Suffocation is an American brutal death metal band, and quite possibly the UrExample of the brutal death genre as a whole. Easily identifiable by their twisted progressions, exceptionally fast tremolo runs, dissonant yet eerily melodic leadwork, and their trademark "Suffo blasts", Suffocation stands as one of the most successful and influential death metal groups in the history of the genre. Let's put it this way: if you ask someone in a modern death metal band about their influences, Suffocation will almost assuredly be at the top of their list.

Formed in 1988 in Long Island, New York by Frank Mullen (vocals), Guy Marchais and Todd German (guitars), Josh Barohn (bass), and an unknown drummer, their lineup quickly changed when Mike Smith (drums), Doug Cerrito, and Terrance Hobbs (guitars) joined after their own band folded, creating what many believe to be the classic Suffo lineup, as it was the one that recorded ''Effigy of the Forgotten''. Barohn left sometime after and was replaced by Chris Richards, creating a lineup that would record Breeding the Spawn, their troubled sophomore album. Mike Smith then left shortly after and was replaced by Doug Bohn, creating the ''Pierced from Within'' lineup. Bohn left shortly after and was in turn replaced by Dave Culross; this lineup went on to record ''Despise the Sun'' before breaking up a few months later.

This, of course, was not to last, as Mullen and Hobbs reformed the band in 2003, welcoming back Smith, Barohn, and Marchais on their respective instruments, though Barohn was quickly fired, forcing Hobbs and Smith to perform bass duties for the album. Thankfully, they quickly found [[Music/DecrepitBirth Derek Boyer]] to fill the bass spot in 2004, where he has stayed ever since. This lineup would go on to release multiple albums and tour like madmen, ushering in a new era of success for the band. Things stayed stable until 2012, when Mike Smith quit and Bill Robinson (also of Decrepit Birth fame) had to briefly take Mullen's place on the European tour, with Culross once again taking drum duties. As of February 2013, they have officially released a new album, titled ''Pinnacle of Bedlam'', in addition to announcing that Frank would have to sit out tour dates here and there due to his need to put his job first ([[FanDumb which, of course, was misconstrued as Frank leaving the band, creating an uproar that annoyed the band to no end]]); of course, Frank stayed, and [[Music/DyingFetus John Gallagher]] was chosen as his fill-in for the live dates that he couldn't make. By the looks of things, they still have no intention of stopping any time soon.
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!!Discography:
* ''Reincremated'' (1990) - demo
* ''Human Waste'' (1991) - EP
* ''Effigy of the Forgotten'' (1991)
* ''Breeding the Spawn'' (1993)
* ''Live Death'' (1994) - split with Malevolent Creation, Exhorder, and Cancer
* ''Pierced from Within'' (1995)
* ''Despise the Sun'' (1998) - EP
* ''Surgery of Impalement'' (2004) - comeback single
* ''Souls to Deny'' (2004)
* ''[[SelfTitledAlbum Suffocation]]'' (2006)
* ''[[GreatestHitsAlbum The Best of Suffocation]]'' (2008)
* ''Blood Oath'' (2009)
* ''Pinnacle of Bedlam'' (2013)
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The band provides examples of the following tropes:
* AndIMustScream:
** "Jesus Wept", off ''Human Waste'' and ''Effigy of the Forgotten''. A person's soul is bound to the ashes of their cremated corpse, stuck in eternal limbo. The person's relatives somehow become aware of this, and send the ashes back to the mortuary to be re-cremated, but all this does is enhance the victim's agony.
** "Catatonia", also off ''Human Waste'', and re-recorded for ''Despise the Sun'', concerns itself with the plight of a victim of (possibly forcefully induced) locked-in syndrome. The person cannot find release even as their body begins to rot away and (apparently) other souls (or corpses) begin to rise around them.
** "Dismal Dream" seems to be about a person trapped in a never-ending string of nightmares.
* ApocalypseHow:
** Somewhere between ApocalypseHow/{{Class 2}} and ApocalypseHow/ClassX in "Mass Obliteration".[[note]]the lyrics at various points imply small pockets of humans left living on a wretched husk, or simply a "[[EarthShatteringKaboom World Explosion]]"[[/note]] Predictably, it's all humanity's fault.
*** NukeEm / WorldWarIII: How they got there.
** The lyrics of "Cataclysmic Purification" drop a reference to the supposed Mayan Doomsday Calendar, and the music video depicts at least a [[ApocalypseHow/{{Class 5}} Multi-cellular level extinction event]], with the earth being [[KillItWithFire wreathed in flames]].
