!Real Life:

!! UsefulNotes/AbrahamLincoln

-> '''[[http://www.abrahamlincolnonline.org/lincoln/speeches/cooper.htm Abraham Lincoln]]''': Under all these circumstances, [[ArmorPiercingQuestion do you really feel yourselves justified]] to break up this Government unless such a court decision as yours is, shall be at once submitted to as a conclusive and final rule of political action? [[SoreLoser But you will not abide the election of a Republican president]]! In that supposed event, you say, [[RageQuit you will destroy the Union]]; and then, you say, [[NeverMyFault the great crime of having destroyed it will be upon us]]! That is cool.[[note]]Lincoln actually said this expression.[[/note]] A highwayman holds a pistol to my ear, and mutters through his teeth, "[[InsaneTrollLogic Stand and deliver, or I shall kill you, and then you will be a murderer]]!"

->''"I can't spare the man - He fights!"''
--> '''Abraham Lincoln''' on Ulysses S. Grant. 1862.

->''"Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, [[UsefulNotes/TheAmericanRevolution a new nation]], conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.''
->''Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.''
->''But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow -- this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us -- that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- '''that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom -- and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth'''."''
-->-- '''Abraham Lincoln's''' Gettysburg Address. November 19, 1863

->''"Fondly do we hope, fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away. Yet, if God wills that it continue until all the wealth piled by the bondman's two-hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash shall be paid by another drawn with the sword, as was said three thousand years ago, so still it must be said, "The judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.''
->''With malice toward none; with charity for all; with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in; to bind up the nation's wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow and his orphan—to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations."''
---> '''Abraham Lincoln's''' Second Inaugural Address. March 4, 1865.

->''"It is the duty of every government to give protection to its citizens, of whatever class, color, or condition, and especially to those who are duly organized as soldiers in the public service. The law of nations and the usages and customs of war as carried on by civilized powers, permit no distinction as to color in the treatment of prisoners of war as public enemies. To sell or enslave any captured person, on account of his color, and for no offence against the laws of war, is a relapse into barbarism and a crime against the civilization of the age.''\\
\\
''The government of the United States will give the same protection to all its soldiers, and if the enemy shall sell or enslave anyone because of his color, the offense shall be punished by retaliation upon the enemy's prisoners in our possession.''\\
\\
''It is therefore ordered that for every soldier of the United States killed in violation of the laws of war, a rebel soldier shall be executed; and for every one enslaved by the enemy or sold into slavery, a rebel soldier shall be placed at hard labor on the public works and continued at such labor until the other shall be released and receive the treatment due to a prisoner of war."''
--> '''Abraham Lincoln''', Proclamation of Retaliation in response to Confederate threat to enslave or execute black US soldiers and their white officers. July 30, 1863.

!! Prelude

-> ''"Loudest are the yelps for liberty among the drivers of Negroes."''
--> '''Creator/SamuelJohnson''', at the time of the American Revolution

-> ''"Mark me, Franklin. If we give in on this issue, there will be trouble one hundred years hence. Posterity will never forgive us."''
--> '''UsefulNotes/JohnAdams''' to '''Creator/BenjaminFranklin''', on Congress deleting the anti-slavery paragraph from the Declaration of Independence. 1776 - 85 years before the Civil War

-> ''"I considered it at once as the knell of the Union. It is hushed, indeed, for the moment. But this is a reprieve only, not a final sentence. A geographical line, coinciding with a marked principle, moral and political, once conceived and held up to the angry passions of men, will never be obliterated; and every new irritation will mark it deeper and deeper."''
--> '''UsefulNotes/ThomasJefferson''' on the Missouri Compromise that divided the country between the slave banning north and slave allowing south. 1820 - 41 years before the Civil War.

-> ''"Resolved, That all petitions, memorials, resolutions, propositions, or papers, relating in any way or to any extent whatever to the subject of slavery, or the abolition of slavery, shall, without being either printed or referred, be laid upon the table, and that no further action whatever shall be had thereon."''
--> Congressional resolution forbidding the topic of abolishing slavery from being brought up. 1830 - 31 years before the Civil War.

-> ''"... the Tariff was only the pretext, and Disunion and a Southern Confederacy the real object. The next pretext will be the Negro or Slavery question."''
--> '''UsefulNotes/AndrewJackson''' after the Nullification Crises, where South Carolina declared its right to nullify federal law and secede if its demands were not met. 1833 -28 years before the Civil War.

