[[caption-width-right:200:RQ 6. Earlier cover art was ... of its period sometimes.]]

''[=RuneQuest=]'' was created by Chaosium in 1978, making it one of the oldest tabletop RolePlayingGames. Among other things, it introduced an experience system that replaces the levels (as in ''TabletopGame/DungeonsAndDragons'') with skills that increase if you successfully use them (''TabletopGame/{{Traveller}}'' replaced levels with skills first but they didn't increase with use). It also introduced hit regions instead of general HitPoints. The system was also used for other Chaosium games like ''TabletopGame/CallOfCthulhu'', ''Stormbringer'', and the ''ComicBook/ElfQuest'' RPG, and was in 2004 developed into the generic BRP (Basic Role-Playing System). In August 2012, a new company, Design Mechanism, published a revised 6th Edition of ''[=RuneQuest=]''.

The original ''[=RuneQuest=]'' was set in the ConstructedWorld named Glorantha (although more recent editions are more setting-agnostic). As the authors say:

->"Glorantha is an action-packed world of adventure. Gods and Goddesses struggle here, with nations of people nothing but their pawns. The stormy barbarians with their brutal but honest Storm God struggle against the Lunar Empire, led by the imperial Sun God and devious Moon Goddess.\\
Glorantha is an exciting world of heroes. Legends are being made by great individuals, many who are not even human beings. Some work with the deities, other heroes and heroines fight against them.\\
Glorantha is colorful and full of magic. Supernatural animals are found, ranging from unicorns to seven types of merfolk and the Goddess of Lions.\\
Glorantha is immense. If explored, it has different worlds and dimensions, whole realms where Gods, spirits and sorcerous powers come from. Unlike many fantasy settings, Glorantha emphasises religion, myth and belief to a level rarely seen in roleplaying or fantasy fiction elsewhere.\\
Glorantha shares some fantasy tropes such as dwarves, elves, trolls and giants, but has developed them differently to the more conventional versions based on the work of Tolkien. Dwarves are literally made of stone and exist as manifest rigid inflexible laws of creation, while elves are intelligent, mobile plants. Glorantha is full of surprises.\\
Glorantha is as deep as you want it to be, or not. Hackers and choppers have what they want, while scholars and mythologists have a vast playground of new stories, legends and myths to enjoy."

Glorantha is also the setting of the video-game ''VideoGame/KingOfDragonPass'' and the web-comic ''Prince of Sartar''.

!!This role-playing game provides examples of:

* AProtagonistShallLeadThem: Argrath.
* AdjectiveAnimalAlehouse: ''Champions of the Reaching Moon''. The Tardy Newt inn in the city of Glamour.
* AllMythsAreTrue: All ''Gloranthan'' myths are literally true, even utterly contradictory myths of different cultures. Changing a myth (by going on a Hero Quest to the world of the gods) can ''retroactively change reality''.
* AlwaysChaoticEvil: Deconstructed with the broo-they were created as a warped parody of life meant only to destroy, and they know it. [[TorturedMonster And they have never forgiven their creators.]]
** Played straight with the Vadeli, the corrupt relatives of the sorcerous Brithini people. Like their nicer if xenophobic relatives, Vadeli are TheAgeless so long as their follow the rules of their FantasticCasteSystem. ''Unlike'' the Brithini, the caste systems of the Vadeli generally involve breaking the laws of Malkon, which is to say things like "Murder is bad", "Incest is abhorrent", "Don't lie"...about the only reason they're tolerated is that those same rules make them [[ProudMerchantRace ideal, if untrustworthy businessmen]]...and because they cheerfully blackmail port cities into playing along.
* AnthropomorphicPersonification: The deities of the Celestial Court personify the Runes.
* TheArchmage: Zzabur. Notable for not even being human; he is the Erasanchula of Sorcery, and he says that all the gods are merely corrupted and diminished Erasanchula.
* ArmorIsUseless: Averted, as armor provides DamageReduction. Heavy armor and a good shield are the best way to survive a battle.
* AssimilationPlot: The Empire of Wyrmfriends wants EVERYBODY to embrace their draconic nature. Later, the Lunar Empire also wants everybody to worship their Goddess, so that the world can be one again. And damn are they succeeding. The Goddess is eventually defeated, but [[HesJustHiding she probably is just hiding.]]
