The son of the only Newman brother NOT to be a composer (his father was an [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internal_medicine internist]]), Randall Stuart "Randy" Newman (born November 28, 1943) is arguably the most famous member of the Newman musical family headed by his uncle [[Music/AlfredNewman Alfred]], but one who's noted more for his songwriting skills than for his film music. Born in UsefulNotes/LosAngeles but raised in UsefulNotes/NewOrleans, Randy was a talented pianist from an early age, and always seemed destined for a career in music, but during his formative years purposefully stayed away from Hollywood and concentrated on being a recording artist in his own right.

With his regular collaborator Lenny Waronker, Newman recorded and released many popular hit records, including "I Love L.A.", "Short People", "Political Science", "Marie", "I Think It's Going To Rain Today", "YouCanLeaveYourHatOn" (for which he is the TropeNamer), and the controversial "Rednecks". His solo albums (''Randy Newman, 12 Songs, Sail Away, Good Old Boys, Little Criminals, Born Again, Trouble In Paradise, Land of Dreams, Faust, Bad Love'', ''Harps and Angels'', and ''Dark Matter''), have all received critical acclaim for the way in which his sardonic, witty lyrics and totally unique vocal delivery allowed his songs to be entertaining, musically excellent, but yet remain politically and socially aware.

Newman is generally considered to be among the greatest living American songwriters, with a legion of dedicated followers. After contributing music to the 1971 movie ''Cold Turkey'', Newman formally entered the film music fray in 1981 with the score for [[Creator/MilosForman Miloš Forman]]'s ''Literature/{{Ragtime}}'', for which he received the first of his 20 Oscar nominations. Since then, Newman's film music output has been small but of consistently high quality, and has included works such as:

* ''Film/{{Performance}}'' (1970) (Jack Nitzsche did the music, but Newman did the arrangements and did vocals on "Gone Dead Train", written by Nitzsche and Russ Titelman)
* ''Film/ColdTurkey'' (1971)
* ''Film/TheNatural'' (1984),
* ''[[Film/ThreeAmigos ¡Three Amigos!]]'' (1986) (songs: "The Ballad of the Three Amigos," "My Little Buttercup," and "Blue Shadows." Was also the co-writer and had a cameo as the voice of the singing bush)
* ''Film/{{Parenthood}}'' (1989),
* ''Film/{{Awakenings}}'' (1990),
* ''Avalon'' (1990)
* ''Series/CopRock'' (1990) (short-lived television series, and also appeared singing and playing the theme song in the opening credits)
* ''The Paper'' (1994)
* ''Film/{{Maverick}}'' (1994)
* ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'' (1995),
* ''Film/{{James and the Giant Peach}}'' (1996)
* ''Film/{{Michael}}'' (1996),
* ''WesternAnimation/CatsDontDance'' (1997),
* ''WesternAnimation/ABugsLife'' (1998),
* ''Film/BabePigInTheCity'' (1998) (song: "That'll Do" by Peter Gabriel)
* ''{{Film/Pleasantville}}'' (1998)
* ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory2'' (1999),
* ''Film/MeetTheParents'' (2000)
* ''WesternAnimation/MonstersInc'' (2001)
* ''{{Film/Seabiscuit}}'' (2003)
* ''[[Film/MeetTheParents Meet the Fockers]]'' (2004)
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Cars}}'' (2006)
* ''{{Film/Leatherheads}}'' (2008)
* ''Disney/ThePrincessAndTheFrog'' (2009)
* ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory3'' (2010)
* ''WesternAnimation/MonstersUniversity'' (2013)

Most of these scores in the list were Oscar nominated for either the score or one of his brilliant songs. He finally won his first Oscar, in 2001, for the song 'If I Didn't Have You' from "Monsters, Inc." He won his second Oscar in 2011, for the song, "We Belong Together" from "Toy Story 3."

In 2003, he wrote and sung the Emmy Award-winning theme song for ''Series/{{Monk}}'', used from its second season onwards, titled "It's a Jungle Out There". In 2009, he returned to write and sing the closing song to the entire series, "When I'm Gone", and won an Emmy for that too.

Ever the innovator, Newman's was involved with the South Coast Repertory Theater's production of "The Education of Randy Newman", a musical stage play based on Newman's life set to his songs. The play, which stars Scott Waara as Newman and is directed by Myron Johnson, premiered in Costa Mesa, Los Angeles on 2 June 2000. The Randy Newman Songbook, Vol. I (2003), his first effort for Nonesuch, introduces powerful new solo versions of early classics and recent gems alike. The eighteen songs are an intimate and powerful reminder of the enduring work that Newman has established. In 2008 he released Harps and Angels; for Nonesuch records. His first collection of new songs since 2009’s Bad Love.

Most recently, Newman wrote the songs and score for {{Creator/Disney}}'s ''Disney/ThePrincessAndTheFrog'' as well as ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory3''. He has earned two more Academy Award nominations (19 total) in the Best Original Song category for Almost There and Down In New Orleans. On June 2nd 2010 Newman received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

