Once, there was an island where it was always spring... An island somewhere in the South Seas, with green forests and wide lakes. And mountains, let us not forget the mountains. Tall mountains with deep roots, filled with one of mankind's most precious treasures: diamonds. The name of this island is Malynera, and its king is only a child.

Patalliro VIII, king of Malynera, is 10 years old. From the day he was born, everyone knew he was... unusual. He is a hyper boy, with flashes of genius, moments of thoughtless cruelty, and the ability to make a bad pun out of anything. Smart, but only a child and so he often does very stupid things.

''Patalliro!'' is his story.

He lives in a world very similar to our own, but where the bizarre is commonplace. He manages to get into all kinds of trouble, from international terrorists to space aliens to accidental time travel. His first challenge as king is to stay alive when a group called the International Diamond Syndicate decides that it wants control of the Malynera diamond mines. This is how he meets Major Jack Bancoran, who was assigned to be his bodyguard during a trip to Britain. It's also how they meet Maraich, who was one of the assassins sent by the IDS.

Patalliro is almost always accompanied by his army of Tamanegi ("Onions", so called because of their onion-shaped wigs). The Tamanegi all wear identical masks, wigs and glasses, and are known only by numbers. They are Patalliro's protectors, but protect the world from him just as much as they protect him from the world.

(Source: myanimelist.net)

The manga started in 1978 is still going, currently has 98 volumes and has been adapted into various media:
* A 49 episodes anime series that ran between April 8, 1982 and May 13, 1983 called "Boku Patalliro!"
* An animated movie produced in 1983 called "Patalliro! Stardust Keikaku".
* A {{Spinoff}} anime series called "Patalliro Saiyuki!" with 26 episodes, running between 2003 – 2005.
* A stage play in 2016 with a follow up in early 2018 and a movie in the fall of 2018.

!!''Patalliro!'' provides examples of:

