[[quoteright:271:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/ShakespearesHenryV_4927.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:271:"This star of England..."]]

->''"Once more unto the breach, dear friends, once more!\\
Or close the wall up with our English dead.\\
[...]\\
Follow your spirit, and upon this charge,\\
Cry 'God for Harry, England, and Saint George!'"''
-->--'''King Henry V''' , ''Henry V'' III.i

'''''Henry V''''' (or to give its full original title, ''The Chronicle Historie of ''Henry'' the fift: with his battel fought at ''Agin Court'' in ''France''. Togither with Auncient ''Pistoll.) is a play by Creator/WilliamShakespeare, in which Henry V (the former Prince Hal from ''HenryIV'', Parts 1 and 2) goes and beats the French. Then marries one of them.

Expect ''that'' speech to be [[ShoutOutToShakespeare quoted]] by someone when England has a major sporting match. Well, one of two:
* There's "Once More Unto the Breach" (III.i), as quoted at the top of the page, in which Henry encourages his troops to make one more great effort to overwhelm the defences of Harfleur.
* Then there's "Saint Crispin's Day" (IV.iii), Henry's big speech before the climactic Battle of Agincourt, at which he draws a LineInTheSand and calls his soldiers a BandOfBrothers.

Expect varying interpretations when this play is performed -- it's debated whether it's pro- or anti-war...[[TakeAThirdOption or a character study]].

''Henry V'' has been adapted twice in film: the first in 1944 by Creator/LaurenceOlivier, the second in 1989 by Creator/KennethBranagh (featuring Creator/BrianBlessed). There is also the 2012 BBC version with Creator/TomHiddleston as Henry as part of ''Series/TheHollowCrown'' series.

The plot structure is the template for just about every war movie ever made.

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!!This play and the filmed productions contain examples of:

* AdaptationalAttractiveness: The real life Henry V had a disfiguring scar on his face, gained at the Battle of Shrewsbury, which is why RealLife portraits of him are in profile. It's only mentioned in the text when Henry is wooing Katherine, and actors playing Henry are usually moderately attractive. Justified as BeautyEqualsGoodness. Compare to Richard III's EvilMakesYouUgly.
* AdaptationalWimp. The First Citizen of Harfleur is presented as a bit of a wuss, especially in the Kenneth Branagh film. The real life Commander of Harfleur was all round Badass Raoul de Gaucourt, a highly intelligent, chivalrous commander who held up Henry's way superior army with 200 professional soldiers and 1,000 citizens with crossbows. Only when the DirtyCoward Dauphin refused to aid him did he finally surrender.
* {{Adorkable}}: Harry, when he's with Katherine. He goes from eloquent battle commander and king to stammering schoolboy in her presence.
* AllForNothing: The final lines remind us that Henry VI would undo all his father's accomplishments in gaining rule over France, however impressive they were.
* AllStarCast: The 1989 film reads rather like a "Who's Who of British Acting", with names like Creator/JudiDench, Creator/DerekJacobi, Creator/BrianBlessed, Creator/KennethBranagh, Creator/EmmaThompson, Creator/IanHolm, Creator/ChristianBale and Robbie Coltrane on the list.
** It's especially worth noting that this was ''not'' an AllStarCast at the time. Ian Holm, Derek Jacobi, and Brian Blessed were somewhat fairly well-known character actors on-screen, and Christian Bale was a rising child actor coming off of ''EmpireOfTheSun'', but everyone's gotten a lot more famous since, especially star-director Kenneth Branagh and his wife Emma Thompson.
* AnachronismStew: The military ranks - Lieutenant Bardolph, Ancient (ensign) pistol, Corporal Nim - all much later designated ranks (the 15th century had the Ventenatar who commanded ten men, and the Centenatar who commanded 100). Totally in character for Shakespeare, who was fond of this throughout his work.
