[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/rsz_pearljam_4645.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:300:L-R:Stone, Mike, Jeff, Eddie, and Matt.]]

A popular American rock band of the 1990s (and one of the "great four" of {{Grunge}}, along with Music/{{Nirvana}}, Music/AliceInChains and Music/{{Soundgarden}}), Pearl Jam was formed out of the ashes of local Seattle band Mother Love Bone, whose singer Andrew Wood died of a heroin overdose in 1990. Bassist Jeff Ament and guitarist Stone Gossard began writing songs together, and eventually guitarist Mike [=McCready=] joined them. Looking for a singer and a drummer, they recorded a demo tape and gave it to Music/RedHotChiliPeppers drummer Jack Irons, who declined the invitation but passed the tape onto his friend, San Diego surfer Eddie Vedder. Vedder was impressed by the tape, recorded his own vocals for a few of the songs and sent it back to Stone, Jeff, and Mike. Within a week, Vedder was hired, and flew up to Seattle to join the band. The rest is rock history; their first album, ''Ten'', sold over 13 million copies, with the singles "Alive" and "Jeremy" being massively successful. ''Vs.'', the second, reached #1 on the charts the week it came out, outselling the other nine albums on the top 10 combined. While since then, the band has rebelled against their fame and stardom by moving away from their arena-rock roots (for the most part) on later albums ''Vitalogy'', ''No Code'', and ''Riot Act'', they still tour constantly to give fans an opportunity to see them live, and have made a return to their hard rock origins with their self-titled album, released in 2006.
Their following two albums, ''Backspacer'' (2009) and ''Lightning Bolt'' (2013), were domestically distributed through Pearl Jam's own label, Monkeywrench Records.

Since 1998, their lineup has been:
* Eddie Vedder (vocals, guitar, ukulele)
* Mike [=McCready=] (guitar)
* Stone Gossard (guitar)
* Jeff Ament (bass guitar)
* Matt Cameron (drums), also a member of Music/{{Soundgarden}}
* With Boom Gaspar (keyboards, touring member) since 2003.

Discography:
* 1991 - ''Ten''
* 1993 - ''Vs.''
* 1994 - ''Vitalogy''
* 1996 - ''No Code''
* 1998 - ''Yield''
* 2000 - ''Binaural''
* 2002 - ''Riot Act''
* 2006 - ''[[SelfTitledAlbum Pearl Jam]]''
* 2009 - ''Ten'' [[UpdatedRerelease Legacy Edition]] (2-disk, first disc with original album mixes, second with all songs remixed and bonus songs)
* 2009 - ''Backspacer''
* 2011 - Remasters of ''Vs.'' and ''Vitalogy'', each with some bonus songs
* 2013 - ''Lightning Bolt''

They also backed NeilYoung on his 1995 album ''Mirror Ball''.

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!!"Tropes arrive like butterflies":

