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A 1984 {{Musical}} with music and lyrics by Creator/StephenSondheim and book by James Lapine. It was the first in a series of shows the two collaborated on, among them ''Theatre/IntoTheWoods'' and ''Passion''. It is based around a fictional telling of the creation of the painting ''A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte'', the MagnumOpus of painter Georges-Pierre Seurat.

It centers, in the first act, on a fictionalized version of Georges Seurat and his mistress, Dot. Dot loves Georges for his passion and his art, but can't understand him, nor does he pay as much attention to her as she needs. They are caught up by the stream of petty rivalries, jealousies, spats, and artistic pretentions that dominate the interactions of Parisians on their Sunday visits to La Grande Jatte. As criticism of his work mounts, Georges grows less and less attentive of the world around him, even as Dot leaves him and the facade of civility and happiness collapses completely. Much to everyone's surprise, Georges manages to create a painting that is not only a masterful display of color and light, but an image of a perfect, peaceful Sunday that has never, really, existed, but outlives all the squabbles and smugness of its actual subjects.

The second act focuses on Georges's fictional descendant, George, who is also an artist. George's particular medium, however, is not painting but "Chromolumes," a very avant-garde and cutting-edge idea of George's own invention. Sadly, they're [[TrueArtIsIncomprehensible utterly meaningless to everyone except George.]] And they're also expensive as hell to put together. How is he supposed to find inspiration, and, perhaps just as importantly, funding, in a world that really doesn't care about originality?

The original production, with Creator/MandyPatinkin as Georges and Creator/BernadettePeters as Dot, was captured on television in 1986. A revival occured in 2008.
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!!Contains examples of:

* AllMusicalsAreAdaptations: Averted, unless you count it being based on a painting.
* AndYouWereThere: The second act focuses on a group of characters played by the same actors as those in the first.
* ArtisticLicenseGeography: The first act is set on the isle of La Grande Jatte, in Paris. On at least two occasions, characters comment upon the construction of the Eiffel Tower, which they claim is visible on the far bank. In reality, the tower is more than a mile away, and viewing it (especially at an early stage of construction) would require being able to see across a large oxbow of the Seine and a substantial section of city.
* AsideGlance: Dot gives one to the audience when the man standing next to her in the painting tells her she has "excellent concentration."
* BettyAndVeronica: After leaving Georges, the intelligent but difficult artist (Veronica) Dot marries the pleasant but boring baker, Louis (Betty). However, she still loves Georges.
* BreakupSong: "We Do Not Belong Together."
* DeadpanSnarker: Georges and Dot have a lot of this. The Boatman is even more abrasive.
* DotingGrandparent: Marie to George. She embarrasses him from time to time, but is also deeply fond of him and proud as can be of his art.
* TheEighties: Act II
* EpicRocking: "Sunday", of course.
* EverythingHasRhythm: George paints to the rhythm of "Color and Light". Dot puts on makeup to the rhythm of same.
* EverythingsBetterWithMonkeys: Brings attention to the fact that there's a monkey in the original painting for ''no apparent reason.''
** Not in the musical, but Seurat has the woman holding a monkey on a leash to imply that she's a prostitute: In nineteenth century slang, 'singesse' (female monkey in French) meant prostitute. Though at one point in "It's Hot Up Here" Dot laments she doesn't want to be remembered with the monkey; that may be why.
* FashionDissonance: The show was originally released in the 1980's, and Act II is set in that same period (supposed to be a hundred years after the painting was finished.) When the show is staged nowadays, there is a (possibly intentional) side effect of making the 1980's fashion look equally absurd as the 1880's.
* FinalLoveDuet: "Move On," which features the CrowningMomentOfHeartwarming.
* {{Foil}}: Louis to Georges, as elaborated on in the song "Everybody Loves Louis" -- Louis is a baker, whose cakes are adored and happily devoured, who connects easily with people where Georges doesn't.
* GossipyHens: Several of the minor characters.
* GriefSong: "Lesson #8."
* IAmWhatIAm: "Finishing The Hat," doubling as a BSODSong.
* IdenticalGrandson: Georges and George.
* IntelligenceEqualsIsolation: Georges is a straight example of this, bordering on LonersAreFreaks - his genius is misunderstood, and he frequently drives people away with his eccentricity and stubbornness. George-his-grandson ''appears'' to be social, amiable, and friendly enough, but it turns out that he's cultivated this to navigate the politics of modern art and sponsorship.
* IronicHell: Within the painting itself, the residents of the painting are [[AndIMustScream trapped, immobile, forever]], in a blazing hot summer day on the river. Furthermore, their pettiness and selfishness in real life has in no way diminished - but they look like they're a perfectly happy, peaceful, and beautiful congregation.
** "And you are out of all proportion!"
* {{Irony}}: A little version, but the song "No Life" done by an artist/critic and his wife, consists of them criticizing and looking down on Seurat's painting "Une Baignade, Asnieres" ("The Bathers), for having "[[TitleDrop no life]]" - when in fact the painting is a ''tableau vivante,'' and therefore made up of living people all posed. It's as lively as anything!
** "These things get hung / And then they're gone", sings Jules of Georges' painting. Of course, Georges' work is still famous today, while Jules is inferred to be an artist popular in Georges' time, but now lost to obscurity.
* {{Leitmotif}}: Try to find a number in this show that isn't repeated somewhere else. A major contender, however, has to be "Color and Light."
* MassiveMultiplayerEnsembleNumber: "It's Hot Up Here" fits.
* MonochromeCasting: EnforcedTrope. It's based on a painting. Everyone in the painting is white. And as it's the same cast between Acts I and II, this show is pretty much always all-white.
* TheMuse: Dot to Georges.
* MuseAbuse: Georges' interest in the people around him is almost totally predicated on whether he wants to sketch them or not. He's not always gracious about it either, and ends up losing his true love Dot.
* OscarBait: Or Tony Bait, though it won the Pulitzer Prize and not the Tony Award. This is a classic example of what WilliamGoldman would call a "Snob Hit," being full of {{Genius Bonus}}es and being very much about art and art criticism.
* OneSteveLimit: Averted, especially in Act One. Not only do you have Georges and George across separate acts, but Act One has a Louis and a Louise, Franz and Frida, and a Celeste #1 and Celeste #2. It's probably deliberate.
* ReplacementLoveInterest: "I have another woman now." "They're all the same woman!" "Variations on a theme!"
* SceneryPorn:
** 1984: The entire painting was recreated three-dimensionally on stage, using standing cut-outs for the background characters, allowing Georges to literally create the painting by bringing things into the frame.
** 2008: The entire stage was completely white, and the backgrounds and ensemble characters were added using [[TechnologyMarchesOn projections]], allowing Georges to literally create the painting with a wave of his brush.
* StrawCritic: The critics who accuse Georges Seurat's work of having "No Life" have much in common with Sondheim's.
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