-> ''"If you men are taken in rebellion against the Union, I will hang you with less reluctance than I hanged deserters and spies in Mexico."''
-->'''UsefulNotes/ZacharyTaylor''' in response to Secessionist threatening rebellion if California was admitted as a Free State.

-> ''I, John Brown, am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood. I had, as I now think, vainly flattered myself that without very much bloodshed it might be done.''
-->-- '''John Brown''', at his trial. 1 year before the Civil War

!! Confederacy

-> ''"A geographical line has been drawn across the Union, and all the States north of that line have united in the election of a man to the high office of President of the United States, whose opinions and purposes are hostile to slavery. He is to be entrusted with the administration of the common Government, because he has declared that that “Government cannot endure permanently half slave, half free,” and that the public mind must rest in the belief that slavery is in the course of ultimate extinction. This sectional combination for the submersion of the Constitution, has been aided in some of the States by elevating to citizenship, persons who, by the supreme law of the land, are incapable of becoming citizens; and their votes have been used to inaugurate a new policy, hostile to the South, and destructive of its beliefs and safety."''
--> '''South Carolina Articles of Secession'''. December 24, 1860.

-> ''"Our position is thoroughly identified with the institution of slavery—the greatest material interest of the world."''
--> ''Mississippi Articles of Secession'''. 1861.

->''Fellow-Citizens, [[InTheNameOfTheMoon in the name of your rights and liberties]], which I believe have been trampled upon, I refuse to take this oath. In the name of the nationality of Texas, [[WhatTheHellHero which has been betrayed by the Convention]], I refuse to take this oath. In the name of the Constitution of Texas, I refuse to take this oath. In the name of my own conscience and manhood, which this Convention would degrade by dragging me before it, to pander to the malice of my enemies, I refuse to take this oath. I deny the power of this Convention to speak for Texas....I protest....against all the acts and doings of this convention and I declare them null and void.''
--> '''Sam Houston''', Governor of Texas, March 16, 1861, upon being removed from office for refusing to swear allegiance to the Confederacy.

->''After the sacrifice of countless millions of treasure and hundreds of thousands of lives, you may win Southern independence if God be not against you, but I doubt it. I tell you that, while I believe with you in the doctrine of states rights, [[{{Determinator}} the North is determined to preserve this Union]]. They are not a [[HotBlooded fiery, impulsive people as you are]], for they live in colder climates. [[AwakeningTheSleepingGiant But when they begin to move in a given direction, they move with the steady momentum and perseverance of a mighty avalanche;]] [[CassandraTruth and what I fear is, they will overwhelm the South.]]''
--> '''Sam Houston''', explaining his refusal above, April 19, 1861

->''"Our new government is founded upon exactly the opposite idea; its foundations are laid, its [[TitleDrop cornerstone]] rests upon the great truth, that the negro is not equal to the white man; that slavery — subordination to the [[MasterRace superior race]] — is [[SlaveRace his natural and normal condition]]. [[[ValuesDissonance Applause]].] This, our new government, is the first, in the history of the world, based upon this great physical, philosophical, and moral truth."''
-->'''Confederate Vice President [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Stephens Alexander Stephens]]''', [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornerstone_Speech Cornerstone Speech]], March 21, 1861.

->''"It is well that [[WarISHell war is so terrible]], or else we would grow too fond of it."''
--> '''General Robert E. Lee'''

->''"If slaves make good soldiers our whole theory of slavery is wrong."''
--> '''General Howell Cobb''', protesting the idea of arming slaves to fight for the Confederacy. January 8, 1865.

!! Union

-> ''My inclination is to whip the rebellion into submission, preserving all Constitutional rights. If it cannot be whipped any other way than through a war against slavery, let it come to to that legitimately. If it is necessary that slavery should fall that the Republic may continue its existence, let slavery go.''
--> '''General Ulysses S Grant'''. November 27, 1861.

-> ''"No terms except an unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted. I propose to move immediately upon your works."''
--> '''General UsefulNotes/UlyssesSGrant''', earning his nickname "Unconditional Surrender" Grant. Battle of Fort Donelson. February 16, 1862

->''"The hoarse and indistinguishable orders of commanding officers, the screaming and bursting of shells, canister and shrapnel as they tore through the struggling masses of humanity, the death screams of wounded animals, the groans of their human companions, wounded and dying and trampled underfoot by hurrying batteries, riderless horses and the moving lines of battle-[[WarIsHell a perfect Hell on earth, never, perhaps to be equaled]], certainly not to be surpassed, nor ever to be forgotten in a man's lifetime. [[ShellShockedVeteran It has never been effaced from my memory, day or night, for fifty years.]]"''
--> '''Union Private William Archibald Waugh.''' Battle of Gettysburg, July 2, 1863.