** Pistol and his "puissant pike". Doubly anachronistic, as the English army was primarily armed with longbows for the lower orders or Men At Arms with poleaxes or lances. Pikes were issued in the 16th century and the infantry in Shakespeare's day were armed in part with pikes. But as Pistol is an ensign, he wouldn't have carried a pike and would instead have carried his Captain's flag.
* ArmourIsUseless. Implied in Brannagh's film, as the French all wear full plate armor and are easily killed by the English arrows, as well as by swords and daggers. Partly TruthInTelevision, as 15th century armor was often strong enough to resist even the English longbow but would knock the wearer down. Considering that the field was a mudbath, this would prove deadly.
* ArmorPiercingSlap: Exeter performs one on Lord Scroop while arresting him in the 1989 film. Whereas the other traitors flinched when he arrested them and tore off their badges of office, Scroop remained stoic, so Exeter angrily slapped him to rob him of his dignity.
* TheAtoner: Henry before Agincourt, over his father usurping the crown in ''Theatre/Richard II''.
* AuthorityEqualsAsskicking: Henry. Depending upon the production, also Westmoreland, Salisbury and Essex (particularly when played by BRIAN BLESSED!)
* BackForTheDead: The play kills off all the low-life characters from Henry IV except Poins (who does not appear) and Pistol (the SoleSurvivor). Falstaff's Page may survive, but some productions make him a victim of the baggage train massacre.
* BadassArmy: The English at Agincourt for fighting sixty thousand men.
** Exaggerated for effect, as modern estimates place the French army at 20,000 strong against 6,000 English. Still badass though.
* BadassBoast: "Tell the Constable we are but warriors for the working day. Our gayness and gilt are besmirched by painful march in the muddy field. But by the mass our hearts are in the trim! And my poor soldiers tell me ere the knight is done they'll pluck the gay coats o'er the French soldiers heads and tirn them into service"
* BandOfBrothers: TropeNamer
* BilingualBonus: The French princess and her nurse have a lengthy conversation in untranslated French in which the princess tries to find out the English words for different parts of the body. The sole point of this is to set up two extremely dirty puns: the resemblance in pronunciation of "foot" to "foutre" ("fuck" in French) and "gown" to "con" (French for "cunt").
* BittersweetEnding: Henry has a glorious victory at Agincourt and it appears his marriage to Princess Katherine will be a happy one; yet two of the comic relief characters are dead and the remaining one has lost his wife, forcing him to become a pimp and thief. And then the chorus reminds us that in only a few short years after the play's conclusion, Henry would be dead and all his accomplishments would be undone: the Hundred Years' War would continue with his son losing the claim to France, and the civil war that marred Henry IV's reign would return as the UsefulNotes/WarsOfTheRoses.
* BreatherEpisode: In a way. ''Theatre/RichardII'' and the two ''HenryIV''s are full of internal strife and civil war. The three ''HenryVI''s and ''Theatre/RichardIII'' are about internal strife and civil war. In between them is ''Henry V'''s triumphant romp in France with his "band of brothers."
* BritainIsOnlyLondon: Averted -- significantly in that, historically, it was an ''English'' army that marched to Agincourt; Shakespeare ignores this to throw in the Scots, Welsh, and Irish contingents. At the time, Scotland was actually allied with France, and even more extremely, Ireland was in the middle of a very nasty rebellion, effectively making Macmorris a TokenEnemyMinority.
** Although it should be noted that Welshmen fought on the side of England during this time period, and that many Irish and Scotsmen were mercenaries, so their inclusion, whilst historically inaccurate, is not historically ''implausible.''
** And also that the strength of the Welsh bowman is famously given as part of the reason for the victory at Agincourt.
* CheeseEatingSurrenderMonkeys: Justified at the Siege of Harfleur, as the French had endured weeks of being beseiged, and only surrendered when the DirtyCoward Dauphin refused to come to their aid.
* TheChainsOfCommanding: Henry feels the weight of his responsibility, particularly after going KingIncognito and hearing what his soldiers ''really'' think about his French campaign.
