[[TheSeventies 1970s]] British {{sitcom}} ostensibly about the humorous misadventures of a Roman slave, Lurcio, before Vesuvius erupted. In reality, it was merely a vehicle for comedian and actor Creator/FrankieHowerd, who would frequently drop out of character to speak to the audience and complain about the quality of the scripts, plots, acting and even the audience themselves.

Based on ''Theatre/AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum'', itself based on the Roman comedies of Plautus and Terence, which were in turn based on the Greek New Comedy of Menander.

The series got a film adaptation in 1971. The film was followed by two sequels, ''Up the Chastity Belt'' and ''Up the Front'', which also starred Howerd and relocated the setting to Medieval England and World War I France respectively.
!!This show provides examples of:
* ActingForTwo: One episode centres around an assassination attempt on Caesar - who coincidentally looks exactly like Lurcio, Naturally, Frankie Howerd does not miss a single opportunity to lampshade this and is constantly stepping out of character to comment on his own incredible acting skills in playing two different characters.[[invoked]]
* BreakingTheFourthWall: Lurcio/Howerd's asides to the audience.
* BritishBrevity: Only 13 regular episodes were ever made (2 series), plus a pilot and two (much) [[SequelGap later]] one-off episodes. Is an unusually concentrated example even for this trope, as all 13 aired within a single year, 1970. The second series was made and broadcast just ''four months'' after the first.
* {{Catchphrase}}:
** Several, most enduringly "Titter ye not", as Lurcio would admonish the audience after another DoubleEntendre.
** And "The Prologue" (which he never quite finishes, and sometimes barely starts).
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar: Frankie Howerd would constantly upbraid the audience for the dirty spin they would put on supposedly perfectly innocent lines.
* IdenticalGrandson: At least two canonical examples -- Sir Lurkalot in ''Up the Chastity Belt'', and Mr. Lurk in ''Up the Front'' -- and an implied third, namely the museum curator in the present-day epilogue of the ''Up Pompeii'' film.
* KillEmAll: The Movie may well be the only seventies British comedy that ends by killing the entire cast. And in the manner that you'd expect as well, given the title.
** Though ''Radio/TheGoonShow'' also killed off its cast with the eruption of Pompeii in one episode, a couple decades before this (They got better, thanks to NoContinuity).
** An Eighties sitcom, ''Series/TheBlackadder'', also ended with all the major cast being killed (by poison).
* TheMovie: Which replaced nearly all of the cast, barring Frankie Howerd, with different actors.
* RunningGag: Lurcio's inability to finish his prologue.
* ServileSnarker: Lurcio
* SlaveGalley: In The Movie, Frankie has a HaveWeMet moment with another slave. He doesn't recognize the other guy at first, and the other guy only realizes when he sees the back of his head. He sat behind him in the galley, so that's all he saw of him for all those years, but he would recognize it ''anywhere'' after that.
* SubvertedRhymeEveryOccasion: Nausius's odes.