorists throughout the season]]. The new showrunners went with generic Muslim terrorists who were mad about Sharif.