->''"I want to look beyond the legends, to find the real story of Scotland. And it's every bit as thrilling."''
-->--'''Neil Oliver (Series One, Episode One)'''

Running from November 2008 to November 2009, '''A History Of Scotland''' was an ambitious documentary made by Creator/TheBBC exploring [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin the history of Scotland]]. Presented and narrated by author, broadcaster and archaeologist Neil Oliver, the series was first broadcast on BBC One Scotland and consisted of [[BritishBrevity ten]] sixty-minute episodes spread over two series.

Consisting of shots of the presenter strolling dramatically across Scotland's beautiful natural landscape, historical reconstructions to accompany Neil Oliver's narration and a [[AwesomeMusic kick-ass original musical score]] by James Newton-Howard, the series aspired to add a sense of drama and romance to the show rather than create another dry, matter-of-fact history lecture. Whether this adds to the experience or detracts from the show's capacity to educate the viewer is a matter for the viewer.

Series One:
* Episode One: The Last of the Free
--> At the dawn of the first millennia, there was no Scotland or England. In the first episode Oliver reveals the mystery of [[OriginsEpisode how the Gaelic Scottish Kingdom - Alba - was born]], and why its role in one of the greatest battles ever fought on British soil defined the shape of Britain in the modern era.
* Episode Two: Hammers of the Scots
--> Oliver charts [[TheHighMiddleAges the 13th century]] story of the two men who helped transform the Gaelic kingdom of Alba into the Scotland of today. While Alexander II forged Scotland in blood and violence, William Wallace's resistance to [[EdwardTheFirst King Edward I]] of England hammered national consciousness into the Scots.
* Episode Three: Bishop Makes King
--> Robert Bruce's 22-year struggle to secure the Scots' independence is one of the most important chapters in Scotland's story. Oliver explores the role the Scottish church played in promoting Robert Bruce, the propaganda campaigns, both at home and abroad, and how the 1320 Declaration of Arbroath persuaded UsefulNotes/ThePope to finally recognise Scotland as an independent nation.
* Episode Four: Language Is Power
--> At one time, Gaelic Scotland - the people and the language - was central to the identity of Scots. But as Oliver reveals, Scotland's infamous Highland/Lowland divide was the result of a family struggle that divided the kingdom. This is the story of how the policies of the [[TheHouseOfStuart Stewart royal family]] in the 15th century led to the Gaels being perceived as rebels and outsiders.
* Episode Five: Project Britain
--> Oliver describes how the ambitions of two of Scotland's Stuart monarchs were the driving force that united two ancient enemies, and set them on the road to the Great Britain we know today. While [[MaryOfScotland Mary Queen of Scots]] plotted to usurp [[TheVirginQueen Elizabeth I]] and seize the throne of England, her son James dreamt of a more radical future: a Protestant Great Britain.

Series Two:
* Episode One: God's Chosen People
--> Neil Oliver continues his journey through Scotland's past with the story of the Covenanters, whose profound religious beliefs were declared in the National Covenant of 1638. This document licensed revolution, started the CivilWar that cost [[CharlesTheFirst King Charles I]] his head, cost tens of thousands of Scots their lives and led to Britain's first war on terror.
* Episode Two: Let's Pretend
--> Bitterly divided by politics and religion for centuries, this is the infamous story of how Scotland and England came together in 1707 to form [[UsefulNotes/{{Britain}} Great Britain]]. Over time the Union matured into one of the longest in European history, but it very nearly ended in divorce. Exploiting the Union's unpopularity, the exiled [[TheHouseOfStuart Stuarts]] staged several comebacks, selling themselves as a credible and liberal alternative to the [[TheHouseOfHanover Hanoverian regime]]. Neil Oliver reveals [[WhatCouldHaveBeen just how close they came to succeeding]].
* Episode Three: The Price of Progress
--> Through the winning and [[UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution losing of an American empire]] and the impact of the Scottish Enlightenment, Neil Oliver reveals how in the second half of the 18th century Scotland was transformed from a poor northern backwater with a serious image problem into one of the richest nations on Earth. This was the dawn of the modern age when Scotland made its mark on the world by exporting its most valuable commodities - its people and ideas.
