As the eighteenth ''Asterix'' book begins, Asterix and Obelix are in Rome, where a thoroughly fed up Asterix is venting his frustration on Obelix for landing them in their predicament. The story pauses and rewinds to explain [[HowWeGotHere what Asterix and Obelix are doing in Rome to begin with]].

An unwilling Asterix and Obelix have accompanied an even more unwilling Vitalstatistix on a visit to Lutetia with his wife, Impedimenta, to see [[ObnoxiousInLaws her wealthy and uppity brother, Homeopathix]], who has always looked down on Vitalstatistix. Over the course of the evening, Vitalstatistix gets very drunk and, tiring of Homeopathix's snobbery, [[LiquidCourage bets him that he can cook him something he's never eaten before]]--a stew flavoured with UsefulNotes/JuliusCaesar's laurel wreath. The equally drunk Obelix declares that he and Asterix will go to Rome on the chief's behalf to get the wreath, and Homeopathix decides to take him up on his boast.

Flash back to the present; Asterix points out to Obelix that their usual tactic of marching in and beating up every Roman they see will not work with [[EliteMooks the crack troops guarding Caesar's palace]]. They notice a man leaving the palace; plying him with drink, they learn he is a slave, purchased from Typhus, Caesar's personal supplier. They decide to offer themselves as merchandise to Typhus, but when the other slaves on Typhus' stand dismiss them as cut rate junk, a fight breaks out, with Asterix and Obelix triumphant. An amused patrician offers to buy the two Gauls, who assume he is Caesar's major-domo (whom Typhus has been expecting at any minute) and that they are finally on their way to Caesar's palace.

However, the patrician, Osseus Humerus, has actually bought the Gauls as slaves for his own household, which includes his wife Fibula, his daughter Tibia, and his alcoholic son Gracchus Metatarsus; they quickly earn the enmity of Humerus' own major-domo, Goldendelicius, who is determined not to let these fragile Typhus trinkets replace him. Asterix and Obelix, however, are more interested in getting Humerus to return them to Typhus to be bought by Caesar, and try everything they can to get the sack. They throw everything in the kitchen into a disgusting stew, but this only succeeds in [[HideousHangoverCure curing Metatarsus' hangover]]. They march through the house in the middle of the night banging pots and pans, but they only inspire the family to have a loud, drunken party.

Fortunately for the Gauls, Humerus has business at Caesar's palace the next day; as he is too hung over from the previous night's party to go himself, he sends the delighted Gauls in his place. However, Goldendelicius, ever more paranoid about being replaced as major-domo by Typhus' museum pieces, has gone ahead of them and reported them as assassins plotting to murder Caesar; reasoning that at least they'll be in the palace at last, Asterix plays along, and they are arrested and imprisoned. That night, they break out of their cell and search the palace for the laurel wreath in secret, knocking out every guard they pass as quietly as possible. The search turns up empty, and they return to their cell with plans to continue the next night.

The next day, the guards regain consciousness and find the palace in disarray but the Gauls still in their cell; suspecting them of wizardry, the panicked Romans schedule their trial for that very day, and the lawyer Nisiprius arrives to defend Asterix and Obelix. He notes their conviction is assured, and Asterix is intrigued to learn that this will mean being thrown to the lions in front of Caesar himself. As the trial's verdict is already known, Nisiprius plans to use it as a chance to show off his oratory skills, but when the prosecutor begins to give the same speech, Nisiprius tries to have the trial postponed. The judge and prosecutor are about to agree to the request when the impatient Asterix interrupts and makes an impassioned plea to the court that their crimes - wrecking Typhus' stand, getting into Humerus' house under false pretences to get closer to Caesar to assassinate him - cannot be overlooked, and the emotionally overwhelmed court sentences them to be thrown to the lions.

On the day their sentence is to be carried out, Asterix takes a swig of magic potion on the way to the arena so that he and Obelix can grab Caesar's laurels and then fight their way out. However, the jailer reveals that Caesar is away fighting the pirates, and so Asterix and Obelix refuse to go into the arena. The animals end up devouring each other, and the enraged crowd starts a riot, during which the Gauls escape.

Sleeping rough on the streets of Rome, they are nearly attacked by a group of thieves; impressed by Obelix's strength in rebuffing their attempted theft, they decide to recruit the two Gauls into their gang, and the next night they are ordered to rob a young drunk. The drunk turns out to be Humerus' son Metatarsus, who is ecstatic to see them again. After thrashing the bandits to save Metatarsus from harm, Asterix and Obelix learn that he has been celebrating with Goldendelicius, who was made Caesar's personal slave after denouncing the Gauls as assassins, and will be holding Caesar's laurel wreath over his head during his triumphal procession after his victory over the pirates.

