A comic play by Creator/GeorgeBernardShaw set during UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution, which tells of the title character, Richard Dudgeon, and his opposite, the Rev. Anthony Andersen, and the events which follow when British soldiers come to arrest Andersen for treason and Dudgeon takes his place. A further element is how Andersen's wife, Judith, rapidly goes from loathing Dudgeon to falling in love with him. Adapted into a movie several times; most notably in 1959, starring Creator/KirkDouglas as Richard Dudgeon, Creator/BurtLancaster as Creator/AnthonyAnderson, and Creator/LaurenceOlivier as General Burgoyne.
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!!Provides examples of:
* AffablyEvil / AntiVillain: General Burgoyne
* EasyEvangelism: Dudgeon is able to bring Judith and Anthony Andersen around to his viewpoint in record time.
* HourglassPlot: Dudgeon and Andersen switch places to a great extent over the course of the play, and Andersen even wants to further this by giving his wife to Dudgeon and demanding that Dudgeon join the clergy.
* IAteWhat: Subverted in the film version. After eating a bowl of soup, General Burgoyne asks one of his men what was in it. Clearly expecting this reaction, the soldier admits that it was rattlesnake. General Burgoyne doesn't even miss a beat before pronouncing it delicious.
* NiceToTheWaiter: Richard is the only person in his family who is kind to the family servant Essie. He comes across as better than the Andersens, who, while nicer to Essie, are also highly patronizing.
* SatanIsGood: Not precisely, but Richard calls himself a friend of Satan and is the most noble character in the play.
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: PlayedWith by the closing narration.
-->'''Dick Dudgeon''': The rest of this story is pure fiction. Rest assured, you can believe every word of it.
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