* Episode Four: This Land is our Land
--> At the start of the 19th century, everything familiar was swept away. People fled from the countryside into the industrial towns of Scotland's Central Belt. Rural workers became factory workers - in some of the worst conditions in Europe. This new Scotland became a seedbed of revolution. But it wasn't just force that kept the Scottish people in their place, it was fantasy. Neil Oliver reveals how Sir Walter Scott created so powerful a myth, it haunts the Scots collective imagination to this day.
* Episode Five: Project Scotland
--> As a partner in TheBritishEmpire, Scotland began the 20th century with an advanced economy and a world-beating heavy industry. But in the closing decades its sense of Britishness was in doubt and a Scottish Parliament sat in Edinburgh for the first time since 1707. Charting Scotland's darkest century, Neil Oliver discovers a country driven to self-determination through a series of economic crises so deep that her most striking export became her own disillusioned population.
----
!! Examples of Tropes found in this series:

* AbdicateTheThrone: Constantine II did this voluntarily after fourty-two years as King, and went on to live in a cave as a holy man.
* TheAce: William, Earl of Douglas.
* AChildShallLeadThem: Alexander II The Great, crowned at 16.
** David II, who succeeded his father, Robert the Bruce, when just five years old.
** James III was eight when he became King.
** Taken to ludicrous extremes when [[MaryOfScotland Mary I]] became Queen while ''six days old'' after the death of James V.
* AnAesop: About the division between Highland and Lowland Scotland in Episode Four.
* AnarchyIsChaos: The Highlands and Islands following the collapse of the [=MacDonald=] Lords.
* AnAxeToGrind: Robert the Bruce famously killed a charging English knight at the Battle of Bannockburn with one blow of his battleaxe.
* UsefulNotes/AngloSaxons
* ArchEnemy: England and Scotland are presented as being this towards each other.
** EdwardTheFirst and William Wallace.
* ArrangedMarriage: Several, mostly of the [[BureaucraticallyArrangedMarriage bureaucratic kind]].
** EdwardTheFirst wanted his son and heir to marry the very young Queen Margaret to secure England's control over Scotland. If failed when she died before this could happen.
** Henry VIII thought-up the same plan and wanted his son to marry the very young Queen MaryOfScotland to bring Scotland under English control. He had the added pressure of fearing that Scotland would serve as a willing invasion point for Anglican England's Catholic enemies on the continent.
* AsLongAsThereIsOneMan: The Declaration of Arbroath.
* AwesomeMomentOfCrowning: The Gaelic Kings being crowned at Dunad.
** Constantine II's coronation at Scone in 906, which established the "Stone of Destiny" tradition that is still observed by British royalty today.
* BabiesMakeEverythingBetter: Robert the Bruce's wife finally giving birth to a son and heir, the future David II.
* {{Badass}}: William Wallace.
* BadassBoast: Wallace:
--> "Go back and tell your people that we have not come for the benefit of peace, [[TheRevolutionWillNotBeCivilized but to do battle to defend ourselves and liberate our kingdom]]. Let them come to us, and we will prove this in their very beards."
** The Declaration of Abroath:
--> "[[AsLongAsThereIsOneMan For as long as but one-hundred of us remain alive]], never will be brought under English rule. It is in truth not for glory nor riches nor honours that we are fighting, but for freedom; for that alone, [[GiveMeLibertyOrGiveMeDeath which no honest man gives up but with life itself]]"
* BadassPreacher: St Columba.
** Bishop Wishart of Glasgow, one of the leaders in the First War of Independence. He told EdwardTheFirst to his face that Scotland "is not held in tribute or homage to anyone".
* BarbarianHero: Calgacus looks like this.
* BattleTrophy / CreepySouvenir: After EdwardTheFirst's treasurer Hugh Cressingham was killed at the Battle of Stirling Bridge, William Wallace has his skin turned into a sword belt.
* {{BFG}}: Mons Meg, the cannon given to James II by the Duke of Burgundy as a wedding present.