* AttackReflector
** If a Reflection spell is in effect on a living being, it will attempt to reflect any other spell cast against the being or its equipment back upon the caster.
** Supplement ''Dorastor: Land of Doom''. The powerful evil creature Cacodemon has the Chaotic Feature of being able to reflect all spells that cost 10 Magic Points or less back at the caster.
* {{Backronym}}: In universe, it's usually assumed that EWF is an acronym of some kind, and they were commonly called the Empire of Wyrm-Friends or derisively as "Enemies Without Friends", but EWF is actually a Draconic word that doesn't translate to any humanly understandable concept.
* BadMoonRising: The Red Moon rose, and her Empire wants you [[AssimilationPlot to worship her]].
* BarbarianTribe: The Orlanthi. But the Heortlings don't think of themselves as barbarians, of course. Now, Wenelians (think more primitive Orlanthi with stronger Iroquois influences and less of Heortling laws) are definitely barbarians, too quick to avenge slights and less likely to be hospitable or accept weregild. And Praxians? Savages.
* BigBad: Sedenya/Lunar Goddess/Red Moon is this for the Orlanthi in the Third Era.
* BigBadDuumvirate
** Wakboth and Kajabor in the Greater Darkness.
** The God Learners and the Empire of Wyrm's Friends in the Second Era, due to a case of being criminally TooDumbToLive. Naturally, they hate each other.
* ButtMonkey: The Durulz, or ducks, see themselves as the ButtMonkey for the entirety of Glorantha. Even ''[[WordOfGod their own racial]] {{sourcebook}}'' agrees with this perspective, going to extensive lengths to point out how all the other races look down on and tend to ignore or bully ducks and keets.
* ChariotRace
** ''Monster Coliseum'' has rules for chariot racing.
** Chariots aren't really commonly used for warfare in most parts of Glorantha, but are a big deal among the Orlanthi in Ralios.
* [[HellOnEarth Chaos on Earth]]: The Greater Darkness.
* TheChosenOne: Several, Argrath being one of the main examples.
* ColdIron: Iron is poison to elves and trolls, because the dwarves who invented it -- not "found," not "refined," they ''invented a metal'' -- designed it as a weapon against them.
* ColourCodedArmies: The Vadeli in the West, much like the Brithini they broke away from and warred with, are divided into castes. Brown Vadeli are commoners, and until recently, the only ones that seemed to survive into historical times; they're slimy and evil, but not actually that great at military planning or any grandiose long-term schemes. More recently, Red Vadeli warriors came back onto the scenes - and quickly rallied the Brown Vadeli for a campaign of maritime terror. Everyone dreads the possibility of the return of the Blue Vadeli, the leaders and archmages, who could actually put the bad old Vadeli Empire together again.
* CombatTentacles: Supplement ''Dorastor: Land of Doom''.
** One encounter with Jack O'Bears includes Jack O'Bear #2. It has four tentacles in place of its arms, each of which can inflict 4-24 HitPoints of damage.
** The Howler has a single tentacle in the middle of its chest that can do up to 12 HitPoints of physical damage plus up to 10 HitPoints of acid damage.
* CreepyCoolCrosses: A symbol almost identical with the Christian cross is the Rune of Death in Glorantha, and it represents the sword of Humakt, [[TheGrimReaper the god of death]]. Thus, you can use a cross to repel undead in the setting without any kind of connection to Christianity, or even CrystalDragonJesus.
* CrystalDragonJesus: You may think so given the Invisible God, but no; about the only commonality between his church and Catholicism is some sects having saints. Otherwise, they're more like Zoroastrians and Hindis.
* CurbStompBattle: The Dragonkill War describes what the dragons did. They exterminated a powerful army and then killed every human in the Dragon Pass region.
* {{Curse}}: The Durulz race in all its variants suffers one; it ''cannot'' fly anymore. As in, not only will spells that grant flight fail to work on them, flying machines will ''spontaneously break down'' if a duck or a keet tries to board it.
* DarkIsNotEvil coupled with LightIsNotGood
** For humans, sure they are, but trolls are subterranean creatures; troll Hell is located ''in human Heaven'' and vice versa.
** Also, the Sun God Yelm is evil to the followers of Orlanthi Storm Pantheon, but good to the followers of the Sun pantheon.