* ChristianityIsCatholic: justifed as it's set Pre-Reformation in Western Europe, although Shakespeare has willingly used AnachronismStew before in his works.
* CompositeCharacter: Some of the roles in the Branagh production, such as the French ambassador or an English herald, were given to the French herald Montjoy.
* CoolAndUnusualPunishment: Fluellen's response to getting dissed is to smack Pistol around, and then make him eat a leek. Some performances have him smacked around ''with'' said leek.
** To explain: earlier in the play, Fluellen wears a leek in his hat in observance of St. Davy's Day, apparently a Welsh tradition at the time. Pistol had - along with other insults - suggested that Fluellen eat his leek. Later, when St. Davy's Day is past, it's Pistol who ends up eating the leek.
* CrouchingMoronHiddenBadass: "Though it appear a little out of fashion, there is much care and valour in this Welshman."
* DaChief: Henry of course.
* DarkerAndEdgier: A whole bunch of comic characters from the previous two plays are brought in and killed off.
* DarwinistDesire: Hal tells Katherine "thou must therefore needs prove a good soldier breeder."
* {{Determinator}}: "Once more unto the breach, dear friends, once more!"
* DigAttack: One scene focuses on miners, who dig tunnels under the walls of the cities they're attacking.
* DirtyCoward: Pistol, Nym and Bardolph.
* DisorganizedOutlineSpeech: Just how is Henry entitled to the French throne, again? Played as straight-up comedy in the Olivier version; the Archbishop of Canterbury in the Branagh version, by contrast, delivers the "clear as the summer's sun" line with considerable irony. (The line is technically meant to introduce the Archbishop's summary of the preceding speech, which actually is pretty clear.)
* DisproportionateRetribution: Henry uses the French prince's mocking gift of tennis balls as an excuse to declare war.
** Well, not exactly. He already had given some reasons (one of them being an extremely convoluted explanation as to why he's the rightful heir to the French throne) and was considering doing it; the tennis balls were just the straw that broke the camel's back.
* DorkKnight: Depending on how the actor plays it, Henry becomes this when wooing Katherine. Especially when he tries to speak French.
* DroppedABridgeOnHim:
** Falstaff.
*** RealLifeWritesThePlot: Probably caused by Falstaff's actor Will Kemp leaving the company after a dispute.
** Falstaff's page offhandedly mentions that Nym has been hanged for theft sometime before Agincourt.
** Mistress Quickly and Bardolph also die offstage.
* EnsignNewbie: totally lampshaded with Auncient Pistol (Auncient, or Ancient, being another word for Ensign).
* EveryoneLooksSexierIfFrench: Katherine of Valois was actually rather attractive in real life.
* AFatherToHisMen: Though Henry is specifically and significantly a ''[[TrueCompanions brother]]'' rather than a father.
* FrenchJerk: The Dauphin, quite possibly the Ur Example. Some productions, particularly modern ones wishing to undermine the play's jingoism, work against this characterization.
* FunnyForeigner: The Irish, Scottish, and Welsh soldiers in the English forces, who also form a FiveTokenBand.
* GenderNeutralNarrator: The Chorus's gender is never specified, though in Elizabethan times women weren't allowed onstage.
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar: The scene in Act IV when Pistol tells the young interpreter that he will rape the French soldier named "Master Fer! I'll fer him, and ''firk'' him, and ferret him". [[http://www.cracked.com/article_19271_8-filthy-jokes-hidden-in-ancient-works-art.html Of course, the word "firk" sounds like the other "F word"]], almost like a PrecisionFStrike according to Cracked.com. Also, the example given under BilingualBonus counts as this as well.
* TheGhost: For a character who dies without ever appearing onstage, Falstaff comes up quite often. This is largely because he was a major reason for the popularity of the ''HenryIV'' plays; the epilogue to ''2 Henry IV'' even promises he'll appear in the sequel.
