[[quoteright:250:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/2001Nights_4667.jpg]]
->''Is the universe filled with lives? Is this empty space we seek to conquer truly a sea of fertility?''

->''Just beyond that light! The final rendevous... Man, the Universe-- A higher order!''


2001 Nights: A Space Fantasy by Yukinobu Hoshino is a love-letter to the classic hard sci-fi stories of yesteryear, especially the works of Creator/ArthurCClarke. It utilizes the themes and style of Literature/ArabianNights to tell a fantastic history of manned space flight from the dawn of the 21st Century to the twilight of humanity. [[TearJerker Tear jerkers abound.]]

The manga was published between 1984 and 1986. There have been two anime OVA adaptations of selected chapters: the one-shot ''Space Fantasia 2001 Nights'' in 1987, and ''TO'', a two-episode CGI production from 2009.

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'''Tropes:'''

* AbsentAliens: Played with. The reader is clearly shown there are other human-like species in the universe, but none of the characters know this.
** This is also the cause of the BittersweetEnding [[spoiler: where the governments of Earth choose to give up space exploration because no one has found any human-like life outside our planet.]]
* AfricanTerrorists: Combined with a little YourTerroristsAreOurFreedomFighters in "Elliptical Orbit".
* AIIsACrapshoot: Subverted. There is absolutely nothing wrong with KARC 9000, he just has a bizarre sense of humor.
* AllMenArePerverts: Referenced quite philosophically: [[http://mangafox.me/manga/2001_nights/v05/c000/3.html "The human male -- it would seem -- is never satisfied unless he is busy conquering virginity. Be it women, or planets, it's all the same to men..."]]
* AllPlanetsAreEarthlike: Ozma [[spoiler: was actually terraformed.]]
* ArtisticLicensePhysics: Although Hoshino's work aspires to be hard science fiction, his treatment of science is sometimes inaccurate.
** In "Lucifer Rising", a ship uses its radar transmitter to pass through a cloud of antimatter dust, the idea being that the electrons in the radio waves will annihilate the antimatter. However, radio waves are made of photons, and they don't annihilate antimatter because photons are their own antiparticle.
** In "Medusa's Gaze", a team of astronauts are trapped when the soles of their spacesuit boots become vacuum-welded to a perfectly flat plain of ice. Vacuum welding is only supposed to happen between metals.
* BittersweetEnding: Lots of them. Big one is at the very end: [[spoiler: Earth has given up space exploration because the money is running out and few hospitable planets have been found. It's left to a new generation of explorers acting independently to explore the universe.]]
* BlackDudeDiesFirst: Completely subverted. He and three others are the only people that survive to the end of 'Lucifer Rising.'
* BlindIdiotTranslation: Scientific terms and the like are usually translated properly, but the wording of some lines is awkward, and some jokes are missed. (KARC was ''supposed'' to be [[Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries KIRK.]])
* CaptainsLog: '''SHIP'S LOG, STARDATE 04-2725. NOTHING UNUSUAL TO REPORT. CAPTAIN KARK OUT.'''
* {{Expy}}: KARC 9000, a combination of [[Film/TwoThousandOneASpaceOdyssey HAL 9000]] and [[Series/StarTrekTheOriginalSeries Captain Kirk]]. Also expies of real life people, such as Frank C. Borman, who is based on Frank Borman of Apollo 8 fame.
* FasterThanLightTravel
* FunWithAcronyms: The title ''TO'' was intended to be an abbreviation for "Two thousand One", and also to evoke a sense of humanity's progression to the future. It is, however, extremely difficult to Google for.
* KissingCousins: Or rather, Kissing ''[[{{Squick}} Twins]]'' It comes out of left field and is never explained.
* LivingGasbag: In the second episode of ''TO'', "Symbiotic Planet", one of the colonists has been studying some floating spheres, and feels he may have made friends with some. This is later proven to be true when a group of them sacrifice themselves to protect his colony from incoming missiles.
* MayDecemberRomance: What at first appears to be this in "Elliptical Orbit" turns out to be a twin [[TimeDilation paradox]].
* SapientShip: '''[[TearJerker MY NAME IS-- ROCKET. I AM ROCKET...]]'''
* SettlingTheFrontier: The second episode of ''TO'', "Symbiotic Planet", deals with two sets of colonists on the planet Beta Hydra V, from two different factions back on Earth, and the dangers they face from each other as well as from the new, untamed planet.
* ShoutOut: In addition to the characters named after real and fictional people (see {{Expy}}), the concepts of a planet made of antimatter, a quantum black hole swallowing a planet, trees that serve as organic rockets, and the word "starseed" are all borrowed from stories by Creator/LarryNiven.
* StandardSciFiHistory
* StarCrossedLovers: The American biologist and Russian interpreter in "Symbiotic Planet".
* TimeDilation
* VillainousBreakdown: [[spoiler: Dr. Cleaver]] has a great one in 'Lucifer Rising.'
-->''So farewell, hope!... Farewell, remorse! As good to me is lost; evil, be thou my good!''
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