->''This is the silliest stuff that ever I heard.''
-->-- '''Hippolyta'''

A comedy set in ancient Athens about a LoveDodecahedron gone out of control thanks to the meddling of fairies with a LovePotion. By Creator/WilliamShakespeare.

Two young Athenians, Hermia and Lysander, are in love. Unfortunately, Hermia's father Egeus has just [[ArrangedMarriage betrothed]] her to another man named Demetrius. Demetrius' former girl was Helena, who just happens to be Hermia's best friend and is now angry that Demetrius has chosen the wealthy Hermia over the woman he used to love. They go to court, where Duke Theseus (who has his own impending marriage to Hippolyta, an Amazon queen, on his mind), rules in Egeus' favor. He gives Hermia the choice to accept the marriage, be executed, or become a nun.

So Hermia and Lysander run away by night. Before they leave, Hermia confides in Helena and asks her not to tell anyone; so naturally, Helena tells Demetrius in a last ditch attempt to get back into his good graces. Demetrius follows the lovers, with Helena following after him, and all of them end up lost in the same forest.

Meanwhile, Oberon, King of the Fairies, has concocted a plan to get revenge on his bickering wife Titania, involving a certain flower whose nectar will, after being dropped into someone's eyes, cause them to fall in love with the first person they see. After eavesdropping on Helena and Demetrius and seeing how he spurns her, Oberon decides to have a bit more fun. He sends his servant Puck to give the potion to "a youth in Athenian garb," traveling in the woods with a woman, in such a set-up so that the first person he sees will be the woman. Oberon then finds Titania while asleep and applies the juice to her eyes.

Obediently, Puck uses the potion on a young man in Athenian garb asleep in the woods near a young woman. Unluckily, the guy is Lysander, not Demetrius, and the woman who wakes him is Helena. Hermia wakes to find that her beau is madly in love with her best friend instead of her! Unaware of his error, Puck proceeds to the Alpha plot regarding Titania and finds an unwitting actor in the play to be performed at Theseus' wedding, turns his head into a donkey's, scares off the rest of the performers, and then arranges for Titania to see him upon waking.

Upon discovering that the wrong Athenian was hexed, Oberon tries to mend matters by giving the potion to the intended victim, Demetrius. This backfires too, and now ''both'' of Hermia's former suitors are fighting over Helena, who thinks that the other three are mocking her. Meanwhile, Titania is in love with the guy with a donkey's head (although the victim, Mr. Nick Bottom, doesn't seem too distressed), Oberon is frustrated at the failure of his plans, and it's going to take some serious DeusExMachina to repair all this chaos.

Of course, it all gets straightened out in the end, everyone is paired off in a triple wedding, and the local tradesmen get to perform their [[StylisticSuck hilariously awful]] play for the Duke and entourage.

This is the play that that kid killed himself over in ''Film/DeadPoetsSociety''. Like most of Shakespeare's famous plays, it's been adapted to film several times, including a 1935 verson in which Creator/JamesCagney played Bottom, Creator/OliviaDeHavilland made her film debut as Hermia, Otis Harlan of ''Disney/SnowWhiteandtheSevenDwarfs'' fame played one of the actors (Starveling), and a fourteen-year-old Creator/MickeyRooney played Puck. A British production from 1968 is notable mostly for dressing the fairies in its cast in [[{{Stripperiffic}} vines and green body paint]]. A 1999 Hollywood production set in 19th Century Italy featured a star-studded cast (including Calista Flockhart, Creator/MichellePfeiffer, Creator/ChristianBale and several others) and high production values, but met with mixed reviews at best.

BBC One did a TV movie production for the 400th Anniversary of Shakespeare's death, adapted and directed by Creator/RussellTDavies. This version was set in modern times and had several adaptational changes, such as turning Theseus into a villainous fascist conqueror, having Demetrius see Lysander following his love flower exposure, and giving Titania and Hippolyta their own love subplot.

The fairies feature largely in Creator/PoulAnderson's ''Literature/AMidsummerTempest''.

Music/FelixMendelssohn wrote incidental music for the play, including setting the fairies' song to music. And the [[LohengrinAndMendelssohn Wedding March]].

In 1993, Creator/BazLuhrmann produced a critically acclaimed opera based on the play, set in colonial India. His version of the fairies' dance [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DBomv_Rs2cg (Now Until the Break of Day)]] was featured in his album "Something For Everybody". Creator/WoodyAllen's version, ''A Midsummer Night's Sex Comedy'' was less successful during its release but [[VindicatedByCable gained its own following]].

