::'''Tropes from ''Literature/TheLordOfTheRings'' (the book)'''

::TheLordOfTheRings/{{Tropes A-C}} -- TheLordOfTheRings/{{Tropes D-F}} -- TheLordOfTheRings/{{Tropes G-I}} -- TheLordOfTheRings/{{Tropes J-L}} -- TheLordOfTheRings/{{Tropes P-R}} -- TheLordOfTheRings/{{Tropes S-U}} -- TheLordOfTheRings/{{Tropes V-Z}}

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[[folder:M]]
* MacGuffin: Frequently described as such although it doesn't really fit because it has powers which are crucial to the story, the Ring was originally intended to be a sequel hook to ''Literature/TheHobbit'' until Tolkien decided it was actually an ArtifactOfDoom.
* MacGuffinEscortMission: Escort the Ring to Mount Doom.
* MadeOfIndestructium: Quite possibly the origin of this trope. The only ways to destroy the One Ring are to "unmake" it at its place of creation or for a greater smith than Sauron destroy it (the Valar, who would have to break their own rules, or Fëanor, imprisoned in the halls of Mandos).
** Gandalf muses that dragons can destroy ordinary Rings of Power, but no dragon currently living has the firepower to do the job on the One Ring, nor did even the greatest dragon of antiquity. Unspoken: it'd be really hard to find a dragon to ask, who would be willing to help.
* TheMagicGoesAway: Elves sail off to the West, wizards leave (or otherwise drop off the radar), no more magic. Tolkien was extremely loath to use the word "magic" to refer to any of that in the first place.
* MagicIsAMonsterMagnet: Putting the One Ring on your finger lights you right up on Mordor's radar. Also, Gandalf is hesistant to use his magic while traveling with the Fellowship for fear of attracting attention from both Mordor and Saruman.
* MageTower: Orthanc under Saruman's control.
* MagicMirror: Galadriel's mirror is just water in a silver bowl.
* TheMagnificent: Merry.
* ManlyTears: Crying appears acceptable in most Middle-earth societies, and there are many instances of manly men weeping, a point on which Tolkien significantly differs from the old sagas that inspired him.
** When Éomer discovers [[spoiler:Théoden has been killed]], he improvises a verse (of course) where he says that they need to keep fighting, and there will be time for the women to weep later. But the narrator mentions that Éomer himself wept as he spoke.
** [[LampshadeHanging In the words of Gandalf:]] "I will not say, do not weep, for not all tears are an evil."
** Aragorn does some serious weeping over [[spoiler: Boromir,]] to the point where Legolas and Gimli initially think that ''Aragorn'' has been mortally wounded.
* MayflyDecemberFriendship:
** Gandalf is Really700YearsOld. His friends among the hobbits (Bilbo and Frodo) and humans (Aragorn) are not likely to live more than 100 years (a couple of hundred in Aragorn's case due to his bloodline).
** Legolas (an immortal elf) and Gimli (a mortal dwarf who may live for centuries) become [[OddFriendship best]] [[VitriolicBestBuds friends]].
* MayflyDecemberRomance: Aragorn and Arwen until she becomes mortal, at which it becomes MayDecemberRomance: he is in his 90s but very long lived, while she is physically probably in her 20s or 30s.
* MeaningfulEcho: There is an example that lampshades NotSoDifferent and WarIsHell, since both sides knew that their enemies will destroy them ruthlessly:
** In the second book, the orc Gorbag says to Shagrat:
--> ''But don't forget: our enemies don't love us any more than they love Him, and if they get topsides on Him, we're done too.''
** In the third book, after Frodo and Sam saw a little orc kill another of their own:
--> ''For a while the hobbits sat in silence. At length Sam stirred. "Well, I call that neat as neat," he said. "If this nice friendliness would spread about in Mordor, half our trouble would be over."\\
"Quietly, Sam," Frodo whispered. "There may be others about. We have evidently had a very narrow escape, and the hunt was hotter on our tracks than we guessed. But that ''is'' the spirit of Mordor, Sam; and it has spread to every corner of it. Orcs have always behaved like that, or so all tales say, when they are on their own. But you can't get much hope out of it. They hate us far more, altogether and all the time. If those two had seen us, they would have dropped all their quarrel until we were dead."''