* BigFancyHouse: James I liked to build these, even though he couldn't afford it.
* BigScrewedUpFamily: The [=MacDonald=]'s during the fighting between John [=MacDonald=] and his son, Angus Orr.
* BloodKnight: Alexander II
** EdwardTheFirst
** William Wallace
* BritishBrevity: Just ten episodes in two series.
* BuyThemOff: EdwardTheFirst's tactics for keeping the peace post-1305.
* TheChessmaster: EdwardTheFirst utilised Scotland's SuccessionCrisis to give himself effective control over the country.
* ChronicBackstabbingDisorder: In the Barons' War, the rebelling English nobles switched from fighting with Alexander II against their own King to siding with said King's son against Alexander II.
** Side-switching was a recurring element in the War of Independence.
* TheChurch: The Scottish branches, of course, play a big role in Scotland's story.
* CivilWar: Several cases.
** The feud between TheHouseOfStuart and the [=MacDonald=]'s tended to become this.
* TheClan: Of the [[UsefulNotes/{{Scotland}} Scottish type]] and the given definition.
** The [=MacDonald=]'s, who effectively had their own mini-Kingdom with the prestigious title of Lord of the Isles.
* ColdBloodedTorture: William Wallace was hung, drawn and quartered in London before execution, largely as depicted in {{Braveheart}}.
** The same treatment was inflicted upon Robert the Bruce's brother by EdwardTheFirst.
* ConspiracyTheorist: James II had this going on over John [=MacDonald=] and William, The Black Douglas.
* CultureClash: Between the Scots-speaking Lowlanders and the Gaelic-speaking Highlanders.
* CurbStompBattle: The battle of Dun Nechtan - the Picts lured the Northumbrian army into unfamilliar territory and slaughtered them, putting an end to the Northumbrian hegemony in the North
** Inflicted by William Wallace's army on the English at the Battle of Stirling Bridge. EdwardTheFirst returned the favour at Falirk.
** Edward's generals inflicted something similar on Robert the Bruce's rebellion, forcing him to go on the run.
** James I's troops suffered this at Inverlochy.
* DarkestHour: The treatment given to the situation after William Wallace's death in 1305.
* DealWithTheDevil
** The Ragman Rolls and John Baliol accepting EdwardTheFirst as overlord.
* DeadGuyJunior: Several people are named after dead relatives and/or predecessors.
* DeathByIrony: James II [[GunNut loved guns]]... until his {{BFG}} exploded in his face.
* DecisiveBattle: "The Great Battle" at Brunanburgh in 937, which (more or less) shaped the boundaries between Constantine's Scotland and Aethelstan's England. Ironically, neither side claimed much of a real victory.
** Robert the Bruce's famous victory at Bannockburn in 1314.
* DistinguishingMark: James II was known as "James the Firey-Face" because of the red birthmark on his face.
* TheDon: Alexander [=MacDonald=], Lord of the Isles, was basically this for the Gaelic-speaking Western Isles, to the extent that he was known as the "King of the Hebridies".
* DoubleStandard: [[LampshadeHanging Lampshaded]] by the Scots in their negotiations with Edward II when they pointed out that TheHouseOfNormandy and TheHouseOfPlantagenet were both illegitimate and the result of a foreign invasion. They used this to argue that Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland, was, as the sole living member of the House of Wessex, also the only legitimate King of England!
* DownerBeginning: Episode one opens with the legend of Calgacus losing the Battle of Mons Graupius to the invading [[TheRomanEmpire Romans]].
* TheDreaded: [[HornyVikings The Vikings]] to [[TheDarkAges Dark Age]] Scotland.
--> Neil Oliver: This is what the end of the world looks like. This is the end of everything that you've ever known and held dear.
* EarnYourHappyEnding: Robert the Bruce, oh so much.
* ElectiveMonarchy: Claimed, at least to a degree, as the justification for Robert the Bruce replacing John Baliol: if the current King is useless, he has violated his contract with the people and should be replaced with someone more suitable. Its appearance in the Declaration of the Clergy and the Declaration of Arbroath has led some to call these documents a kind of [[OlderThanTheyThink proto-American Declaration of Independence]].
