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Music/PaulSimon and Art Garfunkel first came together in 1957 under the name Tom and Jerry, but rose to fame as Simon & Garfunkel almost ten years later, mostly due to their hit "The Sounds of Silence" (1965). Both men were childhood friends growing up in Queens, [[BigApplesauce New York]] a few blocks away from each other.

With the release of "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BvsX03LOMhI The Sounds of Silence]]," Simon & Garfunkel became one of the {{Trope Codifier}}s of folk-rock alongside TheByrds. The song was also their first hit on the pop charts, reaching the number one spot on New Year's Day in 1966. Their later hits included "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BYQaD2CAi9A Scarborough Fair/Canticle]]," which combined the English folk ballad "Scarborough Fair" with an anti-war poem sung in counterpoint, "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JwQYH-6quEE Homeward Bound]]" and "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=H_a46WJ1viA Bridge Over Troubled Water]]." Later, their fame took an ever bigger boost when their music was used in the film ''TheGraduate'', which not only included their older songs (which was rare at that time for film) but also new material like "Mrs. Robinson."

Simon is by far the more well known of the group. He experienced a BreakupBreakout and a successful solo career, while Garfunkel is still best known for his efforts with the band, although he's also known for singing the ThemeSong of ''WatershipDown''. They have broken up several times, and reunited over the years. Most famously, they came together for The Concert in Central Park, which drew a crowd of over half-a-million.
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!!They/Their work feature examples of:
* AerithAndBob.
* AlbumTitleDrop: ''Parsley, Sage, Rosemary, and Thyme''. A bit of an inversion, as the title comes from the lyric itself (the lyric being from the traditional song "Scarborough Fair").
** From "Old Friends": "Old friends / Sat on a park bench like ''bookends''."[[note]]Well, one song is ''titled'' "Bookends".[[/note]]
* AmericanTitle: "America"
* AntiChristmasSong: "Seven O' Clock News/Silent Night"
* BeforeMyTime: "A Simple Desultory Philippic":
-->When you say [[Music/BobDylan Dylan]], he thinks you're talking about Creator/DylanThomas\\
Whoever he was\\
[[HypocriticalHumor The man ain't got no culture]]
* BigApplesauce: "Bleecker Street", "The Only Living Boy in New York", "The 59th Street Bridge Song", and their triumphant 1981 live album, ''The Concert in Central Park''
* BigGuyLittleGuy
* BookEnds: The aptly-named pair of "Bookends Theme" songs on the aptly-named ''Bookends'' album [[DepartmentOfRedundancyDepartment aptly bookend]] the A-side of the album.
* BSODSong: "Patterns"
* CentralTheme: Nearly all of their songs involve an inability to communicate. Some overt, some subtle. Becomes HarsherInHindsight when they broke up.
* ChristmasSongs: In 1967 they recorded two carols ("The Star Carol" and "Comfort and Joy") for a planned Christmas single. It was never released, though the A-side turned up on a couple of multi-artist Christmas compilations and both songs were eventually included in the ''Old Friends'' box set.
** Also, their rendition of "Go Tell It on the Mountain" from the first album. And, of course, "Seven O'Clock News/Silent Night".
* ConceptAlbum: Much of ''Bookends'' is tied together with the themes of aging and decaying love. [[BreathlessNonSequitur Also, it has that song from]] ''TheGraduate'' on it.
* DyingTown: "My Little Town"
* DrivenToSuicide: The subjects of the songs "Richard Cory" and "A Most Peculiar Man".
* EitherOrTitle: "A Simple Desultory Philippic (or How I Was [[PersonAsVerb Robert McNamara'd]] Into Submission)"
* FolkMusic: More so on their earlier material.
* AFriendInNeed / YouAreNotAlone: "Bridge Over Troubled Water"
--> I'm on your side/When times get rough/And friends just can't be found
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar: In ''A Simple Desultory Phillippic'':
--> I been Creator/{{Ayn Rand}}ed, nearly branded
-->[[RedScare Communist]], 'cause I'm left-handed.
-->That's the hand I use... [[ADateWithRosiePalms well, never mind]].
