[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/sanford.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:350:S-A-N-F-O-R-D Period.]]

->'''Lamont Sanford''': You know what they say, the truth will set you free.\\
'''Fred Sanford''': Your uncle Edgar told the truth, and the judge gave him six months.

A DomCom (of sorts) from {{sitcom}} kingpin NormanLear about a {{Grumpy Old Man}} and his [[OnlySaneMan long-suffering son]] who live in a [[PerpetualPoverty rundown house situated in the middle of a junkyard]]. {{Hilarity ensues}}. An [[TransAtlanticEquivalent Americanization]] of the British sitcom ''SteptoeAndSon''.

Redd Foxx and Demond Wilson played the title characters of Fred and Lamont Sanford from January 14, 1972 until March 25, 1977 on NBC and shared the screen with a number of memorable supporting players (notably Whitman Mayo as the forgetful Grady Wilson and [=LaWanda Page=] as bible-thumping harridan Esther Anderson). The father-son duo engaged in frequent arguments about everything under the sun and truly got on each other's nerves, but despite the loud fights and constant disappointments [[OddCouple the two remained devoted to each other]]. The series was one of the highest rated sitcoms of the 1970s before [[CreativeDifferences internal strife]] caused both Foxx and Wilson to walk away from the show in the spring of 1977; subsequent {{spinoff}}s and revivals failed to recapture the magic.

!!! "Read the tropes, dummy!":

* AbsenteeActor: Foxx's salary-related departures derailed the show on several occasions, in one instance leading to [[RealLifeWritesThePlot Whitman Mayo's temporary elevation to lead actor]].
** Demond Wilson also missed an occasional episode here and there... and ''both'' Foxx and Wilson were absent for, "[[PoorlyDisguisedPilot The Family Man]]", the Season Four finale.
* AccidentalMisnaming: In his early post-{{retcon}} appearances, Grady repeatedly forgets Lamont's name and has to be prompted, despite the fact that Lamont is his godson and he is a frequent visitor to the Sanford home. Later, it is revealed that Lamont's middle name is in fact "Grady" and the {{running gag}} was dropped.
* {{Aftershow}}: 1980's ''Series/{{Sanford}}''. Before that was ''The Sanford Arms'': during the opening scene, Grady comes to the house and discovers that Fred and Lamont had moved to Arizona ([[PutOnABusToHell without telling Grady, a lifelong friend and the godfather of his son]]) [[HandWave "because of Fred's health"]], the house had been sold to a widower named Phil Wheeler, who had seemingly overnight turned it into the head office of a fully operational hotel that now employed Bubba.
* TheAlcoholic: Aunt Esther's husband Woodrow. see HeyItsThatGuy.
* AlohaHawaii: The two-part [[SeasonalRot Season 6]] episode "The Hawaiian Connection" has Fred and Lamont attending a ''[[WeirdTradeUnion Junkmen of America]]'' convention in [[HulaAndLuaus Honolulu]], and getting tangled up with a [[TheFamilyForTheWholeFamily wacky gang]] of jewel smugglers.
* AmbiguouslyGay: An antiques collector who hires Fred and Lamont to move a piano in "The Piano Movers". Fred spends most of the episode doing everything short of outright asking him to find out if he is or not.
* ArsonMurderAndJaywalking: In "The Hawaiian Connection", after the diamond smugglers are apprehended and arrested, Fred and Lamont are also taken into custody for their own misdemeanors in trying to elude the smugglers, including:
--> "Not returning stolen property, not paying for a taxi ride from the airport to the nightclub, not paying an eight-dollar cover charge at Don Ho's, ''[[SeriousBusiness doing a rotten hula]]'', and stealing a car."
* AsideGlance: When the creator of ''[[ShowWithinAShow Steinberg and Son]]'' (in the episode of the same name) explains that no one wanted to see a [[LeaningOnTheFourthWall sitcom about an old African-American junk dealer and his grown loser son]], Fred/Redd [[BreakingTheFourthWall breaks the fourth wall]] to give the audience a shocked glance. In fact, the whole episode is full of [[HistoricalInJoke Historical In-Jokes]] regarding the series.
** Fred does this far more often than one may think; he particularly will turn to the audience after another character says something ironic, or leaves him dumbfounded.