* TheEmpire: England are characterised this way during TheMiddleAges, mostly for dramatic effect.
* EndOfAnAge: The end of Gaelic Scotland's GoldenAge with the collapse of the [=MacDonald=]'s, and the passing of the title "Lord of the Isles" to [[TheHouseOfStuart James IV]].
* EnemyMine: One response by the early Scottish kingdom's to the [[HornyVikings Vikings]].
** Constantine II then does with the Nordic king against Aethelstan, King of England.
** Alexander II later allied himself with the English nobles who penned the Magna Carta, against England's King John.
** A frequent habit of both Scotland and France, who tended to ally against England. The "Auld Alliance" is still a term recognised today as a result.
** Edward IV of England allying with the [=MacDonald=] and Douglas families against Scotland's young King, James III.
* EvilOverlord: King John of England, from Alexander II's perspective.
* ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin: ''A History Of Scotland'' is the history of Scotland.
* TheExile: After Giric killed and replaced King Aed, Aed's son Constantine and nephew Donald fled to Ireland.
** John Baliol in France during the First War of Independence.
** MaryOfScotland in France.
* FeudingFamilies: The Baliol's/Comyn's and the Bruce's, feuding over the crown.
** TheHouseOfStuart and the [=MacDonald=] family, which came to shape Scotland's political and cultural destiny.
* FlowerMotifs: The Scottish Thistle, first adopted as an emblem by [[TheHouseOfStuart James IV]], which eventually became a symbol of the whole of Scotland.
* ForTheEvulz: EdwardTheFirst's use of [[SiegeEngines the trebuchet "Warwolf"]]
* FounderOfTheKingdom: Not really one particular person ([[HistoryMarchesOn in spite of what is commonly thought about Kenneth I]]) but Constantine II gets credit for being the first to be known as the King of Scotland.
** William Wallace and EdwardTheFirst are presented as ultimately defining Scotland's sense of modern identity.
* GenerationalSaga:
** The feud between [[TheHouseOfStuart the Stewart Kings]] and the [=MacDonald=]'s, the Lords of the Isles.
* GilliganCut
--> "''(snip)'' Independence from the English Crown. Final proof that the reign of the Bruce's triumph. Final proof that the Scottish was free and quit of English authority. Final proof that the reign of Good King Robert had been worth everything - all the deaths and horror. Freedom from the English Crown at last. Forever. ''(cut)'' [[HereWeGoAgain The next English invasion was in 1332]]".
* GiveMeLibertyOrGiveMeDeath: A version is used in the Declaration of Arbroath ([[OlderThanTheyThink Before it was actually said]])
* GoldenAge: The reign of the [=MacDonald=] family as Lords of the Isles was this for Gaelic Scotland.
* GrimUpNorth: Scotland is often presented this way.
* GunboatDiplomacy: Alexander II marching an army all the way to Dover just to force Louis of France into a deal.
* GunNut: James II, leading to his DeathByIrony.
* GuiltComplex: Robert the Bruce to a huge level because of TheseHandsHaveKilled.
* HairTriggerTemper: James II
* HappilyAdopted: MaryOfScotland with the French royal family.
* HarmlessVillain: Edward II of England, at least when he took to the battlefield. Certainly in comparison with [[EdwardTheFirst his father]].
* HeirClubForMen: Both EdwardTheFirst and Henry VIII of England realised that they could control Scotland through marrying their sons to Scotland's young Queens (Margaret and [[MaryOfScotland Mary]] respectivley), as [[ValuesDissonance a woman's property would become her husbands property upon marriage]].
* TheHermit: Constantine II became one.
* HeroesWantRedHeads: Francois and [[MaryOfScotland Mary]]
* HeroKiller: EdwardTheFirst to William Wallace.
* TheHighMiddleAges
* HistoricalBadassUpgrade: [[DiscussedTrope Discussed]] and [[LampshadeHanging lampshaded]].