Also worth mentioning is ''Film/WereTheWorldMine'', a LGBT-themed musical film heavily inspired by the play.
!!The play includes examples of:

* AccidentalMisnaming: The Mechanicals keep referring in Ninus's tomb as "Ninny's tomb", to Quince's increasing frustration.
* AllAmazonsWantHercules: "Hippolyta, I wooed thee with my sword/And won thy love, doing thee injuries..." Also specifically invoked when Theseus tries to impress Hippolyta with his hounds. She teasingly tells him that she went hunting with Hercules and his hounds were better. (In Greek mythology, Hippolyta was always paired with either Theseus or Hercules.)
* AllJustADream: At the end of the play, the couples and Nick Bottom decide, with the help of TheFairFolk, that the night's events were just a dream, and in the epilogue spoken by Puck, he [[BreakingTheFourthWall advises the audiences]]: "If we shadows have offended / Think but this, and all is mended / That you have but slumbered here / While these visions did appear. / And this weak and idle theme, / [[MST3KMantra no more yielding, but a dream]]."
* AmazonChaser: Theseus to Hippolyta. Her courtship with Theseus was based on fighting and one of his first lines is how his marriage proposal was their duel.
* AnachronismStew:
** The "crew of patches" putting on the "Pyramus and Thisbe" play are based on the Elizabethan-era working class, so their names and professions don't reflect the "ancient Greece" setting.
** Hermia alludes to Dido and Aeneas ("And by that fire which burn'd the Carthage queen,/When the false Troyan under sail was seen") even though the Trojan War (and thus Aeneas's flight from burning Troy and eventual arrival at Carthage) happens after the life of Theseus in Greek mythology.
** Also, Theseus decrees that if Hermia doesn't marry Demetrius, she'll either be executed or have to become a nun. Not exactly a lot of nunneries in mythological Greece. (Although Shakespeare might have meant that she'd have to become a priestess of Artemis, who were required to be chaste.)
** The fairies (or Oberon and Titania, at least) come from stories originating in medieval France. Bottom seems to know this, as he repeatedly refers to the minor fairies as "Monsieur."
** Robin Goodfellow, or Puck, comes from English folklore. Not even the fairies match.
* AppliedPhlebotinum: The flower.
* ArbitrarySkepticism: Theseus -- slayer of the Minotaur, kinsman of Hercules, husband of the Amazon Queen -- doesn't believe in fairies, apparently.
* ArcherArchetype: Hippolyta's status as this in mythology is referenced when she likens the waning moon to "a silver bow/New-bent in heaven".
* ArrangedMarriage: Demetrius and Hermia.
* BabiesEverAfter: Heavily implied by Oberon's speech at the end; his blessing on the three couples ensures that their future children will be free from birth defects.
* BadBadActing: The actors playing Bottom and the rest of the tradesmen are absolutely required to give their best [[HamAndCheese worst]] [[NarmCharm performances]] during ''Pyramus and Thisbe''. Bottom ought to [[ChewingTheScenery chew the scenery]] like there is no tomorrow, but it's up to the rest of the Players to determine just how they'll mangle the play.
* BalefulPolymorph: Bottom's head turned into that of an ass. Subverted, in that... he never seems to actually notice that anything is different.
* BerserkButton: Don't call Hermia short. She'll try to claw your eyes out!
* BestHerToBedHer: Hippolyta: Theseus "wooed her with his sword"
* BetaCouple: At least two: Oberon & Titania, Theseus & Hippolyta. They may be one and the same, though.
* BreakingTheFourthWall:
** Puck's final speech.
** Bottom breaks the FourthWall in the story during the ShowWithinTheShow.
* TheChessmaster:
** Oberon.
** Also Theseus, depending on interpretation. He manages to resolve the [[LoveTriangle Love Dodecagon]] without anyone facing an unpleasant end, and then provides the perfect play to show the lovers what could have happened had he not stepped in. Multiple characters threaten murder and suicide, and Midsummer could easily have ended more in line with Pyramus and Thisbe.
* CleaningUpRomanticLooseEnds
* ClingyJealousGirl: Helena
* CoupledCouples
* CrystalDragonJesus: Apparently in mythological Greece, nuns served Diana. In Shakespeare's time, the Greek word for the maidens who served Diana was often translated as "nuns" because ''their'' vows ''also'' required celibacy. Thus this may be "nearest modern equivalent" translation rather than an actual CrystalDragonJesus trope.
* CueCardPause: During the Prologue to "Pyramus and Thisbe".
* DancePartyEnding: For both the mortals and the fairies.
* DeathByChildbirth: Titania's mortal handmaiden and close friend, before the story begins, died giving birth to a baby boy. For her sake, Titania raises the boy as her own, and keeps him close.
* DoubleEntendre: "Hippolyta, I woo'd thee with my sword." Also pretty much every line in the play. The mechanicals are particularly bad about this, but unlike with Theseus, it's (probably) unintentional.
* {{Elopement}}: Hermia and Lysander run off to do this, since Hermia is going to be forced into an ArrangedMarriage to Demetrius (or put into a convent). However, events work out so that Demetrius cancels the wedding and the two are able to get married in Athens after all.
* EternalLove: Oberon and Titania.
* TheFairFolk: Probably near-single-handedly responsible for ensuring a darkish version of the fairies was always remembered despite Victorian {{Bowdlerization}}, which is mildly ironic because one of Shakespeare's subversions in the show is that his fairies act more or less human and benevolently, vice the contemporary view that they were cruel and alien.
