''La casa de Bernarda Alba'' (or, in English, ''The House of Bernarda Alba'') is a dramatic Spanish play written by Creator/FedericoGarciaLorca shortly before his death in 1936. The play was first staged in 1945. The entire play takes place within the eponymous house after the death of Bernarda's second husband, the father of four of Bernarda's five daughters. To adhere to the local custom, the Albas must mourn for several years and stay within the eponymous house. Tensions within the house grow as Angustias, the eldest daughter, born from Bernarda's first marriage, is courted by [[HeWhoMustNotBeSeen Pepe El Romano]], and it is soon revealed that Angustias is not the only daughter who interests Pepe. As the play is an [[UsefulNotes/SpanishCivilWar allegory for totalitarianism]], it's not hard to see why the play's content got Lorca murdered by Franco's Nationals.

It was adapted into [[TheMovie a movie]] in 1987 and into an English-language {{made for TV movie}} in 1991.

The characters are:
* [[EvilMatriarch Bernarda Alba]] - rules her household with an iron fist and a wooden cane but turns a blind eye to the "storm" in every room within the house.
* [[MealTicket Angustias]] - the eldest daughter, who inherited a substantial amount of money from her father, Bernarda's first husband.
* [[ThoseTwoGuys Magdelena and Amelia]] - the two middle daughters
* [[MeaningfulName Martirio]] - the second youngest daughter, who is afraid of men and considers herself very ugly. She is secretly in love with Pepe El Romano.
* [[AllWomenAreLustful Adela]] - the youngest daughter, who carries on a secret affair with Pepe El Romano and longs to be free from Bernarda's control
* [[WaifProphet Maria Joesefa]] - Bernarda's senile mother, who is usually locked upstairs in the house.
* [[OldRetainer Poncia]] - the knowledgeable maid of the Albas, who has worked for Bernarda for 30 years. She advises Bernarda and the daughters but her good advice is not always heeded.
* [[GoldDigger Pepe El Romano]] - the never-seen suitor of Angustias. He has an affair with Adela.
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!!This play provides examples of:
* CallingTheOldManOut: Calling the old woman out, rather, in the climax of the play by Adela.
* ChromosomeCasting: A female example.
* DrivenToSuicide: [[spoiler:Adela, when she thinks that Pepe is dead.]]
* EvilIsPetty: Bernada's following of tradition at everybody's expense drives her into this.
* EvilMatriarch: Bernarda fits this to a tee.
* TheGloriousWarOfSisterlyRivalry - Mainly between Martirio and Adela.
* KarmaHoudini: [[spoiler:Bernada gets literally no punishment for her crimes, beyond having a cane snapped.]] It's infuriating to say the least.
* KickTheDog: Bernarda has many. Notably forcibly wiping the makeup off of Angustias, cruelly locking up Maria Josefa and cheering when the town attacks a local girl for having a baby out of wedlock.
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