* AwLookTheyReallyDoLoveEachOther: Despite the insults, Lamont would never leave his father to fare alone. Well, [[LongBusTrip until he actually did]] in the ''Series/{{Sanford}}'' revival in 1980 to work on the Alaskan pipeline.
** Additionally, despite their mutual disdain for each other, Fred and Aunt Esther would invariably put their differences aside in times of each other's need – such as the time Fred helped convince a by-the-book case worker that Aunt Esther would make a good mother to a young orphan – or in the rare event they actually agreed on something they thought was an injustice.
* BadBadActing: Inverted in the earthquake episode, all throughout Fred's exodus to Las Vegas, the extras constantly break reality: as Fred walks down the street after departing the bus, other pedestrians around him have idiotic grins on their faces; when he encounters Steve and Eydie Gorme in the casino, a group of men in the background just stand there and watch the taping in progress (it doesn't they're all wearing matching white t-shirts with red hearts, making them stand out like sore thumbs); when Fred later walks towards an outdoor fountain, in the distance, we see a security guard clearly holding tourists back trying to take Fred/Redd Foxx's picture.
* BeleagueredAssistant: Lamont often points out that he does the majority of the actual work while Fred spends most of his day watching television and sleeping.
* CatchPhrase: "You big dummy!" "Watch it, sucker!" "...on account of my arthur-its."
** ...and of course: "This is the big one!/This is it! Hear that Elizabeth? I'm comin' to join ya, honey!"
** Later episodes often had Fred introduce himself as "I'm Fred G. Sanford, and the [[MysteriousMiddleInitial G]] is for (whatever the main setup for the plot was)"
** Grady had "Good goobely woop!".
* CelebrityParadox: Junk dealer Fred Sanford meets Redd Foxx, nightclub comic and television star. However, [[ActorAllusion Fred's the only one to see any resemblance]].
* CelebrityStar: The last two seasons are full of these, a number of different episodes featuring special celebrity guest stars, including Della Reese, George Foreman, Don Ho, B.B. King, and even Redd Foxx in a dual role AsHimself.
* CharacterizationMarchesOn: In the early episodes Lamont is shown to be almost as greedy as Fred (sometimes more so) and having a great disdain for Fred's girlfriend Donna whom he calls "The Barracuda". Not much later Lamont becomes the more sensitive of the two and often acts as somebody trying to broaden his father's horizons and even becomes quite friendly with Donna.
* ChuckCunninghamSyndrome: Melvin - Fred's best friend, pre-Grady and Bubba.
** Julio after Season Four, and for really no explanation (that's when the Sanfords bought his property and turned it into the Sanford Arms boarding house).
* {{Cloudcuckoolander}}: Usually Grady, but Officer Hoppy had his moments.
* {{Crossover}}:
** Inverted with ''Series/HawaiiFiveO'', of all shows. While none of the characters from the series are seen, there are several references to Steve [=McGarrett=], even by the in-Sanford-universe Five-O's Chief of Police, implying that a [=McGarrett=] (famous hair and all) actually works for the actual Hawaii Five-O. Likewise, whenever detectives arrive on a scene, or enter frame, the then-current ''Hawaii Five-O'' theme song plays.
** Also inverted with the original series of ''Series/MissionImpossible'', in the same episode, as Greg Morris made a guest appearance as one of the diamond smugglers; in two different scenes when he sneaks into Fred and Lamont's hotel room, the ''Mission: Impossible'' theme plays.
* CueTheRain: During a disastrous camping trip, Lamont notes that [[RockBottom it could be worse]]. When his father asks how, Lamont notes "It could snow." Sure enough, it instantly starts snowing right there and then.
** In one episode, for his birthday, Fred gets a new hat. [[ChekhovsGun Both repeatedly state how it would get spots if worn in the rain]]. After Fred rudely reacts to just about every other gift Lamont gives him, Lamont finally gets fed up and leaves him at a Chinese restaurant. When Fred walks out, wearing the hat...
