->"ἣ νῦν κατ᾽ οἴκους ἐν χεροῖν βαστάζεται
->ψυχορραγοῦσα: τῇδε γάρ σφ᾽ ἐν ἡμέρᾳ
->θανεῖν πέπρωται καὶ μεταστῆναι βίου."
-->--'''Euripides''', ''Alcestis'', Lines 19-21[[note]]Now, her spirit about to break loose, she is raised by the hands of those within the house: for on this day she is to die and substitute her life.[[/note]]

''Alcestis'' is a play by {{Euripides}}, one of the ancient Greek tragedians. The work was composed in 438BC, not as a tragedy, but in the place of one of the satyr plays the playwrights would enter in the competition. As such, Euripides gives the story a more comic treatment than tragic, though it has its fair share of tragedy and drama.

The play is a retelling of the myth of Admetus and Alcestis. The god Apollo had slain the Cyclopes, forgers of Zeus's thunder, and so the sky god punished him by making him serve a mortal man: King Admetus of Thessaly. Because Apollo found Admetus to be a just man, he rewarded him by saving him from death; unfortunately, for this to be done [[TakeMeInstead someone else had to die in the king's place]].

Admetus finds no one willing to die for him, neither among his friends nor his parents. He returns to discover that his wife, Alcestis, had offered, and the play opens with her upon the verge of death.

The play is available online [[http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text;jsessionid=85CDD0DAE691532F5AE1C8425FEF5A33?doc=Perseus%3atext%3a1999.01.0087 here]]... or, for you non-Classical scholar folks, in English [[http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3atext%3a1999.01.0088 here]] or [[http://classics.mit.edu/Euripides/alcestis.html here]].
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!!This play provides examples of:
* AdultsAreUseless: Admetus is enraged that not even his parents could bring themselves to die for him, causing Alcestis to die instead.
* AllDeathsFinal: [[spoiler:Averted once Heracles comes along]].
* BackFromTheDead: [[spoiler:Alcestis]].
* CharacterTitle
* BalancingDeathsBooks: Since not even the gods can grant immortality, for one to cheat death, another must die willingly in their stead.
* DeusExMachina: [[spoiler:Hercules]], in both the play and the original myth Euripides used.
* DidYouJustPunchOutCthulhu: When Heracles appears, he [[spoiler:goes after Death to [[HappyEnding bring Alcestis back]]]].
* DueToTheDead: Heracles is really shocked when he learns of the death, because he had been behaving very inappropriately.
* EquivalentExchange
* FetchQuest: Heracles appears en route to fetch the man-eating horses of Diomedes for one of his labours.
* GreekChorus
* TheGrimReaper: Death (more specifically, Thanatos; there are two bringers/gods of death, Thanatos and his sisters the Keres)
* [[spoiler:HappyEnding]]: Which isn't exactly common in the [[ClassicalMythology Greek myths]]...
* HeroicSacrifice: Alcestis.
* HotBlooded: In many myths, Heracles becomes so enraged at the people who wrong him that he takes a terrible vengeance on them. In this case, Heracles is so grateful to Admetus for his hospitality that he marches off to rescue Alcestis without a second thought.
* ImportantHaircut: Admetus orders all in Thessaly to cut their hair in mourning for Alcestis.
* ItsAllMyFault: Admetus, despairing, eventually takes his father's accusations to heart (see NeverMyFault, below) and blames himself for allowing Alcestis to die in his stead.
* KarmicJackpot: Admetus's kindness to Apollo is what gets him the chance to avoid death. His kindness to Heracles [[spoiler: is what allows Alcestis to survive.]]
* LoveHurts
* MoodWhiplash: The play switches from Alcestis's funeral and Admetus's bitter argument with his father to Admetus's friend Heracles, who is drunk and merry. He sobers quickly when he learns of Alcestis's death, though.
** Justified in that Admetus did not wish to trouble his friend, and so Heracles went much of the night not knowing about his friend's loss.
** Also was considered part of SacredHospitality, which they took ''seriously'' even by Greek standards.
* TheMourningAfter
* NeverMyFault: Admetus blames his parents for being too cowardly to die for him, even in their old age, resulting in Alcestis's death. His father, meanwhile, is disgusted that Admetus would expect something like that, and states that Admetus himself is truly the one to blame.
* NotYourProblem: Thanatos says this to Apollo about Alcestis' death.
* ProperLady: Alcestis.
* SacredHospitality
* SetRightWhatOnceWentWrong: Heracles does this for Admetus and Alcestis.
* TakeMeInstead: The major part of the agreement Apollo had made Admetus: the king can escape death if someone else offers to die for him. The play opens with his wife, Alcestis, being the only one to offer.
* WickedStepmother: Alcestis asks Admetus not to remarry after her death so that her children wouldn't have to face this trope.
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