* GreekChorus: The aptly named Chorus, whose function is to explain background historical context and plead for appropriate WillingSuspensionOfDisbelief.
* HollywoodDarkness: How the KingIncognito scenes are usually shot, with varying believability.
* IKissYourHand: After working quite hard to woo the non-English-speaking Katherine, Henry finally seems to get some agreement out of her upon which he tries to kiss her hand and actually says "I kiss your hand." When she doesn't let him do that, he lets loose another volley of charm that does the trick: she lets him kiss her lips.
* IndecisiveMedium: Both film adaptations used this trope.
** The Creator/LaurenceOlivier version looks like an Elizabethan-era performance of Henry V; at the beginning, we get to see some glimpses of the backstage. As the film goes on, it gets less and less theatrical, presumably corresponding to the audience's increased immersion in the plot.
** The Creator/KennethBranagh version has [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B5dI65LvbrE The Prologue]] - which is about making theater magic by suspending your disbelief over the people prancing about on stage are pretending to be the real Henry V etc. - is said in an empty soundstage. Then at the very end: "Who, Prologue-like, your humble patience pray / Gently to hear, kindly to judge, our play!" and he throws open some doors showing a production utilizing the hyperrealism of film.
*** That introduction was the original Shakespeare word-for-word instructing his audience to use their imagination for the parts which were impossible to present on stage.
* InformedDeformity / HistoricalBeautyUpdate: Henry goes out of his way to apologize to Katherine for his looks, as if he's some sort of gargoyle. Yet he's generally depicted as good-looking (if perhaps dressed more plainly than the French). This is what he looked like on film/tv: [[http://www.fandor.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/henryDM0402_600x442.jpeg 1944]], [[http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/02249/ken_2249862b.jpg 1989]], and [[http://www.britishmuseum.org/images/event_hiddleston_henry_V_304x384.jpg 2012.]] ''[[SarcasmMode Clearly]]'', a "face not worth sunburning."
** In real life, he did have facial scars from the battle of Shrewsbury, where he (not even joking) took an arrow to the face. It's the reason his royal portrait is one of the few (or possibly only) in profile.
* ItsPronouncedTroPay: In the French of Shakespeare's time, oi was pronounced "way" rather than "wah", and in the time the play is set, the French had yet to start dropping the final vowels.
* KingIncognito: Henry disguises himself as a common soldier.
* LampshadeHanging: Spectacularly done in the prologue, as the Chorus relates the impossibility of properly representing a battle on stage, then attempts to inspire the audience to fill in the gaps itself.
** {{Subverted}} in the two film versions - the prologue is left in place, and then the [[FinalBattle Battle of Agincourt]] is shown in all its [[WarIsGlorious glory]]...or [[WarIsHell horror]]
** After a tangled explanation of Henry's claim to the French throne, the Archbishop of Canterbury says, "So that, as clear as is the summer's sun."
*** Lampshaded still further in the Olivier film, when the actor playing the Archbishop tries to read the explanation off a mass of papers, inevitably gets lost, and the papers somehow end up all over the stage with at least a third of actors searching for the right one on their knees so they can finish the damn thing. When the archbishop beatifically declares "clear as the summer sun" line, they all look at each other in an "are you ''kidding'' me" way.
*** What makes it even more ironic is that (as Henry alludes to in his soliloquy before the Battle of Agincourt where he's wracked with guilt about poor King Richard II) he's actually the son of a ''usurper'' - far from being the rightful king of France, he's not even the rightful king of ''England.''
* LargeHam: King Henry.
* LineInTheSand: Albeit rhetoric rather than a genuine offer: Henry offers any of his soldiers who are afraid safe conduct home and back pay; he would not wish to die in the company of cowards. Then he winds up for "Saint Crispin's Day" and nobody moves.
* TheLoad: The Dauphin to France as a whole.
* ManipulativeBastard: Possibly Harry.