** The mythologizing of Robert the Bruce over the centuries was pointed out.
* HistoricalHeroUpgrade: [[DiscussedTrope Discussed]] and [[LampshadeHanging lampshaded]].
** It's pointed out that Kenneth I probably didn't personally unite Scotland.
** The narrator discusses how William Wallace became a "brand" after his death, and how the Wallace myth still plays an important role in Scotland's politics and sense of identity today. Despite the fact that he ultimately failed.
* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: [[DiscussedTrope Discussed]] and [[LampshadeHanging lampshaded]].
** Happens to various Englishmen. EdwardTheFirst especially.
* TheHouseOfNormandy
* TheHouseOfPlantagenet
* TheHouseOfTudor
* TheHouseOfStuart
* HopelessWar: After the disastrous Battle of Falkirk, the First War of Independence started to look like this for the Scots.
* HornyVikings
* HumiliationConga: Alexander II was betrayed by his allies, excommunicated by UsefulNotes/ThePope and forced to pay homage to the nine-year old Henry III of England.
* HundredYearsWar: The Scots served as TheCavalry for the French just after Agincourt.
* IdiotBall: The English commanders at the Battle of Stirling Bridge.
** James I has his enemy Alexander [=MacDonald=] imprisoned twice... and twice lets him walk free. The first instance leads to an open rebellion against him and the second time is seen as the ultimate show of weakness - leading to James' assassination.
* IHaveYourWife: EdwardTheFirst's army captured and held Robert the Bruce's wife and daughter during the early stages of his rebellion.
* InItsHourOfNeed: William Wallace emerging as a leader of [[LaResistance the Scottish rebels]].
** Robert the Bruce when TakingUpTheMantle after Wallace.
* InMediasRes: "Project Britain"
* ITakeOffenseToThatLastOne: William Wallace during his [[KangarooCourt trial]] at Westminster. Accused of murder, arson, destruction of property and sacrilege, he only spoke when accused of treason - pointing out that he had never sworn allegiance to EdwardTheFirst to begin with.
* {{Jerkass}}: James I, at best.
* JustTheFirstCitizen: How the Lords generally viewed the King (if he was popular) prior to the return of James I. James had other ideas.
* KangarooCourt: William Wallace's trial in Westminster Hall.
* KickTheDog: Alexander II went as far as to kill a baby girl to make sure that his reign couldn't be challenged.
* KillEmAll: Alexander II's approach to tackling disobedient lords.
** EdwardTheFirst's solution to Scotland's rebelliousness. At Berwick, for example.
** How Robert the Bruce tackled the rival Comyn family.
* KingOnHisDeathbed: Robert the Bruce. [[UnexplainedRecovery He got better]]. For a while.
* KnightFever
* KnightTemplar: Widespread during the Protestant Reformation.
* TheLateMiddleAges
* TheLancer: James Douglas to Robert the Bruce.
* LargeAndInCharge: EdwardTheFirst.
* LaResistance: The Scottish side is generally presented this way whenever conflicts with England are focused on.
** The Scots in the First War of Independence.
* TheLawsAndCustomsOfWar: St Columba helped set down some of the first, banning the killing of women, children and monks in times of war. No one listened, of course, but the effort was there.
* LeftHanging: Episode Three ends with the five year old David II becoming King and England invading once again. Episode Four picks up years later, with King David having died and TheHouseOfStuart ascended to the throne.
* LegendFadesToMyth: What happened to the Picts.
--> '' "We see that the Picts have now been wiped out and their language also is totally destroyed, so that they seem to be a fable we find mentioned in old writings" ''
--> ''Archdeacon of Huntington on the Picts in 1140''
* LivingMacGuffin: James I of Scotland, held captive by the English since he was 12 years old as a bargaining chip.
** MaryOfScotland to Henry VIII
* LongRangeFighter: EdwardTheFirst's Welsh Longbowmen at the Battle of Falkirk.
* LowCultureHighTech: The craftmanship skills of the Picts and Gaels.
* TheLowMiddleAges: Episode One.
* LoyalToThePosition: [[AvertedTrope Largely averted]], as loyalty tended to run along family lines rather than towards the Crown.
