[[caption-width-right:360: Creedence Clearwater Revival during their heyday. From left to right: John Fogerty, Doug Clifford, Tom Fogerty and Stu Cook.]]

->''"Some folks are born made to wave the flag\\
Ooh, they're red, white, and blue\\
And when the band plays "Hail to the Chief"\\
Ooh, they point the cannon at you\\
Some folks inherit star-spangled eyes\\
Ooh, they send you down to war\\
And when you ask them, 'How much should we give?'\\
Ooh, they only answer, 'More! More! More!'"''
-->-- "Fortunate Son" (''Music/WillyAndThePoorBoys'')

Creedence Clearwater Revival, usually abbreviated as CCR (though die-hard fans often prefer simply calling them "Creedence"), was a very popular rock band of the [[TheSixties '60s]] and [[TheSeventies '70s]]. Like Music/LynyrdSkynyrd and Music/TheAllmanBrothersBand, CCR helped define the SouthernRock genre of the era -- this in spite of the band actually hailing from the [[UsefulNotes/SanFrancisco San Francisco Bay Area]].

The band members met in high school, first played together as The Blue Velvets in 1959, and signed to the jazz-based Fantasy Records label in 1964, initially as a singles oriented garage rock act called The Golliwogs. In early 1967 they changed their name to Creedence Clearwater Revival and released their eponymous debut album. (The legend goes that they had a friend named Credence, and added an extra "e" to that; the "Clearwater" portion came from a beer ad.) Their [[CoverVersion cover]] of "Suzie Q" received lots of air play and became their first in a string of Top 40 hits. Other notable songs from their career include "Proud Mary", "Bad Moon Rising", "Green River", "Down on the Corner", "Fortunate Son", "Run Through the Jungle", "Travelin' Band", "Lookin' Out My Back Door", and "Have You Ever Seen the Rain?".

Tom Fogerty quit in 1971, and the band broke up in 1972. They reunited in 1980 and 1983, though Clifford and Cook eventually founded Creedence Clearwater Revisited. John Fogerty started a solo career and eventually got sued for plagiarizing CCR because of a crooked deal [[ReadTheFinePrint he had inadvertently signed]] with Fantasy Records owner Saul Zaentz. He won the lawsuit, and in 2007 he re-signed with Fantasy after the label's new owner reinstated his royalty payments for CCR's music. The bad blood between Fogerty, Cook and Clifford persists, however; when CCR was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Fogerty used his cachet to forbid Clifford and Cook from taking part in the live medley played by all of that year's inductees.

Tom died from AIDS (which he received from a blood transfusion during a back operation) in 1990. John has been a strong AIDS activist since.

In 2015, John Fogerty released his long awaited autobiography, ''Fortunate Son.'' It goes into detail about what really happened with Creedence, Saul Zaentz, and John's years of musical inactivity.

!! Principal Members (Founding members in '''bold'''):

* '''Doug Clifford''' - drums, percussion, backing and lead vocals, washboard (196772)
* '''Stu Cook''' - bass, backing and lead vocals, guitar, piano, keyboard (196772)
* '''John Fogerty''' - lead vocals, guitar, harmonica, piano, saxophone, keyboard (196772)
* '''Tom Fogerty''' - guitar, vocals (196771, died 1990) [[note]] Was the lead vocalist of the Golliwogs (Pre-CCR) [[/note]]

!! Studio and Live Discography:

* 1968 - ''Creedence Clearwater Revival''
* 1969 - ''Bayou Country''
* 1969 - ''Green River''
* 1969 - ''Music/WillyAndThePoorBoys''
* 1970 - ''Cosmo's Factory''
* 1970 - ''Pendulum''
* 1972 - ''Mardi Gras''
* 1973 - ''Live in Europe'' [[note]] Recorded in 1971 [[/note]]
* 1980 - ''The Concert'' [[note]] Recorded in 1970 [[/note]]

!! ''There's a bad trope on the rise'':

