'''Serge Gainsbourg''' (born Lucien Ginsburg, 2 April 1928 – 2 March 1991) was a French singer, pianist, writer, actor, and film director.

He experienced with many genres of music, from the {{Chanson}} and jazz to pop music, electro and reggae. He was a controversial character, who wrote many erotic and polemical songs and until his death was surrounded by a lot of controversy, but was also considered as a poet and a genius, the last of the tradition of the ''Poètes Maudits'' (doomed poets) and adapted many famous poems in songs.

Had somewhat of a BrokenBase during his lifetime, but since his death he is [[DeadArtistsAreBetter pretty much universally celebrated]].

In 2010, a biopic was released: ''Film/{{Gainsbourg}}''.

You may know his daughter Charlotte for her acting work with LarsVonTrier's Depression Trilogy, consisting of ''{{Film/Antichrist}},'' ''{{Film/Melancholia}},'' and ''{{Film/Nymphomaniac}}''.

!!Serge Gainsbourg and his work provide examples of:

* TheAlcoholic: Since he was nicknamed ''"Gainsbarre"''. He also made a lot of public appearances where he was visibly drunk.
* AnatomicallyImpossibleSex: In ''"Je t'aime... moi non plus"'', there's this lyric that goes "I come and go, between your kidneys". That... just doesn't happen, unless you're impaling the poor woman.
** That's a case of LostInTranslation; the French ''reins'' literally means kidneys, but can also be used in the general sense of "loins", and all of a sudden, the anatomy makes sense.
* BlackComedy: Many of his songs have a grim sense of humor.
* BecomingTheMask: With his alter-ego Gainsbarre.
* ButNowIMustGo: ''Je suis venue te dire que je m' en vais''.
* {{Chanson}}: He is still seen as a ''chansonnier'', despite his music being closer to rock 'n' roll and pop.
* CoolCar: The Rolls-Royce silver ghost from ''Histoire de Melody Nelson''. He himself later bought a Rolls-Royce Phantom.
* ADateWithRosiePalms: ''"Variation Sur Marilou"''.
* DarkAndTroubledPast: His past as a Jew during the Nazi Occupation. Possibly parodied/satirized in the album ''Rock Around The Bunker''.
* DramaticIrony: [[UnreliableNarrator He liked to tell]] the story of how he fought to be the first in line to receive the yellow star, thinking it was a sheriff star.
* DirtyOldMan: ''"Gainsbarre"'' especially.
* EurovisionSongContest: He wrote France Gall's entry ''Poupée de cire, poupée de son'' which brought a victory for Luxembourg in 1965. It is also notable for being the first winning song in the contest not to be a ballad.
** He also wrote Monaco's entry in 1967, though not as popular as ''Poupée''.
* EverythingSoundsSexierInFrench
* {{Expy}}: ''Histoire de Melody Nelson'' is a ConceptAlbum which is heavily based around ''{{Literature/Lolita}}''.
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar: He famously wrote a song for then 18-years-old France Gall called ''"Les Sucettes" ("The Lollipops")'' about a girl named Annie who loved sucking lollipops (the double entendre meaning fellatio). France Gall claimed she sung it [[InnocentInnuendo completely innocently]], without understanding the sexual meaning of the lyrics.
** The song ''69 année érotique'' ("69, erotic year", being a pun on ''soixante-neuf'', the sexual position where both partners can give themselves oral pleasure)
* IkeaErotica: "I come and go, between your kidneys"[[note]]meaning the small of the back[[/note]] in ''Je t'aime moi non plus''.
* IncrediblyLamePun: It happens in some songs in the album ''Vu De L'Extérieur''.
* IntercourseWithYou: ''Many''. For example, "Je t'aime... moi non plus".
* Literature/DrJekyllAndMrHyde: He wrote a song about them.
* KavorkaMan: Despite being notoriously ugly and an alcoholic, he had relationships with some of the most beautiful women of his time. He even wrote a song about this: ''"Des Laids Des Laids"''.
* LikeaSontoMe: While he may not be biologically related to them, Serge adored Jane Birkin's other daughters Kate Barry and Lou Doillon as much as his other biological children.
* MayDecemberRomance: Jane Birkin was twenty-one when she fell for the thirty-one year old Serge. His last partner, Caroline "Bambou" Paulus, was thirty years his junior.
* MyCountryTisOfTheeThatISting: Caused a stir among French military veterans when he released a reggae version of the French national anthem called ''"Aux Armes" ("To Arms")'', with as only repeated phrase ''Aux Armes et caetera" ("To arms and so-on!")''.
* OutlawCouple: "Bonnie and Clyde" (with Brigitte Bardot).
* ParentalIncest: "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lemon_Incest Lemon Incest]]" makes ambiguous reference to this. Furthermore, the song is a duet with his [[RealLifeRelative daughter]], Charlotte, who was [[{{Squick}} twelve years old]] at the time.
* PunBasedTitle: ''69 Année Érotique'' and ''La Décadanse'' (pun on ''decadence'' and ''dance'')
* RefugeInAudacity: The album ''Rock Around The Bunker'' (particularly the opening song "[[ThoseWackyNazis Nazi Rock]]"). Also, ''"Lemon Incest"'' was made with this intention.
* SayingSoundEffectsOutLoud: In the song ''"Comic Strip"'' typical comic strip onomatopeia are imitated.
* SelfDeprecation
* ShoutOut:
** ''Je suis te dire que je m' en vais'' has a shout-out to poet Creator/PaulVerlaine: ''Comm' dit si bien Verlaine au vent mauvais'' (''As Verlaine mentioned so well in the bad wind"").
** ''Le chanson de Prévert'' is a shout-out to Jacques Prévert.
* SmokingIsCool: It's hard to find a picture of him where he isn't smoking.
** The song ''Dieu fumeur de havanes'' even has God smoking havana cigars.
* SpokenWordInMusic: A lot, in the ''Histoire de Melody Nelson'' album.
* TaxmanTakesTheWinnings: Gainsbourg once protested during a TV interview against taxes by burning a money bill live on the air. He felt he would rather burn this high amount of money than give it away to the tax institute.
* YouMakeMeSic: ''"En Relisant Ta Lettre"''.