* In Anime/{{Pokemon}}, despite being called Sinnoh League Victors, Ash doesn't win the Sinnoh League. [[spoiler:[[DiabolusExNihilo Takuto/Tobias]] does.]] Also, [[spoiler:Nozomi (Zoey)]] wins the Sinnoh Grand Festival instead of Dawn.
** At least the plural works there, though. Unlike Season 4 (''Johto League Champions'') which did ''not'' have [[TournamentArc The Silver Conference]], (or even [[ADayInTheLimelight The Whirl Cup]]) and had only ''one'' regular seeking a Championship ([[FailureIsTheOnlyOption which he doesn't get]] in the succeeding season).
** Another really big one in Pokémon is Psyduck. A psychic duck, right? How complicated can it get? Well, while it has psychic attacks, Psyduck isn't actually a Psychic-type. (In fact, its Japanese name is Koduck, which would translate into "child duck")
*** Psyduck is golden, and it evolves into Golduck... which is blue.
*** Psyduck is based on a platypus. Ducklett is based on a cygnet. Currently, the only clearly duck-based Pokémon are Farfetch'd and Ducklett.
* ''HowIBecameAPokemonCard'' does not relate to becoming cards in any way. It's a bunch of SliceOfLife one-shots, and the name comes from the manga being drawn by people who draw the Pokémon cards and the fact each chapter comes with a Pokémon card.
* Archer from ''VisualNovel/FateStayNight''... is not an archer. He has a bow that he can use, but he's primarily a swordsman. The same goes for [[spoiler:Gilgamesh]], the Archer from the previous Holy Grail War. WordOfGod has stated either ''could'' have gotten the title of Saber (in each Holy Grail War, there's the same set of seven titles the servants go by), but the Saber who is [[spoiler:King Arthur]] fits it even better, and since they often used their swords [[StormOfBlades as range weapons]] "Archer" was the next best fit.
** This isn't entirely true since unlike Gilgamesh, who more or less uses his weapons in a MoreDakka / MacrossMissileMassacre role, Archer's[[note]][[spoiler:EMIYA]][[/note]] second most powerful ability after ''[[FieldOfBlades Unlimited Blade Works]]'' consists of creating fake Noble Phantasms with his Reinforcement and Projection abilities and then ''[[http://typemoon.wikia.com/wiki/Broken_Phantasm breaking]] and firing'' them from a Compound Bow created from an alloy only found in his original time, giving his role as an Archer a very good fit.
*** FSN Archer's personal combat philosophies are also quite close to the ideal of ''Kyūdō''. Not to mention the attitude which inspired the ''Independent Action'' ability associated with the Archer class being a strong element of characterization in both of the above.
** Assassin from the same series is not an assassin. He is a {{Samurai}} and he never use any dirty trick. Assassin is really a honorable and honest man who prefers one-to-one battles. [[spoiler:There is a reason why a Servant named ''True'' Assassin appears in the Heaven's Feel route.]]
* ''Manga/HidamariSketch'': The page quote is a drunken rant on various misnomers.
** For those still wondering about it, TheOtherWiki has an article on goldfish and most of them are effectively ''not'' golden.
** The bit about blue lights is a reference to the Japanese language. The lowest light's color is often called "ao", which is an old Japanese word that refers to any color from blue to green. They now have specific terms for blue ("ao") and green ("midori") and a lot of shades in between, but "ao" still can be a number of colors. In this case, she's complaining about using the word "ao" when "midori" would be more accurate.
* The manga series ''{{Blame}}!'' doesn't actually involve any finger pointing whatsoever. None. The lead characters rarely even ''talk''. In fact, no one except the creator knows ''why'' the series has such an odd, misleading title. It's theorized that the title is a misspelling of "blam!" - which would certainly fit all the gunplay that goes on. Indeed, as the title is pronounced ''Buramu!'', the roman letter title is most probably this mistake. And yes, [[DisintegratorRay the]] [[ImpossiblyCoolWeapon guns]] [[LawOfInverseRecoil kick]] [[FrickinLaserBeams ass]][[RayGun .]]
* From ''Manga/AzumangaDaioh'':
-->'''Osaka:''' Okay, so, you know how we write "dolphins" as "sea pig"?\\
'''Sakaki:''' Uh-huh.\\
'''Osaka:''' But we use the same character for "pig" in "river pig" and somehow it comes out as "puffer fish", but they live in the sea.
** Suddenly the "ocean bacon" (meant to be a random word combo and Noodle's BerserkButton) in the ''Music/{{Gorillaz}}'' book makes a lot more sense...