* AlbumTitleDrop: ''Willy and the Poor Boys'' is mentioned in "Down on the Corner".
** Not to mention the TitleTrack from ''Green River''.
* AlienInvasion: "It Came Out of the Sky".
* AlwaysSecondBest: They hold the record for most number-two singles on the ''Billboard'' Hot 100 without reaching the top spot, with ''five'' such singles. [[labelnote:*]] Proud Mary, Bad Moon Rising, Green River, Travelin' Band / Who'll Stop the Rain, and Lookin' Out My Back Door / Long as I Can See the Light; in all, they had '''nine''' top 10 hits, but never quite hit number one. [[/labelnote]] [[labelnote:**]] Music/{{Madonna}} has the most #2 hits, with six; of course, she has over a dozen #1 singles as well. [[/labelnote]]
** They ''did'' have #1 hits in ''Billboard'''s main competitors, ''Cashbox'' and ''Record World''. In fact, "Lookin' Out My Back Door" hit #1 on both. They didn't have any others in ''Cashbox'', but "Proud Mary" and "Bad Moon Rising" hit the top in ''Record World''.
* AwesomeMcCoolName: The band's name was partially inspired by an acquaintance of theirs named Credence Nuball.
** The two songs on the first single released under the CCR banner ("Porterville" and "Call It Pretending") were written by one T. Spicebush Swallowtail (actually John Fogerty using an alias).
* BadassBeard: Doug Clifford sported one; see photo above.
* BadassGrandpa: As of May 28, 2017, John is '''72''', and has been recording kick-ass rock songs for ''49'' years, almost 60 if you count CCR's time as the Golliwogs and Blue Velvets.
* BadassMustache: All four had one at a specific point:
** Collectively: Look at their debut album.
** Individually:
*** John Fogerty: When they began in 1967.
*** Tom Fogerty: In later years.
*** Stu Cook: Up until ''Mardi Gras''.
*** Doug Clifford: With his BadassBeard, pretty much throughout the time as CCR.
* BadMoonRising: TropeNamers.
* TheBandMinusTheFace: The after-break-up band, Creedence Clearwater Revisited, consisting of Doug Clifford and Stu Cook.
** Also happened later in their career in a sense. After years of complaints from Cook and Clifford and demands for more of a role in the creative process, the band put out more material allowing Cook and Clifford to sing, write lyrics and carry the load instrumentally, with John Fogerty playing an extremely minimalistic rhythm guitar that faded almost entirely into the background -- probably just to demonstrate his importance to the band's success. The resulting material was so heavily panned by critics and fans alike that it is almost entirely forgotten and de-canonized, much like Music/TheDoors' post-Jim-Morrison material.
* BandOfRelatives: John and Tom were brothers.
* CameFromTheSky: "It Came Out of the Sky".
* ControlFreak: John Fogerty, by most accounts. Tom Fogerty once said he felt he was "hip-checked" out of his role as lead singer when John joined the band.
* CorruptCorporateExecutive: Saul Zaentz. The sheer amount of hell he put John Fogerty through for decades is mind boggling.
* TheCoverChangesTheMeaning: "Suzie Q" was originally written and performed by Dale Hawkins as a straightforward rockabilly number. Fogerty's version makes the song much edgier and takes it into {{Yandere}} territory.
* CoverVersion: Each of their albums except ''Pendulum'' contained at least one, usually of a '50s rock & roll or blues song.
* DescentIntoDarknessSong: An instrumental example, "[[MeaningfulName Rude Awakening]] [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xRXax5YNlao No. 2]]", starts out mellow but becomes more and more spooky as the song goes on.
* DisappearedDad: "Someday Never Comes".
* EarlyInstallmentWeirdness: The early Golliwogs recordings don't sound anything like CCR.
* EpicRocking: Most of their albums had one or two songs over six minutes in length, often serving as extended jams. Examples include "Susie Q" (8:39) and "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" (11:05), both of which were drastically edited down for single release.
* GreatestHitsAlbum: Several, most notably the 8x Platinum ''Chronicle, Vol. 1'' (which is the biggest seller in their catalog).
* GriefSong: "Have You Ever Seen the Rain?".