* DarkAndTroubledPast: ''Esther'', of all characters, is implied to have this! In one episode, a friend of the Sanford family pays Fred and Lamont a visit, claiming that he is actually Lamont's father, because at a younger age, he snuck into the Winfield household, and into Elizabeth's room for a sexual encounter, only for it to be revealed towards the end that it was actually ''Esther'' 's room he snuck into. Esther is visibly ashamed of her past deed, but is quick to point out that she has repented of her sinful ways. On another interesting note, apparently in-universe, she and ''BBKing'' were an item, he even writes about her (only by initials: E.W.) in his memoirs, and claims that losing her is what made him turn to singing the blues.
* DomesticAbuse: Fred occasionally threatened Lamont with a Louisville Slugger, but hopefully only in jest. [[DudeNotFunny Otherwise, it's a bit disturbing]].
* DopeSlap: Fred to Lamont, usually saying, "Shut up, dummy!"
* DropInCharacter: Grady, Aunt Esther, [[ButtMonkey Bubba Bexley]], Officers Smitty and Hoppy, etc. In other words, the entire supporting cast.
* EarlyInstallmentWeirdness: The first season, while having the same tone as most of the others, lacks many members of the show's memorable supporting cast (see DropInCharacter above for a partial list) that would give episodes their flavor. Most of these would be introduced in the second season. (Part of this the result of a number of first season ''Sanford'' episodes being adapted ''Series/SteptoeAndSon'' scripts.)
* ElSpanishO: Done hilariously in the episode "Julio and Sister and Nephew", in which Julio's sister and nephew stay with him, but his nephew, Roberto, has problems at school, so Fred reluctantly tags along to translate the principal's words for them.
-->'''Fred:''' He says Roberto is el dummo.
-->'''Principal:''' No, no, no, I didn't, I said the teacher is unable to teach him.
-->'''Fred:''' Principalo says el ''teacho'' is the dummo.
-->'''Principal:''' ''No I didn't!''
* EnemyMine: As much as Fred and Esther despised each other, in the episode featuring "Big Money" Grip, they both teamed up to challenge him on his claim that he was Lamont's father.
* {{Expy}}: Not only is the entire series this for the British sitcom ''SteptoeAndSon'', but Norman Lear intended Fred himself to be the black expy of [[AllInTheFamily Archie Bunker]].
* EverythingIsRacist: While this show often invoked this, especially given the time period, there are a few specific examples where this trope is utilized for a laugh, such as Fred, Lamont, and Rollo finding a gun left behind by a burglar; Fred suggests taking the gun to the police, since that's what people do, but Rollo argues that's what ''white'' people do, if any of them brought the gun to the police, they'd be thrown into jail.
** In "Fred Sanford the Legal Eagle", Lamont gets traffic ticket for failure to yield the right-of-way, even though the other motorist ran the red light; Lamont believes he was given the ticket for being black (as the office issuing the ticket was white, as was the man who ran the red light).
** Fred often displays bigotry towards other ethnicities: he opposes Julio moving in next door because he hates Puerto Ricans, he opposes Lamont being friends with Ah Chew because he hates Japanese, and he opposes his little sister being married to a white man... you get the idea. But interestingly, Fred invokes reverse-prejudice when Lamont insists he sees a dentist for a toothache, but Fred's only condition is that he see a white dentist, because (he thinks) only white people would actually go to a highly recommended and establish dental school, and get diplomas, and therefore, would actually certified for dentistry as opposed any black dentist who probably went to a ghetto facility without proper and full education.
* FatBestFriend: Bubba. Fred lampshades this in, "Lamont as Othello", where he and Bubba ''both'' have "the big one", to which Fred exclaims, "I'm comin' Elizabeth! With a fat friend!"
* TheFunInFuneral: In one episode Lamont brings home two (hopefully not used) coffins which Fred refuses to let in the house.
* GameShowAppearance: Fred, Lamont and Bubba appear on Fred's favorite show - ''TheGongShow''.
** Fred, Bubba and Grady also appeared on a ''LetsMakeADeal'' {{Expy}} called ''Wheel And Deal'' to win a prize for Fred to give to Lamont for his birthday.
* GiantSpider: Fred and Lamont go camping, where at one point, Fred finds a big-ass spider hiding in his coat pocket.
* HollywoodHeartAttack: If not the perfect example, surely the [[MostTriumphantExample the most triumphant one]]. It's the running gag where Fred – when something doesn't go his way, he doesn't get his way or he's otherwise upset or surprised – clutches his heart and does the "I'm coming, 'Lizabeth" routine. Lamont – fooled at least 20 times beforehand (per the series premiere) and dozens more [[OncePerEpisode throughout the course of the series]] – would just roll his eyes and go outside to unload the truck as though nothing was wrong.