* FinalSpeech: Parodied in the ShowWithinAShow. Bottom takes forever to die as Pyramus, and Hippolyta complains that he's such a bad actor, he doesn't deserve to have his Thisbe take forever to die for him: "I hope she will be brief."
** Can be a subverted parody, in Thisbe's final speech. Some interpretations have Flute actually turning out to be a good actor, dropping his bad falsetto, and using his final monologue to show what could have easily happened to the lovers. This gives Theseus's approval of the play (and his insistence that the epilogue was unnecessary) a very different connotation.
* FisherKing
* TheFool: Puck plays the jester for Oberon, but the real Fool in this play is Bottom, whose accidental witticisms occasionally contain great insight (which goes right over his head).
** Note that in Shakespeare's plays, the fool is often wiser than he appears. Bottom is supposedly a great actor, though he doesn't show it. In some performances, Flute's final monologue becomes dramatic, when Flute finally gets fed up with being mocked and essentially states the (very relevant) message of Pyramus and Thisbe outright. The sudden change of tone is quite powerful, and would not have been possible had Bottom not ensured the rest of the play was hilariously bad. Generally this is portrayed as accidental, but not always.
* TheGhost: The changeling boy, who causes the conflict between Titania and Oberon in the first place, never even appears on stage in the script. Some productions do have him appear, but obviously he doesn't get any lines.
* GreatGazoo: Puck
* GreenEyedMonster
* HaveAGayOldTime: The American elision of "arse" to "ass" added an extra pun to Bottom's name.
* HollywoodHistory: The Elizabethan version -- the lifestyles of the ancient Greeks look very English. On the other hand, "fairy" was a common medieval and early modern translation for Greek ''νύμφη'' and Latin ''nympha''.
* HomosocialHeterosexuality: Lampshaded when Lysander tells Demetrius he should just marry Egeus, since Egeus loves him but Hermia doesn't!
* IGaveMyWord
* ItAmusedMe: Puck's screwing up with the love potion. Sure it was a mistake but he's enjoying the results. "Then will two at once woe one. That must needs be sport alone. All these things do best please me, that which falls preposterously."
* JerkWithAHeartOfJerk: Demetrius. Sure, he's sweet to Helena at the end--but it's the love potion talking.
* KarmaHoudini: Oberon humiliates his wife for an extremely petty reason, and gets exactly what he wanted out of it. Titania doesn't seem to care at all once the spell is removed.
* LandOfFaerie: The woods are inhabited by fairies, and Titania and Oberon would be the Queen and King of that land.
* LargeHam: Bottom. Also Flute, who idolizes him, and sometimes Quince, in the prologue.
** Oberon as well, in some performances. It's hard to take lines like "I am / Invisible!" totally seriously.
* TheLostWoods: They're populated by fairies.
* LoveAtFirstSight: The magic flower juice causes this. The consequences are hilarious.
* LoveMakesYouCrazy
* LoveMartyr: Helena. At one point she claims she wouldn't mind if Demetrius treated her like a dog so long as she could be ''his'' dog. She also seems pretty unconcerned when he threatens to rape her. Granted, it's because she doesn't think he'd go through with it, but still.
* LovePotion: The fairies' magic flower juice.
* {{Malaproper}}: Bottom, who is the poster boy for this trope, saying, for example, 'odious' for 'odours' and 'Ninny's tomb' for 'Ninus' tomb' (Ninus was the legendary founder of Nineveh). Bottom goes onto say that the lion "deflowered my dear!" Instead of "devoured".
* MaybeMagicMaybeMundane: Played with in many productions. In the end, the lovers are left with nothing but their dreams which are startlingly consistent with one another and explain why Demetrius suddenly decided to come back to Helena. Theseus and Hippolyta [[DiscussedTrope discuss]] this when they argue about it (Hippolyta thinks it's magic, Theseus thinks it's mundane).
* MeaningfulName:
** ''All'' the mechanicals have meaningful names.
*** Bottom. [[PunnyName He's an ass.]] The "bottom" was also a tool used in weaving.
*** The "quince" a tool used in carpentry.
*** "Snout" in Elizabethan English meant simply "spout". Snout is a tinker, and tinkers mended teakettles.
*** "Starveling" means "someone who is thin from lack of food", and the stereotype about tailors was that they never had enough to eat.
*** IronicName: In the 1935 film, he is played by the chubby, jovial-looking [[Disney/SnowWhiteandtheSevenDwarfs Otis Harlan]].
*** "Snug" is a good name for a joiner, who should be able to fit everything together snugly.
** The name "Titania" is derived from "Diana", the Greek goddess of the moon. And considering how much the moon is mentioned in this play, you get the idea.
** "Helena" means "light" or "torch". "Fair Helena, who more enguilds the night/Than all yon firey oes and eyes of light". Helena is supposed to be fair-haired and tall. This also an ironic wink at Helen of Troy and the many much-sought Helen's based on her.
* {{MST}}: During ''Pyramus and Thisbe''. Possibly the UrExample.
* MST3KMantra: InUniverse, no less, as part of Puck's final soliloquy: "If the story offended you, remind yourself it was nothing but a dream."
* MyGirlIsNotASlut: Demetrius wants Helena to stop following him because she's in danger of rape going out at night -- and this while he still hates her.
