[[caption-width-right:350:L-R: Stone, Mike, Jeff, Eddie, and Matt.]]
->''Daddy didn't give attention,\\
Oh, to the fact that mommy didn't care,\\
King Jeremy The Wicked,\\
Ruled his world.\\
Jeremy spoke in class today...\\
Jeremy spoke in class today...''
-->-- "Jeremy"

Pearl Jam is a popular American rock band formed in 1990 in UsefulNotes/{{Seattle}}, which enabled the band to become one of the "great four" of {{Grunge}}, alongside Music/{{Nirvana}}, Music/AliceInChains and Music/{{Soundgarden}}. The band formed out of the ashes of local Seattle band Mother Love Bone, whose singer Andrew Wood died of a heroin overdose in 1990. Bassist Jeff Ament and guitarist Stone Gossard began writing songs together, and eventually guitarist Mike [=McCready=] joined them. Looking for a singer and a drummer, they recorded a demo tape and gave it to former Music/RedHotChiliPeppers drummer Jack Irons, who declined the invitation but passed the tape onto his friend, San Diego surfer Eddie Vedder. Vedder was impressed by the tape, recorded his own vocals for a few of the songs and sent it back to Stone, Jeff, and Mike. Within a week, Vedder was hired, and flew up to Seattle to join the band.

The rest is rock history; their first album, ''{{Music/Ten}}'', sold over 13 million copies, with the singles "Alive" and "Jeremy" becoming massively successful. ''Vs.'', the second, reached #1 on the charts the week it came out, outselling the other nine albums on the top 10 combined. This led to some backlash from purist Seattle rock groups, especially Music/KurtCobain of Music/{{Nirvana}}, who even alleged that the band had sold out to the mainstream. This led to CreatorBacklash from Vedder, who decided to erase any pretense of commercialism from the band's music, which led to some tension between the band members; they had a RevolvingDoorBand of drummers around this time due to internal differences. The four core members have nevertheless remained intact since the band's inception.

Since then, the band has rebelled against their fame and stardom, first by boycotting and later suing the mega-corporation Ticketmaster, which would raise consumer ticket prices at band shows. Due to the lawsuit, the band's ability to receive proper venues declined, much to the chagrin of its audience. Pearl Jam then decided to move away from their ArenaRock roots (for the most part) to more experimental sounds in AlternativeRock on later albums ''Vitalogy'', ''No Code'', and ''Yield''. While not commercially well-received, Pearl Jam's material through the mid- to late-[[TheNineties '90s]] was critically lauded before the band hit a period of stagnation at the TurnOfTheMillennium.

They have since made a return to their hard rock origins with their SelfTitledAlbum, released in 2006. Their following two albums, ''Backspacer'' (2009) and ''Lightning Bolt'' (2013), were domestically distributed through Pearl Jam's own label, Monkeywrench Records. Pearl Jam continues to tour constantly to give fans an opportunity to see them live.

!!Since 1998, their lineup has been:
* Eddie Vedder (vocals, guitar, ukulele)
* Mike [=McCready=] (guitar)
* Stone Gossard (guitar)
* Jeff Ament (bass guitar)
* Matt Cameron (drums), also a member of Music/{{Soundgarden}}
* With Boom Gaspar (keyboards, touring member) since 2003.

* 1991 - ''{{Music/Ten}}''
* 1993 - ''Vs.''
* 1994 - ''Vitalogy''
* 1996 - ''No Code''
* 1998 - ''Yield''
* 2000 - ''Binaural''
* 2002 - ''Riot Act''
* 2006 - ''[[SelfTitledAlbum Pearl Jam]]''
* 2009 - ''Backspacer''
* 2013 - ''Lightning Bolt''

* 2003 - ''Lost Dogs'' (BSide compilation)
* 2004 - ''Rearviewmirror (Greatest Hits 1991–2003)''
* 2009 - ''Pearl Jam Twenty'', aka ''Ten [[UpdatedRerelease Legacy Edition]]'' [[note]]2-disk, first disc with original album mixes, second with all songs remixed and bonus songs[[/note]]
* 2011 - Remasters of ''Vs.'' and ''Vitalogy'', each with some bonus songs

They also backed Music/NeilYoung on his 1995 album ''Mirror Ball''.