* MakeAnExampleOfThem: The point behind Alexander II having a baby executed.
** William Wallace's dismembered body parts were sent around Great Britain as a warning against rebellion, making this an example of DeadGuyOnDisplay.
* MaryOfScotland
* MentorArchetype: Bishop Lamberton to Robert the Bruce.
* MineralMacGuffin: The Stone of Destiny, upon which Scottish monarchs were crowned. Taken by EdwardTheFirst to Westminster in 1296 as the spoils of war, it has been used in coronations right up until [[UsefulNotes/HMTheQueen Elizabeth II]] (and will be used beyond that). Stolen in 1950 and returned in 1951 ([[EpilepticTrees or a copy was returned]])[[note]]the thieves were never identified[[/note]], it finally came back to Scotland in 1996.
* MoneyDearBoy: James I turned on the [=MacDonald=] family because he needed their money.
* MurderIsTheBestSolution: How James II took to dealing with William, The Black Douglas. AndItWorked.
* NobleFugitive: Robert the Bruce in hiding.
** MaryOfScotland
* NobleSavage: How Tacitus seemed to view the Caledonians.
* OccupiersOutOfOurCountry: The way the First War of Independence plays out.
* OfferedTheCrown:
** Offered by EdwardTheFirst to John Baliol in exchange for Baliol accepting him as overlord. Then offered by Bishop Lamberton and Bishop Wishart to Robert the Bruce as a replacement for Baliol.
* OriginsEpisode: Episode One is effectively this for an entire country.
* OutsideContextVillain: The [[HornyVikings Vikings]] had this going on.
* ThePhilosopher: Dun Scotus, who proposed the idea of a kind-of ElectiveMonarchy.
* PoliticallyCorrectHistory: [[DiscussedTrope discussed]].
--> On Robert the Bruce: "The legend hid his [[GuiltComplex consuming guilt]]. It rarely mentioned the Bishops who'd chosen him and guided his every step. It barely muttered the names of his lost family. [[HistoricalBadassUpgrade It shrunk the Scottish casualties, and multiplied the English armies he defeated]]. It blurred the medievalness of what he did: [[HistoricalHeroUpgrade it made it about liberty for all]], instead of a revolution that established a free and independent Scottish ''Crown''"
* UsefulNotes/ThePope: Winning his approval was an important point in the GunboatDiplomacy of TheMiddleAges.
* {{Precursors}}: The Picts are presented like this.
* ProperlyParanoid: James II and William, The Black Douglas towards each other.
* PrinceCharming: James IV.
* PuppetKing: John Baliol. Was treated this way both by his [[EvilOverlord overlord]] EdwardTheFirst ''and'' the Lords that ended up running the country in opposition to Edward.
** Henry V of England planned to use James I of Scotland, who had been an English captive since he was 12, like this to prevent the Scots fighting against him in the HundredYearsWar.
* TheQuisling: King John (Baliol), who accepted EdwardTheFirst as overlord in exchange for the Scottish crown. Although Baliol drew the line at being instructed to go fight in France on Edward's behalf.
* RagsToRoyalty: TheHouseOfStuart's rise from hostages and prisoners to being the dominant force in the British isles.
* RapePillageAndBurn
* RebelLeader:
** In the First War of Independence, there were [[BadassPreacher Bishops Wishart and Lamberton]], [[MemeticBadass William Wallace]], [[FolkHero Robert the Bruce]] [[AndZoidberg and Andrew Moray]].
* [[ReasonableAuthorityFigure ReasonableAuthorityFigures]]: The [=MacDonald=] family, the Lords of the Isles, who had kept peace in their territory for a century.
* RedBaron: EdwardTheFirst, the "Hammer of the Scots".
* ReluctantRuler: John Baliol, who ended up staying in France rather than trying to take up his rule.
* RetiredBadass: Constantine II, after fourty-two years as King, retired to live in a cave as a holy man.
* TheRevolutionWillNotBeCivilized: Frequently.
* RightfulKingReturns: Cousins Donald and Constantine taking their families kingdom back from the usurper, Giric, circa 899.
