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->''"I am you. Prepared to do anything. Prepared to burn. Prepared to do what ordinary people won't do. You want me to shake hands with you in hell? I shall not disappoint you."''
-->--'''Sherlock Holmes'''

John Watson has returned to his therapist's office for the first time in eighteen months. Why? [[WhamLine Because his best friend, Sherlock Holmes, is dead]].

Only three months earlier, Sherlock had been catapulted to even greater heights of fame thanks to his recovery of a famous painting of [[MythologyGag the Reichenbach Falls]], amongst other big-note cases. How did the Reichenbach Hero fall so far? The answer is wrapped up in the simultaneous break-ins at the Tower of London, the Bank of England and Pentonville Prison, along with a budding journalist, a high-profile trial, international assassins, fairy tales, the mysterious Richard Brook, and the "final problem" of Jim Moriarty...

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!!This episode provides examples of the following tropes:
* ArtisticLicenseChemistry: Sherlock, you are working with oil. ''Of course'' you are going to find glycerol.
* AsYouKnow: Lampshaded and justified during Sherlock's confrontation with Moriarty after the trial, when they both know what Moriarty's up to but somebody needs to explain it for the audience.
-->'''Moriarty:''' ''You'' understand.\\
'''Sherlock:''' Obviously.\\
'''Moriarty:''' Off you go, then.\\
'''Sherlock:''' You want me to tell you what you already know?\\
'''Moriarty:''' No, [[IKnowYouKnowIKnow I want you to prove that you know it]].
* AteHisGun: [Moriarty shoots himself in the head to make sure Sherlock can't outgambit him into saving Sherlock's friends.
* TheBadGuyWins: Moriarty's plan to destroy Sherlock's reputation and then kill him succeeds ...except Jim [[AteHisGun killed himself]] to do it and Sherlock [[FakingTheDead isn't actually dead.]]
* BadassBoast: Sherlock tells Moriarty in no uncertain terms that if he harms his friends, Sherlock will burn him right back.
-->''' Moriarty:''' Sherlock, your big brother and all the King's horses couldn't make me do a thing I didn't want to.
-->'''Sherlock:''' Yes. But I'm not my brother, remember? I am ''you''. Prepared to do anything. Prepared to burn. Prepared to do what ordinary people won't do. You want me to shake hands with you in hell, I shall not disappoint you.
-->''' Moriarty:''' Nah. You talk big. Nah. You're ordinary. You're ordinary. You're on the side of the angels.
-->'''Sherlock:''' [[AntiHero Oh, I may be on the side of the angels. But don't think for one second that I am one of them.]]
* BilingualBonus: One of the networks set up by the international assassins for spying on Sherlock is "red-de-cielo," or, literally, Skynet.
* {{Blackmail}}: How Moriarty got the jury to declare him 'not guilty'.
* BreakHisHeartToSaveHim: Right before jumping off St. Bart's, Sherlock tells John that Moriarty's version of the story is true, so that John, Lestrade and Mrs. Hudson won't get offed by snipers.]]
** Sherlock's earlier attempt to do this was, sadly, a lot more successful. John receives a phone-call telling him that Mrs. Hudson has been shot. Sherlock refuses to go with him to see her and acts as if he doesn't care about her when previous events have clearly shown otherwise. Throughout the episode, people have been slowly turning against Sherlock, all except John who has been fighting his corner all the way until this moment which causes him to snap and call Sherlock a 'machine' before [[TearJerker abandoning him as well]]. It turns out Mrs Hudson was fine all along and the whole thing was a ruse set-up by Sherlock to get John to leave him so he could face Moriarty alone.
* BrickJoke: John is making a comment about Newspaper Nicknames where Sherlock points out that John already has one, "Confirmed Bachelor John Watson" which he is less than pleased with. Later on after Moriarty is arrested and newspapers are flying across the screen, if you [[FreezeFrameBonus pause it to read it]] you will see they once again address John as "Confirmed Bachelor".
** Heck Moriarty's entire fake personality Richard Brook is a BrickJoke. Rich Brook is the English translation of "Reichenbach", the case that launched Sherlock into fame. He comments on the fact he was surprised no one got the joke.
* BriefAccentImitation: In his final confrontation with Sherlock, Moriarty slips into an American accent for a little bit for [[AxCrazy no reason at all]].