** The anime adaptation's title is victim to this. "Azumanga Daioh" is a compacted version of "Azuma's manga for Daioh magazine." The anime, being an anime, is of course not a manga. Of course, "Azuanime Daioh" (or for that matter "Azuanime [=TVTokyo=]") just doesn't sound as good. Thus, its full title is ''Azumanga Daioh: The Animation''.
*** This is even [[LampshadeHanging lampshaded]] in one of the episode previews.
** Osaka herself is an example; She doesn't really fit the [[TheIdiotFromOsaka Osakan stereotype]], and isn't even originally from Osaka, but Tomo decided to give her the nickname, and it stuck.
* ''PrincessMononoke:'' She is neither a princess, nor is her name Mononoke. She also isn't the main character or the center of the plot. The Japanese title ''Mononoke Hime'' is more obvious about it being an epithet for San, but she is still only one of the four major secondary characters Ashitaka meets during the movie.
* The weapon names in ''TokyoMewMew'' are usually at least straightforward puns, but the Mew Berry Rod is too small to be a rod and not intended to be used by Mew Berry. And what's the "tone" in Mew Mint's Mintonarrow supposed to mean?
** And the [=StrawBellBell=] ([[SpellMyNameWithAnS or whatever]]) didn't even have a bell originally.
* The name of [[SwissArmyWeapon Raising Heart]] in ''MagicalGirlLyricalNanoha'' doesn't exactly describe the SimpleStaff / BoomStick / BladeOnAStick the main character wields, especially since its design doesn't include any hearts at all. This is due to the name being an [[TheArtifact artifact]] from the original concept of Raising Heart as more traditional heart-shaped MagicalGirl wand with wings. Adding to the problem was Nanoha's memetic fan reputation for [[BewareTheNiceOnes heavy-ordnance fighting]], so many fansubs assumed the weapon had the more appropriate name [[SpellMyNameWithAnS ''Raging'' Heart]]....
** The TSAB stands for "Time-Space Administration Bureau", but the only instances of TimeTravel take place in the AlternateContinuity of ''VideoGame/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaAsPortable'' and the Bureau is not directly involved in them. It could be better translated as Dimensional or Space-Time Administration/Administrative Bureau, but there are... [[FunWithAcronyms problems with one of those]]. This is confirmed in the official English subs of the ''Nanoha'' movies released by Seven Arcs, with Dimension Administration Bureau being the name of TheFederation.
** Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha Movie 1st The Comics is not a prequel to the Movie, but an AlternateContinuity.
** Signum's SignatureMove ''Shiden Issen'' is translated as "Purple Lightning Flash". It's not purple. And it's a ''[[PlayingWithFire fire-elemental]]'' [[FlamingSword sword slash]]. Later in ''Anime/MagicalGirlLyricalNanohaStrikerS'', she teaches it to Erio. His version is a [[ShockAndAwe lightning-elemental]] [[ElementalPunch punch]]; however, it's not purple either; it's [[YellowLightningBlueLightning blue, then yellow, then blue again after the attack is over]].
* There's a manga entitled ''YandereKanojo'', which you would expect to be about dating a [[{{Yandere}} lovesick girl]], especially due to its female lead's first appearance carrying a bloody baseball bat. Not so, as the "yan" in the title is for "yankee" - his girlfriend is a deredere juvenile delinquent.
** The female lead's ''mother'', on the other hand...
* ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'' A rather blatant example: Kabutowari is a hammer and axe linked by a cable. It's referred to as the "bluntsword" and counts as one of the Seven Swords of the Ninja Swordsmen of the Mist.
* There is a species of ''Franchise/{{Digimon}}'' called "Flymon" even though they're really closer to bees. In fairness, they do, in fact, fly.
** A DubNameChange inflicts this on Anomalocarimon, renaming him into Scorpiomon despite the fact that he looks nothing like a scorpion beside the tail and clearly being based on some variety of prehistoric crustacean.
* The fourth ''Manga/BlackJack'' OVA is called ''Anorexia: The Two Dark Doctors''. The patient does not have anorexia. She has a parasite that makes her involuntarily vomit whenever she eats.
* The Japanese title of the fourth ''Manga/DragonBall'' movie is "Super Saiyajin da Son Gokū" (Super Saiyajin/Saiyan Goku), during which Goku takes a form that was ''supposed'' to be a Super Saiyan, but since it was made before the manga reached the point where Goku became one, it's not what most people would recognize as such (there's no change in eye or hair color, and it's a completely UnstoppableRage instead of TranquilFury). The form was later {{ret con}}ned by a sidebook to be a "false" Super Saiyan form.
