->''"We try and hold on to some kind of ideals, when everything - ideals, hope, everything is being destroyed."''
-->-- '''Anne Frank'''

The 1955 Pulitzer-Prize winner for Drama, ''The Diary of Anne Frank'' was Frances Goodrich and Albert Hackett's dramatization of Holocaust victim Anne Frank's diary (usually referred to as ''Literature/TheDiaryOfAYoungGirl'', which was the title of the first edition). An Academy-Award winning film version, staring Shelley Winters, was released in 1959.

It chronicles Frank's time as a Jewish refugee in Amsterdam hiding from Nazi forces with her family. Throughout her stay in a businessman's house, Frank wrote her observations of the world around her in her diary. [[spoiler: That is, until, the Nazis finally find her.]]
!!This work features examples of:
* AdaptationDistillation: The play and TheMovie.
* AdaptationExpansion: Again, the play and TheMovie.
* ArtisticLicense: The play and TheMovie take some liberties with the source material. Certain details, such as Dussel's allergy to cats (and the resulting conflict with Peter, who has a greater attachment to the cat than in the diary), the Hanukkah celebration, the fight over food (and threats to evict the Van Daans) immediately before the announcement of D-Day, and the sequence of events documenting precisely how the Annex residents were caught, are nowhere found in the diary itself. Certain scenes, such as the Annex residents' learning about D-Day and Anne's first kiss, play out very differently between the diary and the two adaptations. Also, certain statements from the diary, in both TheMovie and the play, are taken out of context, to the extent that the changes alter, even contradict, the statements' original meanings.
* AsTheGoodBookSays: At the start of the [[UsefulNotes/JewishHolidays Chanukah]] scene, the Frank family and their friends read Psalm 121 from the KJV Bible... which counts as FridgeBrilliance when you discover that its Christian Old Testament is known as and translated from the Hebrew Bible, whose canon is called the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanakh Tanakh]], a name used in Judaism.
* BiTheWay: The first several rounds of publishing excluded excerpts from when Anne admits to being excited by the female body, even going so much as to reveal she kissed a friend and asked to feel her breasts. The {{Squick}} factor of this being a young girl barely even in her teens is a justified explanation. The sections had been {{Bowdlerise}}d by her father, and weren't discovered until his death.
* BookcasePassage
* TheCavalry: Through most of the story, the Allies are fighting to retake Europe from the Germans, [[HopeSpot which the characters are eagerly awaiting]]. [[spoiler: They won't make it in time, unfortunately.]]
* CharactersDroppingLikeFlies: Only one character survives. This of course reflects historical fact.
* DaddysGirl
* DownerEnding / ForegoneConclusion: [[spoiler:The Franks's hiding spot is betrayed to the Nazis.]]
* MadwomanInTheAttic: Subverted to hell and back. Anne and her family deliberately ''choose'' to be hidden away to keep from being murdered by the Nazis.
* PragmaticAdaptation: Several of the printings of the diary, as well as the play and TheMovie. Face it, there was no way some of the material, particularly the sexual discussions, would have made it past the MoralGuardians.
* RousseauWasRight: Lampshaded:
-->'''Anne Frank''': In spite of everything I still believe that people are really good at heart.
* SoleSurvivor: Out of the people in the hiding spot, only Otto Frank survived the concentration camps.
* TokenMinority: One of the people hiding in the attic is an ethnic Jew, but follows the Christian faith.[[note]]This is Mr. Dussel, but his character was written to be CultureBlind in order for Jewish customs to be explained to a non-Jewish audience. It is not true to the Diary nor to real life. Fritz Pfeffer (his real name) was actually more observant of Jewish customs than the Franks or Van Pelses (Van Daans), although the woman he had lived with was Catholic. Pfeffer's family was incensed at the portrayal of Dussel in the play and the 1959 movie.[[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fritz_Pfeffer#Posthumous_reputation]] [[/note]]
* YourTomcatIsPregnant: Inverted.