* BadassBiker: Guy Marchais.
* BaldOfAwesome: Mullen post-reunion.
* BigApplesauce: Not from the city proper (they hail from Long Island), but it's where they got famous. Also, there's Mullen's famous accent, which is frequently the butt of jokes.
* BookEnds: ''Souls To Deny'' begins and ends with the same riff. Since the opening is a fade-in and closing a fade-out, this also creates a loop if one chooses to put the full album on repeat.
* ButNotTooBlack: Averted with Smith, who was exceptionally dark-skinned while playing in a VERY white genre. Hobbs is somewhat lighter, but he's also the main creative force.
* ConceptAlbum: ''Pinnacle of Bedlam''
* CreativeDifferences: Part of the reason for the band's growing schism with Smith post-reunion. Being of a more business-oriented mindset, he pushed the band to simplify their sound and later wrote songs with noticeable deathcore influences on ''Blood Oath'', with the rationale being that they were older and were all in need of more money than the band was currently making. Hobbs and Mullen weren't particularly comfortable with this, and they began butting heads with Smith as a result.
* {{Deathcore}}: Not themselves by any means, but they proved VERY influential to the genre.
* DeathMetal: Arguably the UrExample of brutal death, as well as laying the groundwork for what would become slam.
* FiveManBand:
** TheLeader: Mullen
** TheLancer: Hobbs
** TheBigGuy: Boyer
** TheSmartGuy: Culross, and Smith before him
** TheHeart: Marchais
* [[SeanConneryIsAboutToShootYou Frank Mullen is About to Shoot You]]: In the liner notes of the SelfTitledAlbum. [[ShotgunsAreJustBetter With a shotgun]].
* HarshVocals: Mullen took [[CannibalCorpse Chris Barnes']] grunts and made them clearer while sacrificing none of their gut impact, creating an instantly recognizable vocal style that would go on to shape the future of death metal vocals.
* IAmTheBand: Terrance Hobbs qualifies as he is the main songwriter.
* JerkAss: Smith cultivated quite the reputation for having a HairTriggerTemper (bad to the point where he was forced to take anger management classes by his bandmates), serious ego issues, and a penchant for assaulting people who angered him, and he left on ''exceedingly'' poor terms when he destroyed band gear to spite them after a dispute over touring.
* LargeHam: Frank is well-known for his live antics, particularly his standup routines and the "blast chop".
* LeadBassist: All of their bassists have been Type As, but Boyer has also become a borderline Type C thanks to his live antics.
* LoudnessWar: Started creeping up on ''Despise the Sun'', and their post-revival material is brickwalled to about the extent of most modern DeathMetal. ''Pinnacle of Bedlam'' is particularly bad, however, with ''incredibly'' obvious clipping on a good deal of the album, particularly with the cymbals.
* MisogynySong: An interesting case as it's clear that these are horror stories rather than promotion of said ideal, but still qualify:
** "Marital Decimation" plays with this, with the protagonist being DrivenToSuicide out of horror from the alcohol-fueled brutal murder of his wife and subsequent desecration of her corpse. That said, it still describes said mutilation in detail.
** "Entrails of You" is a straighter example, though the protagonist there is quite obviously insane and possibly having a psychotic break.
* MohsScaleOfRockAndMetalHardness: Hard 9 on the demos before ''Effigy'', 11 on ''Effigy'' itself, and a hard 10 afterwards.
* NewSoundAlbum: Many.
** ''Effigy'' was where they created the sound that made them famous, as their earlier material was thrashier death more akin to what was coming out of Florida at the time.
** ''Breeding'' featured their most complex and borderline progressive arrangements, the likes of which were sadly hampered by the awful production.
** ''Despise the Sun'' was something of a return to their early style.
** ''Souls to Deny'' was more stripped-down and more riff-oriented compared to their original material.
** ''[[SelfTitledAlbum Suffocation]]'' was even more stripped-down and markedly similar to a lot of modern brutal death (Deeds of Flesh, Beheaded, Gorgasm, etc.).
** ''Blood Oath'' brought back some of the technicality that had been dialed down on recent efforts, placing major emphasis on [[UncommonTime odd time signatures]] and their trademark twisted progressions.
** ''Pinnacle of Bedlam'' was basically a far more technical ''Despise the Sun'' thanks to Culross' presence, as well as having an increased guitar solo presence.