* MythologyGag: ''Pyramus and Thisbe'' can be considered a spot on lampoon of Shakespeare's other famous play ''Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet'', complete with StarCrossedLovers, spoilerific prologue, and sudden DownerEnding. It's also a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyramus_and_Thisbe real myth]], [[Literature/TheMetamorphoses told by Ovid]]. Shakespeare based Theatre/RomeoAndJuliet on ''Pyramus and Thisbe'', [[OlderThanTheyThink not the other way around.]]
* NiceToTheWaiter: Surprisingly, [[HiddenDepths Bottom]], when Titania puts her entire fairy court at his service, takes time out to talk politely with several attending fairies and ask how their families are getting on. This may not be quite kindliness, depending on how the actor plays it -- if Bottom thinks it's a dream, then he's just having fun and making a lot of bad puns, or he could be trying out the feeling of ''noblesse oblige.'' Nonetheless, he's making an effort.
* NoFourthWall: The audience was expected to interact with the players. There's a reason Robin tells the audience directly not to take it seriously.
* NoGuyWantsToBeChased: Demetrius is doubly repulsed when Helena comes to him before she tells him the news.
* NotWhatItLooksLike
* OneSteveLimit: Averted. Puck's other name is Robin Goodfellow, and Starveling's first name is Robin.
* OurFairiesAreDifferent: Many contemporary productions of this play portray the fairies with some variation of this. In fact the original play used this trope by making the fairies actually less sinister than they were commonly portrayed at the time.
* OverlyLongGag: The mechanicals' play goes on for way too long, and is that much the funnier for it.
* OverlyNarrowSuperlative: "It is the wittiest partition that ever I heard discourse, my lord."
* OvershadowedByAwesome: Between the lovestruck kids and the great passive-aggressive fairie divorce settlement, people don't give much thought to the rude mechanicals. Bottom is the fool who has the best summation of the entire play: he gets his head turned into a donkey. Meaning, "Love makes asses of us all".
* PairTheSpares
* PantheraAwesome: In the ShowWithinAShow, Thisbe is threatened by a lion.
* ParentalMarriageVeto: Egeus
* PetTheDog: Oberon is hardly the nicest of characters, but he does feel sorry for Helena and attempt to help her by getting Demetrius to fall in love with her. Unfortunately, that just makes things ''worse''.
* PlayingATree:
** In ''Pyramus and Thisbe'', Tom Snout, one of the would-be rustic actors, plays a wall. Possibly the UrExample.
** Robin Starveling wields a lantern as "Moonshine".
* PlotParallel
* ThePowerOfFriendship: Helena tries to use this trope to win over Hermia in the confusion in the woods when she thinks that Hermia betrayed her. It Doesn't Work. (Made worse in that Helena betrays Hermia first)
* RunawayFiancee: Hermia, to avoid marrying Demetrius.
* ShipperOnDeck: Oberon really wants to see Helena's love for Demetrius reciprocated.
* ShowWithinAShow: ''Pyramus and Thisbe'', from [[Literature/TheMetamorphoses the myth]] told by Creator/{{Ovid}}.
* ASimplePlan
* SirensAreMermaids: Oberon's story of the magic flower for the love potion includes a mermaid's beautiful singing, though she calms the sea rather than allures anyone to death.
* SmallNameBigEgo: Nick Bottom is so confident of his abilities to the point that he believes that he can do anything. [[EpicFail He can't.]]
* SoBadItsGood: [[invoked]]''Pyramus and Thisbe'', when things are taken '''too literally''', the play slowly turns from a tragedy to a comedy. But everybody gets a good laugh at the end.
* StealthPun / HilariousInHindsight : A man whose name is ''Bottom'' gets given the head of an ''ass''. There's some debate over whether "ass" was in common usage at the time, or if the play itself popularized the euphemism, or it evolved later.
* SuspectIsHatless: Oberon tells Puck to smear the love potion on the eyes of a youth dressed in Athenian garb. Given the play is set in a forest ''just outside of Athens,'' it is perhaps not too surprising that Puck smears the potion on the eyes of the ''wrong'' youth dressed in Athenian garb. Puck even points this out to Oberon, when his king is blaming him for the resulting mess.
* StylisticSuck: The ShowWithinAShow.
* TakeAThirdOption: Or rather a fourth. Instead of marrying Demetrius, being executed or taking the veil, Hermia elopes with Lysander.
* TakingTheVeil: Offered to, and rejected by, Hermia.
* TitleDrop: The title comes from Nick Bottom's conclusion that the whole play was AllJustADream.
* TooDumbToLive: Helena. Go run to the unknown woods, chasing after a guy that is very angry with your PsychoticLover behaviour, who has a very short fuse. Demitrius openly states that it's "brave" of her and that he very well could "do [her] some mischief", which she doesn't seem nearly bothered enough by.
* UnrequitedLoveSwitcheroo: Despite the obvious application of the ''name'', the only true example of the ''trope'' is when Helena rejects her former crush Demetrius because she thinks he's playing with her feelings.
* UnspokenPlanGuarantee
* ViewersAreMorons: What Bottom thinks that the audience of his SoBadItsGood play is and takes things too literally, because he thinks that they don't have a WillingSuspensionOfDisbelief.
* WeddingsForEveryone
* WhenTheClockStrikesTwelve
* WhyDontYouMarryIt:
-->'''Lysander:''' You have her father's love, Demetrius -- let me have Hermia's. Do you marry him!