* BullyingADragon: All Sherlock's put-downs of Anderson and Donovan finally come back to bite him.
-->'''John:''' They are all coming over here now. Queuing up to slap up on the handcuffs. Every officer you made to feel a tit, which is a lot of people.
* CallBack: While handcuffed and and forced to hold hands with Sherlock, John mutters "Now people will definitely talk", referencing his line in "The Great Game".
** Sherlock learned back in "A Study in Pink" that cabbies can hide in plain sight because no one pays attention to them. Hoo boy, did that come back around.
** From the same episode "I'm going to talk to you, and then you're going to kill yourself".
** Moriarty tells Sherlock he's already told him what "The Final Problem" is if Sherlock was paying attention. It happened in "A Scandel in Belgravia" when Moriarty's phone rang: "Stayin' Alive".
* CastingGag: The incensed old man in the Diogenes Club was played by Douglas Wilmer, who played Sherlock Holmes on TV in the 1960s.
* ChainedHeat: Sherlock and John.
* ChekhovsGunman: A literal example- Mrs. Hudson's Repairman is an assassin (with his gun in his toolbox) sent by Moriarty to kill her if Sherlock does not commit suicide.
* CommonNonsenseJury: Moriarty was caught red handed stealing the Crown Jewels. There are plenty of witnesses and good quality security camera footage. At trial he offers no defense and the judge tells the jury that they have no choice but to convict. They return a verdict of 'not guilty'. Moriarty threatened to kill the jurors' families unless they acquitted him.
* ComplexityAddiction: This is how Moriarty knew Sherlock would fall for the "super-code" lie. He's actually disappointed to be right.
* CutLexLuthorACheck: Neatly exploited by Moriarty. As Sherlock points out, nothing he could steal from any bank in the world is ever going to be worth more than a computer program that will ''let'' him break into any bank in the world.
* {{Deconstruction}}: Holmes is an incredible, unbelievable detective. So Moriarty arranges matters so he's less credible, and to make people stop believing in him. In fact, people start to think he actually set up the crimes he solved.
* DidYouActuallyBelieve: There's no magic formula that can open any door. Moriarty just bribed a few people, and is actually disappointed that even Sherlock bought it.
** Also, at the end when Sherlock is standing on the roof of Bart's and telling John "no one could be that clever" in regards to him faking his genius. Averted by the fact that Sherlock was lying about being a fake in order to save John, Lestrade and Mrs. Hudson.
* DiegeticSwitch:
** Jim Moriarty's iPod music became the BGM to his jewel heists in "The Reichenbach Fall". Appropriately enough, [[GeniusBonus the song is Rossiniís "Thieving Magpie"]].
** Later, when Moriarty is waiting on the rooftop, "Stayin' Alive" plays as BGM, then becomes the diegetic music from his iPod as Sherlock arrives.
* DisproportionateRetribution: Sherlock humiliates Kitty Riley (in front of no one). In return, she runs a story in the paper about Sherlock being a fraud, which ruins his life.
* DisturbedDoves: After the jump scene, when we're watching people gathering around the body. Two birds fly off from the hospital building.
* DrivenToSuicide: Sherlock. [[FakingTheDead But not really.]]
** Jim, just so he can "win".
* EvilPlan: Moriarty's plan to "burn" Sherlock.
* ExtremeDoormat: Oh, Molly.
* FakingTheDead: Sherlock.
* FakeUltimateHero: Kitty Riley makes everyone believe that Sherlock is the true mastermind behind all the crimes he "solves".
* FamedInStory: Continuing the trend of series 2, Sherlock is becoming an internationally-renowned detective.
* FauxAffablyEvil: Moriarty.
* ForegoneConclusion: Well, if you know the original stories, you knew that Holmes would die in the Reichenbach episode. You also knew that he was never really dead after all.
* FlatWhat: John is a master of these. In particular, this is his reaction when Sherlock, to whom he is handcuffed, announces that they are about to jump in front of a bus.
* GilliganCut:
** At a trial, the judge threatens to throw Sherlock into a cell for contempt of court, and asks "Do you think you could survive for just a few minutes ''without showing off''?!?". Sherlock thinks for an instant, and opens his mouth. Cut to Sherlock being thrown in a cell.
