Music/GiacomoPuccini's 1896 {{opera}} ''La Bohčme'', loosely based on the novel ''Scčnes de la vie de bohčme'' by Henri Murger, is one of the best-loved and most frequently performed operas today. It is also the (even looser) basis for the RockOpera ''Theatre/{{Rent}}''.

It is Christmas Eve in Paris in 1830. Marcello, a painter, Rodolfo, a poet, Schaunard, a musician, and Colline, a philosopher, are cheerfully living the Bohemian life together in their garret apartment. Schaunard has brought home a veritable fortune from a musical job (the murder of an annoying parrot), and after a close call with the landlord collecting rent, they decide to go out and celebrate. Rodolfo stays behind a few minutes to finish writing an article, and his beautiful and pure-hearted upstairs neighbor Mimě enters, asking for a light for her candle. The two promptly fall in love.

In the second act, the five friends go out on the town together. Rodolfo and Mimě revel in their new love, but Marcello acts cynical, because he has had his heart broken in the past. At the café, they notice Marcello's old flame Musetta with a rich and boring old man, and she begins engaging in all sorts of histrionics to get Marcello's attention. He resists her charms at first, but soon gives in, and the six of them leave in triumph after pushing off their check onto Musetta's date.

The third act takes place after a span of several months: Mimě shows up early one morning at the inn where Marcello and Musetta have found work, and tells Marcello that Rodolfo has abandoned her, after behaving cruelly and being suspicious of her. Then Rodolfo, who is already sleeping inside, shows up, causing Mimě to hide. He complains of Mimě's infidelity and flirtatiousness, but then reveals the real reason for his leaving: Mimě is seriously ill, and he cannot stand to see her waste away in his cold room. After Mimě reveals herself by a fit of coughing, she and Rodolfo embrace, and agree to break up so that Mimě can find a wealthier lover--but because winter is so lonely, they will stay together until spring! Meanwhile, Marcello confronts Musetta about her flirting with other men, and they also break up in a violent argument.

Act Four begins back in the garret, with Rodolfo and Marcello both lamenting their lost loves. The mood brightens when Schaunard and Colline arrive with some bread, and the four friends gaily parody an upper-class banquet, complete with dancing and dueling. The fun is interrupted when Musetta arrives with the news that Mimě has collapsed on the stairs. The others band together to save her: Musetta pawns her earrings and Colline his coat. Mimě and Rodolfo are left alone together for the last time to recall their love and happiness. The others return with medicine and a muff for Mimě's cold hands, but it is too late. Mimě dies, and the opera ends with Rodolfo crying out her name over the body.

''La Bohčme'' has been adapted for other media many times, including a 1926 film (silent! no music!) starring Creator/LillianGish and Creator/JohnGilbert.
!!This work contains examples of:

* AuthorAvatar: Henri Murger, author of the novel, actually served as the basis of Rodolfo, and some of his other Bohemians appear in fictional form in the opera.
* BelligerentSexualTension: Marcello and Musetta.
* BetaCouple: Marcello and Musetta
* [[BreakHisHeartToSaveHim Break Her Heart to Save Her]]: Rodolfo, knowing that he cannot take care of the fatally ill Mimě, briefly [[JerkassFacade pretends to be cold and heartless with her.]]
* CompressedAdaptation
* CoupledCouples
* DownerEnding
* FemmeFatale: Musetta.
* FieryRedhead: In many adaptions Musetta is depicted as this.
* IAmSong: "Che gelida manina"/"Mi chiamano Mimě".
* IllGirl: Oh, ''Mimě''.
* ImColdSoCold: Invoked, then poignantly subverted. As she lies dying, Mimě is 'cold, so cold' and longs at least to warm her hands. Her friends rush out to buy her a fur muff. She is happy, and murmurs as she drifts off to sleep that she feels warm at last. [[spoiler: These are her last words - she dies quietly, while the dramatic focus is on the other characters.]]
* IncurableCoughOfDeath: Mimě. This horrible lung ailment does not prevent her from singing fortissimo, however.
* InnocentFlowerGirl
* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy
* LeaveTheTwoLovebirdsAlone
* {{Leitmotif}}
* LethalDiagnosis
* MassiveMultiplayerEnsembleNumber: "Quando m'en vo"/"Chi l'ha richiesto?"
* MeaningfulEcho: Several. On her deathbed, Mimě explicitly quotes from "Che gelida manina" and "Mi chiamano Mimě" as she recalls how she and Rodolfo met; and at the very end, the music echoes the "Addio, addio" from the end of "Vecchia zimarra, senti".
* MeetCute: Mimě and Rodolfo meet when she wants to ask him to light her candle and they end up in complete darkness.
* MinorCharacterMajorSong: Parpignol.
* MoodDissonance: "Dunque č propio finita!"
* MoodWhiplash: "Si sgombrino le sale!"/"C'č Mimě... c'č Mimě che me segue".
* PleaseWakeUp
* SayMyName: A TearJerker at the end of the opera.
* SickeninglySweethearts: Rodolfo and Mimě in Act II.
* StarvingArtist
* ThoseTwoGuys: Schaunard and Colline.
* {{Tsundere}}: Musetta, and how.
* VictorianNovelDisease Sort of: as it's VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory, it is a real disease- tuberculosis- and the progression is more realistic than many depictions of it.
* VoiceTypes:
** Rodolfo - tenor
** Marcello - baritone
** Schaunard - baritone
** Colline - bass. This opera features the first and last bass-only aria written by Puccini, "Vecchia zimarra senti".
** Mimě - soprano
** Musetta - soprano
* WritersBlock: "Non sono in vena!"
!!Tropes particular to the 1926 film:

* BloodFromTheMouth: Signaling that Mimi's cough has gotten to a serious stage.
* EverythingsBetterWithMonkeys: Schaunard the musician has a pet monkey that he takes out to the street to do an act. This is how they get the rent in one month when they're particularly broke.
* GaussianGirl: Used liberally for Lillian Gish. This is most notable when Mimi and Rodolphe are at a picnic in the country. In one scene the camera cuts back and forth from a shot of John Gilbert in perfect focus, to a shot of Gish looking all blurry, and back again.
* HookerWithAHeartOfGold: It's subtly implied that Musette is a HighClassCallGirl. There's no other explanation for why she can afford such fine clothes and such a sumptuous dinner table. And she's certainly very kindly and sweet towards poor Mimi.
* LargeHam: Rodolphe in-universe when he's acting out his play, which evidently involves a sword duel and a dramatic rescue of a maiden.
* PsychicLink: At the peak of his success following the debut of his play, Rodolphe thinks about Mimi, wishing that she would come to him. Mimi, dying in a different part of town, hears this and staggers back to Rodolphe's apartment.