The USS Enterprise is on duty near the Romulan Zone border, and things are calm enough that Kirk can preside over a wedding between two crew members. An urgent call from an Outpost interrupts the wedding, and the ship discovers that a series of outposts have been destroyed by a new energy weapon. A lucky interception of a message from an unseen space ship allows Kirk and crew to find out who they are up against: The Romulans. Using a single cloaked ship firing the most lethal weapon ever witnessed. And The ''Enterprise'' is the only one who can stop them...
!This episode contains the following tropes:
* BigBadassBirdOfPrey: The Romulan symbol.
* CanonFodder: The Romulan War, and in particular Stiles' ancestor's role in it.
* CrowningMomentOfAwesome: Kirk and the ''Enterprise'' defeat one of the show's most dangerous adversaries in the Romulan Commander, who only fails because his warrior culture compels him to listen to an ambitious subcommander and risk an ill-advised final attack.
* EarlyInstallmentWeirdness: Scotty states that the Romulans "power is simple impulse." This caused many people (including the writers of the ''Star Trek Encyclopedia'') to assume that the Romulans only had Impulse engines and not Warp Drive. However, considering it would take decades for the Romulans to travel space without Faster-than-light travel, it would be nearly impossible to fight an interstellar war. Eventually, this was retconed by having the Romulans have warp capabilities in ''Series/StarTrekEnterprise''.
** Although ''Series/StarTrekTheNextGeneration'' DID establish that Romulan vessels were powered by artificial singularities as opposed to a warp core familiar to Starfleet...
** One of the EU novels, set in Captain April's era, explains this by having birds of prey capable only of sublight be deployed to their duty sectors by a warp-capable mothership.
** Impulse engines on Starfleet vessels are powered by fusion reactors. Knowing this and that a fusion-powered ship would have much shorter range than an antiatter-powered one, just like the Bird of Prey, it's probable that Romulan ships of the era were powered by fusion reactors and that Scott just meant that, and that artificial singularities (that would ensure pretty much unlimited range) were still to be developed.
** The ''Enterprise'' fires phasers in short bursts which detonate at a specified interval, in reference to [[RecycledInSpace depth charges]]. This could have easily been done by Photon Torpedoes had they been invented by the writers sooner.
* FantasticRacism: Lt. Stiles. From a long line of Stiles who fought in the first Romulan War. When he finds out Romulans and Vulcans look alike (and Spock himself confirms the possibility the species are related), he starts viewing Spock as a traitor. [[spoiler:Spock saves his life during the final attack, and Stiles learns his lesson]].
* GiveAwayTheBride: Scotty does the honors.
* HeyItsThatGuy: Sarek is the Romulan Commander? No wonder Spock has daddy issues...
* HilariousInHindsight: Spock's surprised reaction to the Romulans could now come off just as much as a reaction to the commander looking like his father.
* HonorBeforeReason: The Romulan subcommander taunts the Commander into one final attack on a wounded ''Enterprise'', even though the Commander knows that his Federation opponent is too dangerous to be viewed as an easy kill.
* MauveShirt: Tomlinson, so that his death at the end will be meaningful. (And no, he doesn't wear a red shirt.)
* NotSoDifferent: "In a different reality... I could have called you friend."
* OutrunTheFireball: In this case, outrun a warp-speed plasma ball. While not fast enough, the plasma energy dissipates enough to weaken its deadly effects to little damage.
** If only their phasers had been operational at the time. StarFleetBattles assures us that every 2 points of phaser damage reduces a plasma torpedo's warhead yield by 1 point.
* PunchclockVillain: The Romulan Commander turns out to be one.
* RecycledInSpace: The 1957 WWII submarine movie ''The Enemy Below'' [-IN SPACE-]! Even the bearing of the unidentified initial contact and the captain's maneuvering orders to the helm are copied nearly verbatim. The Romulan ship is cramped and has lots of piping and conduits in all background scenes. The Enterprise's phasers act like depth charges, and at one point the Enterprise and the Romulan ship both go to silent running, fearing to ''talk loudly'' [[SpaceIsNoisy lest the other vessel hear them]].
** The Romulans in this episode were TheRomanEmpire [-IN SPACE-]!, as exemplified by Mark Lenard's dignified Centurion character. They didn't stay that way, though. Compare the Romulans in the ''Film/StarTrek'' reboot movie.
* ScienceMarchesOn: At one point, Spock removes a panel to reveal that some internal electronics have caught fire. (And then he puts the fire out with his hands. Love that Vulcan stoicism.) It seems unlikely that an interstellar spaceship wouldn't have an over current protection device that would prevent such a fire.
** This ''is'' the franchise with all those [[ExplosiveInstrumentation exploding consoles]], mind you.
** Then there's the Enterprise crew needing to be quiet to avoid detection even though sound doesn't travel in space.
* StealthInSpace: The TropeCodifier for ''Trek'', if not all of Science Fiction.
** And yet, an UnbuiltTrope: it is a plot point that while under cloak the Romulan ship has the same problems with detecting the Enterprise as the Enterprise has detecting the Romulan ship.
* WidowedAtTheWedding: Poor Angela Martine.
* WorthyOpponent: The Romulan Commander. He's only attacking Starfleet bases because he was ordered to test a new weapon (and to test the Federation's vulnerability). He'd rather not start any more wars, and just wants to go home.
** The Commander quickly recognizes Kirk as one, by the fact that [[NotSoDifferent Kirk does a lot of things ''he'' would do.]]
** In a deleted scene, right before destroying the Bird-of-Prey, Kirk salutes the Commander, who replies with a solemn bow.
* YouLookFamiliar: Mark Lenard, who plays the Romulan Commander here, would go on to play Spock's father in "Journey to Babel" and a Klingon Commander in ''Film/StarTrekTheMotionPicture''.