[[quoteright:279:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/barneyandfriends_4718.jpg]]
->''"Barney is a dinosaur''\\
''From our imagination,''\\
''And when he's tall, he's what we call''\\
''A dinosaur sensation."''


Live action television series aimed at pre-school and younger children that started airing on Creator/{{PBS}} in [[TheNineties 1992]]. Created by Texan teacher Sheryl Leach in 1987, Barney started out as a regionally successful home video series called ''Barney and the Backyard Gang'' before being picked up by the network for a regular series. The inspiration behind the creation was the belief that ''Series/SesameStreet'' was [[ViewersAreMorons too complex for younger viewers]], much of the accusation being leveled at the music. Starring the title character as a friendly authority figure, a surrogate for the young girls in the form of Baby Bop, two other dinosaurs named B.J. and Riff (introduced 2006), and [[LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters an ever-shifting cast of young kids]], its setting was once a elementary school, but now takes place in a local park. The story (such that it is) focuses largely on the importance of imagination and delivering {{A|nAesop}}esops suitable for very young children.

The show has a mammoth amount of merchandise in dolls, clothing, blankets, [=CDs=], and virtually everything else a kid can use. There has also been a 1998 [[TheMovie theatrically released film]] called ''Barney's Great Adventure'', countless home videos, and a touring stage act. While the figures are undisclosed, it's not unreasonable to think that it makes somewhere in the range of eight or nine digits a year.

The show is infamous for not exactly being very well-liked among older kids, adults and teenagers, to the point that [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-Barney_humor anti-Barney humor]] became a borderline fad in TheNineties. As for parents, well, 30 minutes of free babysitting buys you a LOT of tolerance. And [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgment we will say]] [[FlameBait no more]] about it.

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!!This show provides examples of:

* AnAesop
** BeYourself
** TeamSpirit
* AlphabeticalThemeNaming: Barney, B.J., and Baby Bop. Riff {{averted|Trope}} the trend.
* AndKnowingIsHalfTheBattle: In addition to being a recap of the episode that just played, "Barney Says" reinforces the lessons that were taught in said episode.
* AnnoyingYoungerSibling: Baby Bop, though BJ is often an Annoying ''Older'' Sibling from season 3 onwards.
** Carlos occasionally gave this report of his little brother, Juan.
* ArtEvolution: In the first few shows Barney looked [[http://barney.wikia.com/wiki/Barney_Through_the_Years way different]].
* AsideGlance: The song "Icky, Squishy, Gooey, Ooey" has a pause at the end of the second verse where the kids all pause from their artwork, look at a camera overhead, and cry "EW!"
* BirthdayEpisode: Birthdays are a plot point in several ''Series/BarneyAndFriends'' episodes and stage shows.
* BrokenAesop: In one episode, Barney preaches about healthy foods. Then later on, he sings about ice cream.
* CallBack: Chip is on a baseball team. This is brought up a couple of times.
** Tina's broken arm and Tosha's parents having a baby were referred to numerous times in Season 2. The latter was the plot point in the season finale when it was revealed [[spoiler:Tosha's mom had twin boys.]]
** ''Sing and Dance with Barney'', being an anniversary special, throws a number of shout outs to previous episodes and videos. One notable example is when Min, Jason, and Kim are reading a castle book, Min notes that Barney once took them to see a castle, referencing ''Barney's Magical Musical Adventure.''
* CaptainColorbeard: An early episode had Barney and co. find the treasure of "Rainbow Beard the Pirate," by using a TreasureMap filled with color and shape related clues. [[spoiler: The treasure turns out to be a rainbow.]]
* TheCastShowoff: The earlier cast displayed a range of talents. Min in particular did not miss an opportunity to dance, and aspired to dance professionally. Her actress actually did grow up to be a dance teacher, in addition to dancing professionally.
* CastHerd: In ''Sing and Dance with Barney'', everyone arrives in groups, which rotate for the rest of the show.
* CatchPhrase: "Super Dee Duper" - Barney
** "Stu-u-u-pendous!" - Barney
** "Ay-yie-yie" - B.J.
* CarnivoreConfusion: Despite being a ''TyrannosaurusRex'', Barney is mostly vegetarian, with his favorite snack being peanut butter and jelly sandwiches.