*** The Durulz hate Yelm, as he was the god who stripped them of their ability to fly and cursed them to their current state, and aren't too fond of other Sky gods, who goaded him into accepting a racial FateWorseThanDeath instead of exterminating them, even though they admit that these gods did so to save the Durulz from extinction.
** Even though Zorak Zoran and his worshippers are complete man-eating, necromancy-edged, brawl-loving berserks, other Troll gods are actually quite benevolent, if only a bit brutal. Well, they may still eat you, but only because they're hungry, nothing personal to it.
** As an in-universe example: the Carmanians follow a dualistic religion. While they believe in Idovanus and Ganesatarus as the main good and main evil gods, respectively, with the latter being definitely not okay, their philosophy states that it is actually sensible for a man to combine "light" and "dark" aspects in his life, following a balanced path; for instance, being good and kind to his friends, but remorseless and cruel to his enemies, or tempering the dark action of revenge with the light idea of justice. What this means is that a Carmanian may well come across as a cruel and evil bastard, while actually just acting that way towards his enemies to better protect his family. Of course, they are as often just classical LawfulEvil feudal overlords.
** Also, the [[DontFearTheReaper users of the Death Rune]] are highly respected and well-liked, due to their ability to confer with the ancestors and their anti-undead powers... in ''some'' cultures, anyway. In other cultures, the Death worshipers are exactly as creepy as you'd expect.
* DarkMessiah / MessianicArchetype / TheAntichrist: Nysalor/Gbaji, [[AlternateCharacterInterpretation depending on the interpretation]].
* DeityOfHumanOrigin: [[DeusEstMachina Zistor]] and Nysalor, who was to be the [[MessianicArchetype perfect deity]].
* EarWings: The chonchon.
* EldritchAbomination: The Lunar Goddess rides one of these.
* ElementalPowers: Glorantha uses five basic elements: Darkness (the primal element), Earth, Sky (which includes fire), Water, and Storm (the air between Earth and Sky). The Lunar Empire regards "Moon" as a sixth element, and most other cultures hate and fear them.
* TheEmpire
** The Lunar Empire.
** The God Learners and the Wyrm's Friends, back in their day.
* FaceFullOfAlienWingWong: How the all-male broo reproduce, which is why Thed, the Goddess of Rape, is worshiped as their mother. Thankfully, only with nonsentient animals.
* FantasticRacism: The Durulz are subject to this as part of their ongoing curses from the gods. In return, ducks ''hate'' trolls (the Uz regard Durul flesh as particularly delicious), whilst keets hate each other, with the flamingo and heron keets in particular loathing each other to the extent it's written into their creation mythology.
* FantasyGunControl: The dwarves have rifles. There is even a renegade Dwarf Cult of the Cannon in the Dragon Pass.
* FantasyPantheon: '''Many'''.
* FantasticCasteSystem: The Brithini are divided into five castes, the four castes of men founded by the legitimate son of Malkion (Dromal, Horal, Talar and Zzabur) and his wife's caste Menema (caste of women). Dromali=commoners, Horal=warriors, Talar=diplomat and coordinator castes (no leader, even though people often make derivatives), Zzabur=wizards, intellectuals (spiritual power, like the Brahmans of India). The Brithini are as Indo-European, while the Malkioni are more feudal; a subtle reference to the divergent evolution of the Indian system and the European one.
* FaunsAndSatyrs: The Broos often look like this, since they [[FaceFullOfAlienWingWong impregnate]] goats, sheep, and cattle most often. They can do it with any other animal though, and there exists a separate, much nicer race of satyr.
* FlatEarthAtheist: Subverted. Anybody called an "atheist" in Glorantha doesn't worship the gods...because they worship the Invisible God instead, who doesn't really intervene like the pantheon does. The "gods" are held to be lesser figures not worthy of devotion except maybe as saints of the Invisible God.
* GiantSpider
** ''Into the Troll Realms'', adventure "Skyfall Lake". Crab City has spiders that are as large as a mammoth.
** ''Dorastor: Land of Doom''. Of the Spider Folk who live in the Spider Woods, the largest type are the Great Mother Spiders. They can reach a Size of 54, which means they weigh just less than 7,000 lb.
