'''Old Crow Medicine Show''' is not a MedicineShow. Known as "Old Crow" or "OCMS" to its friends, it is a band formed in 1998 with origins in Harrisonburg, Virginia and [[UsefulNotes/NewYorkState Ithaca, New York]], noted for playing "old-time" music: a kind of music intentionally evocative of American FolkMusic in the late 19th-early 20th century; they've also been classified as playing AlternativeCountry, Folk, and {{Bluegrass}} (a style so close to "old-time" as to be indistinguishable). They came to national prominence playing on ''Radio/APrairieHomeCompanion''. Today, they are one of the biggest bluegrass/old-time/etc bands in the US, and are credited with single-handedly starting a revival in old-time music.

Oh, and I suppose we can't help but mention: Their SignatureSong is "Wagon Wheel," based on a Music/BobDylan sketch of a song, which has had an unusual amount of success and is now considered something of a modern standard.

OCMS' lineup (as of 2014):

* Critter Fuqua--banjo, resonator guitar, guitar, accordion, vocals
* Kevin Hayes-- "guitjo", vocals
* Morgan Jahnig--stand-up bass
* Gill Landry--banjo, resonator guitar, guitar, vocals
* Chance [=McCoy=]--fiddle, guitar, banjo, vocals
* Ketch Secor--fiddle, harmonica, banjo, guitar, bajo sext, vocals
* Cory Younts - mandolin, vocals

Their studio albums:

* ''Trans:mission'' (1998): Basically a demo tape, self-published to accompany their tour of the then-tiny old-time circuit. Out of print.
* ''Greetings from Wawa'' (2000): Also out of print.
* ''Eutaw'' (2002)
* ''O.C.M.S.'' (2004): Widely considered their first "real" album, as it was the first released on a label anyone had ever heard of and came out when they first found their national audience.
* ''Big Iron World'' (2006)
* ''Tennessee Pusher'' (2008)
* ''Carry Me Back'' (2012)

!! Tropes in their music
* DrivenToSuicide: Implied or at least contemplated in "James River Blues." The James River boatman, realizing that the railroads have made him obsolete, finds himself without purpose.
* IntercourseWithYou[=/=]DoubleEntendre: "New Virginia Creeper." The ''Virginia Creeper'' is an old nickname for the Virginia-Carolina Railway. "I'll ride you in my sleeper on the New Virginia Creeper tonight," indeed! And it gets ''bawdier'' after that. (The song was written by Harrisonburg, VA natives Secor and Fuqua).
* OdeToIntoxication: Most of their albums contain at least one song about drugs and/or corn liquor. Case in point, "Tell It To Me" and "[[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin Cocaine Habit]]."
* ProtestSong: But never topical ones, or at least not strictly topical. ''O.C.M.S.'', for instance, contains "Big Time In the Jungle," which is their recreation of what an old-timey protest against the UsefulNotes/VietnamWar would sound like; ''Big Iron World'' has Music/WoodyGuthrie's "Union Maid."
** There's a semi-exception in "I Hear Them All," which under the influence of David Rawlings has some references to then-recent events, but really could have been written any time.
* SelfTitledAlbum: ''O.C.M.S.,'' especially considering that it was rereleased as ''Old Crow Medicine Show'' when people were confused by the title.
* TitleDrop: "Let It Alone" on ''Big Iron World''. Funny enough, that's a traditional number.
* WarIsHell: "Big Time In the Jungle" and "Carry me back to Virginia".