* CharacterNameAndTheNounPhrase: ''Barney & Friends''
* CharacterizationMarchesOn: In most of the ''Barney & The Backyard Gang'' videos, Barney was more dinosaur-like with a more god-like voice. Beginning in Barney in Concert, he went from a lumbering t-rex to a jolly and energetic playmate. His kind demeanor was the only consistent trait between the original ''Backyard Gang'' Barney and his portrayal in the TV series.
* ChewingTheScenery: Early on, certain cast members would put the AccentUponTheWrongSyllable
* ClapYourHandsIfYouBelieve
* ClipShow: A number of Direct-To-Video episodes, notably in recent years.
* CloudCuckooLander: Prof. Tinkerpot from Imagination Island.
* ColorfulSong: ''The Rainbow Song'', ''Colors All Around'', and ''Colors Make Me Happy''
* TheComplainerIsAlwaysWrong: In "Eat, Drink and Be Healthy," Shawn claims he doesn't like carrots, despite bringing them to school. The other kids convince him that they're good for your body. By the end of the episode, he tries one and he ends up liking it.
* ConfettiDrop: Used in a number of parties. Very common in the stage shows.
* CoolOldGuy: Mr. Boyd, the school janitor. He can play the piano quite well, and when Barney moved his meeting place to a park, Mr. Boyd took up a job there.
* CouchGag: Each episode of the TV show ends with a shot of toy Barney involving something relevant. For instance, one episode about weather ends with Barney being peppered with flurries.
* CreativeClosingCredits: The credits for "Best of Barney" fall neatly into Barney's memory box.
* CoverVersion: Various occasions:
** ''Hi Neighbor'' (in the title episode)
** ''I Scream, You Scream, We All Scream for Ice Cream'' (also in Hi Neighbor)
** ''Throw Your Hands Up'', ''Move it Like This'', and ''What I Like About You'' in ''Barney Live in Concert - Birthday Bash''
** ''We are Family'' for a 2005 controversial music video where Barney sings with ''Series/SesameStreet'' characters, along with [[WesternAnimation/SpongeBobSquarePants many]] [[Series/BearInTheBigBlueHouse other]] [[Disney/WinnieThePooh characters]] and [[Creator/BillCosby celebrities]].
* CrossOver: Not on the TV show per se, but in addition to the We Are Family cover, Barney and other popular [[TheNineties 90's]] children's characters (as of 1996, when the video was released) team up to teach kids about the importance of character in ''Kids for Character''.
* CulturalTranslation: In the Israel coproduction of the show, "London Bridge" was changed to "Yarkon Bridge," ironically filmed prior to [[FunnyAneurysmMoment the bridge collapsing]]. In addition, in an episode about music (known as "Practice Makes Music" in the original American version), the guest pianist plays traditional Israeli songs.
* DarkFic: ''[[FanFic/DayOfTheBarneyTrilogy Day Of The Barney]]'' (found [[http://de.jihad.net/lib/bull-dotb.txt here]]), which proposes an even ghastlier AlternativeCharacterInterpretation for Barney and Baby Bop than noted on the YMMV page.
* DeathFic: Hundreds of death fics... hundreds of them...
** Like [[http://ledmuseum.candlepower.us/fifteen/dybarney.htm this amazingly vindictive and far-too-detailed monstrosity]], we'll leave it here for you to read.
* DistaffCounterpart: The point of both "The Sister Song" and "I'm Glad I Have a Brother" is that even though siblings may sometimes get on each other's nerves, they should be appreciated.
* DontTryThisAtHome: Why Barney lights his own birthday candles.
** Baby Bop says this in "Live in New York City" just before "Three Little Monkeys".
* DutchAngle: Used to simulate things such as airplane flights.
* EarlyBirdCameo: Carlos and Kathy were introduced on media besides TV. Other cast members have been introduced as guest characters, before becoming part of the show's main cast.
* EarlyInstallmentWeirdness: The Barney & the Backyard Gang video series has quite a few differences compared to the television series. In addition to I Love You being sung towards the beginning of the videos, Barney was also the kids' secret that they hid from their parents (at least, in the first three videos).
* EverythingIsBigInTexas: Some episodes have this appeal. "Barney in Concert" was performed in Dallas's Majestic Theatre.
* EyeGlasses: A number of characters have had them, but they didn't all start out with them.