** At least once, Lamont took Fred to the doctor after another of his father's fake heart attacks to try to knock some sense into him and warn him that [[CryingWolf he may well be ignored when he is suffering an actual heart attack]]. (In real life, that's what happened to Redd ... and it killed him.)
** Both Bubba and Lamont each also have, "The Big One" at least once - Bubba when and Fred both see what appears to be Lamont strangling a white woman to death, and Lamont when Fred actually brings LenaHorne to the house; Lamont even says, "I'm coming, Mom! Your boy's coming to join you... with a mustache!"
* {{Hustler}}: Lamont's best friend [[LoveableRogue Rollo Lawson]], who happened to be an ex-con and frequently enlists him in his [[ZanyScheme outrageous schemes]].
* InstrumentalThemeTune: "The Streetbeater", by Quincy Jones.
* JugglingLoadedGuns: After Lamont buys an old musket, Fred starts explaining how his [[UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution Revolutionary War]]-era ancestor fought the British. The gun goes off, and both Fred and Lamont begin thinking that he killed a neighbor across the street.
* LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters: So many, in fact, that they tried [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Sanford_Arms a spin-off]] without the main characters.
* {{Malaproper}}: Usually Fred, but [[TokenWhite Officer Hoppy]] frequently misused 'street lingo'.
** Not to mention Grady.
* MalcolmXerox: Lamont, in "Lamont Goes African"
* MissingMom: Elizabeth, up in Heaven [[RunningGag waiting for Fred to join her]].
* MistakenForDying: Fred, in "The Over-The-Hill Gang".
* MistakenForGay: When Rollo led Lamont into a gay bar to be "adventurous", Fred and Bubba see them enter and begin thinking they are gay to Fred's panic. When they decide to investigate, Fred and Bubba enter the bar...only for Lamont and Rollo to see and begin thinking the same thing about them. Lamont likewise begins freaking out.
* MyNaymeIs: S-A-N-F-O-R-D Period. Frequenty, he'd end this with "The G stands for ... " whatever "more-bark-than-bite" physical or legal threat met Fred's situation.
* MysteriousMiddleInitial: Whatever the "G." stands for – usually "gonna get this" (showing a fist) or some other way to antagonize whomever Fred was trying to get his way with.
* NWordPrivileges: But usually not in [[EditedForSyndication syndication]]. And Fred's attacks on other ethnic and minority groups that got big laughs in the 1970's [[OnceAcceptableTargets would never fly today]]. [[AcceptableEthnicTargets Or would they?]]
** Presently, TV One broadcasts of the show leave Fred's (and occasional other characters') use of the N-word intact.
* OncePerEpisode: Fred's fake heart attacks.
* PlayingGertrude: Whitman Mayo was only 40 when he portrayed Grady Wilson.
** Redd Foxx himself was only 50 when he played Fred Sanford.
* PoorlyDisguisedPilot: "The Family Man", for ''Grady''
** There was an episode where Lamont was about to marry longtime girlfriend Janet. Before they could wed, Janet's assumed dead husband returns and she and Lamont do not marry. This was the basis for the show ''Baby I'm Back'', in which things were changed around and Demond Wilson played the role of the the presumed dead husband after ''Sanford And Son'' was cancelled.
* PutOnABus: Literally, as Fred look a ''long'' trip to St. Louis while Redd Foxx was [[WrittenInAbsence holding out for a raise]].
** Lamont in both {{Aftershow}}s. In ''TheSanfordArms'' he and Fred have both moved to Arizona while in ''Series/{{Sanford}}'' he's said to be working on an oil pipeline in Alaska.
** Bubba and Grady seemed to take turns getting on and off the bus throughout the series; one season will feature Grady more than Bubba, while Bubba is seen more than Grady another. Although rare, there are a few occasions where Bubba and Grady appear in the same episode, such as, "The Surprise Party", "The Masquerade Party", and "School Days".
* RaceLift
* RealLifeRelative: Redd Foxx's daughter, Debraca, appears in the episode, "Fred Meets Redd", as part of in-universe Redd Foxx's personal staff.