* MeaningfulFuneral: The funerals of Boromir and [[spoiler:Théoden]].
* MeaningfulName: Virtually all Tolkien's names, whatever language they are in, have a meaning, though sometimes this changed over the years as Tolkien's languages evolved. Characters also acquire names over their lives which reflect personal qualities or great deeds. See the trope page for more details.
* MeaningfulRename: There's a number of times when people get names/titles added to them at are meaningful but a true example would be when Gandalf comes back as Gandalf the White. He's taking Saruman's place and doing what Saruman should have been doing when he went over to TheDarkSide.
* MedicalMonarch: Aragorn is recognized as the true king of Gondor when he uses his medical knowledge (acquired as a Ranger) after the battle of Minas Tirith.
* MedievalStasis: And when they're not standing still, they're going backwards. Justified by the dwindling population of the West, and the steady procession of wars and plagues engineered by Sauron, but also by more metaphysical concerns. The grass really was greener in the Second Age, and the physical world less recalcitrant. As Morgoth slowly regains his power over the eons, matter is becoming ever more hostile to mind. (Yes, every time your shoe lace breaks, or your pen leaks, or your computer dies and takes all your information with it -- or [[FridgeHorror someone in your family gets cancer]] -- it's Morgoth's fault. It wouldn't have happened in the Second Age; things, ''including human bodies'', were more reliable back then.)
** Many like to imagine the look on Sauron or Morgoth's face after seeing their armies crushed by artillery and bolt action rifles. Then again they'd probably just do what Sauron did to the Númenóreans, or reverse-engineer the technology if they didn't invent it in the first place; Sauron was a Maia of craft, and Morgoth was a Vala with similar leanings.
** Initially, Tolkien did toy with the idea that Morgoth had more advanced technology. Drafts telling the Siege and Fall of Gondolin describe Morgoth's forces using crawling iron machines that sound suspiciously like the early tanks Tolkien had seen in WorldWarOne. (And in ''The Lost Road'', Sauron ends up providing the Númenóreans with not only aircraft but the medieval equivalent of ''[[TheHomeFront V-1 buzz bombs]]''.)
* MentorOccupationalHazard: This happened to Gandalf. He's feeling much better now.
* MessianicArchetype: Several partial examples: Gandalf suffers a Jesus-like death to save his companions from a demonic threat complete with transfigured resurrection; Frodo's role as the defeater of evil by suffering a great evil; and of course Aragorn is the descendant of a fallen royal house, returning to reclaim his throne and restore his kingdom to glory. The former two fit the Christian notion of the Messiah, and the latter fits the Jewish version.
* MidSeasonUpgrade: Gandalf suffers a HeroicRROD after killing only one Balrog. His bosses relax some of the restrictions on him to make sure that doesn't happen again.
* MilesToGoBeforeISleep: Sam and Frodo's hopeless persistence as they travel through Mordor.
* MiracleFood: Elven ''lembas'', or waybread, is created by a secret art, never spoils, and a single bite can sustain a person for an entire day. Gimli liked his first taste of it so much (he mistook it for ''Cram'', which is basically the dwarf version; described to be just as [[IndestructibleEdible indestructible]], but bland) he scarfed an entire biscuit-enough for a week(!).
* MonumentOfHumiliationAndDefeat:
** The former city of Minas Ithil (the Tower of the Moon), renamed Minas Morgul (the Tower of Black Magic) after the Witch King took over. The river was poisoned, the flowers turned putrid, and the tower that was renowned for its white as the Moon beauty seemed instead as pale as a dead body, with a strange sickly luminescence over all.
** The crossroads on the road to Minas Morgul was originally guarded by the statue of a former king. By the time Frodo and Sam pass that way, the statue's original head has been replaced with a rock painted as a grinning cyclops, presumably intended to represent Sauron.
** The appendices mention that Sauron was quick to remove the pillar marking where the Numenoreans landed to capture him during the Second Age when Harad fell to his control.
* {{Mooks}}: Rather a lot of them, actually effective when they aren't fighting [[OneManArmy one-man-battalions]] (like most of the main characters).
* MortalityEnsues: In the end, Arwen gives up her immortality to be with Aragorn.