* TheHermit: "I Am a Rock", "A Most Peculiar Man"
* HeterosexualLifePartners: This is most notably expressed in "The Only Living Boy in New York" which is basically about Paul missing Art (the "Tom" in the song; in the early days when they performed as "Tom and Jerry," Art was "Tom") when the latter went to Mexico to film ''Literature/CatchTwentyTwo''.
* HypocriticalHumor: "A Simple Desultory Phillipic"
-->He's so unhip that when you say "[[Music/BobDylan Dylan]],"\\
He thinks you're talking about DylanThomas (whoever he was).\\
[[{{Joisey}} The man ain't got no cultcha.]]
* IAmSong: "I Am a Rock"
* IJustWantToBeYou: ''"Oh, I wish that I could be Richard Cory."''
* ImagineSpot: "Fakin' It"
-->Prior to this lifetime
-->I surely was a tailor
-->Look at me:
-->(“Good morning, Mr. Leitch! Have you had a busy day?”)
* InTheStyleOf: Their early recordings as Tom and Jerry were a inspired by Music/TheEverlyBrothers' sound (whose song "Bye Bye Love" was covered on the ''Bridge Over Troubled Water'' album).
* IntercourseWithYou: "Cecilia" (going by a strictly literal interpretation of the song), "Baby Driver"
* LaughingMad: The end of "Cecilia", the singer's equivalent of throwing up his hands and giving in.
* LesserStar: Former TropeNamer. Art Garfunkel has been characterized as the junior partner in the duo, and there is truth in that, as Simon both played guitar and wrote all the music while Garfunkel only sang. However, Garfunkel had a big hand in the vocal arrangements, and helped create the close harmonies that were one of the group's calling cards. (Compare the solo version of "American Tune" to the one they recorded together during the concert in Central Park.) Additionally, Art had the solo on the duo's biggest hit ever, "Bridge Over Troubled Water."
* LiveAlbum: ''The Concert in Central Park''
* LonelyAtTheTop: "Richard Cory"
* LyricalDissonance: "I Am A Rock", "The Sun Is Burning"
* NameAndName
* NeverBeHurtAgain: "I Am A Rock" describes the feelings of someone who doesn't want to love anymore because they were hurt by it once.
* NewSoundAlbum: Their debut, ''Wednesday Morning, 3 AM'', had more of a traditional acoustic folk sound; the second album, ''Sounds of Silence'', was where they shifted to more of a rock instrumentation and approach. The former album even had "The Sounds of Silence" in its original folk-style arrangement, whilst the latter introduced the familiar folk-rock version.
* NotStayingForBreakfast: "Wednesday Morning, 3 AM"
* ObsessionSong: "Why Don't You Write Me", complete with a threat of suicide near the end.
* OneWomanSong: "Mrs. Robinson", "Cecelia", "Kathy's Song", "For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her"
* PuttingTheBandBackTogether: More than once. The duo reunited for a single song, "My Little Town", in 1975. In 1981 they came together for a free concert in Central Park, New York City, which drew a crowd of over 500,000 people. This led to a world tour and their first new album in over a decade--until Simon mixed Garfunkel's vocals out of the album completely and released it as a Paul Simon solo album titled ''Hearts and Bones''. In the 1990s the duo toured together briefly, and in the 2000s they reunited again and toured extensively.
* RefrainFromAssuming: "Feeling Groovy" is actually "The 59th Street Bridge Song," but few people remember that.
* RepurposedPopSong: "The Sounds of Silence" was used during the film adaptation of ''Film/{{Watchmen}}''. It is also the opening song for ''TheGraduate'', which also uses "Scarborough Fair/Canticle" several times.
** "At the Zoo" was used for advertisements for the Bronx Zoo and the San Francisco Zoo in the late 1970s, though this may overlap with [[IsntItIronic Isn't It Ironic]] due to the song being more of an allegory for human nature. However, PaulSimon himself later repurposed the song in the form of [[http://www.amazon.com/AT-ZOO-Books-Young-Readers/dp/0385417713 a children's book with the same title]].