-> ''"I have given the subject of arming the negro my hearty support. This, with the emancipation of the negro, is the heavyest blow yet given the Confederacy. The South rave a great deal about it and profess to be very angry."''
--> Ulysses S Grant. Auguest 23, 1863.

-> ''"Mix 'em up. I'm tired of states' rights."''
--> '''General George Thomas'''[[note]]A native of Virginia, who stayed loyal to the Union when several of his superiors did not[[/note]], after being asked if the dead from the Battle of Missionary Ridge should be organized by state. November 25, 1863.

-> ''""Damn the torpedoes! Four bells. Captain Drayton, go ahead! Jouett, full speed!"''
--> '''Admiral David Farragut,''' Battle of Mobile Bay. Popularly paraphrased as "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!" August 5, 1864.

-> ''"Atlanta is ours and fairly won."''
--> '''General William T. Sherman,''' after winning the Battle of Atlanta and ensuring President Lincoln's re-election. September 3, 1864.

-> ''"In the name of common sense I ask you not to appeal to a just God in such a sacrilegious manner; you who, in the midst of peace and prosperity, have plunged a nation into war, dark and cruel war; who dared and badgered us to battle, insulted our flag, seized our arsenals and forts that were left in the honorable custody of peaceful ordnance sergeants; seized and made "prisoners of war" the very garrisons sent to protect your people against negroes and Indians long before any overt act was committed by the, to you, hated Lincoln Government."''
--> '''General William T. Sherman''', response to Confederate General Hood's complaint over his expulsion of Confederate civilians from Atlanta. September 10, 1864.

->''"You cannot qualify war in harsher terms than I will. [[WarIsHell War is cruelty]], and you cannot refine it; and those who brought war into our country [[LaserGuidedKarma deserve all the curses and maledictions a people can pour out]].”''
--> '''[[https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Letter_to_James_M._Calhoun,_et_al.,_September_12,_1864 General William T. Sherman]]''', shortly before burning the city of Atlanta. September 12, 1864.

->''"I beg to present you, as a Christmas gift, the city of Savannah,"''
--> '''General William T. Sherman''', telegram to President Lincoln after capturing Savannah, Georgia.

-> ''"You people of the South don't know what you are doing. This country will be drenched in blood, and God only knows how it will end. It is all folly, madness, a crime against civilization! You people speak so lightly of war; you don't know what you're talking about. War is a terrible thing! You mistake, too, the people of the North. They are a peaceable people but an earnest people, and they will fight, too. They are not going to let this country be destroyed without a mighty effort to save it...Besides, where are your men and appliances of war to contend against them? The North can make a steam engine, locomotive, or railway car; hardly a yard of cloth or pair of shoes can you make. You are rushing into war with one of the most powerful, ingeniously mechanical, and determined people on Earth — right at your doors. You are bound to fail. Only in your spirit and determination are you prepared for war. In all else you are totally unprepared, with a bad cause to start with. At first you will make headway, but as your limited resources begin to fail, shut out from the markets of Europe as you will be, your cause will begin to wane. If your people will but stop and think, they must see in the end that you will surely fail."''
--> '''Sherman''' again (before the war, to to Prof. David F. Boyd at the Louisiana State Seminary (24 December 1860)).

->''"I had known [[UsefulNotes/MexicanAmericanWar General Lee in the old army, and had served with him in the Mexican War]]; but did not suppose, [[ButForMeItWasTuesday owing to the difference in our age and rank, that he would remember me, while I would more naturally remember him distinctly]], because he was the chief of staff of General Scott in the Mexican War ... When I went into the house I found General Lee. We greeted each other, and after shaking hands took our seats. I had my staff with me, a good portion of whom were in the room during the whole of the interview. What General Lee's feelings were I do not know. As he was a man of much dignity, with an impassible face, it was impossible to say whether he felt inwardly glad that the end had finally come, or felt sad over the result, and was too manly to show it. Whatever his feelings, they were entirely concealed from my observation; but my own feelings, [[MoodWhiplash which had been quite jubilant on the receipt of his letter, were sad and depressed]]. I felt like anything rather than rejoicing at the downfall of [[VillainousValour a foe who had fought so long and valiantly]], and had suffered so much for a cause, though '''[[SlaveryIsASpecialKindOfEvil that cause was, I believe, one of the worst for which a people ever fought]], and one for which [[ThisIsUnforgivable there was the least excuse]]'''."''
-->-- '''UsefulNotes/UlyssesSGrant''', ''reflecting on Lee's Surrender''.