* MultinationalTeam: The Fellowship, which brings together heroes from across Middle Earth.
* TheMusical: A rare (possibly unique) literary case. Expect any important event to inspire someone to improvise a song, or at least a poem. Among those listening, someone will often join in -- especially if they're an Elf.
** There is actually a musical adaptation of the story. Reactions to it are mixed.
* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: Boromir after he tried to take the Ring from Frodo.
** Galadriel has a rare ''[[TheFinalTemptation prospective]]'' one of these when Frodo offers her the Ring. Essentially she gets the receiving end of having your heart tested, as she does to the heroes she meets.
* {{Mythopoeia}}: The Ur-example.
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[[folder:N]]
* NamedWeapons: Glamdring, Sting, Andúril, and many others.
** Aeglos, the spear of Gil-Galad.
** Grond (I), the Hammer of the Underworld employed by BiggerBad Morgoth millenia before the War of the Ring; and Grond (II), the great battering ram used to shatter the gates of Minas Tirith.
* NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast: {{Mordor}} the Black Land, for one, ruled by the the DarkLord Sauron, guarded by the Morannon, the Black Gate, and Minas Morgul, the Tower of Sorcery...
** A more minor example: Grí­ma ''Wormtongue''. Appropriately, more creepy and insinuating then a direct threat.
** It might be just a coincidence, but Gil-galad is only one syllable away from [[EpicOfGilgamesh Gilgamesh.]]
* NarrativePoem: Many. Among them are: "Eärendil was a Mariner" and an excerpt from the lay of Beren and Lúthien.
* NationalWeapon: Axes for dwarves -- the association is strong enough to make it into their standard battle-cry. Tolkien is probably also responsible for the standard fantasy association of bows with elves, though he doesn't really use it. Legolas habitually uses a bow, but fights with long knives when he runs out of arrows. And elves in general are just as likely to use swords or spears .
* NearVillainVictory: Tolkien basically coined the word "eucatastrophe" to describe this trope; it happens plenty of times throughout the novel, being a particular favorite trope of his.
* TheNecrocracy: The kingdom of Angmar in the BackStory and Minas Morgul in the main story. Appropriate, as they're ruled by the same evil sorcerer.
* NegatedMomentOfAwesome: The showdown between the Witch-King and Gandalf at the gates of Minas Tirith is cut very short by the arrival of Rohan.
* NeverAcceptedInHisHometown: Frodo Baggins goes unappreciated back in the Shire. Sam, who could have ended up as an unsung, thankless hero, gets elected Mayor of the Shire, while the oblivious {{hobbits}} overlook Frodo's ordeals.
* NeverMessWithGranny:
** Lobelia Sackville-Baggins.
---> "I'll give you Sharkey, you dirty thieving ruffians!"
** Galadriel, Arwen's grandmother. Not someone you want to mess with. At all. Apparently, she fights Sauron in a battle of wills as they try to read each other's mind. Constantly. And she's WINNING.
* NiceJobBreakingItHero/ WhatTheHellHero: Isildur just had to keep the ring. Evil in Middle-Earth made a career of enduring because the hero(es) wind up doing something selfish or stupid upon triumph.
** Frodo almost has one when he nonchalantly offers to give the ring to Galadriel. Well-meaning and it would have solved the ''Sauron'' problem...
** Sam being rude and cross with Gollum in the Pass of Cirith Ungol, just as Gollum was reconsidering his betrayal.
---> '''Gollum:''' O, very nice hobbit, very polite! Sméagol finds them secret ways that nobody else knows about and they say ''sneak, sneak!''
** Fëanor and his descendants in the backstory; see TheSilmarillion.
* NiceJobFixingItVillain: Saruman sending the Uruk-Hai after the Fellowship so he can have the Ring for himself. True, Boromir gets killed and Merry and Pippin are captured, but it ends up causing the downfall of Saruman's plans, since the hobbits manage to escape into Fangorn and rouse the Ents against him. Also, since Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli chase after them, they're perfectly placed to meet up with [[spoiler:Gandalf]] again and help Théoden and his people, which in turn leads to Rohan being in a condition to actually aid Gondor...