* IAmTheBand: John Fogerty sang, played all the exciting guitar parts, and wrote all the songs. Eventually Tom got so fed up with his dominance that he quit. The rest of the members quit one album later.
** This was subverted when CCR recorded 1972's ''Mardi Gras'', as John Fogerty wanted each of the three remaining members to contribute equally to the album. In reality, Doug Clifford and Stu Cook were both reluctant to contribute much more than they usually would, and only relented to the idea when Fogerty threatened to quit. This move was largely seen as an attempt on Fogerty's part to make Clifford and Cook look like inferior musicians, and to reinforce this point, he didn't contribute to any of their songs on the album.
** John Fogerty states in his autobiography that the opposite was actually the case. Stu and Doug were insistent that they get songs to write and sing, and John relented after getting tired of them constantly complaining it. When the songs and album were unsurprisingly panned, Cook and Clifford blamed everything on John, and what you got was the story in the above paragraph.
* LiveAlbum: ''Live in Europe'' (1973), ''The Concert'' (1980).
* LongRunnerLineUp: Despite changing names, the band was John, Tom, Stu and Doug from 1959 to 1971 and qualifies as Type 1.
* LyricalDissonance: "Bad Moon Rising" is a catchy little tune... about the end of the world.
** Similarly, "Lodi" is pretty catchy for a song about a dirt-poor musician who has to resort to playing bars in a small town just for the hope of getting enough money to catch a train back home.
* {{Mondegreen}}: "Bad Moon Rising" is a classic example:
** '''Misheard lyrics''': "There's a bathroom on the right."
** '''Real lyrics''': "There's a bad moon on the rise."
*** This actually happens a ''lot'' with Creedence songs thanks to the strong southern accent John Fogerty sang in. To some people a lot of their lyrics are borderline incomprehensible.
* NoIndoorVoice: One of their steady venues back when they started didn't have a PA system, so Fogerty learned to sing ''very'' loud. Most of their uptempo songs have him more or less screaming his head off.
* NonAppearingTitle:
** "Porterville".
** "Fortunate Son" just barely averts this, as John Fogerty sings "I ain't no fortunate son" right before the fade-out. It's played straight in the version he recorded with Music/FooFighters, though.
* NothingButHits: If there's an EstablishingShot {{Montage}} of UsefulNotes/TheVietnamWar ''anywhere'', odds are 50% "Fortunate Son" will be the music it's set to. (The other 50% is of course, Music/JimiHendrix's "All Along the Watchtower".)
* ProtestSong: "Fortunate Son", "Who'll Stop the Rain", and others. "Wrote a Song For Everyone" invokes this trope, as it's about someone trying to write a protest song.
* QuestioningTitle: "Have You Ever Seen the Rain?"
* ReadTheFinePrint: The story of Fogerty and Saul Zaentz.
* RefrainFromAssuming: One episode of ''Series/{{Jeopardy}}'' had "Proud Mary" as the final answer, but the three contestants answered the question assuming the title was "Rollin' on the River." Their debut album is not ''Suzie Q'', as iTunes sometimes identifies it, but the SelfTitledAlbum ''Creedence Clearwater Revival''. And if you want to find a song called "Some Folks" or "It Ain't Me", don't even bother. The song's name is "Fortunate Son".
* RepurposedPopSong:
** The first line of "Fortunate Son" was re-used, out of context, in a commercial for Wrangler jeans. That was Zaentz's fault -- Fogerty noted that Wrangler eventually bothered to find out he wasn't happy about it and stopped doing it.
** The use of CCR songs in commercials in starting in TheEighties (like Thompson's Water Seal using "Who'll Stop the Rain") without John's permission was a major factor in his final falling out with his ex-bandmates (since they basically authorized Zaentz to start licensing their catalogue).
* RockstarSong:
