''Yahtzee'' is an adaptation of a traditional English dice game (Yacht), altered slightly and given a pseudo-Oriental makeover by Creator/MiltonBradley. Players roll five dice, trying to get as many matching numbers as possible. If a player succeeds in getting all five dice to match, he gets a "Yahtzee" (called a "Yacht" in the traditional version) and a 50-point bonus. Bonuses are also awarded for poker hand-esque combinations, such as a pair of twos and three threes, making a full house.

Various versions with altered gameplay have been released over the years, ranging from ''Showdown Yahtzee'', which added a competitive board game element, to ''Yahtzee Turbo'', a card-based game with a talking electronic "Big Die". A recent variant, ''Power Yahtzee'', includes a red Power Die, which can double or triple a player's score. ''Yahtzee'' was also the basis for a short-lived syndicated GameShow with [[Series/TheHollywoodSquares Peter Marshall]] in the late-1980s; the short-lived 1975 game show ''Spin-Off'' (hosted by [[Series/BullseyeUS Jim Lange]] for [[Series/SuperPayCards Nicholson-Muir]] on Creator/{{CBS}}) was like this but with questions, and ''Series/FamilyGameNight'' on Hasbro-owned Creator/TheHub featured ''Yahtzee Bowling''.

Not to be confused with [[Creator/BenCroshaw Ben "Yahtzee" Croshaw]].
!! This game provides examples of:

* LuckManipulationMechanic: ''Yahtzee'' incorporates this as a core game mechanic. Players roll five dice each round, and if they don't like how they come up, they can re-roll some or all of them up to twice in one turn in attempts to get specific dice combinations.
* ThemedStockBoardGame: Yahtzee is starting to get this treatment, with versions for American national parks, ''WesternAnimation/TheNightmareBeforeChristmas'', ''VideoGame/TheLegendOfZelda'', ''Series/DoctorWho'', ''Film/BackToTheFuture'', and even ''Film/AChristmasStory''.
* WordPureeTitle: Mixing "Yacht" with "Yangtze" to produce "Yahtzee"