!!Productions and adaptations add examples of:

* AndYouWereThere: In many productions, the actors playing Theseus and Hippolyta also play Oberon and Titania. Theseus' servant Philostrate is usually Puck as well. Some productions even go the whole nine yards and double Flute, Snug, Snout and Starveling as Peaseblossom, Cobweb, Moth and Mustardseed (in no particular order).
* DoesNotLikeShoes: In some productions, one, some, most, or all of the fairies are played like this, Puck in particular.
* DoorClosesEnding: The 1935 film ends with Puck closing a door at Theseus's palace after giving his BreakingTheFourthWall closing speech.
* HornedHumanoid:
** Oberon is this in many productions. In the 1930's version, it looks less like antlers, and more like he's suffering from a strange brachiating disease.
** Many productions also horn Puck, most likely to play up his devilishness.
* IHaveNoSon: In the 1999 movie version, Egeus quietly excuses himself from his daughter's wedding, flashing Hermia a DeathGlare. With no added dialogue, he made it clear, that he would never forgive Hermia, for going against his wishes, and marrying Lysander.
* ILoveYouBecauseICantControlYou: A common way to play Oberon's relationship with Titania. In the scene where he disenchants her, he's just won her changeling boy without a fight, and he's humiliated her as much as could be wished. But while that would have been a fine laugh in Elizabethan days, to modern audiences it comes off as smug and mean. So actors might play Oberon as despondent, realizing that a Titania, who'll obey his every command isn't the proud, and fiery Queen he fell in love with.
* LohengrinAndMendelssohn: As noted above, the "Mendelssohn" part, namely the now-traditional wedding recessional music, was originally written by Creator/FelixMendelssohn as part of his incidental music for an 1842 stage production of this play.
* NotNowWereTooBusyCryingOverYou: Depending on the director, the play has this when Bottom returns to the Mechanicals, after his adventure with the fairies.
* SignificantDoubleCasting: Several productions have the same actors play Oberon / Theseus and Titania / Hippolyta. Partly because there's something of a parallel between their two marriages, and the significance will no doubt be clear to the audience, partly because a) this way you don't have two actors off-stage for most of the play, and b) the four characters never appear on stage at the same time, so you can get away with it.