Antonio Vivaldi (4 March 1678 -- 28 July 1741) was an Italian composer and violinist from the [[BaroqueMusic Baroque era]].
He was considered a master of the Baroque concerto form, and is perhaps best known for a set of four violin concertos called the ''Four Seasons''.
Vivaldi began his career as a Catholic priest and a tutor of music in a school for girls in Venice. He was referred to as 'The Red Priest' for his [[FieryRedhead red hair]]. He was banned from officiating at religious services and nearly declared insane after he excused himself during the middle of a service, at which he was officiating, to write down a few bars of music that just occurred to him.
Was very popular in his native Venice as well as elsewhere in Europe during much of his career, but changing musical tastes left him behind, and he died poor. Like many pre-Classical era composers, he fell into relative obscurity by the 19th century. But his popularity went through a revival in the early 20th century, helped along by, among others, EzraPound, as well as by the discovery in a monastery of music previously thought lost.
[[JohannSebastianBach Bach]] thought highly of him, and transcribed some Vivaldi works to other instruments (i.e., turning some of Vivaldi's violin concertos into pieces for organ or harpsichord).