* ApocalypseHow: "Do the Evolution" shows a post-modern dystopia eventually ending in nuclear war and the destruction of mankind.
* AteHisGun: The music video for "Jeremy" ends with [[spoiler:the eponymous character shooting himself in front of his classmates]].
* BadassBeard: The bandmembers, Eddie in particular, go in and out with this.
* BlackSheepHit: [[CoveredUp Their cover]] of "Last Kiss". Also, "Better Man", the band's biggest hit in the United States in terms of pop radio airplay, is much more acoustic and midtempo than most of their other songs.
** By the same logic, modern and classic rock stations mostly play from ''Ten'', ''Vs.'' and maybe ''Vitalogy'' if they're feeling charitable. They will play newer Pearl Jam upon release, but it tends to fade fast.
* BreadEggsMilkSquick: From Jeremy, "At home drawing pictures/ Of mountain tops/ With him on top/Lemon yellow sun/ Arms raised in a V / And the dead lay in pools of maroon below
* CallBack
** From "Daughter."
-->The shades go down in her mind.
*** Then, later, on "Rearviewmirror:"
-->Finally the shades are raised.
** "1/2 Full" references "Porch" and "Love Boat Captain" in just two lines: "There ain't gonna be any middle anymore/it's been said before."
** "Love Boat Captain" references "Tremor Christ:" "Is this just another phase of earthquakes making waves?"
** "Lightning Bolt" references "Nothingman" in its chorus: "You've got to know you’ll never let her go/She's a Lightning bolt!"
* CallingTheOldManOut: "Better Man", according to Eddie Vedder, is "dedicated to the bastard that married my Momma" -- his stepfather, with whom he didn't share the best of relationships. Inversely seen in "Release", written for his biological father, whom he hardly knew.
* CarefulWithThatAxe: Vedder does it sometimes, especially on "Do the Evolution" and their [[ReignOverMe cover]] for "[[Music/TheWho Love, Reign o'er Me]]".
* ChangedForTheVideo: The music video for "Alive" is that of a filmed live performance, not lip-synching to the actual single.
* ClusterFBomb: "Save You"
* CreatorBreakdown: ''Vitalogy'' is a dark album, with frequent allusions to suicide ("Last Exit", "Immortality"), written in response to the pressures of stardom and the death of Creator/KurtCobain (though Eddie Vedder has repeatedly denied that "Immortality" is about the latter subject). A milder example is ''Binaural'', written in the aftermath of Eddie's divorce from his first wife, with him suffering from writer's block and Mike from an addiction to prescription drugs. ''Riot Act'' has some for both their backlash against GeorgeWBush and an incident in the 2000 Roskilde Festival where nine fans were trampled to death during PJ's show.
* CurseCutShort: From the BSide/Lost Dog track "Dirty Frank"
-->That Dirty Frank was a bad mother--\\
Shut your mouth!\\
Hey man, I'm just talkin' about Dirty Frank!
** It doubles as a ''{{Shaft}}'' reference as well.
** "Alive" may or may not (by way of an [[TheUnreveal Unreveal]]) have this:
--->"Son", she said\\
"Have I got a little story for you\\
What you thought was your daddy\\
Was nothing but a..."
* DyeHard: [[http://www.lastfm.com.br/music/Mike+McCready/+images Mike]].
* FadingIntoTheNextSong: A bit of "Black"'s lo-fi guitar intro can be heard trickling in at the end of "Why Go."
** The first second of "Infallible" is heard at the end of "Lightning Bolt"
* GoryDiscretionShot: Jeremy's suicide at the end of the titular video. The TV edit also removes the shot of him putting the gun in his mouth.
* GratuitousPanning: The guitar fills during the second verse of "Even Flow" switch between being played exclusively in the left channel and exclusively in the right, and the remixed version of ''Ten'' tends to put the rhythm and acoustic guitars on one side and the lead guitar on the other.
* GriefSong: They're ''amazingly'' good at them. "Black", "Release", "Man Of The Hour", "Come Back", "Sad", "Light Years", "Just Breathe", "Immortality", "Love Boat Captain", and for an interesting twist, "Other Side" (written from the perspective of someone who's in the afterlife, but still grieves.)
* TheGrimReaper: Present as a pretty, black-haired lady in "Do the Evolution".
* GrowOldWithMe: "Just Breathe"
-->''Yes I understand, that every life must end / As we sit alone, I know someday we must go..''
-->''Hold me 'til I die / Meet you on the other side..''
* ImAHumanitarian: "Dirty Frank" is about a cannibal.
* IndecipherableLyrics: "[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xLd22ha_-VU Misheard Pearl Jam]]" videos are quite common.
** Special mention goes out to "Yellow Ledbetter". When Eddie Vedder was asked about it in an interview, the first thing he said was "Wait... you mean there's lyrics?"
* IsntItIronic: "Better Man" is heard in weddings. You know, a song that goes "She lies and says she's in love with him..."
* LimitedSpecialCollectorsUltimateEdition: ''Ten'''s 15th anniversary edition. One of the unreleased rarities on the second disc, "Brother", was released as a single to promote the album...and almost immediately became one of the band's biggest rock radio hits in years.
* LongRunnerLineup: They've had the same crew since 1998, after going through several drummers.
* LongTitle: They usually have one word-title songs. They eventually got tired of it and wrote "Elderly Woman Behind the Counter in a Small Town".
** RefrainFromAssuming: Add that it is a NonAppearingTitle, and a few think it's called "Hearts and Thoughts".
* LyricalDissonance: All over the place ("Even Flow", "Alive", "Better Man"...). Some get into MisaimedFandom.