* ''Anime/TransformersArmada'': The Star Sabre has nothing to do with stars. The Skyboom Shield neither flies nor goes 'boom'. The Requiem Blaster is very loud when fired. Who named these things?
** For that matter, the only thing that approaches an armada is Tidal Wave in his component parties.
*** The title "Armada" refers to the armada of Autobot and Decepticon ships during the Unicron battles, and the Requiem blaster does have a good chance of killing you.
** Also, the [[Anime/TransformersCybertron Cyber Planet Keys]] are not actually keys, nor does the Omega Lock lock anything.
*** Many such oddities make more sense from [[MerchandiseDriven a toy collector's perspective]]. Cyber Keys, for instance, are roughly key-shaped and are used to ''unlock'' various gimmicks. As for the Omega Lock, once all four keys are in place and it's put into its proper place in a temple on Cybertron, it ''unlocks'' [[spoiler:the planet, allowing it to awaken and transform into the god Primus.]]
** Some Franchise/{{Transformers}} are named for features that later incarnations won't have. Armada Smokescreen doesn't have smoke (though he did once activate such a feature in the Autobots' base... something anyone could've done.) Energon Sixshot doesn't have ''anything'' to do with the number six (the original Sixshot had six forms, though the 'shot' is ''still'' a misnomer.) Cybertron Crosswise's name has nothing to do with him, though he is a 'monster hunter' and some monsters don't like crosses... but that's ''really'' stretching it. The first use of the name was with a guy in ''Anime/TransformersRobotsInDisguise'' who had a big X on his car hood. G1 Ramjet? An F-15, which doesn't use a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramjet ramjet]]. The list goes on and on.
** Ramjet's name actually suits him pretty well, considering his penchant for ramming other aircraft out of the sky.
* In ''KoreWaZombieDesuKa'', [[MagicalGirl Haruna]] has a FinishingMove called Mystletainn Kick, which consists of bisecting the opponent with her chainsaw (which at the very least is called Mystletainn). Everyone on the receiving end [[PhraseCatcher responds with]] "[[{{Lampshaded}} That's not a kick!]]"
* Justin Law of ''Manga/SoulEater'' has an attack named "Law Abiding Silver Gun", which is not a gun but a guillotine blade . The name makes no sense except as a ShoutOut to ''BIchi'', which had a weapon of the same which ''was'' a gun.
* ''LightNovel/HaruhiSuzumiya'': The "Endless Eight" story arc does, in fact, end. Also, the "eight" refers to the loop taking place in August, not the number of repetitions, which is more like ''fifteen thousand''. (The anime confuses this further by showing eight repetitions, one episode each. We only see the final one in the light novel.)
* The Snipers in ''Anime/{{EL}}'', who don't ever appear to do any actual sniping in the [=OVAs=], and in fact mostly just use pistols while running around and doing ordinary police work. Though it's possible that The ''Serial Rapists'', while more accurate, wouldn't have gone over as well with the public.
* "The Midnight Parasites" is an animated re-imagining of the works of Hieronymus Bosch. Only two of the creatures seen are portrayed as parasites (specifically, reproductive parasitoids), and there's no indication it takes place at midnight.
* Tuxedo Mask of ''Franchise/SailorMoon'' technically does not actually wear a tuxedo; he wears ''white tie and tails'', which is more formal. By definition, a tuxedo (or "dinner suit") has a black bow tie and a suit-style jacket rather than a tailcoat. And either way, it's not a mask. ("Tuxedo Mask" is a straight translation of "Tuxedo Kamen", owing to a long history of super-hero types with "blank"-kamen names.[[/note]] For the purposes of this series however, he is wearing a "tuxedo" and a "kamen/mask".
** Sailor Pluto of ''Anime/SailorMoon'' has an attack called "Dead Scream." While she does represent the planet named after the mythological King of the Dead, she initiates her attack by saying the phrase in a normal to low-volume voice.
** Similarly, Sailor Saturn has an attack called "Silent Wall." Her planet is called the planet of silence, but she initiates her attack by screaming the phrase.
* ''SchoolRumble'' is described by FUNimation as "The absolute funniest show you'll ever see that's not about anything that rumbles... ever!", although admittedly there ''is'' at least a school...