* FakeInteractivity: In later episodes, the viewer is treated like a character, and is addressed directly. After "I Love You," we are assumed to have left Barney behind, and he turns back into a doll.
* FirstNameUltimatum: Always done in jest.
* FiveTokenBand: The child cast usually consists of children of different ethnicities.
* FleetingDemographicRule: Because the show's setup is contingent upon the presence of a child cast, said cast goes through wholesale changes about once every five years, creating an opportunity for plots to be reused.
* {{Foreshadowing}}: In "Rock with Barney," "Barney & Friends" can be seen on Barney's clapboard. It's noteworthy because "Rock with Barney" was the last Backyard Gang video, released nationally just before "Barney & Friends" began airing on PBS.
* FourthWallGreeting: Happens in several home videos and the "Barney's Home Movies" feature.
* FriendlessBackground: Derek, Tosha, and Kenneth, at first.
* FriendToAllChildren: Barney is friends with all the kids who play with him.
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar: The episode ''Play Ball!'' goes between this and AccidentalInnuendo, especially with the Barney Says segment:
-->'''Barney:''' Today, we played with different kinds of balls...
-->'''Barney:''' There sure were a lot of balls around Baby Bop!
* GoldenMoment: Sometimes, just before leaving, a child will take a moment alone with Barney to thank him for his help, or to just be affectionate with him.
* TheGoldenRule: In the video ''Kids for Character,'' Barney and friends teach Baby Bop about respect through skits and a song (at the same time).
* HailfirePeaks: A MagicMisfire causes the park to be evenly split between tropical heat and freezing cold.
* HelpImStuck: In an early episode, Barney gets stuck on the school's playset and the kids pull him out.
-->'''Barney:''' [after being pulled out] Thanks kids! [[IAmBigBoned I'm not fat, I just have big bones.]]
* HerbivoresAreFriendly: More like "friendly dinosaurs are herbivores", but it still fits the trope.
* HeyLetsPutOnAShow
* HuddlePower: The children sometimes confer in this manner.
* IAmSong: Each of the dinosaurs has one. Just to give you an idea, here's [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JaxqSj-nXGo Riff's.]]
** Barney's "I Am" song is the show's theme song.
* IKnowWhatWeCanDoCut: This happens in "Rock With Barney" at least three times.
* JustEatGilligan: Everyone could have saved themselves a lot of grief in "Live in New York City" if Barney and the kids had simply retrieved the Barney Bag during the Winkster's introduction song.
* TheKiddieRide: One car, one tractor, one train, among others. The train and tractor are common worldwide.
* [[LadiesAndGerms Ladies and Gentlemen, Boys and Girls,]] [[MyFriendsAndZoidberg and Dinosaur(s)]]...
* LargeHam: Baby Bop.
* LeavingFoodForSanta: Michael and Amy leave milk and cookies for Santa in the Backyard Gang video "Waiting for Santa". It's how they know that they beat him to their house after their North Pole visit.
* {{Leitmotif}}: Each dino's IAmSong is often their leitmotif. Baby Bop had a unique one in the first three seasons.
* LongRunner: The show has been running for 20 years. While new episodes are not being produced (Notably, with owner company HIT Entertainment being sold to Creator/{{Mattel}}), videos of recent episodes are being released. In addition, a 14th season was produced in 2010, consisting of reruns from the 10th and 11th seasons.
* MagicalGuardian
* MakeAWish: It's probably going to come true.
* MerchandiseDriven: Subverted. While "Barney & Friends" is based on a video series, selling merchandise wasn't the main focus of the franchise's creators, rather a genuine interest in providing a show for young children.
* MickeyMousing: Very common for things such as turning off the lights.
* MilestoneCelebration: Both the 10th and 20th anniversaries of the Barney franchise led to the video specials "Sing and Dance with Barney" and "The Best of Barney," respectively. The former even brought back a few Barney alumni to join the (then) new child cast for a "sing along."
** The one hundreth episode of Barney and Friends is more lighthearted than usual, and Old King Cole comes over to party.
* MoralGuardians: Reverend Joseph Chambers went on a crucade against Barney for using magic on the series as well as the show's message of love and tolerance.
** Although most of the criticism was aimed at WesternAnimation/{{SpongeBob SquarePants}}, MoralGuardians still went after Barney and the other stars of the We Are Family music video, claiming the video would teach "the [[HeteronormativeCrusader homosexual agenda]]"
* MusicalisInterruptus:
--> '''Kids:''' *singing* Sunday Monday, Tuesday Wednesday, Barney's birthday... *music stops* Barney's birthday?!?