** And again when Sherlock is arrested Watson is seen looking like he's going to punch the chief superintendent; cut to outside and guess who has a bloody nose?
* GoshDangItToHeck: Donovan and Lestrade are driving to the Tower of London where a break-in has occurred. They have also heard since leaving the station that the Bank of England has been broken into. When Lestrade finds out Pentonville Prison has ''also'' has a security breach, his response is "Oh ''no!''" Series 2 may have more swearwords than series 1 but the language is still very mild.
* HoldingHands: Sherlock and John, while handcuffed together. To the sound of exploding squees of slash fangirls everywhere.
-->'''John:''' Now people will ''definitely'' talk!
* HeroicSacrifice
* HollywoodHacking: Moriarty creates a computerised key which he uses to break into the Tower of London, the Bank of England and Pentonville prison all at once. Subverted when Moriarty reveals that the key was a fake and that he simply paid off the right people to help him.
** :Would have been an ''especially'' extreme example if it weren't for the subversion. The "code" was simple enough that Jim could tap it out in binary on his fingers during a single conversation. For comparison, the text that makes up this very page would take well over 100,000 "taps".
* HomageShot:
** Moriarty hacks into locked vaults and security systems to the tune of "[[StandardSnippet The Thieving Magpie]]" by Rossini. [[Film/AClockworkOrange Sound familiar]]?
** The sequence where Moriarty enters 221b Baker Street and starts to sneak up the stairs while Sherlock's violin plays in the background. When he steps on a squeaky step, the violin stops for a second and then starts again. Moriarty walks up the stairs knowing perfectly well that Sherlock is aware that he is coming. Taken directly from the Basil Rathbone film ''The Woman in Green'', the last film of that series to feature Moriarty.
** A clearly deranged man pops something in his mouth, plays classical music through his headphones and cracks his neck in preparation for committing a crime - Gary Oldman in [[Film/TheProfessional Leon]], anyone?
* HomoeroticSubtext: More than ever. It extends beyond the usual Sherlock/John to Sherlock/Moriarty as well.
* HopeSpot: Sherlock's last-minute realisation that Moriarty has a way to call off the assassins targeting John, Mrs. Hudson and Lestrade. His attempt to TakeAThirdOption is brutally cut off by Moriarty's ThanatosGambit.
* HowWeGotHere: Like the original story, this episode opens with John Watson telling us that Sherlock Holmes is dead and then backtracks to show us how it all went down.
* IntrepidReporter: Kitty Riley is ''trying'' to be this, but Sherlock calls her out for being a HotScoop and StalkerWithACrush trying too hard to impress people. He gets burned for it, badly.
* InspectorJavert: Sally Donovan is very quick to determine that Sherlock is a criminal.
* InstantSedation: Moriarty sprays something on the face of a guard in the Tower of London, and he goes down like a sack of potatoes in one second flat. Possibly justified in that at least some of the guards are in on the scheme, so he might have been faking.
* IronicEcho: "You repel me."
* ItAlwaysRainsAtFunerals: Battering down, to be precise, in the opening scene after Sherlock's apparent suicide. It's still grey in the closing scene at the graveside.
* KansasCityShuffle: Moriarty makes everyone think that his plan is to sell his computer program to the highest bidder. When everyone is trying to stop him it only furthers his real plan to discredit Sherlock.
* KarmaHoudini: Moriarty. Oh god, Moriarty.
* KickTheDog: Moriarty makes this episode an hour and a half of him doing nothing less than this. And then some more.
* ManlyTears: Sherlock is in tears almost the entire time as he makes one final call to John before he fakes his death. John is partially obscured, but can be heard crying at Sherlock's grave.
* MeaningfulName: "Richard Brook". Rich Brook would be an English approximation for "Reichenbach", a play on words that gives the episode its title. Literally, it would translate to 'reicher Bach'.
* MoodDissonance: "Staying Alive" makes a return appearance during a tense moment.
* MundaneMadeAwesome: Sherlock makes the coolest pot of tea in television history.
* MythologyGag:
** Moriarty refers to his conflict with Sherlock as "The Final Problem", referencing the name of the short story on which this episode is based. Likewise, the Reichenbach Falls made a prominent appearance in that story as the location where Holmes (apparently) tumbles over the ledge to his doom.
