German-born English composer (23 February 1685 -– 14 April 1759), an exact contemporary of Creator/JohannSebastianBach (Bach was born 37 days after Handel), although they never met. Handel made his name and fortune composing operas in Italian, writing over 40 of them, most of them for the English market after he moved to London; he was the first ever composer to [[MoneyDearBoy get rich and famous from composing]]. In the 1740s, the audience's taste for Italian opera mysteriously went away. After a brief period of reconsideration, Handel saw what the audience wanted and began to write oratorios in English, the most famous of which (and most famous overall) is ''Messiah''. (Yes, it's the one with the [[StandardSnippet "Hallelujah" chorus.)]]

!!Tropes present in Handel's works:
* AwesomeMomentOfCrowning: He wrote the coronation anthem "Zadok the Priest" for the coronation of [[TheHouseOfHanover George II]] in 1727. It proved so popular that it has been used at every coronation ever since.
* ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin: Pop quiz--For what event do you think "Music for the Royal Fireworks" was composed?
* GenreBusting: Scholars still argue over whether ''Hercules'' and ''Semele'' are oratorios, operas or something else (even though they're performed in opera houses quite a bit). Handel called ''Hercules'' 'A Musical Drama' and said ''Semele'' would be performed 'After the manner of an oratorio' (implying it wasn't actually one), so it seems even the man himself didn't want to nail his colours to the mast.
* HarsherInHindsight: ''Samson'' contains the famous aria 'Total eclipse', in which a blind man laments the loss of his sight. Handel himself went blind toward the end of his life, and performances of this aria were said to move him, and the audience, to tears.
* MusicOfNote: The ''Messiah'', in particular the "Hallelujah Chorus", is pretty much required listening. Also, don't miss the "Water Music" and "Music for the Royal Fireworks."
* {{Opera}}: He composed dozens of them, a few of which remain in the standard repertoire to this day, and others that are starting to come back in vogue.
* PublicDomainSoundtrack: The "Hallelujah Chorus" has been used and abused in innumerable commercials and movies.
* TearJerker: The ''Messiah'' moved him to tears. Apparently he actually had a kind of religious/supernatural experience after it's first performance, when he looked again at the music and supposedly saw the face of {{God}} staring back at him.
* UrbanLegend: King George II did ''not'' rise to his feet upon hearing the "Hallelujah Chorus," nor indeed is there any clear evidence he was even at the premiere. But thanks to the legend, it's become a concert tradition for the audience to follow suit.
** Also, the story is sometimes told that Handel composed the "Water Music" to earn his way back into the king's favor after a falling-out. In fact, George I specifically commissioned the piece in order to counter the growing popularity of his son, the Prince of Wales (later George II), with whom--like pretty much all Hanoverian monarchs and their eldest sons--''he'' had had a falling-out.

!!Tropes present in Handel's life:
* AmbiguouslyGay: Handel never married and he never had a long-term relationship with a woman, although he had plenty of opportunity to have one, since he worked for most of his life writing operas. Some people believe that he had a long-term relationship with his secretary, John Christopher Smith; there's no evidence that he did, but also none that he didn't.
* BerserkButton: People playing out of tune. He demanded that the orchestras he worked with tune before he showed up, and at one time slugged the jaw of a violinist who missed a note.
* DeadpanSnarker: When a male singer protested about Handel's accompaniment by threatening to jump on Handel's harpsichord, he famously replied:
-->Let me know when you will do that and I will advertise. I am sure more people will come to see you jump than will come to hear you sing.
** Then there was the time a violinist he was accompanying improvised a big showy cadenza and lost track of what key he was meant to be in. When he finally found his way back to the right key, Handel shouted 'Welcome home!', and the audience burst out laughing.
** Also when he was told that a singer he knew intended to study ''basso continuo'' playing (i.e. improvised keyboard harmony over a given bass line), he quipped 'What may we not expect?'
** This was once turned against him. When a newly-arrived soloist terribly botched his first rehearsal, Handel rebuked him, saying "You said you could read at sight!" The soloist replied "I said that, but I didn't say at first sight."
* GeniusBruiser: An immensely skilled musician and composer, but also famous for his huge size and prodigious strength--recall the famous incident in which he held a soprano out of a window until she acquiesced to some demand of his, to say nothing of the incident with the kettle drum. The incident with the kettle drum? See HotBlooded, below.
* HotBlooded: Once, during a practice, a violinist hit a bum note. Handel was so furious he lobbed a ''kettle drum'' at him. "OK," you might think, "he threw a drum, those can't be that heavy." But you see, a ''kettle'' drum is a [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin solid copper kettle]], at least half a meter wide, with a drumhead stretched over the top. The things are ''heavy.'' And again, he at one point attempted to hurl an obnoxious diva out through a window
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: For all his violent antics, he paid his musicians well, and would go PapaWolf on their behalf on occasion.
* OutOfGenreExperience: While Handel is rightly famous for his own work, he is less known as a major force in the preservation of Irish folk music. He spent a lot of time in Dublin gathering and notating Irish airs and dance tunes.
* PocketProtector: The story goes that he got into a sword duel with another man, who managed to evade Handel's parries and thrust directly at his chest. The tip of the sword caught on a brass button and the blade flexed and snapped, thus ending the duel.
* SpellMyNameWithAnS: When Georg Friedrich Händel moved to England, he anglicized his name to George Frideric Handel.