* NamedAfterSomebodyFamous: Booker T. Bookworm in Season 5.
** Miss Kepler, the school's science teacher, in a few of the Barney videos (named after Johannes Kepler)
* NightmareFuelStationAttendant: See AlternativeCharacterInterpretation in the YMMV tab.
* NoAntagonist: Generally, though ''Barney Live in New York City'' had a [[HarmlessVillain Harmless]] VillainAntagonist (The Winkster) who did a HeelFaceTurn.
** Cody in ''Barney's Great Adventure'' is also an aversion of this trope, but he too did a HeelFaceTurn towards the end.
* NotAllowedToGrowUp: Baby Bop turned 3 in Season 2, while BJ turned 7 in the "Barney's Big Surprise" stage show. Since then, neither of them have increased in age.
* OrWasItADream: It is implied in "Barney's Campfire Sing-Along" that the Backyard Gang is transported to and from the campground in their sleep.
* ThePowerOfFriendship: Despite what the title says, the message of the ending song "I Love You" is more about friendship than love. In the Backyard Gang videos, it was towards the beginning and (in the very early videos) brought Barney to life.
* ThePowerOfRock: "Good Manners."
** "Colors All Around" in the video "You Can Be Anything"
* ThePratfall: Choreographed into songs like "Three Little Monkeys" and "Old King Cole".
* ProductPlacement: Averted on the TV series and most videos. The Barney dolls sold in stores are very different to the ones on the TV series, due to the production company's strict "anti-product placement" measures. When the Israel Barney production was taping, it was noted a Barney umbrella was visable on set in one episode, so the scene had to be reshot.
** Played straight with Barney's Great Adventure, where a Luvs diaper box can be seen in the background. A promotional deal between Lyrick and P&G was made at the time to feature Barney on the diapers to promote the video release. In addition, the stuffed Barney doll is one of the ones sold in stores, unlike on the series.
* ProtagonistAndFriends
* PublicDomainSoundtrack: A number of the songs sung on the show are in the public domain (only the arrangements are copyrighted)
* PunnyName: Get it? Miss Etta Kette? Like "''etiquette''"?
* ReadingIsCoolAesop: Season 5 included scenes in a school library.
* RealityWarper
* ReallySevenHundredYearsOld: Barney is over 200 million years old. [[JustifiedTrope It's justified]] as he's a t-rex, but how he's still light on his feet is a mystery. Averted with the other dinos, whose ages are in the single digits.
* RealLifeWritesThePlot: There was a lawsuit over the lyrics to the "I Love You" song in 1994, so it was omitted from "Live in New York City" and "Imagination Island."
* RearrangeTheSong: A notable example includes a lullaby version of "Everyone is Special," used to accommodate newborn twins.
** Through the show's run, most songs sung on the show have been rearranged, notably the show's theme and I Love You.
* RuleOfFun: Mr. Knickerbocker is used for the characters' own amusement, and usually in concert.
* SaltAndPepper: Derek and Michael hang out together a lot. Kathy and Tosha are classmates.
* SceneryPorn[=/=]{{Bizarrchitecture}}: Definitely Miss Goldfinch's garden and [[TreehouseOfFun treehouse]] in the movie.
* SeriousBusiness: Lyons Partnership, the company that owns Barney, doesn't take too kindly to parodies where [[ChildrenAreInnocent children can see them]], particularly on websites. Their lawyers have threatened people with lawsuits in the past, but after losing to EFF in a 2006 lawsuit, the company's law firm has backed down.
** Contrary to what their lawyers say, Barney's creators have gotten a kick out of a few of the parodies. Sheryl Leach once stated that, while she isn't the biggest fan of Barney parodies, she and the others at the company could get a kick out of them.
* SesameStreetCred: Children's author Tomie dePaola appeared on three episodes.
** The Season 2 finale ''A Very Special Delivery'' had singer Ella Jenkins stop by. The direct to video special ''Barney in Outer Space'' had astronaut Ken Reightler make an appearance and teach the kids about NASA.
* SheIsAllGrownUp: After Min (who was played by Pia Manalo-Hamilton in all her appearances) left the Barney set, she returned for two specials.
