'''Fairport Convention''' is a British band formed in 1967. They are generally regarded as progenitors of the English Folk-Rock scene of the 1970s. They enjoyed popular success in the late 1960s and early 1970s with DJ John Peel championing them on radio. After many line-up changes they continue to attract a modest but devoted following, especially to the annual Fairport's Cropredy Festival near Banbury in Oxfordshire.

The band began when guitarist Simon Nicol and bassist Ashley "Tyger" Hutchings were playing together in the Electric Shuffle Orchestra. They formed their own band along with guitarist/songwriter Music/RichardThompson and drummer Sean Frater, which convened for rehearsals at Nicol's family home, Fairport, in Muswell Hill, North London. At first they set out to emulate American West Coast folk-rock bands like Music/JeffersonAirplane, playing covers of songs by Music/BobDylan, Music/JoniMitchell and Music/TheByrds along with their own compositions. Frater left soon after the first gig at St Michael's Church Hall in Golders Green, to be replaced by Martin Lamble. Two singers, Judy Dyble and Iain Matthews, were taken on and the distinctive sound began to attract wider attention. An album, ''Fairport Convention'', soon followed but sold poorly. They then hooked up with Island Records and [[RecordProducer producer]] Joe Boyd, replaced Dyble with folk singer Sandy Denny, and what followed in the space of a single year, 1969 was their three best-known albums that took the band on a remarkable journey from capable cover artists to seminal folk rock, even as tragedy in the form of a road accident that killed Martin Lamble and injured other band members caused personnel changes and musical differences that led to disintegration.

As band members left to pursue thir own directions Fairport Convention when through many lineup changes. The band that made the 1973 album ''Rosie'' had no members in common with those that made 1969's ''Music/{{Unhalfbricking}}''. By the late 1970s Britain had lost its appetite for folk-rock; few were buying their records and they were reduced to a small cult following only around the folk club scene. Poor sales led to the end of their recording contract and the band formally broke up, agreeing to meet for a reunion once a year in Cropredy, the home of bass player Dave Pegg who by then was the FaceOfTheBand. In 1985, with the growing success of the Cropredy Festival and the return of Simon Nicol, they reformed and have enjoyed modest success and a devoted following with a stable lineup to the present day.


[[folder: Fairport Convention Albums ]]

* ''Fairport Convention'' (1968)
* ''Music/WhatWeDidOnOurHolidays'' (1969) (called ''Fairport Convention'' in the US)
* ''Music/{{Unhalfbricking}}'' (1969)
* ''Music/LiegeAndLief'' (1969)
* ''Full House'' (1970)
* ''Angel Delight'' (1971)
* ''Babbacombe Lee'' (1971)
* ''Rosie'' (1973)
* ''Nine'' (1973)
* ''Rising for the Moon'' (1975)
* ''Gottle o' Gear'' (1976) (as Fairport, or Fairport featuring Dave Swarbrick in the US)
* ''The Bonny Bunch of Roses'' (1977)
* ''Tipplers Tales'' (1978)
* ''Gladys's Leap'' (1985)
* ''Expletive Delighted!'' (1986)
* ''Red & Gold'' (1989)
* ''The Five Seasons'' (1990)
* ''Jewel in the Crown'' (1995)
* ''Old New Borrowed Blue'' (1996)
* ''Who Knows Where The Time Goes?'' (1997)
* ''The Wood and the Wire'' (1999)
* ''[=XXXV=]'' (2002)
* ''Over the Next Hill'' (2004)
* ''Sense of Occasion'' (2007)
* ''Festival Bell'' (2011)
* ''By Popular Request'' (2012)
* ''Myths and Heroes'' (2015)

!!Tropes associated with Fairport Convention:

* BilingualBonus: "Si tu dois partir" on Music/{{Unhalfbricking}} is Music/BobDylan's "If You Gotta Go, Go Now", a 1965 hit for Music/ManfredMann in Britain, sung in French.
* BreakupBreakout: While the band has never quite gone away, several former members have gone on to success in other guises. Music/RichardThompson has enjoyed great critical acclaim as a solo artist even if he hasn't enjoyed mass popular appeal. Ashley Hutchings broke away to form Music/SteeleyeSpan. Iain Matthews left to form Matthews Southern Comfort who scored an unlikely British #1 in late 1970 with a wistful, post-Altamont reading of Music/JoniMitchell's "Woodstock". Nobody was more astonished than Matthews. Sandy Denny also had a fairly successful solo career before her untimely AuthorExistenceFailure from a fall down a flight of stairs, as well as a trio of albums with her folk group Fotheringay (two of which were posthumous).
* ConceptAlbum: "Babbacombe Lee".
* TheCoverChangesTheGender: Averted. Several songs Denny sang (examples: "The Deserter" and the ''Liege & Lief'' version of "Sir Patrick Spens") still referred to the narrator as a male, despite her vocals obviously being female.
* DramaticIrony: The debut album ''Fairport Convention'' included a song called ''M1 Breakdown''. In 1969, a few weeks before the release of Music/{{Unhalfbricking}}, the band was returning to London from a gig in Birmingham when their van crashed on the M1, killing Martin Lamble and Music/RichardThompson's girlfriend Jeannie Franklin.
* EpicRocking: A lot of examples. From their first five albums (including bonus tracks from reissues), "Reno, Nevada" (7:44), "A Sailor's Life" (11:11), "Percy's Song" (6:57), "Matty Groves" (8:10), "Tam Lin" (7:14), "Quiet Joys of Brotherhood" (10:19, although this includes a HiddenTrack and a minute of silence), "Sloth" (9:15), and "Bonny Bunch of Roses" (10:48) stand out.
* InNameOnly: After guitarist and founder Simon Nicol left in 1972 to form The Albion Country Band, there were no members remaining of the band as it was before the crash. Nicol rejoined in 1976 and has been there ever since.
* LongRunner: As of 2015 the band has been together in one form or another for 48 years.
* MurderBallad: Several, which probably won't come as a surprise as a lot of them are based off of the Literature/ChildBallads. "Matty Groves" is probably the best example.
* {{Neologism}}: Music/{{Unhalfbricking}}. A PerfectlyCromulentWord coined by Sandy Denny in the course of a word game the band members were playing on a trip between gigs.
* NoNameGiven: Lord Darnell's wife in "Matty Groves" is never given a name, despite being the central character of the story.
* RockOpera: "Babbacombe Lee" tells in a folk-ballad style the true story of John "Babbacombe" Lee, sentenced to hang for the murder of his employer but released after the gallows failed to operated three times in succession.
* SelfDemonstratingSong: In "Come All Ye", Sandy Denny sings a verse about each of the instruments.
* UncommonTime:
** "Autopsy" switches between 3/4, 4/4, and 5/4.
** "Tam Lin" mostly alternates between 7/4 and 6/4.
** The instrumental coda of "Matty Groves" seems to use this as well, but good luck counting what the actual meter signature is.
* YourCheatingHeart: In "Matty Groves", Lord Darnell's wife's tryst with the titular character leads to both of their deaths at the hands of Lord Darnell.