** "Bookends" was used as a New Year's Eve song for a while by networks, reminiscing about the past year in a montage.
* RippedFromTheHeadlines: Paul Simon wrote "A Most Peculiar Man" after reading a notice in a London newspaper about a suicide.
* {{Rockumentary}}: ''Simon and Garfunkel: Songs of America'' is a rather unique television special that aired on CBS in 1969. Much of the special is a fairly conventional rockumentary featuring interviews with the duo, footage of the duo working in the studio, and film from the 1969 tour. This portion includes {{Early Bird Cameo}}s of "The Boxer", "Bridge Over Troubled Water", and "So Long, Frank Lloyd Wright". The rest of the film is a series of montages of the social and historical upheavals of TheSixties (civil rights protest, Robert Kennedy's funeral train, etc), with Simon and Garfunkel songs as the musical accompaniment.
* RuleOfSymbolism: A lot of it. For example, anytime a betrayal is implied, thirty pieces of silver (or dollars) is referenced.
* SafetyInIndifference: "I Am a Rock" is all about this.
* SingingSimlish: "The Boxer" and its "Lie la lie" chorus.
* SingleStanzaSong: "Bookends"
* SocietyMarchesOn: "Seven O'Clock News/Silent Night" in particular. Gee, LennyBruce died this year?
* SoundtrackDissonance: "Seven O'Clock News/Silent Night". ''Big'' time.
* SomethingCompletelyDifferent: On ''Bridge Over Troubled Water'', "Baby Driver" (a silly little IntercourseWithYou song in great contrast to the very serious tone of most of the other songs) and "Bye Bye Love" (a cover of Music/TheEverlyBrothers, and possibly a CallBack to their earlier years as "Tom and Jerry").
** On ''Bookends'', there's "Voices of Old People", which consists of people in a NewYorkCity retirement home making conversation with Art Garfunkel.
** ''The Sound of Silence'' features the [[{{instrumentals}} instrumental]] track "Anji", composed by Dave Graham.
* TheSomethingSong: "The 59th Street Bridge Song" and "Kathy's Song"
* SpokenWordInMusic: "Seven O'Clock News/Silent Night".
* AStormIsComing: inverted in "The Sun is Burning"
* TakeThat: "A Simple Desultory Philippic (or How I Was Robert Mc Namara'd into Submission)" is a rather savage BobDylan parody.
** "The Boxer" was also interpreted as a TakeThat to Dylan, but Simon has {{Jossed}} that interpretation, explaining that it was actually about himself in a period he felt like he was constantly criticized. Dylan's own CoverVersion of it was seen as a TakeThat in return.
* ThisIsASong: "Song for the Asking", also "Leaves That Are Green" ("I was twenty-one years when I wrote this song").
* UnintentionalPeriodPiece: "Thirty dollars pays your rent/On Bleecker Street"
** Though it's a reference to Judas and those thirty pieces of silver, a metaphor used a few times by the duo.
* UpdatedRerelease: "Wednesday Morning, 3 AM" and "Somewhere They Can't Find Me" are more or less the same song, though the former is done as a folk ballad while the latter is poppier and begins with a bit of "Anji".
** TheCoverChangesTheMeaning: "3 AM" is a melancholy reflection from a man taking comfort in his lover's company one last time before the law takes him away. "Somewhere They Can't Find Me" changes the instrumentation to angry rock and adds new lyrics in the form of a chorus (including [[TitleDrop the title line]]) that indicate the singer plans to flee, unrepentant. Note that the same band released both the original ''and'' the cover.
** "A Simple Desultory Phillipic (or How I Was Robert Macnamara'd Into Submission)" from ''Parsley, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme'' is a darker, more cynical version of "A Simple Desultory Phillipic (or How I Was Lyndon Johnson'd Into Submission)" from Paul Simon's British album ''The Paul Simon Songbook''
* VocalTagTeam
* VitriolicBestBuds: Very much, as anyone who's watched Paul snipe at Art onstage can verify. Simon has referred to Garfunkel as "my partner in arguments" on occasion.
* WanderlustSong: "And we walked off/To look for America"
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