* GodCouple: Yelm and Dendara, Orlanth and Ernalda.
* GodEmperor: The Red Emperor is this for the Lunar Empire.
* GodIsDead: Orlanth killed Yelm and it [[TheNightThatNeverEnds ended]] [[HellOnEarth badly]]. Luckily he got better, thanks to Orlanth's RedemptionQuest.
* GodOfEvil
** Wakboth the [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Devil]].
** The Unholy Trio, a subset of the Chaos gods, are even more so-even Chaos worshipers hate them.
** The Vadeli believe the Invisible God is trying to kill Himself and destroy the entire world in the process (as they are coterminous to some extent), which explains the Darkness et cetera. They want in on the action, and believe everyone else is cowardly and impious for not letting God die. Of course, everyone else that even believes in the Invisible God (i.e. Westerners, mostly) disagrees with their assessment.
* GreyAndGrayMorality: A main staple of the setting, though [[BigBad Wakboth]] and the Unholy Trio are [[MadGod pitch]] [[GodofEvil black]].
* HitPoints: Averted. Hit points generally do not increase with experience. No matter how bad ass an adventurer is, an axe to their head will ruin their whole day.
* HornAttack: The following Gloranthan creatures have horn/butt attacks: bison, broo, broobats, rhino, sable (antelope), sky bull, unicorn.
* IKnowYourTrueName: ''Gygax'' magazine #4 article "Djinn: Spirits between Heaven and Hell". All jinn (imps, djinn, foliots, ifrits and marids) can only be summoned if the magician knows their true name.
* LovecraftianSuperpower: Exposure to Primal Chaos can give you "Chaos Features", neat powers that often come with horrific physical manifestations. But you can also be BlessedWithSuck and end up with "Chaos Flaws".
* LoveGoddess: Uleria.
* {{Lunacy}}: In addition to the standard Earth, Air, Fire and Water elementals, Glorantha also has Darkness and Moon elementals. Moon Elementals cause temporary insanity by touch.
* MadGod: Ragnaglar of the Unholy Trio.
* TheMaker: The patron deity of the Mostali (dwarves), who they literally refer to by this title.
* MamaBear: In Durulz mythology, after Yelm invaded their ancestral home of Ganderland and drove the ducks away, Canarda, their goddess of motherhood and literal mother of their species, stayed behind. Once she was alone, she walked right up to Yelm, ignoring the way his fiery aura burned her, and gave him an ArmorPiercingSlap. He was so impressed that he allowed her to limp away after her children unharmed and called off his war.
* MultiArmedAndDangerous
** In the default world of Glorantha, the giant Grotarons (a.k.a. Trimanes and Maidstone Archers) have a third arm where their head would be (and eyes on the backs of their hands and a mouth in their solar plexus...) They use massive bows, held in their left and right arms and drawn with their top arms.
** Supplement ''Dorastor: Land of Doom''. The Chaos creature Yeachi has four arms. It uses them to fire arrows from two bows at once in ranged combat or hit opponents with the bows (attacking with them as if they were staffs) in melee combat.
* {{Mythopoeia}}
* NeverMessWithGranny
** Esrolia is matriarchal. Glorantha creator Greg Stafford has pointed out that this does not mean "rule by women" - it means "rule by mothers", specifically, Grandmothers, the heads of extensive matriarchal patrician (matrician?) clans (and their clients). Some of them are genuinely well-meaning and benign; others are ruthless, controlling, manipulative tyrants. All of them are iron-willed, powerful Earth priestesses with decades of positively Byzantine political experience, and so none of them are to be messed with.
** Older troll leaders tend to fall under this too. Female trolls don't tend to venture out of the dark or fight with weapons much - they have expendable males for that. But if threatened or provoked, troll "grannies" usually have a vast arsenal of dark magic and demons to throw at an enemy.
* NeverMyFault:
** In the mythical history of the Durulz, Yelm demanded three times that the Durulz fly down and save him from being trapped in Hell after Orlanth killed him. They refused him each time. When Orlanth was finally forced to rescue Yelm to end the Darkness, Yelm was determined to destroy the Durulz utterly for refusing him, changing his mind only when the rest of the Sky Gods persuaded him that a FateWorseThanDeath would be more fitting. Completely ignoring that he ''earned'' their enmity by invading their ancestral homeland, burning it into a lifeless desert and slaughtering them until they were forced to flee, an invasion he launched only because their pantheon had made friends with Orlanth.