** Peter Ricoletti, the man at the top of Interpol's most-wanted list, is a reference to one of Holmes's untold early cases ("Ricoletti of the club foot") mentioned in "The Musgrave Ritual."
** Sherlock's deduction about Kitty Riley's wrist is similar to one that Holmes makes in "A Case of Identity".
** Sherlock's courtroom description of Moriarty as a spider at the centre of a criminal web is lifted almost word-for-word from "The Final Problem".
** Moriarty's threatening but very civil discussion with Sherlock in the sitting room at Baker Street recalls his visit to 221b in "The Final Problem."
** During their tea-party Moriarty tells Sherlock, "You need me -- or you're nothing". Holmes himself expresses a similar sentiment in "The Adventure of the Norwood Builder."
** The Diogenes Club is from the original stories, as is its blanket ban on talking.
** The abduction of the diplomat's children recalls "The Adventure of the Priory School," in which Holmes is called in to find the young son of a prominent nobleman, who has also been kidnapped from an upper-class boarding school.
** As in the original "Final Problem," Sherlock is nearly run down by a cab. The twist is that it's not an assassination attempt by Moriarty, and one of Moriarty's assassins actually saves his life.
** Lestrade mentions Inspector Gregson as someone else who has consulted Sherlock. Gregson was another police inspector who often appeared in the stories.
** The phone call that John receives claiming that Mrs. Hudson has been shot is a clear reference to the (literal) [[UnwittingInstigatorOfDoom Swiss messenger]] from "The Final Problem," who draws Watson away from Holmes with a note about a sick Englishwoman who needs a doctor.
** Moriarty's fondness for snipers (they are key components of his plans in this episode as well as "The Great Game") may be a reference to Sebastian Moran, Moriarty's right-hand-man in the stories.
** "This phone call, it's -- it's my note." In the original story, Holmes left an actual note.
** At Sherlock's grave, John calls Sherlock "the best man, and the most human human being, that [he's] ever known." In the closing words of "The Final Problem" Watson writes that he will always regard Holmes as "the best and wisest man [he's] ever known".
** Moriarty's attempt to steal the Crown Jewels, as well as his being acquitted at trial even though everyone knows he's guilty, are both plot points from ''The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes'' (with Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce).
** Likewise, the climax, in which Moriarty tries to talk Sherlock into jumping off a roof, seems to be based on a similar scene from the Basil Rathbone film ''The Woman in Green''. Moriarty climbing the stairs while Sherlock plays his violin is also directly from that film (see HomageShot).
** Moriarty's plan bears a striking resemblance to ''The Seven Percent Solution'', a non-canon story based around the idea that Holmes invented Moriarty.
** All the discussion of Sherlock being "on the side of the angels" is a ShoutOut to the BBC radio plays with John Gielgud and Ralph Richardson (and Orson Welles as Moriarty). In the dramatisation of "The Empty House" Watson exclaims "You're the devil, Holmes!" Holmes replies "The only one, however, who has always been on the side of the angels".
** The warehouse Sherlock uses the homeless network to find has Rhododendron ponticum, the same plant that Lord Blackwood used to fake his death by hanging in the first [[Film.SherlockHolmes Robert Downey Jr. film]].
* NiceJobBreakingItHero: John throws one at Mycroft when it is revealed that the latter, while trying to get Moriarty's computer key (which turned out not to exist anyway) ended up telling Moriarty Sherlock's entire life story -- which he proceeds to use as ammunition against him. Mycroft appears to be shaken up by the accusation.
* NobleDemon: Sherlock invokes this, stating that he might be on the side of the angels, but he is ''not'' one of them.
* NotHelpingYourCase: Once Moriarty's smear campaign reaches a certain point, Sherlock evidently decides "to hell with it" and goes on the run - [[RecklessGunUsage pointing a loaded gun at his best friend's head]] in the process.
* NotSoDifferent: Moriarty taunts Holmes with this repeatedly. It's not until the climax that he realises how right he was.
* OccamsRazor: There is no supercode for hacking into all of the world's systems; Moriarty simply used expertly-placed inside men.
* PleaseWakeUp: John to Sherlock's grave. After his goodbye monologue about his undying faith in Sherlock, he turns around and...