Metatarsus directs the Gauls to Goldendelicius in exchange for the recipe for their accidental hangover cure. Asterix and Obelix corner the still drunk Goldendelicius and force him to give them the laurel wreath in exchange for a parsley wreath. No-one notices the difference during the triumph... except perhaps for Caesar himself, who feels strangely like a piece of fish.

Back in the village, Homeopathix is finally sitting down to the stew flavoured with Caesar's laurels as Vitalstatistix enjoys his victory. However, the unimpressed Homeopathix begins criticising the cut of meat used in the stew, and [[RageBreakingPoint the chief's anger finally boils over]] as [[MegatonPunch he punches his brother-in-law sky high]]. The dazed Homeopathix lands in front of the bound Cacofonix, who wonders if Homeopathix was also punished for trying to sing, while the concluding narration notes that the Gauls' hangover cure led to a surge in drinking among the Romans, and ended up causing the decline and fall of the Roman Empire.
* AlcoholInducedIdiocy: The whole plot starts because a drunk Vitalstatix offers his brother-in-law a stew flavoured with Julius Caesar's laurel wreath. And a possibly drunker Obelix gets enthused at the idea.
* CharacterFocus: Even by the usual standards of the "Asterix and Obelix go on a journey" albums, this album keeps the main duo front and centre from start to finish. The only other series regulars to even get a look in outside the final ''panel'' (never mind the final page) are Vitalstatistix and Impedimenta, who only appear in the Lutetia flashback and the final banquet. Even Dogmatix is almost completely absent.
* ContinuityNod: As in ''Recap/AsterixAndTheCauldron'', Asterix and Obelix demonstrate a complete lack of understanding of economics. When Humerus offers to buy them from Typhus, he asks Asterix to name his price; he suggests five sestertii. The British slave on Typhus' stand intervenes, saying the sale will crash the slave market, and suggests a more suitable price of... ten sestertii. (The almost apoplectic Typhus, meanwhile, cannot get a word in edgewise.)
* EliteMooks: The legionaries guarding Caesar's palace, according to Asterix, one reason he tells Obelix they cannot simply march into the palace, bash every Roman they see, grab the laurel wreath, and leave again. However, at night, fought one at a time, the palace guards prove no match for Obelix.
* FedToTheBeast: Asterix and Obelix get themselves sentenced to be thrown to the lions in the hope of getting Caesar's laurel wreath directly from the great man's head. Obelix has an attack of stage fright the night before their "appearance", and asks the jailer if he can have some of the oil the gladiators wear to smarten himself up a bit. The jailer suggests mustard might be more appropriate. However, they back out once they learn Caesar isn't in the Circus, beat down the guards that try to force them... and learn the beasts have fed on ''themselves'', with only one lion standing. The crowd then [[PowderKegCrowd riots]].
* ForeignQueasine: Continuing the series' tendency to mock British cooking, Humerus says the Gauls' cooking could hardly be any worse than that of their previous cook, the Briton Autodidax. Of course, when Asterix and Obelix simply [[CordonBleughChef throw everything in the entire kitchen into a single cauldron]] (including ''soap''), they decide that perhaps Gaulish cooking isn't what its reputation usually suggests...
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar:
** This exchange between Vitalstatistix and his brother-in-law:
--->'''Homeopathix''': But my dear chap, where am I going to put all these menhirs of yours? \\
'''Vitalstatistix''' ''(with an evil grin)'': You really want me to tell you?\\
'''Impedimenta''': [[CurseCutShort VITALSTATISTIX!]]
** The panoramic scene of the slave market features a topless female slave on one of the stands in the background.
* HangoverSensitivity: As with most ''Asterix'' books, when characters get really drunk, they wake up with heightened sensitivity to light and sound. When Humerus first brings Asterix and Obelix back to his house, Metatarsus has been trying to sleep off a hangover, and clutches his head in agony when his father bellows Goldendelicius' name. The next morning, after the entire family have had a spontaneous late-night party, Humerus is the one who begs Goldendelicius to shut the door of his bedroom to keep the light out.
* HideousHangoverCure: While trying to get thrown out of the Roman family they've become slaves to, Asterix and Obelix wind up creating one. The narration states that this allowed Romans to drink without consequence, leading to the decline of Rome.
* INeedAFreakingDrink: As Homeopathix begins bragging about his business and dismissing Gaul beyond Lutetia as only fit for boars, Vitalstatistix asks Obelix for a second goblet of wine. He asks for more wine when Impedimenta unfavourably compares the food back in the village to the luxurious dishes Homeopathix is serving them for dinner.