** Sauron letting Gollum go instead of just ''killing'' him once he'd gotten all the information he could out of him. To clarify: without Gollum, Frodo and Sam would never have been able to get into Mordor without getting captured, and without Gollum the Ring could never have been destroyed. Sauron really kind of shot himself in the foot with that one.
* NighInvulnerability:
** The One Ring itself is of the standard Made of Diamond variety. The only thing that will destroy is to throw it back into the fires of Mount Doom where it was forged. The entire series then revolves around accomplishing this.
** The Ringwraiths are incredibly difficult, though not impossible, to permanently destroy, and are immortal thanks to the powers of the nine magic rings that sustain them. The only ways to permanently destroy the Ringwraiths are to destroy their rings (which Sauron keeps in his personal possession) or the One Ring. In his letters, Tolkien says that Sauron could have restored the Witch King in time, if not for those meddling hobbits dropping his Ring into a volcano.
* NoManOfWomanBorn: After ''Theatre/{{Macbeth}}'', the best-known example ever.
** WordOfGod once mentioned that this case of the trope, as well as the whole idea of the Ents, was directly inspired by ''Macbeth''. Tolkien said that, as a child, he had been disappointed that Macbeth wasn't just killed by a woman and that Birnam Wood didn't ''actually'' get up and march against Macbeth.
* NonLinearCharacter: Galadriel to an extent, which let her create her magic mirror. Some other elves with strong foresight can act like this too.
* NoOneCouldSurviveThat: Pippin and the troll.
* NoOntologicalInertia: Everything done with the rings, including Mordor and Lothlórien.
* NotAGame: Pippin has to be reminded that the Quest is SeriousBusiness a few times.
* NotSoDifferent: Both the Free People and Mordor factions know that [[WarIsHell any of their enemies will destroy them ruthlessly]] (see MeaningfulEcho for the quotes).
** At his LastStand, young and humble Pippin finds that he also would want to die with his TrueCompanions when he faces his own DespairEventHorizon, understanding why old and prideful Denethor intended to pull a PaterFamilicide:
--> Pippin [[DespairEventHorizon had bowed crushed with horror when he heard Gandalf reject the terms and doom Frodo to the torment of the Tower]]; [[LastStand but he had mastered himself, and now he stood beside Beregond in the front rank of Gondor with Imrahil's men]]. [[DrivenToSuicide For it seemed best to him to die soon and leave the bitter story of his life, since all was in ruin.]]
--> [[MurderSuicide 'I wish Merry was here,']] he heard himself saying, and quick thoughts raced through his mind, even as he watched the enemy come charging to the assault. '''Well, well, now at any rate I understand poor Denethor a little better. We might die together, Merry and I, and since die we must, why not?'''
** Queen Arwen’s DespairEventHorizon: After renouncing to be TheAgeless for love, she must face mortality without King Aragorn because he will die, and she at last understand why the Númenóreans were {{ImmortalitySeeker}}s and crossed the MoralEventHorizon.
--> But I say to you, King of the Númenóreans, '''not till now have I understood the tale of your people and their fall.''' '' [[CondescendingCompassion As wicked fools I scorned them,]] [[NotSoDifferent but I pity them at last.]] For if this is indeed, as the Eldar say, the gift of the One to Men, it is bitter to receive."
* NothingIsScarier: Deliberately invoked by the author in the case of [[HeWhoMustNotBeSeen Sauron himself]]. Only three characters -- Pippin and Aragorn, via the ''palantír'' of Orthanc, and Gollum, presumably during his Mordor torture -- have actually seen Sauron's face, and none of them is inclined to describe him. The nearest we get to any physical description is Gollum mentioning the Black Hand, which only has four fingers after Isildur cut one of them off.
** Also this bit, from Moria:
--> '''Gandalf:''' I do not like the '''feel''' of the middle way; and I do not like the smell of the left-hand way: there is foul air down there, or I am no guide.
** The murk of Shelob's cave causes not simple darkness, but complete sensory deprivation except for the hideous stench.
** Nothing is actually seen and nothing happens in the Paths of the Dead, but the dread of anticipation increases with each line on the pages until it becomes downright palpable. There's also the great door in the Paths that some poor soul had tried to open to his dying breath. We never find out what's behind it or why the man (Baldor, son of Brego) wanted to get in, but you can be sure that the question will haunt you for the rest of the chapter, and beyond.
