+ Emmanuel Chabrier, Music/FryderykChopin, François Couperin, Music/ClaudeDebussy, Gabriel Fauré, Music/GeorgeGershwin, Music/FranzLiszt, Music/WolfgangAmadeusMozart, Music/ModestMussorgsky, Creator/EdgarAllanPoe, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Music/ErikSatie, Arnold Schoenberg, Johann Strauss Jr., Music/IgorStravinsky, Music/RichardWagner.
'''Joseph Maurice Ravel''' is a French composer (7 March 1875 –- 28 December 1937), [[SmallReferencePools best known for his ''Bolero'']], despite his considering it a minor piece of work and joking that it had "no music in it".
He's a cornerstone in the Impressionist movement of music, along with his fellow composer, Music/ClaudeDebussy. Though both of them never considered themselves as Impressionists, and were actually offended by the label. Nevertheless, his music is considered to contain very colourful tones and sounds, flows very freely, and is very atmospheric, like a piece of Impressionist painting. He also wrote other pieces that are considered best as Neo-Classical[[note]]Classical music which follows traditional structure, but has modern harmonic elements in it[[/note]]. Regardless, he's considered as one of the major figures of early 20th century classical music, and is widely popular among classical music listeners for his lush and beautiful, yet controlled[[note]]Unlike his fellow Claude Debussy[[/note]] musical landscapes.
Notable pieces include ''Jeux d'eau'', ''Daphnis et Chloe,'' ''Pavane pour une infante défunte'', ''Le Tombeau de Couperin''[[note]]A neo-classical example[[/note]], ''Piano Concerto in G Major''[[note]]Influenced by Jazz[[/note]]... He wasn't quite prolific - but was able to build an international fame due to the fact that most of his music was widely acclaimed, both by serious critics and popular listeners. One of the last great composers faithful to the old classical style, before everything classical becomes either atonal, serial or minimalist. He was also a great support of Jazz, considering it to be worthy of being an artful musical genre, and the national music of the United States. After the death of Debussy, he was no doubt the greatest French composer of his period.
He was a fairly reticent individual, like his music. Interestingly known to have no (known) romantic or sexual relationships, much to the composer's chagrin and loneliness, although he was surrounded by a rather large circle of faithful friends and followers, who would later support his last 4 years when he was affected by a neurological illness that prevented him from playing or writing any other music. After a failed operation, he died after falling into a coma. His death was greatly and unanimously grieved in the artistic circle - a year after his death, the ''Revue Musicale'' published a special edition containing around a hundred articles paying homage to the late composer.
He was also an accomplished orchestrator - arguably one of the best in the history of western music; his orchestration of Music/ModestMussorgsky's suite ''Music/PicturesAtAnExhibition'' is arguably better known than the piano-only original.
TropeNamer for the BoleroEffect.
!!Tropes that apply to Maurice Ravel:
* AdaptationDisplacement: The aforementioned Modest Mussorgsky's suite "Music/PicturesAtAnExhibition".
* ClassicalMythology: The inspiration for the ballet (and two concert suites) ''Daphnis et Chloe''.
* GenreDeconstruction: The waltz genre gets deconstructed in ''La Valse''. It really shows in the music toward the end, the waltz is increasingly discordant in its harmony and disjointed in its rhythm and tempo, and the ending is left unresolved. Although Ravel states otherwise, you'd be forgiven to think that this is all a portrayal of 19th Century Vienna and its eventual destruction in usefulNotes/WorldWarOne.
* LastNoteNightmare: "Bolero" can come across as this. The last time the melody comes in, it is stronger, with much of the orchestra playing the theme, or counter melodies that seem wild. In some recordings, this section comes across as significantly louder. Some of the stated counter melodies also change the chords to dissonant ones. The song is major until then.
* NurseryRhyme / FracturedFairyTale: Forms the basis of the ballet suite ''Ma Mère l'Oye," aka "Mother Goose."