'''Basic Trope''': Mages discover how magic works by using UsefulNotes/TheScientificMethod.
* '''Straight''': The wizard Bob studies the nature of magic by re-casting simple spells, with subtle variations in the casting each time, and recording the results.
* '''Exaggerated''':
** Bob is a better scientist than the {{Flat Earth Atheist}}s who call themselves scientists.
** Magic can be reduced to [[FormulaicMagic a set of equations]]. Anyone (including a [[WhatMeasureIsANonHuman "soul-less]] [[RidiculouslyHumanRobots machine"]]) [[PowersAsPrograms who can write these equations can do magic.]]
* '''Downplayed''': Magic is so easy to analyze and reproduce that it's barely arcane.
* '''Justified''': Magic, like physics, follows [[MagicAIsMagicA strict rules]] that inherently lend themselves to scientific study.
* '''Inverted''':
** MagicVersusScience
** Technology has reached the point where [[ClarkesThirdLaw it looks like magic to most people]].
** The people in the setting are a CargoCult, and their "magic artifacts" are things the viewer would consider perfectly mundane gadgets.
* '''Subverted''': Bob attempts to study magic, but discovers ScienceCannotComprehendPhlebotinum.
* '''Double Subverted''': It turns out that Bob has to discard many assumptions of modern science in order to account for magic, but UsefulNotes/TheScientificMethod still works as he rebuilds science from the ground up.
* '''Parodied''':
** Bob, in a HighFantasy setting, wears a labcoat and has a {{Magitek}} laboratory that looks exactly like a modern one.
** Bob devises a spell, contained in a small flat metal rectangle with one side of glass, that when put to his ear, allows him to listen to and speak with other wizards who have this device. Over time, the wizards offer these devices to everyone who wants one. A few villagers and artisans learn spellcasting to create elaborate spells to create interactive displays on the glass, one of which depicts [[VideoGame/AngryBirds birds being thrown at castles with pigs in them]].
* '''Zig Zagged''': Alchemy has been developed into a science, but other forms of magic remain entirely impenetrable.
* '''Averted''':
** WildMagic is in full force, and getting enough control over it to even ''attempt'' experimentation is impossible.
** Magic probably could be studied, but the scientific method hasn't been developed.
** The dominant government in charge prohibits the further study of magic. With magic study forced underground and in secret, progress is slow and discoveries cannot be made public.
* '''Enforced''': The author wants to show how much effort he went into [[MagicAIsMagicA defining the laws of magic]] in his work.
* '''Lampshaded''': "So, a wizard is basically just a scientist with fancier clothes."
* '''Invoked''': A ruler funds the construction of a magical laboratory to make his empire more powerful.
* '''Exploited''':
** Gods put traps in the cosmo rules so that specific not practical uses of magic will kill the agent using them. No scientific experimentation for you, mortal.
** On the other side of mortality, humans have learned magic to such an extent that they can create [[{{Magitek}} magic-powered machines]] and sell them.
* '''Defied''': Gods, or some cosmic design actively prevent any scientific method, eventually modifying magic rules on the spot.
* '''Discussed''': "Magic has to obey certain laws; it's inevitable somebody will figure them out."
* '''Conversed''': "What was wrong with magic being mysterious? Why did they have to try to ''explain'' it?"
* '''Deconstructed''':
** Magic is reduced to being [[MundaneFantastic just another branch of science]], no more exciting than physics or biology.
** Magic is used for utility on a massive scale, institutionalizing society to such an extent that it ushers in the magic equivalent of the Industrial Age, and later on, the Space Age and the Information Age, with all of their problems.
* '''Reconstructed''':
** Magic is transformed into being another branch of science, [[ScienceHero just as exciting as]] physics and biology.
** Magic is used in mundane home-use appliances, raising the quality of living to such an extent that it ushers in the magic equivalent of the Industrial Age, and later on, the Space Age and the Information Age, with all of their benefits.
* '''Played For Laughs''': In Bob's universe, most spells come with a textbook. Sometimes a ''revised'' textbook, as for the "Lighting Arrow 2.01" (globular edition, battery not included. Not retrocompatible with 1.0 wands).
* '''Played For Drama''': Bob is studying magic via UsefulNotes/TheScientificMethod, but it blows up in his face killing/injuring him or a [[MyGodWhatHaveIDone loved one]]
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%% Optional items, added after Conversed, at your discretion:
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%%* '''Implied''': ???
%%* '''Plotted A Good Waste''': ???