** The keets hold a bitter resentment for all non-keet races, blaming them for ingratitude in the face of the keets saving Vithela from being completely destroyed by the demon Zmalak. Completely ignoring that Zmalak's plan to shatter the continent only succeeded because the keets were too busy bickering and fighting with each other and everyone else to stop it -- to the point ''the demon himself'' gave the keets a TheReasonYouSuckSpeech calling them out on their petty squabbling before casting his continent-shattering spell.
* TheNightThatNeverEnds: This is what happens when you kill the Sun God. And then it gets worse.
* OnlyAFleshWound: Averted, due to the hit-location system. Characters can get crippled very easily in combat.
* OrderVersusChaos: Lunar Empire versus Orlanthi, big time. It was kind of a weird case - the Lunar Empire promotes (cosmic) Chaos but is ''very'' organized, whereas the Orlanthi are Chaos-hating barbarian berserkers.
* OurMonstersAreDifferent: Glorantha is famous for its many, many odd creatures, and for being one of the earliest settings in which playing as a monster was ''encouraged''. You can even play intelligent ducks, called Durulz in ''[=RuneQuest=]''. (It has its advantages: small size, high Dexterity, and hardly anyone notices a Duck perfect for a thief/rogue or a mage. And you know what? They have their own island empire in the far East.)
** AllTrollsAreDifferent: Among other things, they're matriarchial, cannibalistic, and [[ExtremeOmnivore Extreme Omnivores]]. You could argue that they're pre-Blizzard [[OurOrcsAreDifferent Blizzard-style Orcs]].
** OurDragonsAreDifferent: True Dragons are beings of unfathomable power, and human beings can become dragons if they follow Draconic Mysticism. The Empire of Wyrmfriends wants to [[AssimilationPlot assimilate everybody into being dragons]].
** OurElvesAreBetter: They're kind-of dryads, or PlantAliens.
** OurDwarvesAreAllTheSame: Massively averted. Dwarves are made into one of several castes, very different from each other. And they are not Viking-like, they are instead living tools dedicated to repairing the once-perfect World Machine.
** OurGodsAreDifferent: The gods gave up their free will as part of the peace treaty that ended the Gods' War (the war that nearly destroyed them, and the world). Now the gods are locked into their roles, unable to choose to change--though it's possible that their ''worshipers'' can change the gods, by changing the myths or by going on mystical quests into the Godtime.
* OurOgresAreHungrier: They're a Chaotic subrace of humans who look like handsome, tall people with sharp teeth. And yes, they're cannibals. Cannibals who can [[TheyLookLikeEveryoneElse look like normal humans]].
** OurVampiresAreDifferent: Most commonly associated with the Chaos god Vivamort, the vampires are immortal and possess some frightening abilities, but are also severely handicapped by the various elemental curses placed on them by the gods due to their treachery (being fervently hated both by Humakt as undead and by Urox as Chaos isn't a good place to be either). Sunlight doesn't destroy them, but does take away their powers; to sleep, they require special soil, as regular earth had rejected them. Their mist form is scattered by winds, but their greatest weakness is probably running water (a fact eagerly exploited by duck undead-fighters, of course...). A drop from the river Styx would destroy a vampire in an instant. And notably, in some versions, they're also extra vulnerable to swords - as they are the image of the Death rune, that they seek to escape from.
* PettingZooPeople: The Durulz, who appear as anthropomorphic birds, divided into two major tribes; the Ducks and the Keets, with the latter being made up of various species (flamingos, pelicans, penguins, auks, herons, swordbills, peacocks, etc).
* PlagueMaster: Malia, the Mother of Disease.
* PlantPerson: The elves.
* PoisonIsCorrosive: Supplement ''Dorastor: Land of Doom''. The claws of the powerful evil Chaos being Cacodemon inject a potent corrosive venom that can inflict up to 114 HitPoints of damage. The claws of his Fiend minions inject a similar poison that can do up to 20 HitPoints of damage.
* {{Pride}}: The God Learners thought that they could do whatever they wanted with those ridiculous pagan deities. Boy were they wrong.