His career as a film composer is so varied that he has several pages dedicated to his work: His [[AwesomeMusic/{{Pixar}} scores for John Lasseter and Pixar films]], his [[AwesomeMusic/{{Disney}} amazing music in The Princess and The Frog]], and his own [[AwesomeMusic/TheNewmans works in other films]].
* ArsonMurderAndJaywalking: Comes up in his lyrics occasionally, such as these from "UsefulNotes/SigmundFreud's Impersonation of UsefulNotes/AlbertEinstein in America":
-->Americans dream of gypsies, I have found
-->Gypsy knives and gypsy thighs
-->That pound and pound and pound and pound
-->And African appendages that almost reach the ground
-->And little boys playing baseball in the rain
* CaptainObvious: His songs are known for being this.
* UsefulNotes/{{Cleveland}}: "Burn On", about the Cuyahoga River's unfortunate tendency to catch on fire.
-->"Cleveland, city of light! City of magic!"
* DyingTown: Another favorite theme, ranging from the sarcastic (the aforementioned "Burn On") to the tragic ("Baltimore").
* EarlyInstallmentWeirdness: His first minor hit as a songwriter was the fairly straightforward love song "Just One Smile" (recorded by Gene Pitney), followed by the whimsical "Simon Smith and the Amazing Dancing Bear" (The Alan Price Set), which at least foreshadowed his later animated film work.
* EpicRocking: "The Great Debate" clocks in at just over eight minutes, making it his longest song on any of his studio albums by some distance.
* GodIsEvil: "God's Song (That's Why I Love Mankind)" by Music/RandyNewman has several verses being sung from God's perspective which show him to be quite cruel toward humans. As is typical with Newman songs though, it's not entirely clear how serious he's being (since Newman is a "devout atheist" it's possibly serious). God in the song seemingly just despises humanity ("I recoil in horror from the foulness of thee/From the squalor and the filth and the misery"), and likes that living in these conditions makes people turn to him.
-->I burn down your cities-how blind you must be\\
I take from you your children and you say how blessed are we\\
You all must be crazy to put your faith in me\\
That's why I love mankind\\
You really need me\\
That's why I love mankind
* GospelRevivalNumber: The opening number of "Faust", "Glory Train". Subverted in that the Devil breaks in occasionally with remarks like:
--> "Never in my life have I heard so much bullshit/even from you/the master of bullshit!"
* HeroesWantRedheads: Subverted; at least a couple of songs are about an innocent redheaded girl being taken advantage of by the narrator.
* IncestIsRelative: Implied in the lyrics of "Naked Man":
-->He said, "They found out about my sister/Kicked me out of the Navy/They would have strung me up if they could/I tried to explain that we were both of us lazy/And were doing the best we could."
* IsntItIronic: See below.
* KnowNothingKnowItAll: One of his favorite types of UnreliableNarrator. A good example is "The Story of a Rock and Roll Band", written in the character of someone who claims to be a big fan of Music/ElectricLightOrchestra but doesn't even know the names of the band members or what a cello is.
* LongRunner: Four decades of music, and still going.
* LyricalDissonance: One of Newman's favorite tactics. "Sail Away" is a quiet, gentle song...until you realize it's written from the perspective of a ''slave ship owner'' pitching the natives on what a great life they're going to have. "Little Criminals" seems to be a case of BadassBoast...until you realize just how much the narrator and his crew live up to the song's title.
* MyCountryTisOfTheeThatISting: "Political Science" pokes fun at the U.S.A., who are so angry that everyone seems to hate them that they decide to "drop the big one now". They will bomb the entire world, except for Australia, and "turn the entire world into one Americatown".
* NakedPeopleAreFunny: "Naked Man", written about an infamous purse-snatching streaker in the 1970s.
* NukeEm: "Political Science", sometimes [[RefrainFromAssuming incorrectly known]] by its refrain of "Let's drop the big one now."
* OneWomanSong: "Kathleen", "Marie", "Suzanne", "Lucinda"...notable in that almost all of them are subversions of the typical love song.
* OscarBait: Played straight and subverted.
* PoesLaw: Newman wrote "Short People" to make fun of the mindset that discriminates against people for their appearance. He was promptly accused of being bigoted against short people. Also happened to him with "Rednecks", when people missed the satire and actually thought he was serious. Really, you'd think the line "We don't know our ass from a hole in the ground" would be a dead giveaway.
* SympathyForTheDevil: "Rednecks" actually ''was'' intended to display a back-handed sort of sympathy for southern racists, specifically speaking out against northern liberals' tendency to mock them dismissively rather than argue with them on the merits (an argument Newman obviously believed the northerners would win handily).
** "In Germany Before the War" is a more subtle case: it's written from the perspective of Peter Kurten, aka "The Vampire of Dusseldorf".
** In the recording of "Faust" released on CD, Newman voices the Devil, who tends to be the voice of reason during the production.
* TakeThat: "Mr. President, Have Pity On The Working Man", probably his bitterest song. Arguably the entire score of "Faust", as well, at least to fundamentalists.
** His 1979 album ''Born Again'' has two examples aimed at other musicians. On the cover, he's wearing Music/{{Kiss}}-like makeup, and the song "The Story of a Rock and Roll Band" is a parody of Music/ElectricLightOrchestra.
* UnpluggedVersion: ''The Randy Newman Songbook'' trilogy, three albums where Newman, alone at the piano, plays some of his most beloved songs.
* UnreliableNarrator: Another of his favorite lyrical devices; as a general rule, whoever the song is from the perspective of is not somebody you should trust. About anything.
* VillainSong: "Friends on the Other Side" from ''Disney/ThePrincessAndTheFrog''. Also a common trope in his non-movie work: "Kathleen" is from the perspective of a man tricking a woman into thinking they're married to get in her pants; the subtitle (Catholicism Made Easier) got Newman into a LOT of trouble.
** He defended "Short People" as this, though ironically, it's the ''narrator'' who's the villain (the song was meant to show how absurd prejudice is).
** Don't forget [[WesternAnimation/CatsDontDance Big and Loud]]! ''Especially'' [[DarkReprise the second part of the song]].
* YouCanLeaveYourHatOn: Wrote and recorded the TropeNamer, although it was later CoveredUp by Music/JoeCocker.