!!''Jeremy troped in class today'':

* AffectionateParody: The song "Dirty Frank"[[note]]first released on the European edition of "Ten" and afterwards as a B-side for "Even Flow"[[/note]] is a rather obvious style-parody of Music/RedHotChiliPeppers song "Give It Away" from ''Music/BloodSugarSexMagik''. This parody is complete with overtly sexual lyrics in the vein of Anthony Kiedis... [[FanDisservice albeit about a cannibal]]. The Peppers had also had their commercial breakthrough just around the time ''Ten'' was recorded.
* AllDrummersAreAnimals: Dave Abbruzzese's drumming was incredibly energetic, which forced the band to consider a massive shift in their style once he left. He also wrote "Go", which became a hit.
* AlmightyJanitor: Vedder worked as a gas station attendant in the 1980's.
* ApocalypseHow: "Do the Evolution" shows a post-modern dystopia eventually ending in nuclear war and the destruction of mankind.
* AteHisGun: The original cut for the video for "Jeremy" ends with the eponymous character shooting himself in front of his classmates. The MTV version edited it so that the gun isn't seen on-screen.
* AwesomeMcCoolname: Stone Carpenter Gossard. Yes, that's his real name.
* AxCrazy: "Once", where the individual first seen in "Alive" has turned into a serial killer who has long since passed the point where he could control his urges.
* BadassBaritone: Eddie.
* BadassBeard: The bandmembers, Eddie in particular, go in and out with this.
* BookEnds: ''Ten'' opens and ends on "Master/Slave", an instrumental driven by a fretless bass. ''rearviewmirror'' has one of sorts: it begins with the ''Ten'' opening track ("Once") and ends with an outtake from that album that it's the band's usual show closer ("Yellow Ledbetter").
* BreadEggsMilkSquick: From "Jeremy", "At home drawing pictures/ Of mountain tops/ With him on top/Lemon yellow sun/ Arms raised in a V / And the dead lay in pools of maroon below."
* CallBack:
** In "Daughter", Vedder describes that for the titular protagonist, "''The shades go down in her mind.''" Then, later, on "Rearviewmirror", from the same album: "''Finally the shades are raised.''"
** "1/2 Full" references "Porch" and "Love Boat Captain" in just two lines: "''There ain't gonna be any middle anymore/it's been said before.''"
** "Love Boat Captain" references "Tremor Christ:" "''Is this just another phase of earthquakes making waves?''"
** "Lightning Bolt" references "Nothingman" in its chorus: "''You've got to know you’ll never let her go/She's a Lightning bolt!''"
* CallingTheOldManOut: "Better Man", according to Eddie Vedder, is "dedicated to the bastard that married my Momma" -- his stepfather, with whom he didn't share the best of relationships. Inversely seen in "Release", written for his biological father, whom he hardly knew.
** Also "My Father's Son".
* CarefulWithThatAxe: Vedder does it sometimes, especially on "Do the Evolution" and their [[Film/ReignOverMe cover]] for "[[Music/TheWho Love, Reign]] [[Music/{{Quadrophenia}} o'er Me]]".
* ChangedForTheVideo: The music videos for "Alive" and "Evenflow" are that of filmed live performances, not lip-synching to the actual singles.
* ChristmasEpisode: Like Music/TheBeatles, Pearl Jam would release singles every Christmas exclusively to their fan club. "Last Kiss" was originally one of them before it became one of their biggest hits.
* ClusterFBomb: "Save You"
* CoverDrop: The road sign from ''Yield'' can be seen toward the end of the "Do the Evolution" video, being shot at its top left corner.
* CurseCutShort: From the BSide/Lost Dog track "Dirty Frank":
--> ''That Dirty Frank was a bad mother--\\