* MomentKiller: The re-entrance of the French king is often played as this at the end of the wooing scene.
* MoodWhiplash: After the battle at Harfleur and Henry's savage threat, which gets the governor to surrender, the audience is treated to the French princess Katherine in her dressing room happily chatting with her lady-in-waiting about the English language since she will probably be married to the English king. She learns super important vocabulary like "elbow" and ultimately, the entire sequence is a set up for a dirty pun. In Branagh's version the scene whiplashes again as Katherine, in high spirits and gleeful giggles at saying a naughty word, throws open her door to see the French king and the dauphin on their way to a war council. If she truly is to marry the English king, it will be because he has defeated her father and brother. Emma Thompson's face says it all.
** The happy scene of Henry and Katherine's betrothal is followed by the Chorus' reminder that Henry would die young, and his son would lose France and "make his England bleed." The BBC version underscores this by going straight from betrothal to funeral.
** Captain Fluellen and Gower return to find the baggage train raided and all the boys in the camp slaughtered. They talk about how horrible this is for about half a minute, then launch into a debate about whether Henry is like Alexander the Great. Also about how he turned Falstaff away. ''Then'' Henry comes in with his 'I was not angry since I came to France until this instant'. Both film productions understandably cut the part between discovering the boys had been killed and Henry's anger, as there is a time and a place for discussing Alexander, and mourning over slaughtered children is '''not''' it.
* MoralDissonance: Before the final attack on Harfleur, Henry delivers the rousing "Once more unto the breach" speech. Yay! But after the battle, he threatens the governor of Harfleur with what he and his soldiers will do if the governor doesn't surrender, including the (graphically described) rape of virgins, the bashing of elderly fathers' heads against the walls and "your naked infants spitted upon pikes." Not exactly "on, on you noblest English." Olivier omits this speech entirely, and Branagh leaves out huge chunks and then makes it obvious it was all an empty threat- ''The Hollow Crown'' version with Hiddleston, on the other hand, says the whole thing word for word. Note:This is actually fair by the standards of the day. Once a "Practicable Breach had been made in a city's walls, it's fall was just a matter of time, and very little at that. EVERYONE knew that. Therefore, the laws of war were that once a breach was made, the city was obliged to surrender, because if the soldiers had to fight their way in, knowing that every one of their friends who were killed in the battle died essentially for nothing, there was absolutely no way any commander could prevent the loot, murder, and rapine that would inevitably follow. The laws of war actually said that if a city refused to surrender after a breach, the attackers had the right to put every living soul in the city to the sword, after doing whatever they want to them first. Henry isn't making bloodthirsty threats, he's reminding them of the inevitable consequences.
** Also, after the adorkable wooing scene with Katherine, Henry and Burgundy exchange some mildly dirty DoubleEntendre remarks about her, while she is still standing right there, and Henry knows very well she doesn't understand what he's saying. Some productions leave this out entirely.
* NumberedSequels: To ''HenryIV'', Parts 1 and 2
* OhCrap: Williams when he realizes who he challenged to fight. Luckily the king appreciated his true opinions, and gives him gold for his troubles
* {{Oireland}}: With Macmorris, perhaps the UrExample.
* TheOner: Both Oliver and Branagh feature an impressive long single shot: the charge of the French cavalry to begin the battle of Agincourt in Olivier's, and the king's slow walk through death and mud at the end of the same battle in Branagh's.
** Also both films feature the scene at Eastcheap where Mistress Quickly tells of Falstaff's death as one long shot. They're both quite touching.
* OriginalPositionGambit: Henry asks the nobles plotting against him what he should do to someone who's committed treason. When they say he should execute traitors, he agrees -- and executes them.
* PaperThinDisguise: Henry as common soldier again.
* PicturePerfectPresentation: This is how Olivier makes his transition from the filmed-play portion to the cinematic story.
* RapePillageAndBurn: what Henry threatens Harfleur with if the First citizen does not surrender.