--> "Please, there's just one more thing, one more thing, one more miracle, Sherlock, for me. Don't...be...dead. [[TearJerker Would you do- just for me, just stop it. Stop this."]]
* PunBasedTitle: Based on "The Reichenbach Falls", the painting Sherlock helps recover at the beginning of the episode.
* PunnyName: "Rich Brook", "Reichen Bach" in German.
* RealityEnsues: Sergeant Donovan makes Lestrade take her doubts to the [[DaChief Chief Superintendent]], who's under the impression that Sherlock has only helped on a few minor cases. The reveal that Sherlock (a civilian) has been given unmitigated access to sensitive data and cases leads him to tear Lestrade a new one and order him to bring Sherlock in.
* RecklessGunUsage: Sherlock firing in the air in a highly populated area would be bad enough, but he then puts the gun (still loaded) to John's head with the safety off. And then he drops it on a cobblestoned street. It's a miracle they both made it out alive.
* RefugeInAudacity: If all you want to do is prove you ''can'' steal the Crown Jewels, why run off with them when you can await the police ''wearing'' them, while sitting on a throne in an ermine robe?
* RooftopConfrontation
* SayMyName: Before Sherlock jumps from the roof, John screams, "SHERLOCK!"
* ShoutOut:
** To Stansfield in ''[[Film/TheProfessional Leon]]'' (see HomageShot), and also to ''Film/AClockworkOrange'', when Moriarty refers to Bach as "Johann Sebastian" (as Alex refers to "Ludwig Van").
** Moriarty invokes this in-universe with "Hansel and Gretel," to ''spectacularly'' disturbing effect.
** The song that plays when Moriarty breaks into the Crown Jewels' case, unlocks all the doors in the penitentary and opens the bank vault is overture from "The Thieving Magpie". The wax seals on envelopes he leaves have a magpie impression on them.
* SpotOfTea: Sherlock and Moriarty might be mortal enemies, but they're still British.
** Well, Sherlock is.
** During the break-ins, ''every single one'' involves ''someone'' who is drinking tea.
* StrawmanNewsMedia: Kitty Riley and, presumably, her editors ([[BritishNewspapers at The Sun?]]) buy into Richard Brook's story hook, line and sinker. Given the outbreak of the News International hacking scandal during production, it feels rather timely.
** Considering that Moriarty is just that good, his story probably just holds up well enough.
*** Alternatively, it's The Sun. They're not known for being great at checking facts before publishing.
* ThanatosGambit: The final move in Moriarty's XanatosSpeedChess game.
* TragicBromance: John is devastated by Sherlock's apparent death.
* TheUnfettered: Taken to its most logical extreme by Moriarty. He won't let ''anything'' stop him from achieving his goal of destroying Sherlock Holmes. [[ThanatosGambit Not even himself]].
* UnwittingPawn: Sgt. Donovan.
** ''Mycroft Holmes.
* VillainWithGoodPublicity: Moriarty's gambit is to convince the world that ''Sherlock Holmes'' is one of these. And it ''works''.
* WhamEpisode
* WhamLine: John ''opens'' the episode with one.
-->'''John''': My best friend, Sherlock Holmes, is dead.
* WhatYouAreInTheDark: Sherlock's decision to tarnish his own reputation to save the lives of his friends, who for their own safety cannot know that he saved them.
* WickedCultured: Moriarty.
* WorstAid: Sherlock is flipped over and moved onto a stretcher after he's just fallen from a building, with no precautions taken such as stabilising his head / neck. It's made worse by the fact that it was ''hospital workers'' who were doing this. It's been suspected that the people "treating" him may have been in on the death-fakery, in which case they probably know something we don't.
** Or, they simply pronounced him dead on the spot, deeming any further precautions unceccesary.
* XanatosGambit: At every turn, everything Sherlock could have done sends him further and further down Moriarty's rabbit hole.
** XanatosSpeedChess: Sherlock and Moriarty are playing like nobody's business.
* YoureInsane
-->'''Moriarty''': [[InsultBackfire You're just getting that]] ''[[InsultBackfire now]]''?
* ZeroApprovalGambit: The crux of Moriarty's EvilPlan is to force Sherlock to completely destroy his own reputation.
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