Shut your mouth!\\
Hey man, I'm just talkin' about Dirty Frank!''
** It doubles as a ''Film/{{Shaft}}'' reference as well.
** "Alive", by way of an [[TheUnreveal Unreveal]], may or may not have this:
--->''"Son", she said\\
"Have I got a little story for you\\
What you thought was your daddy\\
Was nothing but a..."''
* DistinctDoubleAlbum: Their only GreatestHitsAlbum, ''rearviewmirror'', has an "Up" disk with rockers and a "Down" disk with calmer songs.
* DoesNotLikeGuns: "Glorified G".
* FadingIntoTheNextSong: A bit of "Black"'s lo-fi guitar intro can be heard trickling in at the end of "Why Go."
** The first second of "Infallible" is heard at the end of "Lightning Bolt"
* FauxAffablyEvil: The PerkyGoth [[TheGrimReaper Grim Reaper]] in "Do The Evolution" comes off as this, grinning manically and blowing kisses as the world falls apart around her; at the end, she grins with delight as [[spoiler:the world is completely destroyed]].
* GoryDiscretionShot: Jeremy's suicide at the end of the titular video. The TV edit also removes the shot of him putting the gun in his mouth.
* GratuitousPanning: The guitar fills during the second verse of "Even Flow" switch between being played exclusively in the left channel and exclusively in the right, and the remixed version of ''Ten'' tends to put the rhythm and acoustic guitars on one side and the lead guitar on the other.
* GriefSong: They're ''amazingly'' good at them. "Black", "Release", "Man Of The Hour", "Come Back", "Sad", "Light Years", "Just Breathe", "Immortality", "Love Boat Captain", and for an interesting twist, "Other Side" (written from the perspective of someone who's in the afterlife, but still grieves.)
* TheGrimReaper: Present as a pretty, black-haired lady in "Do the Evolution".
* GrowOldWithMe: "Just Breathe"
-->''Yes I understand, that every life must end\\
As we sit alone, I know someday we must go..\\
Hold me 'til I die\\
Meet you on the other side..''
* IAmNotMyFather: "My Father's Son"
* IAmWhatIAm: "I Am Mine".
* ImAHumanitarian: "Dirty Frank" is about a cannibal.
* IndecipherableLyrics: "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xLd22ha_-VU Misheard Pearl Jam]]" videos are quite common.
** Special mention goes out to "Yellow Ledbetter". When Eddie Vedder was asked about it in an interview, the first thing he said was "Wait... you mean there's lyrics?"
* InTheStyleOf: A few songs are deliberate attempts to imitate other artists: "Soon Forget" to Music/TheWho (Pete Townshend is even thanked on the lyric sheet), "Sirens" to Music/PinkFloyd, and "Dirty Frank" is a style parody of the Music/RedHotChiliPeppers, particularly "Give It Away" (and it also contains a line which parodies Isaac Hayes' "Theme from Film/{{Shaft}}."). [=McCready=] has also said that the outro lead parts of "Black" were him "attempting to be Stevie Ray Vaughan, and a pretty poor attempt at that."
* IsntItIronic: "Better Man" is heard in weddings. You know, a song that goes "She lies and says she's in love with him..."
* LastOfHisKind: With [[Music/{{Soundgarden}} Chris Cornell]]'s [[http://www.cnn.com/2017/05/18/entertainment/chris-cornell-dead/ suicide]], Eddie Vedder became this among the major grunge frontmen.
* LongRunnerLineUp: They've had the same crew since 1998, after going through several drummers.
* LongTitle: They usually have one word-title songs. They eventually got tired of it and wrote "Elderly Woman Behind the Counter in a Small Town". That title especially stands out on the back cover of ''Vs'', which is otherwise entirely one or two word titles.
** RefrainFromAssuming: Add that it is a NonAppearingTitle, and a few think it's called "Hearts and Thoughts".
* LyricalDissonance:
** All over the place ("Even Flow," "Alive", "Better Man"...). Some get into MisaimedFandom.
** "Alive" is a striking example, given the song sounds very hopeful, but the lyrics are actually about ParentalIncest.
** More recently, there's "Force of Nature" -- an uptempo riff rocker, with a rousing, upbeat final solo, which is about [[YourCheatingHeart a man waiting, perhaps hopelessly, for his love to return to him.]]
* MohsScaleOfRockAndMetalHardness: 6-7 for songs like "Blood" and "Spin the Black Circle;" 2-3 for ballads; 1 for oddities like "Sometimes." Every studio album, but ''Binaural'' and ''Riot Act'' is mostly in 4-5 territory (those are mainly 2-3).
* MinisculeRocking: "Pry, To," "Lukin," and "Red Dot" are all just over a minute long. Due to some {{motormouth}} vocals, "Lukin" actually manages to fit in two verses, and a chorus in that time.
* {{Mondegreen}}: The chorus of "Glorified G" is easily misheard as: "glorified version of a pelican." The band knows about it, and occasionally sings it with those lyrics in concert. Also, the liner notes to ''Vitalogy,'' include a mondegreen for "Better Man," scrawled beneath the real lyrics: "Can't find the butter, man."
** As most of the band, including Eddie Vedder, are huge NBA fans, one can't be blamed if they hear "lick the dirt off [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hakeem_Olajuwon Olajuwon]]'s feet" instead of "lick the dirt off a larger one's feet" in "Rats". After all, ''vs.'' was released in 1993, when Hakeem "The Dream" was one of the NBA's top players.
* MoodWhiplash: Normally their songs are fairly depressing, but especially "Indifference." It starts off appearing to be a simple, "You'll never break me song," but what it is actually is Vedder lamenting, why he does the things he does, even though they make little difference, in what he wants to change.
* NewSoundAlbum: After ''Ten'' and ''Vs.,'' most albums got really experimental.
* NightmareFuelColoringBook: The lyrics and video to "Jeremy."
* NonAppearingTitle: Quite a few ("Corduroy," "Elderly Woman Behind the Counter in a Small Town," "The Fixer," etc.)
* OneManSong: "Johnny Guitar."
* OneWordTitle: Most of the songs on ''Ten'' (except for "Even Flow" and "Why Go") and several on ''Vs.;'' averted with "Elderly Woman Behind the Counter in a Small Town." Most of their album titles too.
* ParentalIncest: "Alive;" the band members stated the story is continued in "Once" (the guys snaps up and kills people), and the B-side "Footsteps" (the guy is on the death row).
* PastInTheRearViewMirror: "Rearviewmirror."
* PerkyGoth: TheGrimReaper in "Do the Evolution," of the FauxAffablyEvil variety.
* PrecisionFStrike:
** In "Jeremy:"
--->''Clearly I remember, pickin' on the boy [=//=] Seemed a harmless little fuck.''
** In "Why Go:"
--->''She's been diagnosed [=//=] By some stupid fuck [=//=] And Mommy agrees.''
** In "Porch:"
--->''What the fuck is this world coming to?''
** Eddie also audibly murmurs "Fuck it up" before one of the solos in "Even Flow."
** In "4/20/02:"
--->''So sing just like [[Music/AliceInChains him]], fuckers.''
* ProtestSong: A few in the self-titled album.
** "Do the Evolution" from ''Yield'' is about the mistreatment of Native Americans; [[http://goo.gl/cyvi0a at a 2016 concert]], when a fan threw a Creator/DonaldTrump mask onto the stage, Vedder seized the moment, wore the mask, and replaced the lyric "''Indians''" with "''immigrants''" in the song.
* {{Remaster}}: The first three albums have been remastered and re-released, each with a number of unreleased songs and demos; ''Ten'' was also remixed.