** "Alive" is a striking example, given the song sounds very hopeful, but the lyrics are actually about...[[ParentalIncest yeah.]]
** More recently, there's "Force Of Nature" - an uptempo riff-rocker, with a rousing, upbeat final solo, which is about [[YourCheatingHeart a man waiting, perhaps hopelessly, for his love to return to him.]]
* MohsScaleOfRockAndMetalHardness: 6-7 for songs like "Blood" and "Spin the Black Circle"; 2-3 for ballads; 1 for oddities like "Sometimes". Every studio album but ''Binaural'' and ''Riot Act'' is mostly in 4-5 territory (those are mainly 2-3).
* MinisculeRocking: "Pry, To", "Lukin", and "Red Dot" are all just over a minute long. Due to some {{motormouth}} vocals, "Lukin" actually manages to fit in two verses and a chorus in that time.
* {{Mondegreen}}: The chorus of "Glorified G" is easily misheard as "glorified version of a pelican." The band knows about it and occasionally sings it with those lyrics in concert. Also, the liner notes to ''Vitalogy'' include a mondegreen for "Better Man" scrawled beneath the real lyrics - "Can't find the butter, man".
* MoodWhiplash: Normally their songs are fairly depressing, but especially "Indifference". It starts off appearing to be a simple "You'll never break me song", but what it is actually is Vedder lamenting why he does the things he does, even though they make little difference in what he wants to change.
* NewSoundAlbum: After ''Ten'' and ''Vs.'', most albums got really experimental.
* NightmareFuelColoringBook: The lyrics and video to "Jeremy"
* NonAppearingTitle: Quite a few ("Corduroy", "Elderly Woman Behind the Counter in a Small Town", "The Fixer")
* OneWordTitle: Most of the songs on ''Ten'' (except for "Even Flow" and "Why Go") and several on ''Vs.''; averted with "Elderly Woman Behind the Counter in a Small Town."
* ParentalIncest: "Alive"; the bandmembers stated the story is continued in "Once" (the guys snaps up and kills people) and the B-side "Footsteps" (the guy is on the death row).
* PastInTheRearViewMirror: "Rearviewmirror".
* PrecisionFStrike:
** In "Jeremy":
---> Clearly I remember, pickin' on the boy [=//=] Seemed a harmless little fuck
** In "Why Go"
---> She's been diagnosed [=//=] By some stupid fuck [=//=] And Mommy agrees
** In "Porch"
---> What the fuck is this world coming to?
** Eddie also audibly murmurs "Fuck it up" before one of the solos in "Even Flow".
** In "4/20/02":
---> So sing just like [[Music/AliceInChains him]], fuckers.
* ProtestSong: A few in the self-titled album.
* {{Remaster}}: The first three albums have been remastered and re-released, each with a number of unreleased songs and demos; ''Ten'' was also remixed.
* ReArrangeTheSong: After the departure of Dave Abbruzzese (whose drumming was a vital part of the song), "W.M.A." was reworked, adding an acoustic guitar part to play the main riff, removing the emphasis on percussion, and slightly changing the lyrics to reflect harassment of Hispanic immigrants in Arizona.
* ''RockBand'': The second game has "Alive" and the entirety of ''Ten'' and ''Backspacer'' as DLC, "Life Wasted" and "Even Flow" are in ''GuitarHero'' 2 ({{Xbox 360}} version) and 3 (all versions) respectively.
* ShoutOut: Originally named Mookie Blaylock, after a basketball player the guys admired. While they had to change their name, the first album, ''Ten'', is Mookie's jersey number. Also, "Yellow Ledbetter" to Jimi Hendrix's "Little Wing" and "Given to Fly" to Led Zeppelin's "Going to California". And "Dirty Frank" is a style parody of the RedHotChiliPeppers, particularly their song "Give It Away," and it also contains a line which parodies Isaac Hayes' "Theme from Film/{{Shaft}}."
* SomethingSomethingLeonardBernstein / TheUnintelligible: Vedder's vocals often are a mix of these.
* StageNames: Edward Louis Severson III took the Vedder from his mother's birth name. Yet one of the guitarists birth name ''is'' Stone Carpenter Gossard.
* StepUpToTheMicrophone: Stone Gossard sings "Mankind". When Jack Irons was still in the band, he sang lead on the compilation track "The Whale Song", with Eddie Vedder doing backup vocals.
* TakeThat: The song "Sweet Lew" serves as this to basketball player Kareem Abdul Jabaar.
** While "4/20/02" is mostly a GriefSong, the opening and closing lines are directed toward the [[PostGrunge various bands]] that tried to copy [[Music/AliceInChains Layne Staley's]] distinctive singing voice.
** "Bu$hleaguer"'s target is obvious.
* UncommonTime:
** "Low Light" is largely in 13/4.
** "Push Me, Pull Me" is largely in 13/4.
** "Cropduster" has verses in 7/4 and choruses in 10/4.
** "Blood" has choruses that start in 13/4.
** "Get Right" has verses in 14/4 and choruses in 20/4.
** "Alone" has choruses in 9/4.
** "Satan's Bed" has 5/4 choruses.
** "Last Exit" has 5/4 verses.
** "The Fixer" (and an early version released on "Pearl Jam Twenty" called "Need to Know") is largely in 5/4.
** "You Are" has verses largely in 10/4.
** The band has stated that "Yellow Moon" and "Pendulum" wouldn't have made it onto ''Lightning Bolt'' if not for some changes to the time signature.
*** As it happens, "Yellow Moon" switches between 11/4 and 12/4, but "Pendulum" just sounds like 4/4.
* WarIsHell: "World Wide Suicide", and, from the point of view of the family left behind, "Army Reserve".

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