* NoExportForYou: The Japanese release of their SelfTitledAlbum featured ''two'' re-recordings of ''Breeding the Spawn'' tracks: "Prelude to Repulsion", which was released to all regions, and "Anomalistic Offerings" which remains Japan-exclusive.
* OneSteveLimit: Averted with the ''Pierced From Within'' line-up, which had two Dougs (Cerrito on guitar, Bohn on drums).
* ThePeteBest: Todd German and the unknown drummer.
* PromotedFanboy: Boyer, Robinson, and [[Music/DyingFetus John Gallagher]].
* RunningGag: The band's history of re-recording songs from older material goes all the way back to ''Effigy of the Forgotten'', which was actually more re-records than new songs ("Infecting The Crypts", "Mass Obliteration", and "Jesus Wept" came off the ''Human Waste'' EP; "Reincremation" and "Involuntary Slaughter" first popped up on the ''Reincremated'' demo). ''Pierced from Within'' represents an intersection of sorts, as it contained re-records from both ''Human Waste'' ("Synthetically Revived") and ''Breeding the Spawn'' (title track). Only ''Breeding'' and ''Souls to Deny'' lack any re-records (and those two just happen to have the weakest reception out of the band's full-length releases to date).
* RippedFromTheHeadlines: "Bind Torture Kill" was recorded on the self-titled album, which was released about a year after Dennis Rader's arrest. The lyrics don't go into detail about his crimes, though, instead being about the general serial killer mindset.
* SanitySlippageSong: Possibly the band's favorite subject for their lyrics, to the point it would be better to list their songs that ''don't'' fall into this trope.
* SpecialGuest: [[Music/DyingFetus John Gallagher]] got the chance to fill in for Frank on the live dates that he couldn't make on the spring 2013 tour, while Kevin Talley briefly filled in for Culross shortly before the band's original dissolution and later returned to fill in for him around the end of 2013 and beginning of 2014 due to a family crisis that has kept him from being able to participate, though it's been long enough that it's beginning to seem as if Talley might become a full-time member, though that's still entirely up to Culross and the rest of the band.
* StartMyOwn: Guy did this with Pyrexia, but he left that band a long time ago. Interestingly enough, Doug Bohn joined that same band in 2011 and is still their drummer to this day.
* TechnicalDeathMetal: Also laid the groundwork for the more brutal side of tech-death; before Suffocation, tech-death was exclusively a rather melodic affair.
* TeenGenius: Mike Smith was only eighteen when he joined and recorded ''Effigy'' when he was nineteen, while Culross gained a reputation as one of the best drummers in the entire tri-state area while he was still a teenager.
* TropeCodifier: Of brutal death (along with Pyrexia, Internal Bleeding, and Dehumanized), as well as being the UrExample. For that matter, one could also argue that they serve as this for modern technical death metal; prior to Suffocation, the technical death acts of the day (Music/{{Death}}, Music/{{Atheist}}, Hellwitch, and Nocturnus, among others) were still very thrashy and tended to be less heavy than the standard death outfits. Suffocation was not only the heaviest thing going at that time, but also one of the most musically complex and technically demanding, and that fusion of extreme heaviness and technical proficiency was eagerly snatched up and changed technical death forever, while the rawer, meaner, more "urban" edge that was also present struck a chord with another branch of metal fans and helped give rise to a variety of acts that would go on to help create slam.
* TroubledProduction / ScrewedByTheNetwork: ''Breeding the Spawn'' is known for its awful production, which was all due to Roadrunner refusing to pay for another recording session at Morrisound (where ''Effigy'' was recorded). This wound up being part of the reason why Smith initially quit; while Roadrunner kept the band signed (unlike Malevolent Creation, who went through the exact same thing with ''Stillborn''), they jumped ship not long after ''Pierced from Within'' was recorded. Most of the ''Breeding'' tracks have been re-recorded on other albums, so it stands to reason that they'll all turn up in a rerecorded fashion somewhere down the line.
* UncommonTime: All the time.
* UrExample: Of brutal death.
* VoiceOfTheLegion: The ''Effigy'' version of "Mass Obliteration" does this on the first word of each verse in the breakdown, with [[Music/CannibalCorpse George "Corpsegrinder" Fisher]] being credited as the guest vocalist.
* WelcomeBackTraitor: Sort of with Mike Smith. He certainly did not leave the band on good terms, but he was given a guest spot on drums on the ''Pinnacle'' rerecording of "Beginning of Sorrow" in spite of that. That being said, however, he's almost assuredly never returning, both because he doesn't want to and because the band won't let him.