* InMediasRes: The story starts with our heroes already in Rome before explaining [[HowWeGotHere how they got there]]; the panels actually "stop and rewind" to tell us how the story really began.
* MacGuffinTitle: [[CharacterNameAndTheNounPhrase The second part]] deals with what Asterix and Obelix are sent to get.
* MadeASlave: Inverted, they're ''trying'' to become slaves in Caesar's palace, so as to get access to Caesar's laurels.
* ObnoxiousInLaws: Homeopathix, the wealthier brother of Impedimenta, barely even makes the effort to remember Vitalstatistix's name. In the final banquet, when Vitalstatistix makes good on his promise to cook a stew with Caesar's laurels, Homeopathix, far from being impressed, criticises the meat for not being a choice cut or well cooked.
* PunnyName: The lawyer, Titus Nisiprius, is named for the legal phrase "nisi prius" (translation: "unless first"). "The court of ''nisi prius''" means the court of original jurisdiction for a case (generally one which has been appealed to a higher court).
* RageBreakingPoint: At the final banquet, Vitalstatistix is looking forward to finally getting one over on his snobbish brother-in-law Homeopathix by serving him something that, in spite of his wealth, he has never eaten before: a stew flavoured with the laurels from Caesar's wreath. Homeopathix agrees that he's never eaten anything like it - the meat is not top quality and has been overcooked. After having spent the entire book limiting his anger to drunken verbal outbursts, Vitalstatistix finally snaps and knocks Homeopathix flying with a MegatonPunch.
* RunningGag:
** In the original French, the drunken Obelix and Vitalstatistix make the verbal slip of saying [[{{Spoonerism}} "Farpaitement" ("Ferpectly")]] instead of "Parfaitement" ("Perfectly") during the dinner with Homeopathix; the word recurs throughout the rest of the book when either Obelix is drunk or Asterix is feeling especially bitter. In English, the word is translated as one of two internal spoonerisms, depending on context: "Zigackly" (for "Exactly") and "Ferpectly true" (for "Perfectly true").
** Asterix and Obelix seem to be completely unable to get a good night's sleep while in Rome, to Obelix's ever-increasing anger. On their first night as Humerus' slaves, they are kept awake by the family having a loud party (though they only had themselves to blame for this); when imprisoned in Caesar's palace, they are woken by the guards barging into their cell (and as they have spent the night searching the palace, they have had hardly any sleep); when sleeping in a doorway in Rome, they are almost robbed by bandits.
* ShoutOut:
** The vain, muscular Greek slave on Typhus' stand whom Asterix eventually punches out[[note]] without even drinking any magic potion![[/note]] adopts the poses of a variety of classical statues, including Rodin's ''[[ The Thinker]]'', the ''[[ Apollon]]'' of Olympia, ''[[ Laocoon and His Sons]]'' (in the course of imitating which he entangles Asterix in a rope), and the ''[[ Diskobolus]]'' of Myron.
** The animal keeper in the arena who has had to watch the animals eat each other as Asterix and Obelix refuse to go into the arena is a caricature of French actor and circus owner Jean Richard (whose other claims to fame include a 23-year stint on French television as [[Creator/GeorgesSimenon Jules Maigret]]).
** Caesar's campaign against the pirates may be a reference to an incident in the life of the real UsefulNotes/JuliusCaesar in which he was kidnapped by pirates and held for ransom (the amount of which they increased at Caesar's own suggestion). After the ransom was paid, Caesar told the pirates he would return to kill them one day; the pirates assumed he was joking. He wasn't.
* SpitTake: Astérix spits out his food when chief Vitalstatitix announces that they're going to cook a stew with Caesar's laurel wreath as ingredient.
* SpringtimeForHitler: After becoming slaves, Asterix and Obelix find out that the Roman family that bought them aren't close to Caesar, and do everything they can to be abandoned, only for their antics to please the family instead.
* StiffUpperLip: One of the slaves on Typhus' stand (and the only one to be friendly toward Asterix and Obelix) is a Briton, who has the usual stoic expression seen on Britons in the ''Asterix'' series, and seems completely unruffled by the fight that leaves Typhus' other slaves bruised and unconscious.
* ThemeNaming: In the English version, Humerus and his wife and children are all named for bones in the human skeleton; even Humerus' first name, Osseus, is a pun on "osseous", meaning "turned into bone".
* ThrowTheDogABone: Civilian Romans are portrayed very sympathetically here.
* UnwittingInstigatorOfDoom: According to the ending narration, the existence of the HideousHangoverCure will eventually cause the Roman Empire to fall due to its citizens cheerfully falling to boozing.
* VacationEpisode: Asterix and Obelix travel to Rome.
* VerbalTic: As is typical for Britons in the ''Asterix'' series, the Briton on Typhus' stand regularly peppers his speech with "I say" and "Eh, what?" and similar stereotypically British phrases as if they were punctuation marks.