** Erica Rhodes (who played Kim) showed up at the 2010 Dallas ''Series/AmericanIdol'' auditions and Hollywood tryouts as well. [[spoiler:The Hollywood one did not go over well.]]
** Other cast members have reprised their character roles (most notably in ''Sing and Dance with Barney'').
** [[NoDoubtTheYearsHaveChangedMe No Doubt the Years Have Changed Us]]
* ShaveAndAHairCut: Played at the end credits of the first three seasons.
* ShoutOut: In "Live in New York City", the teddy bears that join Kathy on stage for her song were almost certainly borrowed from the Radio City Christmas Spectacular.
** In "The Land of Make Believe":
-->[Barney and co. walk under a somewhat familiar gate]\\
'''BJ''': You know, I've got the strangest feeling I've seen this place before. \\
'''Baby Bop''' Yeah, me too.\\
'''Barney''': I know what you mean... \\
[The gate is revealed as the Franchise/JurassicPark gate, as the film's theme plays] \\
'''Barney''': [[TakeThat ...But I'm sure there's never been any dinosaurs here before.]]
** [[Film/{{Alien}} In space]], [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9skNS7nnjbU&t=00m20s everyone can hear you sing!]]
* ShowDontTell: "I could tell you, but it would be more fun to show you."
* SignatureLaugh: Barney's (in)famous chuckle
* SimpletonVoice
* SleepModeSize
* TheSomethingSong
* SomethingWeForgot: From "Look at Me! I'm Three!"
--> '''Kids''': We forgot to make the (birthday) cake!
* StrictlyFormula: Barney is brought to life by the imagination of some children, they play around and/or address some issue, sing the infamous "I Love You" outro song, Barney goes back to being a doll, capping off the episode with a closeup of the doll and a twinkle in its eye (or in the case of the early ''Backyard Gang'' videos, [[SpecialEffectFailure a crudely drawn animated eyelid giving off a wink]]).
* SugarBowl
* SureLetsGoWithThat: Baby Bop received her name because she really likes the song "Mr. Knickerbocker".
* SuspiciouslyAproposMusic
* ThemeTuneRap: Season 14's intro... [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nuCLwexAc78 No, we're not joking.]]
* ThirdPersonPerson: Baby Bop (In the first season. Averted afterwards)
* TimeLapse: Shows up in the "Backyard Gang" videos and occasionally in Barney & Friends episodes whenever the producers want to make Barney and co. appear to do something fast or speed it up for the sake of time.
* TooSmartForStrangers: As noted in the BeamMeUpScotty reference in the Trivia tab, a segment of safety episode ''Playing It Safe'' focused on how to deal with strangers.
* TreehouseOfFun: In Seasons 3-6. Once the show switched sets, the treehouse was abandoned.
* TransAtlanticEquivalent: In addition to dubs, the show has had co-productions in Israel and South Korea, both mostly following the plots of the original American episodes.
* TrashTheSet: The Season 3 episode "Classical Cleanup" has Baby Bop dancing in and wrecking the classroom.
* TwinTropes:
** ThemeTwinNaming: Tosha's twin brothers, Kevin and Kyle, as well as two school-age girls named Ashley and Alissa.
** MakingUseOfTheTwin: In their first appearance, Ashley and Alissa are introduced one at a time and are mistaken for each other, before they show up together and explain themselves. They also team up for a MirrorRoutine in a talent show.
* [[VerbalTic Verbal Tickety Tick]]: That's Riff, for you.
* VocalEvolution: Barney's voice sounded deeper and more mature in the early ''Backyard Gang'' videos. Then, over the years, he started to sound younger.
** B.J. also had this effect, starting out with a huskier drawl, then beginning to sound a little higher and squeakier.
** Baby Bop too has had some vocal evolution. She sounded much more infant-like in her early appearances, but by the third season, she began to sound more like a three year old.
** Even new dino Riff has had some vocal evolution, though minor compared to the original trio.

!TheMovie provides examples of:
* BigDamnMovie
* TheComplainerIsAlwaysWrong: Cody.
* EggMcGuffin: And the main characters have to chase after it.
* [[NoAnimalsWereHarmed No Dinosaur Was Harmed]]
* RoadApples: Cody steps in a cow patty in the Old [=MacDonald=] number.
* RousingSpeech
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