** "Travelin' Band".
** "Lodi" is a [[SubvertedTrope subversion]]: The main character is an up and coming rock singer who was told he was "on his way" by a man from a magazine. He took a gig out in Lodi, intending to just stay there for one night and move on, but his career stalled out after that and he ended up stuck in town, playing in dive bars just for the hope of making enough money to get a train ticket home. In other words, a wannabe RockstarSong.
* SelfPlagiarism: John Fogerty certainly has a SignatureStyle, right down to specific chords and riffs he favors. But he also has the distinction of having been [[http://mentalfloss.com/article/27501/time-john-fogerty-was-sued-ripping-john-fogerty sued for self-plagiarism]], when Fantasy Records took him to trial for the similarity between "Run Through the Jungle" and his solo hit "The Old Man Down the Road". The jury ruled for Fogerty, but the case ended up going all the way to the Supreme Court when Fogerty tried to collect attorneys' fees from Fantasy. Fogerty also won there (by a 9-0 decision), establishing a precedent for victorious defendants in lawsuits to fairly collect fees from plaintiffs.
* SelfTitledAlbum: Their debut album.
* ShoutOut: "Lookin' Out My Back Door" namechecks Music/BuckOwens.
* SiameseTwinSongs: Though never released off of ''Willy and the Poor Boys'', "Poorboy Shuffle" fades out as "Feelin' Blue" fades in, making them practically inseparable.
* SoldiersAtTheRear: The title character of "Fortunate Son".
* SomethingCompletelyDifferent: "45 Revolutions Per Minute", a radio-only single, is a sound-collage piece in the manner of Music/TheBeatles' "Revolution 9".
* SongStyleShift: "Ramble Tamble" kicks off like a fast country rocker, then shifts into a long, slow instrumental gradually building up until it segues back into fast country rock.
* StepUpToTheMicrophone: All of their other albums are sung entirely by John Fogerty, but their final studio release ''Mardi Gras'' actually had he, Cook, and Clifford contributing equally to the singing and songwriting (Tom Fogerty having left the band by that point). John Fogerty did ''sing'' one more song than anyone else on that album, but it's a CoverVersion.
* AStormIsComing: "Bad Moon Rising".
* TakeThat: John Fogerty's 1985 solo album ''Centerfield'' contained a song originally called "Zanz Kant Danz", which contained the lyric "Zanz can't dance, but he'll steal your money." Unsurprisingly, Saul Zaentz was not amused, and threatened to sue Fogerty for defamation until the song was re-recorded as "Vanz Kant Danz".
* ThreeChordsAndTheTruth: Most of their songs have just three chords. "Fortunate Son" has four, while "Feelin' Blue" simply alternates between D and D7.
* UrbanLegend: "Fortunate Son" is often claimed to be about a modern figure whose father was a Vietnam-era politician, such as UsefulNotes/AlGore or UsefulNotes/GeorgeWBush. However, [[http://www.snopes.com/music/songs/fortunate.asp Fogerty himself stated]] that the song was inspired by David Eisenhower, who was both the son-in-law of UsefulNotes/RichardNixon and the grandson of UsefulNotes/DwightDEisenhower.
* WeUsedToBeFriends: CCR's breakup was one of the most acrimonious in rock history. Tom Fogerty still hadn't patched things up with his brother and other bandmates at the time of his AIDS-related death in 1990, and three years later John Fogerty refused to perform with Cook and Clifford at the group's Rock & Roll Hall of Fame induction ceremony; John actually assembled a completely different band (including Music/BruceSpringsteen and [[Music/TheBand Robbie Robertson]]) for the performance without telling anyone, and when Stu, Doug and their families found out, they all stormed out in anger. Even John's own relatives -- the family of his late brother Tom Fogerty -- were pissed off by the move. Evidently the rift between John and Stu / Doug still exists to this day.
** According to John's book, the death knell for his relationship with Stu and Doug occurred in 1988 when they sold their voting rights in CCR to Saul Zaentz for a quick buck behind John's back (up until then his relationship with them was distant and strained, but he still considered them his bandmates). He also states that he told Stu, Doug, and the Hall of Fame in advance that he wasn't going to play with them, and that their outraged reactions after the performance were fake (well, ''theirs'' were anyway. Their family's reactions were real).
* Film/{{Woodstock}}: Yep, they were there.
* WordSaladLyrics: "Lookin' Out My Back Door". WordOfGod is that it was inspired by ''[[Creator/DrSeuss And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street]]''.