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The longest-running TV series with a predominantly African American cast in the history of American television, ''The Jeffersons'' aired for eleven seasons (1975-85) on Creator/{{CBS}}. It features an upper-class black couple, George and Louise Jefferson, and is a SpinOff of ''Series/AllInTheFamily'', in which the characters had been the neighbors of Archie and Edith Bunker.

Although created (like its parent show) by NormanLear, it wasn't that political. Still, it was the first series to prominently feature a mixed-racial couple, Helen and Tom Willis.

The show had its own spin-off, titled ''Checking In'' and centered on the character of housekeeper Florence. Low ratings led to its cancellation after just four episodes, and Florence returned to ''The Jeffersons''.

The show did not get a proper finale, as it was ended early due to ExecutiveMeddling on the part of Creator/{{CBS}}. Most of the cast found out after the last episode, but actor Sherman Hemsley didn't know until he read about it in the newspaper.

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!!Provides Examples Of:

* AlohaHawaii / VacationEpisode: The Jeffersons and Willises take a trip to Hawaii in a four-episode season 7 arc.
* AmicableExes: In the season 11 two-parter "Sayonara", Lionel and Jenny--having returned from a stay in Japan--announce they're divorcing. By the end of the episode it's implied they'll be this, although neither character appears again on the show.
* AnonymousBenefactor: The ChristmasEpisode "984 W. 124th Street, Apt. 5C" has George sending money and presents to the current residents of the Harlem apartment he grew up in, so their holidays will be less deprived than his own had been.
* AscendedExtra: Florence proved so popular with viewers she got her own title card and spinoff, ''Checking In''. Florence was the inspiration for Marla Gibbs to play [[SassyBlackWoman Mary Jenkins]] in the more successful ''227'' at the end of the show's run.
* AutomobileOpening: George and Louise are in a taxi folling the moving truck on the way to their new apartment.
* BlackGalOnWhiteGuyDrama: The Willises, who suffer no end of derision from George.
* TheBoxingEpisode
* TheBusCameBack: Mr. Bentley moved away at the end of season 7, then moved back at the beginning of season 10.
** Florence also when her spinoff ''Checking In'' didn't check out.
* ChildishPillowFight: In one episode, George and Louise are given a pair of foam bats as a part of couples therapy. At the end of the episode they, the Willises, and Florence all go after each other (in a playful way) with the bats and some throw pillows for those without bats. A clip of the scene is used in the opening credits of the later seasons.
* ChristmasEpisode: Several.
** "The Christmas Wedding" (season 3); "984 W. 124th Street, Apt. 5C" (season 4); "George Finds a Father" (season 5); "All I Want for Christmas" (season 7); "Father Christmas" (season 10).
* ClipShow: The three-part episode "George and Louise in a Bind," in which the Jeffersons are tied up by a robber and begin reminiscing, leading to flashbacks (including from their time on ''AllInTheFamily'').
* DropInCharacter: Mr. Bentley.
* FunnyForeigner: Mr Bentley is a stock English example.
* GangInitiationFight: A deconstruction. Jenny embeds herself with a street gang in order to do an "inside" story about them. One of the gang members she meets is a pledge and he has to participate in a gang fight before he can become a full member. That evening the gang has a fight with another gang, and the pledge is killed during the fight.
* GeorgeJetsonJobSecurity: Florence, especially during the early years. At least once, Florence ''did'' get fired ... only for her habit of eavesdropping on George's telephone conversations to save him from a potential scam two con artists had wanted to sell George delivery vans that had been damaged in a flood and it also saves Florence's job. By the early 1980s, the trope no longer applied and Florence's place in the Jeffersons' lives was secure.
* HeightAngst: George Jefferson is visibly shorter than his wife Louise, and their maid enjoys needling George about his size. Calling him "runt" is George's BerserkButton.
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: George.
* MalignedMixedMarriage: The Willises, at least from George's POV.
* {{Mammy}}: Florence subverts the trope.
* MistakenForCheating: Happens twice:
** In one episode George meets with his old navy buddy who had a sex change (see below).
** In another George has been working late even though Louise doesn't like it. When he tries to sneak in and is caught she believes he's having an affair and he tells her this rather than let her know the truth.
** Subverted in another episode, where Louise confronts George about mysterious withdrawals from their banking account and unexplained visits out of town. (This turned into a JerkWithAHeartOfGold moment, as Louise eventually tracked down George to an apartment in the Bronx ... their old apartment, where a black couple and young son were living. George was helping the couple financially as the father was trying to find a good job.)
** Subverted in another episode where Louise finds George in a hotel room with a lovely young woman (long story, but it is completely innocent), but instantly believes him when he tells her nothing is going on between them, because she notices that he doesn't display the physical tic that usually tells her that he's lying.
* NWordPrivileges: Rarely did Norman Lear's comedies use the word "nigger," but the notable exception is "Sorry, Wrong Meeting," where two Klu Klux Klansmen freely use the slur towards the regular characters.
** Usually, this trope was reversed when George calls various white people especially Tom a "honky" and his daughter-in-law a "zebra" (the slur for a bi-racial person born to a Caucasian and an African-American). At least once, however, George uses the term in front of a child he is baby-sitting, and when the kid uses it to one of George's clients, it jeopardizes a lucrative business deal.
** Tom also used the word once, asking George how he would like it if he called him a "nigger", in response to George calling Tom a "honky".
* OldFriendNewGender: George goes to visit his old Navy buddy Eddie Stokes, only to find out he's now Edie Stokes.
* PoorlyDisguisedPilot: "The Jeffersons Move on Up", which aired as an episode of ''All in the Family''.
* PrettyInMink: A few furs showed up, including Tom buying Helen a red fox jacket after taking a stock tip from George.
* PrettyFlyForAWhiteGuy: In one episode, George tries to teach Tom how to "act black," in order to fit in with Helen's friends.
* RepeatingSoTheAudienceCanHear: George's phone conversations.
* SassyBlackWoman: Florence.
* ServileSnarker: Florence, again.
* SharedUniverse: With ''All in the Family'' and its other SpinOff, ''Series/{{Maude}}'' (and ''its'' spin off, ''Series/GoodTimes'').
** George and Louise made an appearance in ''TheFreshPrinceOfBelAir''.
* SpinoffSendoff: In the pilot, as Louise is packing the kitchen Edith Bunker comes over from next door to wish them luck in their new place.
* StealthInsult: Mother Jefferson's specialty, directed at Louise.
* UncannyFamilyResemblance: The "Father Christmas" episode has Sherman Helmsley (George) and Franklin Cover (Tom) playing their characters' fathers via flashback.
* WeddingDay: Lionel and Jenny get married on December 24 in the first ChristmasEpisode.
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