* NudeNatureDance: After the hobbits have been extricated from the Barrows, Tom Bombadil removes the clothing the wights had placed on them and invites them to "run naked in the grass" while he retrieves their ponies. It's part of breaking the curses they were under, apparently, as was giving away the wight's treasure.
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[[folder:O]]
* TheOathBreaker: The Dead. Isildur cursed them such that their kingdom would die and they would never rest when they swore to help him fight and then broke their oath. Three thousand years later, they break the curse by helping Isildur's heir Aragorn.
* TheObiWan: Gandalf, mentoring Aragorn, Frodo, and Faramir.
* ObviouslyEvil: Sauron and most of his servants, though he used to be able to put on a fair face.
* OddFriendship: Legolas and Gimli.
* OffingTheOffspring: Denethor, after he went into full-blown insanity and despair, tries to burn both himself and his feverish son Faramir alive on a pyre.
* OhCrap: Several of these, such as when the heroes are confronting the latest spawn of darkness (the Black Riders, the Balrog, the Witch-King, etc). The best, though, is when Frodo puts on the Ring at the very edge of the Crack of Doom: Sauron sees and senses Frodo, and it finally dawns on him just what his enemies are up to, how they tricked him, and how close they are to bringing about his utter ruin... and he is so ''terrified'' that he completely forgets there's a ''war'' going on right outside his gates. "And Barad-dûr trembled from the depths of its foundations to its proud and bitter crown."
* OldWindbag: Many of Bilbo's neighbours and relatives seem to see him as this.
* TheOlderImmortal: This often happens due to several long-lived and immortal races, from which the respective older ones either survive their peers or simply happen to live a among a different group whose members are younger and less powerful.
* OlderIsBetter: The swords from Númenór are much better than their present day counterparts.
* OlderThanTheyLook:
** Elves, dwarves, hobbits and some men (Númenóreans and their descendants), mostly due to aging slower than the corresponding mortal men. Elves become adults at 50 and hobbits are regarded adults at 33. Dwarves have a similar system to hobbits, but live about twice as long (at 67 Gimli was considered too young to go on the quest of Erebor, but in the prime of his life at 139). [[spoiler: Aragorn]] dies at 210 and [[spoiler:Faramir]] at 120, which are ''reduced'' lifespans compared to their Númenórean ancestors, who regularly lived 300-400 years. There are quite a few elves in the story who have lived many thousands of years.
** Bilbo and Frodo are a special case of this, since their youthful appearances ("well-preserved") are actually an effect of the Ring. It's considered outright bizarre by other hobbits that Bilbo, at the ripe age of 111, looks about fifty-five years old.
** Out of the whole of the Fellowship, Boromir - and possibly Sam and Merry - are the only ones that actually look their age (to the reader's eyes at least). Pippin could be mistaken for a young (human) boy but is in his late twenties, Frodo is fifty but looks as if he's barely out of his tweens, Aragorn is eighty-seven, Gimli - as stated before - is a hundred and thirty nine, Legolas is ''at least'' five hundred years old, and Gandalf, as a Maiar, is ''older than the world itself''.
* OmnicidalManiac: Morgoth, in the {{backstory}}.
* TheOmniscient: Galadriel and Sauron, particularly in ''Fellowship of the Ring''. However, they can't see everywhere at once, and some beings like Gandalf can cloud their sight.
* OneGenderRace: The Ents, although not by design as there originally was a distinct female gender - only they [[BusCrash vanished]], and [[HesJustHiding haven't been seen]] since. If they did not have such long lifespans, they would be extinct already for lack of children. (The situation is elaborated upon in the trope entry).
* OneManIndustrialRevolution: Saruman.
* OneSidedBattle: The battle at the Black Gate was this until the Ring was destroyed. It was never expected that it would be won though, since it was a desperate gamble to buy Frodo more time.
* OneSteveLimit: Averted; the Appendices reveal that a number of significant names have been reused throughout history, including Beren, Aragorn, Denethor, and Boromir.