* RainbowMotif: Supplement ''Dorastor: Land of Doom''. The rainbow gorp can change from one color to another. Each color gives it a different Chaos Feature: red (increase Size by 11), orange ({{regeneration}} 1 HitPoint per round), yellow (12 points of skin armor), green ({{regeneration}} 6 {{Hit Point}}s per round), blue (turn into a harmless appearing pile of dust) and purple (absorb spells that cost up to two magic points).
* RedemptionQuest: Orlanth's ToHellAndBack.
* {{Retcon}}: In Mongoose Runequest, Zistorites wore cyborg-esque mechamagical implants. In Mongoose Runequest II, they wear magical tattoos instead.
* ScienceIsBad: Almost everyone outside Zistorwal hated the scientific method-based Zistor project. Probably with good reason.
* SdrawkcabName: ''Into the Troll Realms'', adventure "The Flying Trollkin". Nesretep is the leader of the title criminals. Sandy Petersen co-wrote the supplement.
* SoulJar: Avalon Hill's ''Heroes'' magazine article "New Spells for TabletopGame/RuneQuest 3". The Invulnerability spell allows the caster to remove his own heart without dying and hide it away somewhere. As long as the heart is undamaged the rest of the caster's body is immune to physical damage. If the heart is destroyed the caster will turn to dust.
* SpiritWorld: The Otherworld.
* SubsystemDamage: Under the hit-location system, physical damage (and some types of spell damage) are applied to specific body locations.
* SuicidalCosmicTemperTantrum: The broo's primary motivation.
* SupernaturalMartialArts
** Mostly gained through Kralorelan mysticism, by monastic adepts who give in to temptations of power while ostensibly trying to AscendToAHigherPlaneOfExistence (most of the students, frankly, are just there to try to reach the really ''good'' temptations).
** Battle magic is something in between this and FullContactMagic.
* SuperSpit: Supplement ''Dorastor: Land of Doom''
** The Gnarl, one of the Slime Broos gang, can spit acid up to 20 meters away that does 12 HitPoints of damage to a hit location of his choice.
** The Spit Snake is one type of Chaos Snake. Each Spit Snake can spit a different liquid substance, such as potent acid, a skunk spray-like oil, glue, contact poison, dyes, and one that gives off a smell that attracts Chaos creatures.
** The Howler can spit acid 9 times per day that does up to 20 HitPoints of damage.
** The three-headed Chaos creature Yeachi can spit acid from its central head (that does up to 32 HitPoints of damage) five times per day.
* TooDumbToLive: Hey, God Learners and Empire of Wyrm's Friends? Did ya ever think that ''maybe'' mucking around with the ''source code of reality '''might''''' have consequences down the line? Like, say, forcing a pair of goddesses to do the others' job as a ''thought experiment?'' Given how you managed to blow yourselves up, guess not.
* ToHellAndBack: The Lightbringers, to rescue Yelm and end the Greater Darkness.
* TopGod: Many pantheons have one, but Sedenya, Yelm and Orlanth are the most important. Arachne Solara can be seen as a [[GodofGods Goddess of Gods]].
* TricksterArchetype: Several.
* VampiricDraining
** Supplement ''Dorastor: Land of Doom''
*** A lamia drains Strength from a victim by biting them and Power by kissing them.
*** When a succubus in female form has sex with a male she drains one point of Constitution from him.
*** When a vampire bites its victim it doesn't just drain blood, it drains Fatigue as well.
** ''Gygax'' magazine #4 article "Djinn: Spirits between Heaven and Hell". All jinn can replenish lost magic points by draining the LifeEnergy of a living creature. Each point of Power in the victim yields two magic points.
* WarGod: Several.
* WeakenedByTheLight: Several Gloranthan creatures are demoralized by daylight, the cave troll can't regenerate damage taken while in daylight, and ghouls lose one Magic Point per hour in direct sunlight.
* WeirdMoon: Glorantha has never had a conventional Earthlike moon. The Blue Moon is tiny and rarely visible save as a streak of light, whereas the Red Moon is of recent vintage, ripped from the middle of Dara Happa, and hovers in place over the Lunar Empire, revolving to show a red side and a black side. It is said that a White Moon may rise someday.
* AYearAndADay: In Avalon Hill's ''Sun County'' supplement, a village was renamed Repentance for this period for failing to pay its annual cult remittances.