-> ''The war is over — the rebels are our countrymen again.''
--> '''Ulysses S Grant''', stopping his men from cheering after the Confederate surrender. April 9, 1865.

!! Historians

->''Why is the authentic culture...that of the masters and not of the slaves?...There are plenty of people today who claim to be advocate for or aficionados of "Southern heritage" - but who choose to define that heritage as a celebration of the Confederacy and the antebellum South. But doesn't Southern heritage also belong to those who fought, resisted, and endured slavery, and who created wonderful music, food, and literature in spite of slavery? Why celebrate the former and not the latter?''
-->-- '''[[Blog/RaceForTheIronThrone Steven Attewell]]''', [[http://towerofthehand.com/blog/2015/02/01-laboratory-of-politics-part-vi/ A Laboratory of Politics, Part VI]]

->''They [Neo-Confederates] will continue [[HeroWorshipper to revere Robert E. Lee as the greatest general of the Civil War—perhaps the greatest general in American history]]. But they probably will not appreciate Lee’s role in the greatest [[{{Irony}} irony]] of the Civil War—one that goes a long way toward explaining the evolution of [[TheGlovesComeOff Union military policy into Mark Grimsley’s "hard war"]]. When Lee took command of the Army of Northern Virginia on June 1, 1862, the Confederacy was on the verge of defeat. Union conquests in the West had brought more than 50,000 square miles of Confederate territory under Northern control and had caused profound discouragement in the South. General George B. [=McClellan=]’s large Army of the Potomac had approached to within six miles of Richmond. The Confederate government had packed its archives and treasury on trains to evacuate the capital. [[ForWantOfANail If the war had brought an end to the Confederacy in the summer of 1862]], slavery and the antebellum Southern social order would have remained largely intact and the Southern infrastructure relatively undamaged. But Lee’s counteroffensive in the Seven Days battles and other major victories during [[HopelessWar the next year ensured a prolongation of the war]], opening the way to the emergence of Grant and Sherman to top Union commands, the abolition of slavery, the “directed severity” of Union policy in 1864–65, and the {{Gotterdammerung}} of the Old South. Here was the irony of Robert E. Lee: [[HoistByHisOwnPetard His success produced the destruction of everything he fought for]].''
-->-- '''James [=McPherson=]''', ''The Mighty Scourge''

->''It should always be remembered that America did not "go to war" in 1860. America was attacked in 1860 by a formidable rebel faction seeking to protect the expansion of slavery. That faction did not simply want slavery to continue in America; [[VisionaryVillain they dreamed of a tropical empire]] of slavery encompassing Cuba, Nicaragua, and perhaps the whole of South America. This faction was not only explicitly pro-slavery but [[DemocracyIsBad explicitly anti-democratic]]. The newly declared Confederacy attacked America not because it was being persecuted, [[SoreLoser but because it was unable to win a democratic election]].''
-->-- '''Creator/TaNehisiCoates'''

! Folk Songs
->''Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord;\\
He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored;\\
He hath loosed the fateful lightning of His terrible swift sword:\\
His truth is marching on.''
-->''Glory, glory, hallelujah!\\
Glory, glory, hallelujah!\\
Glory, glory, hallelujah!\\
His truth is marching on.''
->''I have seen Him in the watch-fires of a hundred circling camps,\\
They have builded Him an altar in the evening dews and damps;\\
I can read His righteous sentence in the dim and flaring lamps:\\
His day is marching on.''
-->''Glory, glory...''
->''I have read a fiery gospel writ in burnished rows of steel:\\
"As ye deal with my contemners, so with you my grace shall deal";\\
Let the Hero, born of woman, crush the serpent with his heel,\\
Since God is marching on.''
-->''Glory, glory...''
->''He has sounded forth the trumpet that shall never call retreat;\\
He is sifting out the hearts of men before His judgment-seat:\\
Oh, be swift, my soul, to answer Him! be jubilant, my feet!\\
Our God is marching on.''
-->''Glory, glory...''
->''In the beauty of the lilies Christ was born across the sea,\\
With a glory in His bosom that transfigures you and me.\\
As He died to make men holy, let us live to make men free,\\
While God is marching on.''
-->''Glory, glory...''
->''He is coming like the glory of the morning on the wave,\\
He is Wisdom to the mighty, He is Succour to the brave,\\
So the world shall be His footstool, and the soul of Time His slave,\\
Our God is marching on.''
-->''Glory, glory...''
-->-- '''Julia Ward Howe''', ''"The Battle-Hymn of the Republic"'', published in ''The Atlantic Monthly'' of February 1862.