* AdaptationPersonalityChange: The anime and stage plays have Bancoran's love for Maraich be more obvious along with eliminating Bancoran's habit of cheating on the younger man.
* AgeGapRomance: Maraich and Bancoran are 18 and 35--ahem, 27--respectively.
* AnythingThatMoves: A milder example in Patalliro, who has a bad habit of groping people no matter their gender (though he mostly goes for guys). He also makes numerous sexual innuendos, taking advantage of the fact that [[ChildrenAreInnocent he is only 10]].
* AristocratsAreEvil: Larken.
* AuthorAvatar: In both the anime and manga, a chibified Mineyo Maya pops up occasionally. His amusing little avatar even got a few mangas of its own, which were actually quite funny.
* BigEater: His Highness Patalliro, of course.
* {{Bishonen}}: Bancoran qualifies. He even wears [[RealMenWearPink blue eyeshadow]]. Several of Patalliro's enemies also qualify. Maraich is considered a bishonen in the story, but could also be considered a "[[AttractiveBentGender trap]]".
* BoysLove: One of the earliest and long-running satirical manga (1978 ? ongoing!) and a rare example of a shounen-ai series by a male mangaka. Also one of the first BL-flavored anime to be produced for television (in 1983-84). According to Wiki/TheOtherWiki [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patalliro!]], the demographics adopted by the manga publishers is [[ShoujoDemographic Shojo]].
* BritainIsOnlyLondon: Most of the time. Occasionally averted, Bancoran is revealed to be from [[OopNorth Manchester]] and one chapter sees the cast visit [[UsefulNotes/{{Scotland}} Edinburgh]].
* CastFullOfGay: Expected in a [[BoysLove BL]] story. Most prominently Bancoran and [[spoiler:the long list of his lovers]].
* CastFullOfPrettyBoys: '''DUH.'''
* CheshireCatGrin: Patalliro’s default look is a toothless version of this.
* ChildrenAreInnocent: Averted. His Highness is everything but innocent.
* CompletelyMissingThePoint: In episode 06, Bancoran is challenged to a SwordFight by the villain. Patalliro's comment: [[spoiler:"This is a man's romance!"]]
* CreativeClosingCredits: The credits for the first 21 episodes tells a small love story with a lovely song that fits the main plot. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n1MhKmCyBSg It's worth a watch]]. The rest of the episodes features [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4GZrB4icMRk Patalliro leading everyone on his "Cock Robin" dance number]].
* CultureChopSuey: It's hard to say ''where exactly'' Malynera is located, but we can tell that it mixes eastern and western cultural elements and a lot of SchizoTech.
* CuteKitten: The OP has dancing cats, flying cats... for no apparent reason.
* DerangedAnimation: The anime tried to follow the same "feeling" as the manga art. The result was quite... [[WhatDoYouMeanItWasntMadeOnDrugs unusual]].
* DrugsAreBad: Bancoran ''will not tolerate'' [[BerserkButton drugs or drug dealers]]. ([[MoralDissonance Chain smoking and drunk driving at 9 a.m., however, are perfectly fine]]).
* EnfantTerrible: Patalliro himself, and judging by his family they were all like that in their childhood too. When they grow up they’re bound to be more mature, if not less eccentric.
* EverybodyDoTheEndlessLoop: Every time that Patalliro goes to "Who Killed Cock Robin" mode (usually followed by his "Onions").
* ExpressiveHair: His Highness's head occasionally sprouts flowers--usually when he's embarrassed.
* {{Expy}}: Bancoran is [[AffectionateParody rather unsubtly]] based on Film/JamesBond.
** It's been [[http://sdklr.tumblr.com/post/100046340588/sudakiwasy-sdklr-sudakiwasy-cripes-i suggested]] that ''Anime/SailorMoon'' has expies of Bancoran/Mariach in Kunzite/Zoisite.
* EyeCatch: Noteworthy because as the series progresses it goes from Patalliro goofing off with a Super Deformed Bancoran to [[spoiler: the two of them trying to kill each other with explosions]].
* FakingTheDead: [[spoiler: Episode 12]].
* FlowerMotifs: Roses everywhere, especially when Bancoran is present. Sometimes, [[SnowMeansLove Roses Mean Love]], sometimes [[SnowMeansDeath Roses Mean Death]].
* GrandFinale: The Stardust movie, for the 80s anime. The manga itself is still ongoing.
* HurricaneOfPuns: All the time. Making the series notoriously difficult to translate.
* IdenticalGrandson: Patalliro the Eighth's... ''unusual'' appearance (bar slight variations such as hairstyle) seems to be shared by other members of the family who also share the name. There's also been appearances by an ancestor and a (presumable) descendant of Bancoran who share ''his'' distinctive looks as well, right down to the hair and eyeshadow.
%% * IllGirl: Koko.
* ImpoverishedPatrician: Part of Bancoran's BackStory.
* {{Jerkass}}: Patalliro, though he does have a small heart of gold and can, at times, be a comedic JerkassWoobie.
* KnifeNut: Maraich's WeaponOfChoice.
* JustBetweenYouAndMe: [[spoiler: Marion had to explain the whole plan to Patalliro.]]
* LongHairedPrettyBoy: Too many to count.
* LongRunner: The manga started in 1978 and is still going!
* ManipulativeBastard: [[spoiler: Somielle]].
* MasterOfDisguise: Maraich. [[WigDressAccent Sort of]]. Patalliro also thinks he is one.