* In ''GundamAGE'', the [[SpellMyNameWithAnS DOTS/DODS]] Rifle is an upgraded Beam Rifle which adds... rifling, meaning that "beam rifle" is a non-indicative name.
* Total number of "Crazy Shrine Maidens" in ''{{Kannagi}}: Crazy Shrine Maidens'': 0. The closest thing is Nagi claiming to be a shrine maiden as her cover story. (We eventually meet a real one in the manga, but she's a minor character and not crazy.)
* ''TheDriftingClassroom'' is about a whole school, and it doesn't drift -- it makes one big jump and then stays put.
* The only thing in ''StrawberryPanic'' that even vaguely connects with the title is the Strawberry Dorms, and the original Japanese even uses different words. (The dorms are the Ichigo-sha, where ''ichigo'' means strawberry, but the title is GratuitousEnglish.)
* ''ElfenLied'' is not about elves who are pathological liars.
** ''ElfenLied'' is German for "Elf Song" which is relevant to the story. Also if broken down, Elfen refers to the horns on the Diclonius which resemble sharp ears. Lied can be related to the word lie, meaning deception, which refers to the split personality of [[spoiler:Nyu/Lucy]].
* ''Anime/PumpkinScissors'' is a war drama. The name only has a tangential metaphorical meaning in the story, which is not about jack-o-lanterns.
* ''Anime/PuellaMagiMadokaMagica''. The name makes it pretty clear that it's about a magical girl named Madoka. [[spoiler:Madoka does not become a magical girl until the ''last episode'', and even then it's hard to call her a magical girl because she turns into an abstract godlike concept. However, before this happens we do find out that Homura originated from a timeline in which Madoka ''did'' become a magical girl earlier on, meaning that Madoka becoming a magical girl did start the plot in a way.]]
* ''{{Manga/Bleach}}'':
** Starrk has the theme and appearance of a cowboy gunslinger. Despite his name being ''Coyote'' Starrk, his AnimalMotif is the wolf. His background is that of a lone wolf who desperately wants to be part of the pack and his power, Los Lobos ("The Wolves"), allows him to split his souls into both companions and an entire pack of soul wolf weapons.
** "Gerifalte" is Spanish for "gyrfalcon" but [[{{Anime}} Patros's]] true form barely looks like one.
** Jabalě supposedly means "boar". Aldegor's anything but boar-like.
* Zaku Zaku Hour on ''Anime/SDGundamForce'', lasting barely five minutes per episode.
* Less apparent in English, but the Japanese term for alchemy in ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'' literally means "the art of gold transmutation", which is (almost) never done throughout the series, due to it being illegal to prevent economic chaos.
* For those not familiar with ''Anime/{{Yatterman}}'', you see [[http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/yatta4_5363.gif that girl on the left in this image]]? Her name isn't Yatterwoman, nor is it Yattergirl. She's known as Yatter'''man'''-2. It could be reasoned that the "man" in this case is short for "''hu''man", but it's still somewhat confusing.
** This is an issue that dates back to at least ''Anime/ScienceNinjaTeamGatchaman'', another superhero team whose name ends in "man" but includes a woman.
* Pirate crews in ''Manga/OnePiece'' are often named after their captains, but more confusingly, sometimes named after a characteristic of the captain that not everyone in the crew shares. The main characters, the Straw Hat Pirates, are an example, as only Luffy, its captain, frequently wears a straw hat. Another example would be the Red-Haired Pirates, named after the captain's red hair (not everyone in the crew is a redhead). There are also pirate captains whose names are also normal words that can lead to incorrect assumptions about the crews, such as the Kid Pirates (not actually children, but run by Eustass Kid) and the Buggy Pirates (no relation to glitchiness or automobiles, but has Buggy the Clown as its leader).
* LuckyStar isn't about any kind of star, nor does any thing or group go by that name. And the characters aren't always "lucky" either.
* ''Teekyuu!'' focuses on a tennis club (''teekyuu'' meaning "tennis") that does everything except ''actually play tennis.'' At least one character lampshades this.
* Surprisingly few characters are actually killed in ''Anime/KillLaKill'' ([[WhatMeasureIsAMook unless you count all the cannon fodder that goes flying at every explosion]]). Most battles are resolved non-lethally with [[TheNudifier Seni-Soshitsu]]. This is actually only an issue in English; in Japanese, it's a pun, because the "kill" in the title is written and pronounced like "kiru," a verb meaning "to wear [clothes]."
* There is a horror manga called ''Anorexia: Shikabane Hanako wa Kyoshokushou''. It has nothing to do with anorexia. It's about cannibalism.