* QuoteToQuoteCombat: A scene before Agincourt has some French soldiers bickering in proverbs.
* RealLifeRelative: Branagh cast wife (at the time) Creator/EmmaThompson as Catherine.
* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: the Constable of France can come across as this, especially compared to The Dauphin.
** Henry himself, with his egalitarian nature, his punishment of criminals and his making peace in Act 5.
* RoyalsWhoActuallyDoSomething. Henry again. Compare to the feeble King pf France and the useless Dauphin.
* RuleOfCool: in the Branagh film, BRIAN BLESSED. Marching into the Fench court dressed in full plate armour, and later battering a French guy with a freaking MACE!
* RuleOfFunny: In RealLife Henry would have been able (at the very least!) to speak that era's version of French, since the French language was still a fairly important part of the king's rule - but it's ''much'' funnier to watch him attempt to court Katherine in the broken forms of ''both'' their languages.
** Still, this could actually be slightly TruthInTelevision -- while Henry V spoke French, yes, he and his father were the first English kings since the NormanConquest that ''didn't'' speak French as their native tongue.
* RousingSpeech: "Once more into the breach" and "St. Crispin's Day". Boy, did Shakespeare deliver.
* SadBattleMusic: Used during the Battle of Agincourt in the Branagh version.
* SesquipedalianLoquaciousness: The Archbishop of Canterbury, when explaining the validity of Henry's claim to the French throne. It's often played solely for comedy, but Shakespeare was also reminding his audience that Henry's claim to the ''English'' throne was almost as weak (Henry's father had been a usurper). It is entirely possible that Shakespeare took Henry’s claim [[ValuesDissonance absolutely seriously]]; after all, Elizabeth still quartered the arms of France on the royal escutcheon.
* SuddenSequelDeathSyndrome: Falstaff again.
* {{Suedonym}}: While Henry's going KingIncognito:
-->'''Pistol:''' What is thy name?
-->'''Henry:''' Harry [[BilingualBonus Le Roy]].
* SuspiciouslySmallArmy: {{Lampshaded}} in The Prologue to Shakespeare's ''Henry V'' in the trope pages title quote.
* TakeOurWordForIt: The Chorus in the prologue asks the audience to imagine ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'' style battles when they only see two dudes duking it out on stage.
* ThatMakesMeFeelAngry: "I was not angry since I came to France/Until this instant" from King Henry, after he sees English horsemen hanging back from the battle at Agincourt. Note that Shakespeare was notorious for this; he had to make it obvious so the audience would know what was going on, thanks to the theatrical style of the day.
* ThoseTwoGuys: Fluellen and Gower.
* TranquilFury: Henry's reaction to receiving the tennis balls.
* UnaccustomedAsIAmToPublicSpeaking: Henry plays this rhetorical card while wooing Katherine. Though he does have a point -- he is (in this play anyway) more soldier than diplomat and the RousingSpeech is an entirely different rhetorical animal than wooing a lady. If done well, Henry's awkward in such a cute way.
* UnreliableNarrator: everything the chorus says until Act 4 is exaggerated a little or a downright lie.
* ViewersAreGeniuses: The scene between Katherine and her maid, where the dialogue is entirely in French. No important information is conveyed in the scene, at least, but many unilingual audience-members won't know that.
* WarIsHell / WarIsGlorious: Depending on the interpretation - modern adaptations tend to go with the former, though a notable exception was Olivier in 1944, in which the play was presented as a glorious British resistance against an evil foreign empire. No prizes for guessing UsefulNotes/{{w|orldWarII}}hy.
* WarriorPrince: Henry himself, of course.
* WhatTheHellHero: Williams points out the king's responsibility for the horrors of war; when Henry confronts him later and threatens to punish his sedition, Williams points out that he shouldn't have been [[KingIncognito wandering around in disguise]] if he didn't want to hear the truth from his soldiers.
* WorthyOpponent: The English, at least to The Constable of France.
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