* RecycledSet: One set in particular is used over and over again whenever a scene takes place inside a shop, and has been used for a pawn shop where Fred, Lamont, and Rollo try to sell a gun, a dress shop where Lamont's new girlfriend works, and eventually Woody and Esther's department store.
* {{Retcon}}: Grady Wilson was originally Fred's cousin, married, and had a daughter with designs on Lamont. By his second appearance, the wife, daughter and blood relationship with Fred had been dropped, with Grady now an old family friend.
** This is also a case of TheOtherDarrin, as Grady was played by a completely different actor in his debut episode. Later still, Grady has a family again - Season Four's, "Family Man" was essentially a PoorlyDisguisedPilot for Grady's own spinoff, in which, he visits and stays with his well-off daughter and her family.
* {{Revival}}: ''Series/{{Sanford}}''
* RunningGag: In the last couple of seasons, whenever there's a knock at the door, Fred will tell Lamont that he'll get it, only to then call out, "Come in!"
* ScrewPolitenessImASenior
* SesquipedalianLoquaciousness: Officers Hopkins and Swanhauser tended to fill their explanations with so much police jargon and legal terminology that Officer Smitty had to translate.
* ShoutOut: Both ''Series/HawaiiFive0'' and ''MissionImpossible'' in the 2 part "The Hawaiian Connection".
* SitComic: Redd Foxx, [[TheDanza Slappy White]], [=LaWanda Page=], Pat Morita
* SlidingScaleOfBeauty: Aunt Esther – although certainly no all-American beauty, was in the very least tolerable to look at. But that didn't stop Fred from constantly making cruel comments comparing her physical looks to such creatures as Film/KingKong and Franchise/{{Godzilla}}.
* SpinOff: ''Grady'', ''The Sanford Arms''
* SpotlightStealingSquad: [[EthnicScrappy Julio Fuentes]], Grady, Bubba and Aunt Esther
* StrangeBedfellows: Fred and {{archenemy}} Esther teamed up on rare occasions, such as when Fred tried to help her win a beauty contest or to [[RivalsTeamUp defend Elizabeth's honor]].
* StandardizedSitcomHousing
* SurpriseParty: An episode features Fred returning home from St. Louis and being welcomed back with a surprise party.
* SuspiciouslySimilarSubstitute: Grady Wilson, who was eventually un-substituted and given a spinoff creatively entitled ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grady_(TV_series) Grady]]'' for all of four episodes.
** Averted in ''The Sanford Arms'' when Fred and Lamont are replaced by a widower named Phil Wheeler and his children and averted even harder in ''Sanford'' where Lamont is replaced as Fred's business partner by Cal, a fat white redneck.
* TheTapeKnewYouWouldSayThat: In one episode, Lamont steps into the kitchen to fix himself breakfast, Fred mutters to himself, mocking Lamont, "Pop, there's not a clean dish in the whole kitchen"; sure enough, Lamont calls from the kitchen, "Pop, there's not a clean dish in the whole kitchen!"
* TransAtlanticEquivalent: ''{{Steptoe and Son}}''
* {{Tuckerization}}:
** Grady was actually named after Demond Wilson; Demond is actually his middle name, his full name is Grady Demond Wilson.
** A subtle example, but Fred was named after Redd Foxx's father, John Elroy Sanford.
* TwentyMinutesIntoTheFuture: One episode features what is most likely the first time on Network Television that the word 'crib' was used to mean a home.
* UnsympatheticComedyProtagonist: Fred was a sexist, racist, misanthropic old coot...but somehow we never held that against him. And when the chips were down, [[HiddenHeartOfGold he could be pretty decent]].
** In a few episodes, Lamont took on this role, especially the early ones involving Donna.
* VolleyingInsults: Nearly every Fred/Esther scene ended this way.
* WhiteDudeBlackDude
* WhoWouldWantToWatchUs: ''Steinberg and Son''
* WhyDoYouKeepChangingJobs: Character actor Frank Nelson in the last two seasons; he just happens to be working wherever the characters find themselves, such as the maitre d in a Mexican restaurant, the owner of a jewelry store, an airline pilot, among other odd jobs.
* YetAnotherChristmasCarol
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