* OnlyTheChosenMayRide: Shadowfax of the Mearas. Even the [[BornInTheSaddle Rohirrim]] were not able to tame him. [[WizardClassic Gandalf]] however, was able to quite easily and he served as his steed from then on.
* OrcusOnHisThrone: Tolkien does this with his villains, but only towards the ends of their careers - he had a theme of deliberate VillainDecay and MotiveDecay, with smart people with real goals turning to evil but evil itself corrupting them and gradually turning them into cardboard cutouts. Together with this, they start out going out and kicking arse by themselves (e.g. Morgoth fights Tulkas personally at the dawn of time, Sauron comes out to fight Huan in the ''Silmarillion'') but eventually becoming throne-bound. Often after one too many of such direct interaction had a painful outcome (e.g. Morgoth after his duel with the elven king Fingolfin, Sauron after his defeat/half-death and loss of the Ring in the War of the Last Alliance).
** There's also the fact (according to "Morgoth's Ring"), that Melkor/Morgoth and Sauron spent much of their power controlling their "agents". They were not exactly lazy: using their physical incarnations to go into battle would have been simply foolish, especially for Morgoth, who "at the time of the War of the Jewels had become permanently incarnate" trying to control physical matter and who as a result could be killed in battle. For example, it's implied that the orcs' ferocity, tirelessness, and rage (along with their tendency to kill each other over nothing) come from being controlled and empowered by Sauron's will.
** The last time Sauron personally took part in battle was at the end of the Second Age, during the Elves and Men's attack on Mordor, when he steps out of the tower and displays his badass powers, but ends up losing the One Ring, his ring finger, and his physical body.
* OrderVersusChaos: This is played out in the race of Ents: male Ents loved the wilderness and forests, nature untamed, while the Entwives cultivated gardens and loved orchards and farmlands. The two genders drifted apart over the years, and the Ents have since lost the Entwives completely. Also could be described as nature vs civilization.
* OurAngelsAreDifferent: The Istari, the wizards, are angels disguised as Men, complete with the same aging process that Men endure; Saruman, for example, had black hair when he first arrived on Middle-earth, which gradually turned white over the millennia until only a few black hairs remained in the main story.
* OurFounder: The ''Argonath'', the Pillars of the Kings: two monumental statues of Isildur and Anárion, founders of Gondor and Arnor. [[AllThereInTheManual They would have ruled jointly, with Isildur as High King in Arnor and Anárion as Steward of Gondor, had Anárion not been killed in the Siege of Barad-dûr]].
* OurOrcsAreDifferent: Yet another [[TropeMaker Tolkien-created]] trope.
** It's worth noting that Tolkien's orcs are actually quite different from the standard ChaoticEvil barbarian orcs when you look beyond the superficial level. They're actually a technologically advanced race (The Hobbit mentions that they are as a rule better craftsmen then dwarves if they take the trouble, which they usually don't) who are generally of human-level intelligence and have [[ColdBloodedTorture a sophisticated appreciation for others' pain]]. The problem is, they're usually not [[EnemyCivilWar working together in large groups]] unless forced to do so by an outside force, and in fact kill each other at the drop of a hat if no other enemies present themselves. Frodo implies that their rage comes from the will of Sauron, who wants his servants ferocious and berserk. This brings in shades of SanityHasAdvantages.
* TheOutsideWorld: ''Literature/TheHobbit'' and ''The Lord Of The Rings'', adventuring is generally frowned upon by the Hobbits of the Shire, but the occasional hobbit has set out to see the world, notably Bilbo and Frodo Baggins, Samwise, Merry and Pippin, who all get swept up in the events of the outside world.
* OverlyLongName: The Ents, combined with the fact that they talk really, ''really'' slowly.
** Add to that their immortality, their isolated civilization and how generally hard to kill they are. Keep in mind that an Ent's full name is essentially his ''entire'' personal history, and they are [[ReallySevenHundredYearsOld quite old]].
*** Treebeard also implies that the full Entish name for Orcs is several ''years'' worth of insults strung together.
* OvershadowedByAwesome: Celeborn by his wife Galadriel, "greatest of elven women."
** It's mentioned in the Appendices that after Dol Guldur (Sauron's former stronghold) was cleansed of its stain of evil, it was ''Galadriel'' who tore the place down.
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