* MissingMom: Patalliro's mother is alive but her poor health makes it so that she can't live in Malynera.
* MisterSeahorse: Mariach twice in the manga. Never explained. [[spoiler: The first instance ended with a miscarriage, while the second has him give birth to Bancoran's son Figaro.]]
* MoodWhiplash: The whip gets torn up on how often this show switches between comedy, drama, romance, adventure, intrigue and occasional horror, often in the space of a heartbeat.
* NewOldFlame: [[NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast Damian.]]
* OnlySaneMan: Bancoran, to the point of skepticism. Though technically in this story he’s the most sane person and sometimes not even he can avoid going along with Patalliro’s stunts.
* ParodyEpisode:
** Patalliro Saiyuki is an entire ''series'' based around the concept of a parody episode, recasting the characters in a theme of ''Manga/{{Saiyuki}}'' or ''Literature/JourneyToTheWest'', usually with hilarious results.
** Then there is the one episode called "[[Manga/RoseOfVersailles The Sunflower of Versailles]]"
* PeekABangs: Maraich's are frequently the subject of ridicule from Patalliro.
* PluckyComicRelief: The "Onions".
* RidiculouslyCuteCritter: Small red fur balls that [[BigLippedAlligatorMoment appear everywhere]].
* RoyalBrat: His Highness Patalliro.
* RunningGag: Patalliro will do his Cock Robin dance routine any chance he gets. He says it relieves stress, and as irritating as Bancoran and Maraich find it even they can't resist doing it at times.
* ScrewYourself: Patalliro has molested and been molested by nearly identical Patalliros of the distant past and future. Presumably they are both ancestors and descendants of the main Patalliro. [[{{Squick}} Let that sink in.]]
* SelectiveObliviousness: Bancoran resorts to this at times to deal with Patalliro’s antics.
* SexFaceTurn: [[spoiler: With QuestionableConsent, this is how Maraich joins the party courtesy of Bancoran, as he himself says he "[[http://i53.tinypic.com/2i8wrjr.jpg successfully persuaded him]]" to leave The International Diamond Syndicate]].
* SmokingIsCool: Bancoran smokes and uses this to increase his charming appearance.
* SpoilerOpening: [[spoiler: Considering that Maraich's first appearance is only in Episode 05...]]
* SpecialGuest: Rashanu, Prince of India, who has his own series, makes a quick appearance in episode 05.
* SuddenSequelDeathSyndrome: Some of Patalliro's enemies seem to suffer from this condition.
* TheSyndicate: The International Diamond Syndicate.
* TechnoBabble: Since His Highness has diabetes, there's a lot of medical babbling about medicines and his health condition. [[spoiler: One of the villainous plots takes advantage of this.]]
* TimeTravel: [[spoiler: Patalliro gains the ability to travel between different eras]].
* TitleThemeTune: A real EarWorm with TitleDrop. [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m07wTBNdLxI pa pa pa pa, pa pa pa pa, pa pa pa pa, po pe pu pi pa... ''patallilo!'']]
* UnresolvedSexualTension: Between Bancoran and [[spoiler: Etrange]], [[IncompatibleOrientation weirdly]].
* VitriolicBestBuds: Patalliro can’t help throwing insults at people, and Bancoran generally can give back as good as he gets. But despite their banter, they appreciate and value each other and will stand by each other in times of trouble.
* WeWantOurJerkBack: [[spoiler: When an illness turns the normally hyperactive and annoying Patalliro into a gentle and kind person, everyone in Malynera, including Bancoran, is so unsettled by this that they force a cure on him even if it makes them sick themselves.]]
* WeWillNotUsePhotoshopInTheFuture: His Highness sends a photo of himself to Bancoran for identification purposes. The photo is highly altered so it doesn't resemble Patalliro at all. HilarityEnsues.
* WhatBeautifulEyes: No young man can resist Bancoran’s eyes. An infatuated youth described them as looking into the eyes of a tiger.
** Patalliro's mother Etrange stands out as having beautiful violet eyes.
* WhiteHairBlackHeart: [[spoiler: Marion]].
* WholesomeCrossdresser: Maraich, who always wears high heels and is also voiced by [[Creator/ToshikoFujita a woman]].
** [[ProfessionalKiller Although the extent to which he can be called 'wholesome' is debatable.]]
* {{Wimpification}}: Maraich becomes decreasingly useful as the series goes on.
** He's still not someone you want to mess with though. Despite his growing effeminacy and occasional carelessness he still knows how to escape and then mop the floor with any thugs who cross him.
* YouCantFightFate: A Tamanegi guard goes on a time-travel adventure, arriving in the French Revolution and taking the alias of Marie Antoinette’s lover Hans Axel von Fersen. Hans already exists, and as history can’t accept the same person existing twice, a CosmicRetcon occurs that erases one of them...[[spoiler: the real Hans. The Tamanegi has to stay in France to preserve history, and can never come home again.]]
* YourCheatingHeart: Bancoran is a playboy, and can't help sleeping with every attractive young man he meets, much to Maraich’s dismay. However, he is sincere that Maraich is his OneTrueLove.