** [[AvertedTrope Averted]] with John Baliol, who was content to hide out in France rather than try and resume his rule.
** Robert the Bruce returning from hiding to fight for the Crown.
** A less heroic example with James I, who was ransomed back because his English captors didn't see any value in holding him any more.
* RoyalBlood
* RoyalsWhoActuallyDoSomething
* TheRomanEmpire: A (mythical) battle between the invading Romans and the Caledonians forms the backdrop of the opening scenes in episode one. Their (probably unreliable) accounts also provide the only written record of ancient Scotland.
* {{Scotireland}}: The Gaels, who arrived in the west of Scotland from Ireland and eventually become the dominant group.
* UsefulNotes/{{Scotland}}
* SelfFulfillingProphecy: Henry VIII wanted to MaryOfScotland to marry his son in order to prevent Scotland siding with his European enemies. Only during his war to try and force this through did France side with Scotland and arrange for the marriage of Mary into the French royal family, fulfilling Henry's fears.
* ShroudedInMyth: Scotland's very early history.
** This was exploited by the Scots Church when trying to win favour with UsefulNotes/ThePope in 1301; they spun him an elaborate story about how Scots are directly descended from ancient Israelites.
* SiegeEngines: EdwardTheFirst built what was then the biggest trebuchet ever constructed to take Stirling Castle. He called it "Warwolf".
* SpannerInTheWorks: Robert the Bruce murdering John Comyn, messing up most of the plan to get Bruce on the throne.
* TheStarscream: Giric to Aed.
* SuccessionCrisis: Caused by the sudden deaths of the Alexander III and his only heir, his three-year old granddaughter Margaret. Two competing claims to the throne, from John Baliol and Robert Bruce, nearly led to CivilWar. Then up stepped EdwardTheFirst...
** Later happened in England, when the deaths of most of TheHouseOfTudor left Henry VIII's illegitimate daughter [[TheVirginQueen Elizabeth]] and MaryOfScotland as the two competing claimants to being Queen of England.
* TakingUpTheMantle: Robert the Bruce as the Scottish leader in the First War of Independence.
* TakeThat
--> "The English had had enough, so they did what had become the traditional thing when faced with a Scottish army, its feet and spears firmly planted on the ground: they ran away."
* TheseHandsHaveKilled: Robert the Bruce's lifelong reaction to killing his rival, John Comyn, in a Dumfries Church.
* TimeSkip: Each episode tends to jump a few centuries ahead of where the last one ended.
* TraumaCongaLine: Alexander III lost his wife and all three children in the space of nine years.
* TreacherousAdvisor: EdwardTheFirst was invited to mediate on Scotland's SuccessionCrisis. He ended up taking over as [[EvilOverlord overlord]].
* TyrantTakesTheHelm: James I.
* UnexplainedRecovery: Robert the Bruce was dying of an unknown illness... then he was ok again for unknown reasons.
* WarriorMonk: Bishop Robert Wishart and Bishop William Lamberton, who masterminded Robert I's rebellion.
* WarriorPrince: Many of them.
** Alexander II
** EdwardTheFirst
** Robert the Bruce
* WeAREStrugglingTogether: Frequently occurs.
* WhatCouldHaveBeen: MaryOfScotland was nearly nearly Mary of Scotland, England AND France.
* WHAMLine
--> '' "It's mid-winter, 1230. A horrific scene is played out in the middle of a busy market square: An infant child is held up to the crowds. Seconds later, she's dead. Her small corpse lies discarded in the mud, her brains splattered across the column of the market cross." ''
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: RealLife example with the Picts, who simply vanished from the records with very little trace when the Kingdom of Scotland first appeared in them.
* WildWilderness: The Scottish Highlands: "Britain's last great wilderness; a place as beautiful as it is barren".
* WouldntHurtAChild: [[AvertedTrope averted]] by Alexander II.
* YoungConqueror: Alexander II. After his English allies turned on him he abandoned the north of England and he embarked on a campaign to bring the largely independent Scottish Highland's under his control.