Mission of Burma are a seminal American PostPunk rock band from UsefulNotes/{{Boston}}, consisting of Roger Miller on guitar, Clint Conley on bass, Peter Prescott on drums, all three of whom share vocals and songwriting duties. Their original lineup also included sound engineer Martin Swope, whose experimental uses of tape-loop sound processing were partly responsible for their distinctive sound; when the band reunited, Swope did not return and was replaced by Bob Weston. They were named for a sign on a diplomatic building.

The band formed in 1979 and released one standalone single, "Academy Fight Song" b/w "Max Ernst", one EP, ''Signals, Calls, and Marches'', and one full-length LP, ''Vs.'', before disbanding in 1983. Afterwards they released a live album called ''The Horrible Truth About Burma'' and two demo compilations ''Forget'' and ''Mission Of Burma (aka Peking Spring)'' Unlike many bands, however, they did not "break up" due to personal or artistic differences, but primarily due to Miller suffering from severe tinnitus, which had been exacerbated by their notoriously loud and unpredictable shows.

During their nineteen-year absence as a band, their reputation and influence as AlternativeRock pioneers grew, heightened by their very small recorded output, popular covers, and rock histories such as the book ''Our Band Could Be Your Life''.

Then in 2002, they reunited, with Weston replacing Swope on the boards. Again, they refused to follow the usual script for reunited bands: rather than just playing nostalgia tours, they started recording again. In 2003, they released a second album, ''[=ONoffON=]'', followed by more.

More pointedly, their new records were as well-recieved and just flat out as good (if not better!) than their old material, and they have kept putting out new music - by 2006, they had actually recorded and released more original material post-reunion then they had before disbanding.

!!Albums by Mission of Burma
* ''Vs.''[[note]]For which the Music/PearlJam album was named[[/note]], 1982
* ''[=ONoffON=]'', 2003
* ''The Obliterati'', 2006
* ''The Sound The Speed The Light'', 2009
* ''Unsound'', 2012

!!Other releases
* ''Academy Fight Song/Max Ernst'' Non-Album Single, 1979
* ''Signals Calls And Marches'' EP, 1981
* ''Trem Two / OK No Way'', Single, 1983
* ''The Horrible Truth About Burma'' Live Album, 1985
* ''Forget'', Demo Compilation, 1987
* ''Mission Of Burma aka Peking Spring'', Demo Compilation, 1988

!!Tropes used by or describing Mission of Burma include:
* UsefulNotes/{{Boston}}
* CoveredUp - R.E.M. did a famous version of Academy Fight Song which many didn't realise was a cover until years later.
* DoingItForTheArt
* InJoke: ''The Terrible Truth About Burma'' sounds like a political protest title. It's instead a bit of self-mockery, as it's a live album and the band's live shows were notoriously either stunning or awful.
* NamesTheSame - [=MoB=]'s Roger Miller is no relation to the late country singer with the same name.
* OneBookAuthor - with ''Vs.'', pre-reunion; averted since then with three more albums.
* PunnyName - ''The Obliterati'', and its track "[[Music/DonnaSummer Donna Sumeria]]".
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