* RearrangeTheSong: After the departure of Dave Abbruzzese (whose drumming was a vital part of the song), "W.M.A." was reworked, adding an acoustic guitar part to play the main riff, removing the emphasis on percussion, and slightly changing the lyrics, to reflect harassment of Hispanic immigrants in Arizona.
* ''VideoGame/RockBand'': The second game has the entirety of ''Ten'' and ''Backspacer'' as DLC, "Life Wasted" and "Even Flow" are in ''VideoGame/GuitarHero'' 2 (UsefulNotes/{{Xbox 360}} version) and 3 (all versions) respectively.
* ShoutOut: Originally named "Mookie Blaylock," after a basketball player the guys admired. While they had to change their name, their first album, ''Ten,'' is Mookie's jersey number.
** "Yellow Ledbetter" to Jimi Hendrix's "Little Wing," "Given to Fly" to Led Zeppelin's "Going to California." The title of "Yellow Ledbetter" is partially a reference, to blues singer Huddy Ledbetter, better known by the StageName Lead Belly.
** "Love Boat Captain" includes the line: "It's already been sung, it can't be said enough, [[Music/TheBeatles all you need is love]]."
** The last lines of "Rats" are a direct quote of Music/MichaelJackson's first big solo hit -- "Ben, the two of us need look no more."
* SlasherSmile: The PerkyGoth GrimReaper from "Do the Evolution" is constantly wearing one.
* SoloSideProject: Eddie Vedder did the soundtrack for the film ''Film/IntoTheWild,'' while Pearl Jam were still together. He also released a solo Ukulele album.
* SomethingSomethingLeonardBernstein / TheUnintelligible: Vedder's vocals often are a mix of these.
* StageNames: Edward Louis Severson III took the Vedder, from his mother's birth name. Yet one of the guitarists' birth name ''is'' Stone Carpenter Gossard.
* StepUpToTheMicrophone: Stone Gossard sings "Mankind." When Jack Irons was still in the band, he sang lead on the compilation track: "The Whale Song," with Eddie Vedder doing backup vocals.
* TakeThat: The song "Sweet Lew" serves as this, to basketball player Kareem Abdul Jabaar.
** While "4/20/02" is mostly a GriefSong, the opening and closing lines, are directed toward the [[PostGrunge various bands]], that tried to copy [[Music/AliceInChains Layne Staley's]] distinctive singing voice.
** "Bu$hleaguer"'s target [[UsefulNotes/GeorgeWBush is obvious]].
* TitleTrack: Amusingly, ''Lightning Bolt'' is their first after 11 albums (unless you count ''rearviewmirror'').
* UncommonTime:
** "Low Light" is largely in 13/4.
** "Push Me, Pull Me" is largely in 13/4.
** "Cropduster" has verses in 7/4 and choruses in 10/4.
** "Blood" has choruses that start in 13/4.
** "Get Right" has verses in 14/4 and choruses in 20/4.
** "Alone" has choruses in 9/4.
** "Satan's Bed" has 5/4 choruses.
** "Last Exit" has 5/4 verses.
** "The Fixer" (and an early version released on "Pearl Jam Twenty" called "Need to Know") is largely in 5/4.
** "You Are" has verses largely in 10/4.
** The band has stated that "Yellow Moon" and "Pendulum," wouldn't have made it onto ''Lightning Bolt,'' if not for some changes to the time signature.
*** As it happens, "Yellow Moon" switches between 11/4 and 12/4, but "Pendulum" just sounds like 4/4.
* WarIsHell: "World Wide Suicide," and, from the point of view of the family left behind, "Army Reserve."
* WhamLine: "Jeremy spoke in class today..."
* {{Yarling}}: Eddie Vedder is the TropeCodifier for this style, to the point that "sounds like Eddie Vedder," or some variation thereof, is frequently used to describe this style.
* YoureNotMyFather: In "Daughter", the aloof speaker tells her mother, "Don't call me daughter." Theories abound.