* ActorAllusion: Mixed with MythologyGag and ProductionPosse:
** Detective Davino, the PI hired to find Bunny Lebowski and played by Jon Polito, expresses his admiration of The Dude's apparent playing one side against the other throughout the movie. In ''{{Film/MillersCrossing}}'', Jon Polito plays a mob boss who is victim to and absolutely hates a double-cross.
** Walter's oft-repeated line "shut the fuck up Donny!" is precisely written because Buscemi's character wouldn't shut up in ''Film/{{Fargo}}''.
** JohnTurturro played a pederast in a play called ''Theatre/MiPutaVida'', which the Coens said directly inspired his character here.
** Walter's home security business works under the slogan "Peace of Mind". In ''BartonFink'', John Goodman's character says he sells peace of mind.
* TheDanza: Despite The Dude's seeming similarity to JeffBridges, he is actually based on another friend of Creator/{{the Coen Brothers}}, Jeff "The Dude" Dowd. Dowd, Dude, and Bridges are all named Jeffrey.
* FakeNationality: The German nihilists played by Peter Stormare (Swedish), Flea (Australian), and Aimee Mann (American). The fourth nihilist was played by an actual German, Torsten Voges.
* HeyItsThatGuy: [[Film/{{Tron}} Kevin Flynn]] is confused for [[Film/BlazingSaddles Olson Johnson]] (who has [[Series/{{Scrubs}} Danni Sullivan]] for a trophy wife, [[Film/BoogieNights Amber Waves]] for a daughter and [[Film/TheHungerGames Plutarch Heavensbee]] for an assistant), often bowls with his best friends [[Film/RaisingArizona Gale Snoats]] and [[Film/ReservoirDogs Mr. Pink]] while also being harrassed by fellow bowler Hispanic BartonFink ([[Film/BigDaddy I feel you have underestimated his sneakiness]]) and has his car blown up by three nihilists, two of which are [[Film/{{Fargo}} Gaear Grimsrud]] and [[Film/BackToTheFuture Needles]]. Oh, and the second Treehorn Thug is [[Series/{{Lost}} Jacob.]]
** And it's being narrated by [[Film/{{Tombstone}} Virgil Earp]].
** [[Film/HarryPotter Professor Lupin]] is the video artist who can't stop giggling for some reason.
** [[Series/HowIMetYourMother Ranjit]] is the doctor Maude recommends.
** [[Film/TheLostWorldJurassicPark Dieter Stark]] is a nihilist.
* NamesTheSame: Jeff Lebowski "the Dude" and Jeff Lebowski the rich guy. Which starts the chain of troubles for the Dude.
* ParodyReligion: The film has spawned its own, The Church of the Latter-Day Dude, or Dudeism.
** {{Defictionalization}}: It's a recognized religion, and people have been married under it.
* PlayingAgainstType: To some degree, John Goodman as Walter Sobchak. John Goodman's characters, when not directed by Creator/{{the Coen Brothers}}, tend to be nice, huggable jolly guys. Walter is anything but.
** Which nearly became his type. Goodman said in an interview that a lot of the roles offer to him post-''Lebowski'' were variations of the blustering Walter character.
** Also, Steve Buscemi's role as a clueless, laid-back slacker who can't get a word in edgewise was written as a jokey inversion of the motor-mouthed psychopath types he'd played in ''Film/{{Fargo}}'' and ''Film/ReservoirDogs''. Walter's oft-repeated line "shut the fuck up Donny!" is precisely ''because'' Buscemi's wouldn't shut up in ''Fargo.''
* TheRedStapler: The White Russian has become somewhat legitimized as a "guy" drink thanks to this movie, as most people nowadays will just assume a man ordering one is a fan of The Dude.
* WhatCouldHaveBeen: According to Reid, Creator/CharlizeTheron tried out for the role of Bunny Lebowski.