->''We are coming, Father Abra'am, 300,000 more,\\
From Mississippi's winding stream and from New England's shore.\\
We leave our plows and workshops, our wives and children dear,\\
With hearts too full for utterance, with but a silent tear.\\
We dare not look behind us but steadfastly before.\\
We are coming, Father Abra'am, 300,000 more!''
-->''We are coming, coming, our Union to restore,\\
We are coming, Father Abra'am, with 300,000 more!''

->''If you look across the hilltops that meet the northern sky,\\
Long moving lines of rising dust your vision may descry;\\
And now the wind, an instant, tears the cloudy veil aside,\\
And floats aloft our spangled flag in glory and in pride;\\
And bayonets in the sunlight gleam, and bands brave music pour,\\
We are coming, father Abr'am, three hundred thousand more!''
-->''We are coming, coming, our Union to restore,\\
We are coming, Father Abra'am, with 300,000 more!''

->''If you look up all our valleys where the growing harvests shine,\\
You may see our sturdy farmer boys fast forming into line;\\
And children from their mother's knees are pulling at the weeds,\\
And learning how to reap and sow against their country's needs;\\
And a farewell group stands weeping at every cottage door,\\
We are coming, Father Abr'am, three hundred thousand more!''
-->''We are coming, coming, our Union to restore,\\
We are coming, Father Abra'am, with 300,000 more!''

->''You have called us, and we're coming by Richmond's bloody tide,\\
To lay us down for freedom's sake, our brothers' bones beside;\\
Or from foul treason's savage group, to wrench the murderous blade;\\
And in the face of foreign foes its fragments to parade.\\
Six hundred thousand loyal men and true have gone before,\\
We are coming, Father Abra'am, 300,000 more!''

->''We are coming, coming, our Union to restore,\\
We are coming, Father Abra'am, '''with 300,000 more!'''''
-->-'''"We are Coming, Father Abra'am"'''. A Northern patriotic song by James S. Gibbons, originally published in the ''New York Evening Post''.


!Fiction:
->''Follows next, a period spannin'\\
Four long years with James Buchanan\\
Then the South starts shootin' cannons\\
And we've got a civil war!\\
A war, a war down south in Dixie!''
-->-- ''{{WesternAnimation/Animaniacs}}''

->"Yankees! In Georgia! How'd they ever get in?"
-->--'''Aunt Pittypat''', ''Film/GoneWithTheWind''

->'''Cordelia:''' You're in charge now. And you've got a long road ahead. Slavery has ended, but reconstruction has just begun.
->'''Groo''': What is this "reconstruction?"
->'''Cordelia''': Gunn, you wanna field this?
->'''Gunn''' ([[TokenMinority only black guy]]): It means: sayin' people are free, don't make 'em free. You've got races that hate each other. You got some folks getting work they don't want, others losing the little they had. You're looking at social confusion, economic depression and probably some riots. [[ThisIsGonnaSuck Good luck]].
-->--''{{Series/Angel}}'', "There's No Place Like Plrtz Glrb"

->'''Charles Hamilton''': Are you hinting, Mr. Butler, that the Yankees can lick us?
->'''Rhett Butler''': No, I'm not hinting. I'm saying very plainly that the Yankees are better equipped than we. They've got factories, shipyards, coal mines, and a fleet to bottle up our harbors and starve us to death. All we've got is cotton, and slaves, and... ''(glances around)'' [[HeadInTheSandManagement arrogance.]]
-->-- ''Film/GoneWithTheWind''

->'''James Longstreet''': We should have freed the slaves, ''then'' fired on Fort Sumter!
-->-- ''Film/{{Gettysburg}}''

->'''Sergeant Clark''': Lee's surrender was not the end of the South, it was the birth of the United States.
-->-- ''Run of the Arrow'' (1957), directed by Creator/SamuelFuller

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